Victor Bonnet the L’entraineur Skiff

This very nice and almost lifelike toy is made in the fourth “Martin” period by Victor Bonnet & Cie
It has been given the “Martin” number 259
This toy was produced from around 1928.

From my own collection: Model with the handle on the frontwheel

This toy was made after an example of a kind of children’s tricycle that was moved by means of arm strength and changed direction by steering the front wheel with your feet.
There were models with one or two front wheels.

Various other manufacturers also made lithographed toy models of these arm-powered tricycles in the 1950s and 1960s.

Courtesy Antico mondo Auktionen Bornheim Germany

There are two different Victor Bonnet models on the market.
At first glance you hardly see the difference, they are both blue and have the same boy figure.
The difference is, however, at the bottom in the steering of the front wheel.
The front wheel serves as a control for this tricycle.

Left model with the handle on the frontwheel – Right model with control from the mechanism

In one model, the front wheel is controlled by the drive clockwork mechanism itself.
With the other model you have to do this yourself by means of a little handle which is directly on the front / nose, by adjusting the little handle the “skiff” goes straight or makes a turn to the right or left.
So if you look at the bottom you can clearly see the difference.

picture from the catalog

I suspect that the model with the adjustment of the front wheel by the mechanism is the first version.
My suspicion is that, on the original image on the box and in the catalog you can clearly see the adjustment rod (axel), just below his feet, from the engine to the front wheel.

See what you can read in the new November issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine:

Don’t miss the November 2020 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine.
Especially for the Fernand Martin enthusiasts on pages 8 till 11, part three of four articles about the history of the Martin Toys.

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine November 2020

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.

To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
Email: ads@antiquetoyworld.com

RESULTS MARTIN TOYS IN THE MILESTONE AUCTION OCTOBER 2020

MILESTONE AUCTIONS PROUDLY PRESENTS VINTAGE TOYS & TRAINS SPECTACULAR AUCTION “FEATURING THE BUDDY L BEARD COLLECTION”
In this auction there are two Martins and a lot more beautiful other toys.

FERNAND MARTIN TIN WINDUP ORANGE VENDOR, lot number 0244 Result: $ 425
FERNAND MARTIN LITTLE COOK lot number 0270 Result $ 700

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: https://milestoneauctions.hibid.com/

All prices are in US $ and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

MARTIN TOYS IN THE MILESTONE VINTAGE TOYS & TRAINS AUCTION OCTOBER 17TH 10AM

MILESTONE AUCTIONS PROUDLY PRESENTS VINTAGE TOYS & TRAINS SPECTACULAR AUCTION “FEATURING THE BUDDY L BEARD COLLECTION”
In this auction there are two Martins and a lot more beautiful other toys.

FERNAND MARTIN TIN WINDUP ORANGE VENDOR, lot number 0244
FERNAND MARTIN LITTLE COOK lot number 0270

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: https://milestoneauctions.hibid.com/

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for these Martins.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

RSL Auction November 7th 2020

In the next auction of RSL Auction Company there are Fernand Martin/Victor Bonnet toys and there are many more other beautiful pieces in this auction.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site:
https://www.rslauctionco.com

You want to see more toys then look at this link: Catalog Link

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for these Martins.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about authenticity, condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Bertoia Annual Fall Auction | November 2020

Annual Fall Auction Highlights

ANNUAL FALL SALE on November 12-13, 2020

Marklin & American trains, Pressed Steel from Jay Schoedinger, Halloween and Christmas collections, outstanding European and Japanese tin toys, horse-drawn examples presented from a long time collection in addition to Banks and Doorstops, and in this auction there are 8 Martin/Flersheim/Victor Bonnet toys

The Bertoia team is dedicated to offering our quality customer service, experience and support.
Do not hesitate to contact us for assistance with registration, bidding or any other questions.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: http://www.bertoiaauctions.com/

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for these Martins.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

L’ours blanc (the polar bear)

A special and quite rare Martin.
Depicting a white bear climbing up a tree
Martin number 216 from 1909 with the name L’ours blanc (the polar bear)

The bear is about 18 cm (7 inch) long
The “tree” consists of two parts that must be pushed into each other in the middle, the total height is about 50 cm (19,7 inch)

Picture from the magazine La Nature 1910 pag. 51

The text by this drawing is: The polar bear that our figure represents owes, to the interior device which animates it, of a remarkable quality of climber, it hoists itself very elegantly at the top of the ladder which completes the toy.

In the instructions for use state:
After having wound up the spring, place the bear in position at the bottom of the tree, in introducing its front metal guide into the vertical groove.
The front legs having been hooked on the cross bars, the bear will then climb up. So the bear only moves its front legs, one by one, the back legs have no climbing function.

You can see the metal guide pin in the middle of the belly

This toy is very rare but the original box is much rarer, this is the first one I saw.

Fernand Martin- Part one

The history of Fernand Martin toy manufacturer in Paris.
Part one: The first Period.

This article is published in the September 2020 issue of the ATW Antique Toy World magazine. https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/

In the most relevant books about Fernand Martin are the toys that are made by Martin and his successors divided into four periods.

According to the latest state of insight, these periods might be classified as follows
Period 1 from 1878 – 1894
Period 2 from 1895 – 1912
Period 3 from 1912 – 1919
Period 4 from 1919 – 1933

The first period from 1878 – 1894 :

His full name was Séraphin Fernand Martin and born in the French village Amiens.
Fernand Martin lived from 1849 to 1919.
Martin was an inventor, mechanical engineer and manufacturer of mechanical toys in Paris.
He started as a small manufacturer and street vendor of artificial flowers, he made and sold these cloth flowers for many years but he certainly did not earn a good income with it.
He married with Marie Bickel and in 1872 they have a son Maurice.
But the brains of Fernand Martin were working hard and in 1878 he created his first toy, “Poisson Nageur” the swimming fish with a, for that time, very cheap and ingenious drive consisting of a “rubber band” mechanism.

demo model of the “rubber band” mechansime with the swimming fish

As clever as he was, he patented this invention and quickly sold this patent to Cremer toys 210 Regent Street London England.

With the proceeds he was able to start up his first factory in 1880 and from that moment on he could start producing more and in larger numbers.

He started in 1880 with 12 employees and in 1888 there were about 300 employees.
Martin spent his life with his thoughts on toys, when he saw a special scene ore person along the way, he started to think whether it could be converted into a piece of children’s toys.
You can clearly see that in all his work, they reflected the daily life and in particular scenes of children and working people in mainly France and in particular Paris.


If you now look in history books at pictures from that period, you will also see in many objects the unity with his toys from that period.
During this first period Martin made at least about 47 (presumably many more) different toys, the exact number is still not known exactly because not every toy is numbered yet and he also often made toys on behalf of customer request, so toys that are not in his regular production was produced.
Here we are still looking for more clarity, fortunately after deep research new facts regularly pop up.
His earlier mentioned invention of the “rubber band” mechanism was used in most of his toys from this first period, he also used the “flywheel” mechanism and at the end of this first period, the “clockwork” mechanism .
After 1897 he no longer used the “rubber band” mechanism.

He started in 1880 his first factory at 90 Boulevard de Menilmontant Paris in the 20th arrondissement, nearby the world’s most famous cemetery “Père-Lachaise”.
Due the commercial succes of the “Petit Garçon Livreur” (the delivery boy) in 1888, Martin has now the money to buy a new building to expand his factory.
We know this toy as the “Le Livreur”
In 1892 he bought the adjacent building number 88 and after a complete renovation / rebuilding, the factory was expanded considerably as a result, and was, for that time, a revolutionary conception.
This location is where the first period started and in 1934 the last period of its history ended here with the relocation of the Victor Bonnet production facility.

Martin became a respected citizen and has done a lot for the toy industry.
He joined the “Chambre Syndicale des Fabricants de Jouets & Jeux” in Paris in 1886.
In 1892-1893 he became Vice President and in 1893-1894 he was President.


Martin places his logo on most of his toys, first a circle with the letters FM and later with the addition the text Brevete S.G.D.G. (Sans guarantee du gouvernement).
Around the circle was usually but not always the text Marque Deposee.


From 1897 he also placed the famous triangle with the text “Article Francais” and around it the text “Marque Deposee” and under the triangle a number, this triangle sign was granted from the “Chambre Syndicale des Fabricants de Jouets & jeux” to French toymakers.
This number was different per manufacturer.
Martin was given the number 138, so if you see the triangle with a different number underneath, then it is also a different manufacturer and for 100% no Martin.


In 1895 he started making toys in a larger size, this was the beginning of his second period with his “Bonshommes de Paris”.

cor@vanschaijk.com

Blog: www.fernandmartintoys.nl

To be continued

Result Martin in the Ladenburger Spielzeugauktion Sept. 25-26

In this Ladenburger Toyauction there was one Fernand Martin toy but there were many more other beautiful pieces in this auction
Thes catalog in German and English language.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: https://www.spielzeugauktion.de

Sept. 25-26, 2020 auction lot number 028

Result: Martin number 224 – Le Petit Livreur made by George Flersheim. € 550,00

man, France, Je pais le tour du monde, No. 135, I go

The price is in € and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about authenticity, condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Results of the Martins in the Anticomondo Toy Auction on September 18 and 19, 2020

https://i0.wp.com/auktionen.anticomondo.de/AuctionData/1/86/logo.png?w=656&ssl=1

The brandnew catalog of the 86th Toy Auction is online!

As usual, a good amount of very rare and wanted collectibles have been auctioned.
Almost 1900 lots of Tin Toys, Trains, Figures, Model Cars and Antique Advertising.
In this auction there were only two Martin / Victor Bonnet toys.

Martin, Violinist
Victor Bonnet, Automobil mit Anhänger

Auction number 6160 Le Gay Violoniste : Lot Passed
Auction number 6725 Victor Bonnet le Train Tortillard : Lot Passed


Always check the auction site for the results.

Auction catalog: Auction 86

Website : https://www.anticomondo.de/

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

See what you can read in the new October issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine:

Don’t miss the October 2020 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine.
Especially for the Fernand Martin enthusiasts on pages 58 till 61 part two of four articles about the history of the Martin Toys.

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine October 2020

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.
To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
Email: ads@antiquetoyworld.com

Results Martins in the RSL Auction September 12th and 13th 2020

In the next auction of RSL Auction Company there are Fernand Martin toys and there are many more other beautiful pieces in this auction.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site:
https://www.rslauctionco.com

All prices are in US $ and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

You want to see more toys then look at this link: Catalog link

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about authenticity, condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Ladenburger Spielzeugauktion Sept. 25-26

In the next Ladenburger Toyauction there is one Fernand Martin toy but there are many more other beautiful pieces in this auction
We are pleased to present you this catalog in German and English language.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: https://www.spielzeugauktion.de

Sept. 25-26, 2020 auction lot number 028

Martin number 224 – Le Petit Livreur made by George Flersheim.

man, France, Je pais le tour du monde, No. 135, I go

After the auction, I will publish the realized price for this Martin.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about authenticity, condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Visit Spielmuseum Soltau in Germany

The toy museum with probably the largest museum collection of ” Fernand Martin-George Flersheim and Victor Bonnet ” toys in the world.

The following text is written by Mathias Ernst from the toy museum in Soltau and has been translated from German in Englisch.

Toys by the famous French tin toy inventor and manufacturer Fernand Martin are the focus of our “Petit Paris” exhibition department. We owe this wonderful collection to Arthur Verdoorn and his friend Lourens Bas. Their families have just visited the toy museum – and report here on their impressions:
https://www.fernandmartintoys.com/klein-paris-in-soltau/

By the way: The richly illustrated standard work on Fernand Martin including video DVD (the result of years of research by Lourens Bas and Arthur Verdoorn) is currently available at a special price – on the Martin website ( see above) or buy it in our museum shop. www.spielmuseum-soltau.de

Postcards with Martin toys

In a previous blog: https://fernandmartintoys.nl/fernand-martin-and-postcards/ I showed postcards depicting Martin toys.
I have now been able to add a new postcard to my collection depicting three Martins,
-the Le Fauteuil Roulant from 1889 (next to his right foot)
-the Pousse pousse from 1889 (in his left hand)
-the Le Livreur from 1888 (in his right hand and on the ground)
This postcard is from France from the late 1800’s
It shows a typical street vendor trying to promote his toys.

Anticomondo Toy Auction on September 18 and 19, 2020

https://i0.wp.com/auktionen.anticomondo.de/AuctionData/1/86/logo.png?w=656&ssl=1

The brandnew catalog of the 86th Toy Auction is online!

As usual, a good amount of very rare and wanted collectibles will be auctioned: Almost 1900 lots of Tin Toys, Trains, Figures, Model Cars and Antique Advertising are waiting for you!

In this auction there are 2 Fernand Martin/Victor bonnet toys

Martin, Violinist
Victor Bonnet, Automobil mit Anhänger


Auction number 6160 Le Gay Violoniste
and auction number 6725 the Victor Bonnet le Train Tortillard

This 86th Toy Auction will be a Live-Auction with floor bidders.

You can take part in the online bidding via Liveauctioneers, lot-tissimo or the-saleroom, live via telephone or register your written predids.

Auction 86

Website : https://www.anticomondo.de/

We hope you enjoy reading and browsing through the new catalog!

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for these Martins.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

S.I.J.I.M. toys that look like “Martin” toys

This article is published in the August 2020 issue of the ATW Antique Toy World magazine. https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/ Now with new facts.

S.I.J.I.M.
This toy maker from Paris made very nice toys.
This manufacturer is named S.I.J.I.M. and the director was Prosper Lévi.
He started his factory in 1909 but the firm ceased to exist in 1913 or 1914.
S.I.J.I.M. means: Société Industrielle de jouets and d’inventions mécaniques.
We know very little about this company, maybe we will find out more in the future and maybe we will find unknown catalogs.
He has not made many different pieces but what he made was beautiful.

Courtesy Toy Museum Soltau (“Spielmuseum Soltau”) in Germany,

Between the S.I.J.I.M. factory and the Fernand Martin factory was in 1912 a lawsuit, this lawsuit was about the Le Rapide Livreur from S.I.J.I.M. and the Petit Livreur from Fernand Martin.
Prosper Lévy from (S.I.J.I.M.) accused Fernand Martin having committed plagiarism.

Le Rapide Livreur. courtesy Bertoia auctions
The Martin Le Petit Livreur
A part of page 1 of the patent of Prosper Lévi that the lawsuit was about
A part of page 3 of the patent of Prosper Lévi that the lawsuit was about

If you look closely at Lévi’s patent you will see in the header a text in squared brackets.
translation: [ Guarantee certificate delivered to M. Jules Boucheron (of whom Mr. Lévi is assignee) on the occasion of the 10th Lépine Contest of toys and articles de Paris opend in Paris the August 12, 1910]

It just means that Jules Boucheron assigned his invention to Mr. Lévi at the occasion of the 10th Lépine Contest.
This means that Mr Lévi was not the inventor of this toy but that was Jules Boucheron.
Jules Boucheron was a small inventor probably without production opportunities and infrastructure.
Many toy manufacturers including Martin bought the rights from small inventors at the “Concours Lépine”.

In July 1914 Fernand Martin give a statement on the alleged allegations of plagiarism and the resulting lawsuit as mentioned above:
COMMUNICATES
We receive from our colleague, Mr. Fernand Martin, the following note with a request to insert: We are pleased to take that the infringement action brought by Mr. Levi against Mr. F. Martin, for a toy called “The Delivery Person” will not be followed up, Mr. Levi having recognized that it is wrongly and without right gull has assigned Mr. Martin in infringement. For his part, Mr. Martin, in the presence of this declaration, waived his claim for damages. The case is therefore closed.

July 1914, From the French magazine “Le Jouet Francias” the official organ of the Chambre Syndicale des Franbicants de Jouets, jeux & engins sportifes.

Martin kept his “Petit Livreur” in production and it was equally produced till in the 1930’s by Victor Bonnet and probably even into the 1950s bye his sons.

Pictures from the magazine of Choumara Paris in 1912
On the right, S.I.J.I.M. toys togehter with Martin toys and other toys.

The best selling and known toy was the organ grinder: le joueur d’orgue, even till nowadays this is often referred to as a Martin. But you can see on the box and on the catalog page that it is clearly a S.I.J.I.M. toy.

But S.I.J.I.M. has also made less well-known pieces.
See these two pages of a catalog of S.I.J.I.M.

These two pages contain the following toys.
Number 32 La Poussette. (The Stroller)
Number 33 Le Joueur d’orgue. (The Organ Player)
Number 34 Les Chevaux Hygieniques (Hygienic Horses)
Number 35 L’apprenti Cavalier. (The Rider Apprentice)
Number 36 Le Rapide Livreur (The Fast Delivery Man)
I don’t know if more toys are made because it is weird to start with number 32.
There is 1 piece which is probably also made by S.I.J.I.M., it is the Le Saute Mouton. (The leap frog)
This, Le Saute Mouton. (The leap frog), toy was depicted in a magazine from the Choumara Paris store in 1912 together with other S.I.J.I.M. , Martin and other toys.

courtesy Bertoia auctions : Le Saute Mouton

From 1897 many toy manufacturers place the famous triangle with the text “Article Francais” and around it the text “Marque Deposee” , under the triangle a number, this sign was exclusively granted by the Chambre Syndicale des Fabricants de Jouets to French toymakers who requested it. The number just reflects the order of the request in the sequence of the requests.
So this number was different per manufacturer.
Take a good look at the catalog page, you will also see this triangle by S.I.J.I.M. has been given number 248.
Martin had the number 138, here you can see how important this number could be to find out which manufacturer has produced a toy.

Mr Lévi made his own toys and many toys are in the “style” of the Fernand Martin and Flersheim toys.
And not without success because his models are very beautiful.
Like many toy manufacturers, a lot of ideas was copied from competitors.
As an example, compare the boy in the chair of Martin ( Le jeune ecuyer ) and the one of Lévi (L’apprenti Cavalier) same “idea” but with a different chair position and a different moving action. Who borrowed from whom ??

Lévi (L’apprenti Cavalier)
Courtesy Toy Museum Soltau (“Spielmuseum Soltau”) in Germany,
Martin ( Le jeune ecuyer )

The mechanisms of these S.I.J.I.M. toys are different from those of Martin, often more sophisticated and of a better quality and therefore more expensive to produce.
However, this did not result in a higher selling price than Fernand Martin/ Flersheim’s toys, but lack of profitability seems to be the reason for the cessation of activity in 1913 or 1914 just before the start of the First World War.
Now most of these S.I.J.I.M. toys are rarer than Martin, Flersheim and Victor Bonnet toys and are traded at very good prices.

A thank you to Frederic Marchand for the permission to use the two catalog pages and the additional information.

All toys with without reference are from my collection

cor@vanschaijk.com

Blog: www.fernandmartintoys.nl

Fernand Martin: Conquete du Pole Nord

This sled was made in 1909 by Fernand Martin and get the name “Conquete du pole Nord” (Discovery of the North Pole).
Martin number 217

box label

This toy was made by Martin in honor of the conquest of the North Pole by US Navy engineer Robert Peary.
The sled is connected to the pole by means of a string, after winding the toy, the sled with the dogs rides around the Norh Pole.

At the end of the 19th century, the North Pole was seen as the last undiscovered place in the Northern Hemisphere, so many sought out adventure, often heading to the North Pole without proper preparation.
The tours were extremely arduous and often underestimated, it is estimated that about 760 people died on these tours.
The search for the pool became an international competition for the honor of being the first with teams from the United States, the United Kingdom and Norway.
Robert Peary claimed to have reached the Pole on April 6, 1909, which today is seen by many as unlikely.

picture from the original catalog

The sled with the dogs is about 21 cm ( 8,30 inch) long, the pole has a diameter of about 14 cm ( 5,50 inch)

Drawing from the magazine “La Nature 1910”

See what you can read in the new September issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine:

Don’t miss the September 2020 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine.
Especially for the Fernand Martin enthusiasts on pages 70 till 73 part one of four articles about the history of the Martin Toys.

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine September 2020

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.
To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
Email: ads@antiquetoyworld.com

RSL Auction September 12th and 13th 2020

In the next auction of RSL Auction Company there are Fernand Martin toys and there are many more other beautiful pieces in this auction.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site:
https://www.rslauctionco.com

You want to see more toys then look at this link: Catalog link

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for these Martins.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about authenticity, condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Results Martins in the BERTOIA Summer BASICS Auction August 13th

Comic Character to Lehmanns and European Wind-ups, Airplanes & Boats, Steam Engines, Penny toys and Motorcycles, European figures and soldiers, Still Banks from Douglas Jackman, as well as a few additional surprises.

All prices price is US $ and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: http://www.bertoiaauctions.com/

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

How to make a: Le Petit Livreur

I found this French book from 1922 with a very heavy title. “Manuel du Fabricant de Jouets” (“Manual of the Toy Manufacturer”) The description is very general and not deeply technical. If you read it, you will have a very quick general idea of how toys are put together in parts. So it is a guideline to produce various kinds of toys. In particular I found the directions for making tinplate toys and special to make a “Le Petit Livreur”, whether it is de description for the model of Martin, Flersheim, Victor Bonnet or another manufacturer, I don’t know, but as the first lines already say it is a general description and therefore also for other tin toys.

Translation from the book: “Manuel du Fabricant de Jouets” the writer is A. Broquelet in 1922

The little delivery boy.

As for any of the other articles, it is first necessary to establish a general drawing of the object and then an analytical drawing of each of the individual parts that make up it, paying attention to the location of the tabs and indicate holes needed to connect all the parts, this drawing is essential to identify the templates that will be used to make the dies for cutting.

This cutting is done by means of balancing presses; it is enough to put on the matrix, which is placed under the handle, a strip of tinplate suitable for the size of the model, then with the right hand with the crank move it forward to obtain the desired part .

This first operation produces flat parts, to give them the desired relief, proceed to their stamping which is carried out, as we have already indicated using a mold either in cast iron or in steel, and a counterpart.

That happens with all the parts that will constitute the automaton.

The worker assembles them and then takes them to a machine that compresses them and, as the case may be, using a small pair of pliers to flatten the wire, folds or bends the tabs so that they cannot be detached from the holes on which it is locked.

The various movements of the automaton are then obtained by means of cams, connecting rods and eccentrics; this is how the leg is controlled by connecting rods and eccentrics mounted on the wheels, which in turn are controlled by gears which constitute real clockwork movements, while a connecting rod controls a leg, a another connecting rod makes the knee joint maneuver, and the front wheel gives direction.

The cutting of the gears which enter the mechanism is done in the same way as that of the other parts.

When the toy is assembled, it only remains to paint it and to adjust it to ensure its proper functioning.

Fernand Martin toy on a newspaper of 1889

Toy week, The aspect of grand boulevards of Paris
( Newspaper from my own collection )

On the front of a very old French newspaper I found an image of a street vendor, selling the Pousse Pousse Annamite by Fernand Martin.

This original old newspaper is dated from December 22, 1889
The World Exhibition of 1889 took place in Paris from May 6 to October 31, 1889.

Courtesy Bertoia Auctions

Fernand Martin released this Pousse Pousse Annamite during the world exhibition and this toy was sold by street vendors on the corner of the streets or in one of the many sales stalls on the grand boulevards of Paris.
On the front page of this newspaper you can see the typical busy Parisian street life where various street vendors and also sales stalls try to sell their wares/toys to tourists and parents just before Christmas.

See what you can read in the new August issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine:

Don’t miss the August 2020 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine.
Especially for the Fernand Martin enthusiasts: This month, on pages 60 till 63 an article about S.I.J.I.M. toys that look like “Martin” toys.

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine August 2020

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.
To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
Email: ads@antiquetoyworld.com

le Motocycliste Enragé

A circus act as a toy.

Georges Flersheim purchased the Fernand Martin factory in 1912 and he acquired with the company all Martin’s patents.
George Flersheim patented this toy in 1912.

photo with permission from Galerie De Chartres

This performance of a circus act was produced in 1912 and it get the product number 228.
The original patent with number 444652 was applied on 05 June 1912, granted on 13 August 1912 and published on 23 October 1912 under the name “Nouveau jouet monocycle” , it became the trade name: Le Motocycliste Enragé

photos with permission from Galerie De Chartres

This very rare toy auctioned on November 12, 2016 at the French auction house Galerie De Chartres together with the super rare box.

Part of the original patent

The motorcycle starts to move after winding and therefore he wants to drive up in the ring but due to the weight of the motor the ring moves forward.
The movement is clearly visible on the patent drawing number: Fig.5.
The motorcycle itself was also used by George Flersheim not much later in 1912 with the name “Le Motocycliste” and thisone gets the number 231.
Victor Bonnet produced the same “Le Motocycliste” from 1919 with the same number 231.
The Victor Bonnet version has a few differences; closed wheels, a closed back and a mechanism with the well-known Victor Bonnet key.

Model: George Flersheim
Courtesy Toy Museum Soltau (“Spielmuseum Soltau”) in Germany,
Model: Victor Bonnet
Courtesy Bertoia Auctions

Missing Pictures Part 1

For the collectors who own the book “Fernand Martin toymaker in Paris 1878-1912” I have a number of additions here.
These are the photos that were not known at the time of writing the book.

Page 45: Martin number 16
Le Jeu de Massacre from 1885

Cortesy Renaud Fournier

Page 121: Martin number 183
La Sentinelle Royal Guard from 1901

Photo with thanks to the Toy Museum Soltau (“Spielmuseum Soltau”) in Germany

On page 151: Martin number 206
Jeu de Pêche a la Grenouille Sauteuse from 1906

Auction House: Osenat Fontainebleau

See my preview blog : https://fernandmartintoys.nl/is-this-a-new-fernand-martin-toy/

After page 221: Martin number 266
Le Costaud from 1932

And I know there are more unknown MARTINS.
Now we just have to wait for photos and data.

Continued in Part 2

BERTOIA Summer BASICS Auction August 13th

Comic Character to Lehmanns and European Wind-ups, Airplanes & Boats, Steam Engines, Penny toys and Motorcycles, European figures and soldiers, Still Banks from Douglas Jackman, as well as a few additional surprises.

The Bertoia team is dedicated to offering our quality customer service, experience and support.
Do not hesitate to contact us for assistance with registration, bidding or any other questions.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: http://www.bertoiaauctions.com/

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Newly discovered original catalog by Fernand Martin

This article is published in the June 2020 issue of the ATW Antique Toy World magazine. https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/

We know from the famous Fernand Martin book by Lourens Bas and Arthur Verdoorn: Fernand Martin Toymaker in Paris 1878-1912. that two rare original catalogs are known.

Released in 2014

Many images of these two catalogs have been incorporated into this book.
These two catalogs were discovered in 2012 and date from 1898. and 1911.

Left the 1898 catalog and on the Right the 1911 catalog

Furthermore, an old poster from 1902 ( I suspect that this poster is from 1902 because the last picture on this poster is the Pianist and he was produced from 1902) also surfaced a few years ago.
See the blog of Lourens Bas:
https://lourensbas.wordpress.com/2018/03/04/an-unknown-folder-of-fernand-martin-from-1905/
As far as I know this poster is currently in a collection in France.

Now a third newly discovered catalog is added.

Front
Back

This rare new catalog is from 1908.
It consists of 82 pages with 42 images of the pictures of Fernand Martin toys from to 1895 with de Ma Portiere number 147 till 1908 with the Petit Colbuteur number 213 .
All images used are very similar to the labels used at the time, but often differ slightly in details.
On the last 4 “empty” pages, 3 extra full size original labels have been pasted manually, on a sheet, the label of the Le Boucher number 210 has disappeared.

The last page from the 1908 catalog with two extra original labels

I think these “empty” pages were added during printing so that the new Martins toys that were designed and released during printing could be added manually so that the catalog was a good “Up To Date” for a long time.
The format is almost the same as the two well-known catalogs.
The dimensions are approximate 14 x 12 cm ( 7,5″x 5″) .
These catalogs are all natural in black and white.
This catalog is, for his age, in exceptionally good condition.

Maybe there are more catalogs among collectors, but I only know these three and the poster so far.

Another catalog is also known from the Victor Bonnet period.
A reprint of this catalog was made in 1973 for the spring meeting of the : Antique Toy Collecters of America.
I think the original catalog dates from the late 20s.

Folders, poster, publications, advertisements, labels and catalogs are very important to properly identify the toy and also to complete the large Fernand Martin “puzzle”.
Do you have something? Please share it with me and fellow collectors.

All images used are from my own collection.

Cor van Schaijk. cor@vanschaijk.com

Blog adress: Www.fernandmartintoys.nl

See what you can read in the new July issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine:

Don’t miss the July 2020 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine.

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine July 2020.

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.


To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
Email: ads@antiquetoyworld.com

Result Martin toy in the Anticomondo Toy Auction on June 19 and 20, 2020

85th Toy Auction

The brandnew catalog of the 85th Toy Auction is online!

As usual, a good amount of very rare and wanted collectibles will be auctioned: More than 1900 lots of Tin Toys, Trains, Figures, Model Cars and Antique Advertising are waiting for you!

In this auction is 1 Fernand Martin toy


Auction number 6234 Le Gay Violoniste
IS NOT SOLD

auction catalog 85

Website : Anticomondo

We hope you enjoy reading and browsing through the new catalog!


Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

La course en sac ( the potato bag runner ) A Fernand Martin toy from 1906

A child’s play from years past with a lot of fun.
A competition to reach the finish line, while jumping in a potato bag as quickly as possible.

This toy was made in 1906 by Fernand Martin and currently very rare and therefore a very popular piece.
A toy from the second “Martin” period and it was given the Martin number 205.
At the top the potato bag is kept closed by a red thread
Height 19 cm ( 7,5 inch)

The Martin logos are depicted on both sides of the bag.

At the bottom there are two slots, after turning up two bars per slot come forward to simulate the jump, it makes a very nice almost natural movement.

Picture from the original 1908 catalog

The drawing below shows the inside.
This drawing is from the old French magazine La Nature from 1908

THE TOY AND THE CATALOG ARE FROM MY OWN COLLECTION.

Auction result Fernand Martin toys in the Galerie De Chartres auction on June 13, 2020

Price in Euro’s and without Buyer’s Premium of 20% VAT
(23,60% VAT for the buyers on interencheres-live.com)

Live sale on: www.interencheres-live.com

More informations at: https://www.ivoire-france.com/chartres/fr/auction-3393-jouets_collection_vente_initialement_prevue_25_avril?p=58

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Found a Victor Bonnet account overview/Payment reminder from 1933

After 15 years, in 1933, the lease of the factory at the location 88 boulevard Ménilmontant expired and Bonnet moved the production to another Bonnet factory in the Rue des Tourelles Paris 20 number 8. (This Victor BONNET’s privately held company was, producing household items from the early 1920’s.)
Until the end of the production at the location 88 boulevard Ménilmontant, Victor Bonnet still used the old Fernand Martin logo and on one of his Account overview / Payment reminder’s shows that he also advertised that he had over 200 Patents, additions and deposits in France and abroad, but that includes the patents from Fernand Martin and George Flersheim

This payment reminder is dated December 1, 1933

Payment reminder
Detail of this account overview
This check is dated December 10, 1933, belonging to the above account overview, see the detail on the right with the original signature of Victor Bonnet in blue.

Fernand Martin: The sweeping lady- “Ma Portière”

The first Martin of the “bonhommes” series from the second Fernand Martin period (1895 -1912) with number 147 and produced from 1895

From my own collection

The very first examples were produced with the famous “rubber band” mechanism.
Later they were executed with a “clockwork mechanism” they are easy to keep apart.
The model with the rubber band has the handle on top of the head to turn on, the model with the clockwork mechanism has the well-known Martin key on the back.
The difference can of course also be seen at the bottom when you look for the kind of mechanism.

Toys from the collection of the Toy Museum Soltau (“Spielmuseum Soltau”) in Germany

The rubber band model has two different places where it can be marked, one is a tin / lead seal against the metal skirt with the FM symbol on it.
The other is marked with an embossed FM logo against a bracket underneath the skirt.
The clockwork mechanism model is not marked she only has a Fernand Martin key.

Top left with lead seal–below left embrossed–right two differend Martin keys

The rubber band mechanism basically consists of three separate parts, the handle, the elastic and the movement part.
If the rubber band breaks, the mechanism will fall out at the bottom and the wind-up liver at the top so they may have been lost over the years.

Model with the rubber band mechanism

The first boxes, with the rubber band model, were not yet numbered, the subsequent boxes, with the clockwork machanism, were numbered on the right-hand side next to the broom.
In the catalog from 1898 the drawing was numberd left above. ( see the first image at the top of this blog )

The first version is therefore with a “rubber band” drive, with this version you can clearly see the winding handle on top of the head.
The versions thereafter received the winding mechanism, but in the first copies the hole on the top of the head was sealed with a round plate.
Later versions have been given a head without a hole or plate.

Another separate component is the weight mounted on the left shoulder, meant as a counterweight for the movement of the mechanism.
The other counterweight is under the skirt at the end of the mechanism.

The mechanism moves her upper body from right to left.
If the movement to the right or left is at its end, the mechanism will be forced again by the two counterweights to move to the other side, so it looks like she is sweeping the floor. 

Very nice and realistic.

See also my previous blog: The Ma Portiere as a piece of art? https://fernandmartintoys.nl/the-ma-portiere-as-a-piece-of-art/

Anticomondo Toy Auction on June 19 and 20, 2020.

85th Toy Auction

The brandnew catalog of the 85th Toy Auction is online!

As usual, a good amount of very rare and wanted collectibles will be auctioned: More than 1900 lots of Tin Toys, Trains, Figures, Model Cars and Antique Advertising are waiting for you!

In this auction is 1 Fernand Martin toy


Auction number 6234 Le Gay Violoniste

Because of the current circumentances the 85th Toy Auction will be a Live-Auction without floor bidders.

You can take part in the online bidding via Liveauctioneers, lot-tissimo or the-saleroom, live via telephone or register your written predids.

auction catalog 85

Website : Anticomondo

We hope you enjoy reading and browsing through the new catalog!


Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

The manufacture of Fernand Martin mechanical toys in 1902

This article is published in the May 2020 issue of the ATW Antique Toy World magazine. https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/

The translation of a French article about the manufacture of mechanical tin toys from Fernand Martin in the late 1800s and early 1900s, written by Paul Peltier and published in 1902 in the magazine “La Vie Illustree”

Magazin from my own collection

ABOUT THE 1902 TOY COMPETITION OF M LÉPINE

There are many toys about the upcoming October 10th (1902) Exhibition, organized by the small manufacturers of these tiny and delicious things, whose appearance on the family table will provoke the joyful laugh of enthusiastic toddlers.
This exhibition, moreover, is the reedition or, if we wind, the extension of the competition organized by M. Lepine, prefect of police, last year.
The moment, therefore, seems to have come to introduce our readers to the mysteries of the manufacture of the mechanical toy, and to reveal to them the secrets of those curious arcana from which articulate blacksmiths and little merchants pushing their cars on the sidewalks conscientiously.
The mechanical toy, as a very popular toy, very wide spread, very loved, is a very modern invention.
The difficulty & indeed, It’s much less a matter of moving a character than of being able to make this articulate and animated personage very cheaply.

It is certain that, in a pinch, the automaton of Vaucanson can be considered like a toy, but certainly the hawkers of the time could not have sold it for some grounds at the time of the New Year’s Day.
Thanks to the kindness of Mr. Fernand Martin, who has attached his name to the cheap mechanical toy industry in France.
We will introduce the reader in this world of the toddlers where articulated “Eves” and automatic “Adams” wait for the moment to leave their paradise quickly.
Like medicine and literature, the toy industry has its specialists.

The main specialties are:
1 Mechanical toys, in a general way.
2 The dolls, these cute little creatures with eternally pink cheeks, eternally constant heart, which not only delight the girls, but still know how to inspire, if need be, the novelists- Cosette’s dolls: Miserables, doll dresses from Dickens- like the musicians – the Nuremberg Doll, • the Infant’s Dolls, and, a few years ago, the Doll.
3 The lead soldiers; here we fall in the operetta, with the lead soldier of Mire Nitouche
4 Railways, racing games, etc., etc.

But it is the mechanical toys that are most interesting.
The first toys of this kind were created around 1879.
Their little “soul”, which no Paul Bourget will ever try to analyze, was essentially composed of an inert motor pelit composed of twisted rubber wire with escape wheel.
One of the worst “hurts”, none of which will ever be analyzed, was essentially a small engine, composed of a twisted rubber wire with an escape wheel.
It was obviously not very complicated, but as for the egg of Christopher Columbus, it was all about thinking about it !!
It was first the le Poisson Nageur, then the Les Forgerins Infatigables, Les Scieurs, Le Suiveur Endiablé, who delighted the Boulevards. Another invention, very curious and amusing, made its appearance around 1883.
It was – said without wanting to do the least course of mechanics! – a steering wheel whose shaft operated on two wheels.
This engine, very simple as we see, was first applied to the loco-motive road that – I call the fathers! – made a sensation.
There was much talk about it at the Tuileries ( formal gardens next to the Louvre in Paris, the gardens are all that remain of the Tuileries Palace, a royal residence begun in 1564 and burned down in 1871 during the Commune of Paris.) the old five-year-olds discussed it with interest in Luxembourg, and the little world of Parc Monceau was very satisfied.

Then came the Les Valseurs, Les Pompiers, Les Duellistes. In 1888, the Deliveryman and the Pousse-Pousse had a big success, which reached its peak during the Exhibition of 1889.
Then we see the L’Autruche, Le Cab, Le Perroquet, Le Pêcheur á la Linge, etc., etc.
Around 1894, a new series of little automatons appeared: “Ma Portière”, Le Petit Décrotteur, the Violoniste, La Blanchisseuse.

Finally, in 1900, we have the Le Pochard and the Le Bamboula.
The mechanical toy industry is also inspired by the news, as an in-depth review of the end of the year, so that among the recent creations we have seen: the L’Agent with the white baton, the Le Vieux Marcheur, a delicate allusiun to the success of the Varieties, Le Chinois, finally the Le Boer and the L’Anglais.

We will consider, in the photographs attached, (photo above) a bloody meeting between the L’Anglais and the Le Boer, and (photo below) a suggestive group of agents, policemen and gendarmes: a true International Police Congress!

Finally, as the latest creations, the Le Clown Marchant, walking on the hands, and the Le Petit Pianiste whose fingers agile and tiny.
He performs fantastic scales on a diminutive piano, and one can judge the marvels of skill and ingenuity which must be displayed in order to obtain a similar toy for a few pence, all the more so, oh joy! really what’s going to be saying Reyer? …
Needless to say, the division of work reigns supreme in mechanical toy factories.
First of all, it is the forge, where workers do all that one could call the “big work”, because everything is relative.

Then comes the welding, where the little automaton will begin to feel the clever stroking of feminine fingers.
From there, we move to the manufacture of “skeletons”.
This macabre expression refers to the assembly of all the parts of wire and metal that make up the body of the character.
Then it’s dressing up, and really this part of Mr. Martin’s factory is quite reminiscent of the workshop of a great couturier, whatever Doucet for dolls! consists, for the fingers, always feminins, to illuminate quickly and well the hands of the Le Bamboula or the trowel of the Vieux Marcheur.
Finally, the filling: this is where we put the last hand to the little toy, where, for example, we stick the piece of music in front of the eyes and the pianist is incredibly enthusiastic.

And when our babies, already ferocious, tear the tunic or the bodice to see “what’s inside”, they will certainly suspect the amount of work and pain that will have cost their toy a few French cents !
In fact, it is thought that to make toys like the ones we are talking about and sell them cheaply, we need personnel and tools of extraordinary complexity, and our readers have realized this.
The equipment is so multiple, and the meeting of raw materials relatively so long, that the French manufacturer has time to cast a good part of his invention, before the German manufacturer finds the opportunity to counterfeit and sell himself.
It is, indeed, in Germany, the classic country of the Nuremberg doll, that the French mechanical toy is pillaged with the greatest cynicism.
There are, it seems, in Germany only two manufacturers of mechanical toys who do not copy our objects ! …

We were talking about the tools and personnel of a big toy factory mechanical. Some typical details will serve to fix the ideas.
Do we know how much the house we have visited employs dressers, who, as their name implies, are exclusively employed in re-covering the skeletons of iron wire, hidden in the small chest of tin plate? It are thirty dressers!
These thirty dressers, some of whom work in the workshop, the others at home, can dress up to three thousand figs a day.
In addition to the dressers, the toy houses still use machine-made stitches.
To dress ten thousand little “ bonhommes”, it takes six hundred meters of a cloth having 80 cm wide.

Another detail borrowed, no longer from the mechanical toy industry, but from that of small rifles.
The tiny arms, which sell for about fifteen cent, are provided with a shoulder strap, attached to a small staple nailed to the edge of the butt.
To obtain these staples, we use a machine that can drill in a minute a zinc plate a meter long: well! the cuts, the small trimmings that fall by the thousands, are precisely the staples.
This detail shows how frighteningly rapid it is to satisfy consumption.

In Paris there are in 1902, about 25,000 toy workers employed by 500 employers.
Not included in this number, of course, watchmakers, molders, seamstresses, etc., who are used, but who are not dedicated to the toy.
Men can earn 5 francs the piece, about 50 francs per day; women 3 francs.
The work is done either by the pieces, or by the day.
We see that the toy – at least the mechanical toy – is not what a vain people thinks.
It’s not just “the joy of children and the tranquility of parents”.
It is also one of the objects on which our national industry has made its mark, and from this point of view the public can not be too interested in it.

All workshop images are insights from the Fernand Martin factory in 1902

Fernand Martin toys in the next Galerie de Chartres auction on June 13, 2020

The French auction house: Galerie de Chartres has a very nice and extremely rare Fernand Martin toy with his original box in this coming auction.
Furthermore, there are many more Martin toys and other beautiful toys in this auction that we can look for.

See this link for the entire collection to be auctioned: https://www.interencheres.com/meubles-objets-art/jouets-de-collection-267107/

For more auction house information see this link:
https://www.interencheres.com/commissaire-priseur/maitres-jean-pierre-lelievre-pascal-maiche-alain-paris-et-galerie-de-chartres-111/

Note: The machine gun (left above), “La Mitrailleuse Francaise” is presumably made by George Flersheim, successor of Fernand Martin.
Deze afbeelding heeft een leeg alt-attribuut; de bestandsnaam is afbeelding.png
Courtesy Galerie de Chartres

Live sale on: www.interencheres-live.com

For more information see the auction catalog: https://www.ivoire-france.com/chartres/fr/auction-3393-jouets_collection_vente_initialement_prevue_25_avril?p=58
Catalog 8 € or subscription for 2 years 30 €.

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for this Martin

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

See what you can read in the new June issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine:

Don’t miss the June 2020 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine.
And especially for the Fernand Martin enthusiasts:
This month, on pages 54 till 58 an article about a newly discovered original 1908 catalog from Martin.

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine June 2020.

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.
To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
Email: ads@antiquetoyworld.com

The Ma Portiere as a piece of art ?

At the end of 1800 and early 1900, Fernand Martin was a highly regarded businessman in Paris.
His toy factory flourished and his toys were hugely popular and well-known
This of course also attracted people who wanted to get a piece of his popularity and now I mean it in the good sense of the word.
One of those people was an artist who made bronze sculptures.
At that time, bronze statues were enormously popular and in many living rooms these statues were to be admired.
The name of this artist was Jose (Josep) Cardona Furro, he was born in Barcelona Spain and lived from 1878-1922.
He left for Paris at a young age.
Martin often made his toys about what he saw in daily street life and that was the same thing Jose Cardona did.
His bronze statues were mostly statues of people and often of children he saw busy in the street.


One of his images is of a street vendor with clearly recognizable Fernand Martin’s the Ma Portiere. on his back a sack full of boxes of toys, in his hand he is busy turning up a Ma Portiere and there is also a clearly recognizable Ma Portiere at his feet.
The Ma Portiere was made by Martin from 1895, so this image will also be designed and made by Jose Cardona in 1895 or a little later, so at the age of 17.
The sculpture is very detailed and approximately 36 cm high and weighs more than 5 kg. ( 11 pound )
There are versions known with a marble base and versions without this base.

In one of the following blogs I will cover this “Ma Portiere” extensively,

A small celebration

Exactly 1 year ago I started this blog.
In the course of this year I have written about 80 articles.
The number of readers watched has also increased considerably, from about 30 a month to currently an average of over 120 a month.
The number of hits on articles has also increased, there are days with only 3 hits but also days with more than 40 hits, the total number of hits is currently more than 2200 and that is an average of 29,5 hits per article.
Also, from the number of positive responses, many readers are satisfied with this blog.
So for me again the challenge to work hard on new articles.

I thank everyone for the good words and especially the auctioneers, traders, museums, private collectors, etc. who have given permission to use images in this blog.

And if you have any questions or material that I can process please send it to me and I will make sure that I find it right and if it is interesting for the readers, I will put it in a blog.
Thanks again everyone.

(All photos in this article are of my dear and early deceased friend Arthur Verdoorn.)

Results of the Bertoia Annual Spring Auction May 7-8 2020

Now we serve you the auction results of the Martins and Martin related toys in the Bertoia Annual Spring Auction May 7-8 2020

All prices price is US $ and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

For the complete overview, results, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: http://www.bertoiaauctions.com/

Regarding the objects and prices described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

PREVIOUS: Extremely rare Martin in the Galerie de Chartres auction on June 13, 2020

This Martin is in the provisional auction list. The complete list will be published 15 days before June 13, if there are other interesting Martins among them, I will edit this blog.

The French auction house: Galerie de Chartres has a very nice and extremely rare Fernand Martin toy with his original box in this coming auction
Furthermore, there are many more other beautiful toys in this auction that we can look for, after the complete list is published.

See this link for the entire Previous collection to be auctioned: https://www.interencheres.com/meubles-objets-art/jouets-de-collection-267107/

For more auction house information see this link:
https://www.interencheres.com/commissaire-priseur/maitres-jean-pierre-lelievre-pascal-maiche-alain-paris-et-galerie-de-chartres-111/

Courtesy Galerie de Chartres

Live sale on: www.interencheres-live.com

For more information see the auction catalog: https://www.ivoire-france.com/chartres/fr/auction-3393-jouets_collection_vente_initialement_prevue_25_avril?p=58
Catalog 8 € or subscription for 2 years 30 €.

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for this Martin

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

See what you can read in the new May issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine:

Don’t miss the May 2020 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine.
And especially for the Fernand Martin enthusiasts:
This month, on pages 60 – 63, an article about the manufacture of Martin toys in 1902.

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.
To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
Email: ads@antiquetoyworld.com

Is this a new Fernand Martin toy ?!?!

This article was published in the April 2020 issue of the ATW Antique Toy World magazine. https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/

Martin and Flersheim made toys that were mostly “up-to-date” at the time of manufacture, and by “up to date” I mean that literally.
At specific happenings, events, news, but also new fashion, inventions, etc. Martin and Flersheim were immediately able to make a toy for it so that the audience recognized and bought it.

Now I found an entirely unknown new Martin to me, it is a very nice soldier.
After I have examined it thoroughly, by comparing with other Martin toys, by measuring all parts precisely and checking with UV light for the age and deviations of the paint.
I have to come to the conclusion that I am almost sure that this is a original Martin from the Flersheim period.
But for 100% sure we need a catalog, advertising or box where it is shown.

First a short history of French soldier uniforms:

The 1758 Code Military includes descriptions of each French regimental uniform, including the Royal Artillery.
In addition to blue coats and red distinctions, the artillery had many subtle details on the coat and vests.

Old French postcards WW1

In 1914 they quickly discovered that during the WW1 war using the old model uniforms in the colors red and bleu the soldiers are sitting ducks.
These colors stood out too much against the clear sky above the Frensch fields.
They designed very fast a new blue / gray uniform, because that didn’t stand out against the clear bleu sky.
In the end of 1914 and the early 1915 they designed a completely new uniform in the color light gray / blue.
These soldiers were named: Le Poilus

George Flersheim was also Lieutenant artillery in this WW1 and was therefore at the center of the uniform change.
He must have implemented that quickly for a new model for a French soldier.

In his short period, (1912 till 1915) Flersheim has released at least 20 complete new pieces.
(More about George Flersheim in one of my next blogs.)

Hypothesis:

1.
In the book: Fernand Martin Toymaker in Paris 1878 – 1912 on page 200, there are 3 soldiers.
The writers Lourens Bas and Arthur Verdoorn tells us on this page : Nevertheless we have to conclude that we don’t know the number of any of these toy soldiers, so that we are not sure about the order in which they are presented.
The left one is a French soldier with the number 243.
But the red and dark soldier on the photo is not a French soldier from 1915 but a French soldier with a uniform from used before 1915.
The colors blue / red are used from 1758 until in the first war months WW1 in 1914.
I tink this red and blue soldier must be one of the numbers: 234 – 235 or 236, because this uniform was still in use in 1913.
The new find French soldier must be then probably number 243 in the book: Fernand Martin Toymaker in Paris. 1878 – 1912

2.
It is quite possible that George Flersheim designed it, but he was unable to bring it into production because he died tragically on August 14, 1915 at the age of 30.
After his death, the factory continued to produce toys for at least a few years and maby produced this toy.
Because we were unable to find a box, we do not know a name and possibly number (if it was already numbered)

Resume:
Perhaps there is a third option.
We do not know this and it remains to be seen whether this toy with box or a catalog with image will ever be found.
So if there are readers who know more, please send me a message.

George Flersheim also released many old Martin pieces, and what he did was alter old Martin pieces and produce them again.
He also made extensive use of the available old stock of “Martins” materials and clockworks.

One example is the Fireman with ladder, but what does this fireman have to do with the new soldier?
I want to explain this.

There are a total of 4 different firefighters in the following order:

1) First released by Fernand Martin in 1904 with the number 197.
2) Then George Flersheim reproduced the same model from Martin in 1912 with the number 197-bis.
3) But later George Flersheim modernized, between 1912 and 1915, the head with a different helmet model
4) Victor Bonnet reproduced the Flersheim fireman again in 1921

The differences are sometimes small.  

-1- The Martin from 1904. -2-The same one made by Flersheim

-1- FERNAND MARTIN : three-part ladder and a low back of the helmet and a clockwork with Martin key.
-2- GEORGE FLERSHEIM : three-part ladder and a low back of the helmet and a clockwork with the Flersheim key, so only changed to the Flersheim key.

-3- Flersheim model 1912. -4- Flersheim model but released by Victor Bonnet 1921

-3- GEORGE FLERSHEIM : the same three-part ladder as -1- and -2-, but now with a different model head / helmet and a clockwork with Flersheim key.
-4- VICTOR BONNET : a different three-part ladder with a stand-alone stand, a clockwork with the Victor Bonnet model key. (see detail) and a new box with number 197bis.

So, you see, there are actually 4 different firefighters and Flersheim used a piece of the number -3- fireman for his new soldier.

So we are back to the soldier.
In his design for the new soldier, Flersheim took the head from his fireman from picture number -3-
Slightly changed the upper edge of that helmet.
Painted the helmet blue.
The helmet of the original fireman has in front a nice graphic, the helmet of this soldier has the same graphics hidden under the blue paint.
Took a simple dribbling “walking” body of a Martin toy like the violinist or drunkard without the arm actions.
Gave him a rifle.
Blue clothes and there was a new soldier and exactly in the mind of Fernand Martin himself.
This toy has only a “walking” action.



Boxes from the Fernand Martin Le Pochard with a additional sticker ?

In the year 1900 the 13th universal World Exhibition was in Paris.
Fernand Martin participated in this exhibition and was also a jury member of the “Hors Concours Médaille D’or ” as can be read on the box and on the catalog picture of the Bamboula no 179.

This World exhibition lasted from April 15 to November 12, 1900.

During this exhibition many products were sold to the public by business exhibitors, but street vendors in the streets of Paris also sold more than normal during that period.

I have found three boxes of the Le Pochard number 172 produced from the year 1899 with a additional reference to this exhibition.

This “Le Pochard” is familiar to all Martin collectors and it has also been produced for a long time and is one of the most renowned Martin’s .

This additional reference is a loose sticker that is stuck on the boxes
The sticker on the first box is difficult to read but the other two boxes are much clearer to read.
The sticker on box three is not on the front but on the top of the box

Exposition Universelle 1900 F.M.

We can assume that these pieces were sold during this world exhibition in 1900, but it is also possible that the stickers were placed as advertisements well before the world exhibition to draw attention to this exhibition.
These boxes with toys are therefore very easy to date.
You also see that both drunks are dressed the same.

I do not know if boxes of other Martin toys were also provided with this sticker, but perhaps one of the readers of this blog has an answer, please let me know.

Louis Poyet and Fernand Martin

In a previous blog from 13 April, I show you a drawing of the Rabbit from Martin, this drawing was made by Louis Poyet.

Louis Poyet (born in Saint-Etienne, 1846 – died in Paris, 1913) was a draftsman, etcher and French illustrator known for his work that he made together with scientists, industrialists and engineers.

Louis Poyet moved to Paris and in 1877 he opened his own print studio.

His workshop had around 40 craftsmen
He started working for Gaston Tissandier as an Illustrator / writer for the La Nature magazine, for which he continued to work until his death.
He signed with “Poyet” and sometimes “L. Poyet”.

He has made many beautiful etchings for Martin that have been published in, among others, the magazine: La Nature

Here some examples.

He also worked on several books and magazines so as:

-The book of Charles Masson, published in 1884 entitled: The scientific recreation for education and play.

-Poyet was also one of the industrial illustrators of images for the book series Les Grandes Usines published by Michel Levy from 1876 till 1881.

-In 1889 he worked for Tom Tit (pseudonym of Arthur Good engineer) with which he worked on:
The Recreational Science section in the L’Illustration magazine
The Fun Science a booklet with 100 Experiments, with 115 Drawings in 1890.
This first booklet was again published in 1893 and then followed by two completely new editions.

The success factor of this series was enormous
Translations were sold in 1891 in Spain, England, the United States, Scandinavia, Russia.
There are around 130 different editions of these three volumes, released until the 1920s.

To complete the circle, one of Martin’s toys, the Le “Tom Tit” Martin number 157 (See in the 2014 book: Fernand Martin toymaker in Paris on page 95 ) was based on one of the experiments from Tom Tit; La rotation de la Terre

Below you see on the left the drawing from the book “La Science Amusant” van Tom Tit, this drawing was made by Louis Poyet, on the right an image from a page of a catalog by Fernand Martin

After the death of Louis Poyet in 1913 his studio was taken over by his sons Roger in Raphael, under the name “Poyet Brothers”.

Fernand Martin the Rabbit “Le Lapin Vivant”

This rabbit is produced from 1890 and quite rare
In the 2014 book: Fernand Martin Toymaker in Paris, the Le Lapin Vivant is listed on page 59 with the number 32
I know some color varieties such as white, light brown and dark brown.

It is a fairly small bunny with a height of 13 cm.
After winding up, he moves forward and his ears and arms move.
Immediately below the winding roll it is marked with the old known logo of Martin, the circle with the letters “F.M.” and “depose”

So far I have only seen versions with a flywheel drive.
Recognizable on the side where the wheel is to wrap the rope.

With the rubber band version I have never seen myself
I recently bought a series of 4 little etchings from 1892 with images of toys.
On one of the etchings this Le Lapin Vivant with the version with a rubber belt drive is shown.
The original etching is very small; approximately 8×10 cm
In the French technical year magazine: La Nature from 1892 on page 45 this drawing / etching is depicted on which a beautifully open worked Le Pantin Vivant can be seen.

This etching is made by mr. Louis Poyet
Mr Poyet made many etchings of toys for the technical magazin “La Nature”, he therefore regularly visited toy factories, including of course the Fernand Martin factory to make a lot of etchings of the latest new toys.

Despite the current terrible pandemic, I still want to wish everyone a ………

Easter bunny from Gunthermann of the 1920s, hand-painted and a basket with eggs on its back, from my own collection.

Zalig Pasen
Geseënde Paasfees
Gëzuar Pashkët
Frohe Ostern
Happy Easter
Häid lihavõttepühi
Hyvää pääsiäistä
Joyeux Pâques
Kellemes Húsvéti Ünnepeket
Buona Pasqua
Felis Pasku
Wesołych Świąt Wielkanocnych
Boa Páscoa
Veselú Veľkú Noc
Feliz Pascua
Pasg Hapus
Glad Påsk

Auction results of the Martins in the RSL auction of April 4th and 5th, 2020

Below is an overview of the Martin toy sales,  prices achieved in USD and without the buyer’s premium

All mentioned prices are hammer prices

For more information see the auction catalog https://www.rslauctionco.com

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition, authenticity or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

blog: www.fernandmartintoys.nl

Bertoia Annual Spring Auction May 7-8 2020 with a lot of Martins in this auction.

Top quality auction is already well underway.
A fine European tin toy collection will be spearheading the second day, as collectors of all categories; from rare Banks to magnificent Christmas rarities will find the sale both impressive and exciting.
Still Banks, Automatons, Comic toys, and Pressed Steel trucks will be highlighted.

The Bertoia team is dedicated to offering our quality customer service, experience and support.
Do not hesitate to contact us for assistance with registration, bidding or any other questions.

We serve you in this auction:

The late Norman Schaut Toy and Train Collection (promoter of the Atlantique City Antique Show)
The Cast Iron Automotive Toy Collection of Dmitri Ilyinsky, with additions from Bob Brady
Part I of the Bob Weiss Mechanical Bank Collection, with selections from Bill & Wendy Jones
The Christmas and Holiday Collection of Karyl Newman
The impressive Charles Foster Schoenhut Collection and Pressed Steel from the Butch Buss collection.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: http://www.bertoiaauctions.com/

NOTE:
In an effort to keep everyone safe while continuing to provide the auction excitement of collecting, at this time, the sale is planned to be a virtual auction with telephone, absentee, and multiple online bidding options.
We invite all collectors to join us and experience a live Bertoia event online as we video stream the entire sale simulcast over a webcam.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

See what you can read in the new April issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine:

Don’t miss the April 2020 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine.
And especially for the Fernand Martin enthusiasts:
This month, on pages 60 – 61, an article about a newly discovered MARTIN toy.

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine April 2020.

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.
To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
Email: ads@antiquetoyworld.com

A tin-toy clown as a spinning Top!

A very special toy with an ingenious mechanism
L’homme toupie made by Victor Bonnet from Paris, the last owner of the Fernand Martin toy factory in Paris.
This clown has the product number 252
It has been produced from around 1921/1922
This toy can be winded by means of a separate key.
The height is 19 cm = 7,5 inch.

two different color varieties

After winding, place him on top of his head / hat on a flat table and let go. (in his hat is a clearly visible screw on which the whole turns)
He then starts to turn around his axis and at some point his hands slowly move towards the table, then stops turning and then pushes his head / hat away from the table.
His legs then separate and back together.
Then his head / hat returns to the table and everything starts all over again.
The manufacturer calls it a spinning top but therefore a very special ingenious spinning top.
He is now collected by collectors of tin toys and then mainly collectors of Fernand Martin toys.
He is therefore also collected by spinning tops collectors and collectors of circus acts.
It has a tin body, head, feet and hands.
The arms and legs are made of metal wire.
The feet, hands and the head with the hat are hand painted.
Furthermore, the whole is provided with colorful fabric clothing.

The top of the hat with the brand name and the named screw –the hand-painted face– the keyhole on the back and an image from a catalog from the late 1920”s .

To wind it up, there is a keyhole on the back
What is important at purchase this toy, look at this keyhole, there is normally a Brass ring with disc attached in the fabric clothing, the disc is clothed with fabric, but very often this ring with disc is torn out and disappeared due to frequent use.
The clown is marked on top of the hat with the text: Article Francais V.B & Cie Paris.

All photos are from my own collection

Result of the Martin in the Ladenburger Spielzeugauktion from March 27-28, 2020


Auction number 112 -Martin number 260 – Madelon casseuse d’assiettes 1928 made by Victor Bonnet. – € 550 ( Hammerprice in Euro’s )

For more information see the auction catalog : https://www.spielzeugauktion.de/

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Auction result of the “Martin” toys in the Leski Toy Auction on March 22, 2020

Courtesy Leski Auctions

Leski Auction number–maker + name–Result Hammerprice in AU $

Auction number 216 -Victor Bonnet -Auto Transport – UNSOLD
Auction number 223 -SIJIM -le Joueur D’orgue – AU $ 500
Auction number 228 – Martin -Le Petite Pianiste -UNSOLD
Auction number 291 -Victor -Bonnet L’autopatte – AU $ 1250

For more information see the auction catalog www.leski.com.au

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

A new discovery of a “Martin” toy made by Victor Bonnet.

This article is published in the ATW Antique Toy World magazine of March 2020-Volume 50- No3.
Read that article here but now with a very recently found additional supplement.
This additional supplement was unfortunately too late for publication in the ATW.

The Martin period is brought together from the beginning of the first Fernand Martin toy the POISSON NAGEUR in 1878 during the move of Victor Bonnet from the original old Fernand Martin factory on the 88 Boulevard de Menilmontant Paris to another location in 1934
The last toy we now, till now, was the VOITURE NOUNOU POUPON with number 265

Until now we thought that this VOITURE NOUNOU POUPON with number 265 was the very last “Martin” produced in the factory on the 88 Boulevard de Menilmontant Paris, but that is now changing.
We can now add this extra number 266 to it.
And maybe there are more extra numbers to discover.

I have now found a new piece with number 266 on the box.
It is a pistol with the name LE COSTAUD
And luckily with the original box in a fairly good condition so we now for sure that it has number 266.

Dimensions box approximately 2,5 x 10,5 x 16,5 cm (1 x 4,5 x 6,5 inch) Dimensions pistol approximately 11,5 x15 cm (4,5 x 6 inch)
I can say that we have found another piece of the big “Martin” puzzle.

And I have an original bill from Victor Bonnet in my collection that includes this pistol.
The bill dates from June 16, 1933 and this bill also shows the old trusted location of the original old Fernand Martin factory on 88 Boulevard de Menilmontant Paris.

On this bill there are three well-known Bonnet pistols:
–the PAN PAN (number 247)
–the TAPE FORT (number 262)
–the FLAC (number 256)
And now the unknown LE COSTAUD with number 266.
But there is still another unknown part on this bill under the name: “EPERVIER” in English this means (Sperrow) Hawk.
I think this is also a pistol, because I have often seen tin toy pistols with the name Hawk but till now not from Victor Bonnet but I am not sure yet.

And now the recently found addition:

I very recently found the French patent for this pistol LE COSTAUD with number 266
The patent number is FR 730.021
The following dates can be seen on this patent:
-Announced on April 04-1931
-Submitted on May 03-1932
-Published on August 05-1932
Now we know for sure that this pistol has been produced since 1932.

A part of the first page
The third page

The displayed bill and pistol are from my own collection

Ladenburger Spielzeugauktion only 1 Martin in the auction from March 27-28, 2020

In the next Ladenburger Toyauction there is one Fernand Martin toy but there are many more other beautiful pieces in this auction
We are pleased to present you this catalog of our spring auction 2020 in German and English language.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: https://www.spielzeugauktion.de/

March 27-28, 2020 auction lot number 112

Martin number 260 – Madelon casseuse d’assiettes 1928 made by Victor Bonnet.

After the auction, I will publish the realized price for this Martin.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about authenticity, condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Auction results of the Martins in the Anticomondo Toy Auction on March 13 and 14, 2020

Below is an overview of the Martin toy sales,  prices achieved in Euro and without the buyer’s premium.

Anticomondo Auction number–Martin name–Result Hammerprice in Euro’s

Auction number 6301 –Le Boule Mysterieuse — € 1100,00
Auction number 6424 –Le Gay Violoniste — € lot passed
Auction number 6541 –Le Petite Pianiste — € 700,00

For more information see the auction catalog : Online Catalog 84th Auction

https://www.anticomondo.de/

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Auction result of the La Boule Mysterieuse with lot number 2062 in the Dan Morphy auction of March 10 – 11, 2020

Photo courtesy of Dan Morphy auctions

Result of lot number 2062: “La Boule Mysterieuse” $ 475

Price is US $ and without Buyer’s Premium

For more information see the auction catalog https://www.morphyauctions.com/auctions/

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

MARTIN TOYS IN THE NEXT RSL AUCTION: April 4th and 5th, 2020

In the next auction of RSL Auction Company there are many Fernand Martin toys and there are many more other beautiful pieces in this auction.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site:
https://www.rslauctionco.com

DAY 1

Day 2

April 4th and 5th, 2020

Fantastic European Toys
Marklin, Georges Carette, Bing, Citroen, Ingap, Martin, Lehman
From the Collection of a Distinguished Gentleman.

All told, approximately 750 European Toys will be sold over two days!
The sale will also include hand selected additions of Mechanical Banks, Still Banks, Cast Iron Toys and Folk Art.

Plan on attending this important event.

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for these Martins.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about authenticity, condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Victor Bonnet: AUTO TRANSPORTS : Le Déverseur.

This truck is the first toy produced by Victor Bonnet in 1921.
He got production number 246. This model number 246 is officially called “Le Déverseur” , the name “Auto Transport” is a collective name for the various transport cars made by Victor Bonnet.

Courtesy of Bertoina Auctions.

The Victor Bonnet Factory started the actual production in 1921
The French patent application (patent number 576.723) for the first Victor Bonnet toy produced (Auto Transports number 246) mentions a date of 12 April 1921.
The patent application in Germany was on April 21, 1921 under patent number 363805.

Part of page 1 from the patent 576.723
Part of page 6 from the patent 576.723


This truck with tilting mechanism,( the body tipping to the side), has been in production for a very long time from 1921 to in the 30s and over the years it has undergone a number of minor changes.
In his production time he was released in various colors, such as at least in the colors Yellow-Brown-Gray-Green-Blue-Dark Gray/Black.
The logo stand on the hood and the logo has also been in various variants

you can see that “Les Auto Transports” was always mentioned


This truck usually also had text in French but also in English
The various texts are:

top left and below courtesy of Bertoina Auctions, top right courtesy of Antico Mondo Auctions.
left and right below Courtesy of Bertoina Auctions. on the top right private collection
In the loading area, he had no texts on the side or back, so only in the loading area

There are also copies without text
The body has also been available in two variants, with an angular body and with a rounder body, the truck with the ruonder body was usually gray in color and had no texts on the body.

left Courtesy of Bertoina Auctions. on the right private collection

So you can see that over the years this truck has had many different varieties.
Many Fernand Martin, George Flersheim and Victor Bonnet toys have sometimes been produced for many many years and have received many small adjustments or other colors over the years.

“Fernand Martin toys” in the Leski Toy Auction on March 22, 2020

A TREASURE CHEST OF TOYS, TRAINS AND MODELS

This newest catalogue might be a surprise for some of you.
A pleasant one, we hope because although it’s very different from our usual catalogues.
We think you’ll have a lot of fun leafing through the pages of one of the best collections of toys, model trains and other childhood delights ever offered in Australia.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site:
www.leski.com.au

In this Leski auctions there are 4 “Fernand Martin and Fernand Martin related” toys and there are many more other beautiful toys in this auction.

Courtesy Leski Auctions

Auction number 216 -Victor Bonnet -Auto Transport
Auction number 223 -SIJIM -le Joueur D’orgue
Auction number 228 -Fernand Martin -Le Petite Pianiste
Auction number 291 -Victor -Bonnet L’autopatte

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for these Martins.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

See what you can read in the new March issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine:

Don’t miss the March 2020 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine.
And especially for the Fernand Martin enthusiasts:
This month, on pages 38 and 39, an article about a newly discovered MARTIN toy.

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine March 2020.

Morphy Auctions — TOYS, DOLLS & FIGURAL CAST IRON MARCH 10 & 11, 2020
In Memory of Lori Sage

Table of Contents :
A New Discovery of “Martin” Toy Made by Victor Bonnet
By Cor van Schaijk
New England Air Museum
Pook & Pook, Inc. and Noel Barrett —Post Auction Press: Antique Toys and Other Amusements at Auction
By Noel Barrett .
The Favorite
By Steve Butler .
Photos from the Chicago Toy Show hold on October 27, 2019
The Cor-Cor Grahams
By Michael E. Keller .
Focal Point #167 Navy Plane Hubley- 1953
By Steve Butler .
Doc’s Dioramas
By Darwin “Doc” Hunkler.
Classified Ads
Show Calender

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.
To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
E-mail: ads@antiquetoyworld.com

A Dream of Toyland 1908

Watch and enjoy more then 7 min. of this nice original film from 1908 with toys from Lehmann, Fernand Martin, Carette, Günthermann, Humpty Dumpty and so on.

Arthur Melbourne Cooper’s animation showing a boy’s dream of his toys coming to life uses a live action framing device for the dream sequence which uses stop motion techniques to animate a child’s toys.

Film from Britishsilents

and if you use a IOS device then go to this link:

A Dream of toyland 1908

Discovered an original bill from 1933 by Victor Bonnet.

During his period as the owner of the old Fernand Martin factory, Victor Bonnet brought many beautiful new toys to the market.
The pistols/guns are very noticeable here because they don’t really look like the other toys.
But it was then and is still a hugely popular toy with mainly boys, who as a boy did not in the past, as a soldier, cowboy or police, walked around with toy guns and called “pang-pang”
Till today, 6 different guns are known.
To my surprise, I found an original bill from Victor Bonnet from 1933 with the order of various pistols on it.

Front

This bill is dated June 16, 1933
The address of Victor Bonnet & Cie factory is still the old address where once Fernand Martin produced his great successes at 88 Boulevard de Menilmontant Paris.
The Martin period is closed on the date of the move from the Victor Bonnet factory to another building in 1934.

Back

At the back of this bill the 6 well-known pistols are also shown.
The order included three well-known pistols and two names that we did not know yet.
Of course we recognize the PanPan, the Tape Fort and the Flac on this bill
For me there are two unknown names on this bill, the Costaud and the Epervier.
From one of these unknown pieces I have discovered what it is, this will be discussed extensively in one of my next blogs in the next month.
So we still miss 1 piece, what is it ??? I don’t know yet, but we continue to search.

And do you know what the missing piece is, send me a message and make me happy.

The displayed bill comes from my own collection

Anticomondo Toy Auction on March 13 and 14, 2020

The brandnew catalog of the 84th Toy Auction on March 13 and 14, 2020 is online!

As usual, a good amount of very rare and wanted collectibles will be auctioned: More than 2100 lots of Tin Toys, Trains, Figures, Model Cars and Antique Advertising are waiting for you!

In this auction are 3 Fernand Martin toys

Auction number 6301 Le Boule Mysterieuse
Auction number 6424 Le Gay Violoniste
Auction number 6541 Le Petite Pianiste

Rummaging, browsing and bidding directly – all this is possible on our website:

Online Catalog 84th Auction

Website : Anticomondo

We hope you enjoy reading and browsing through the new catalog!


Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Fernand Martin and postcards

Many of us still know the time when there was no internet with e-mail and the telephone was still very rare, the postcard was then still a popular and cheap means of transferring short messages, congratulations or greetings.
Nowadays, postcards are almost no longer used due to the availability of faster, cheap media.
The postcard was introduced in the second half of the 19th century.
On a postcard there was room for writing a message and usually there was an image on the other side.
Fernand Martin’s toy has also been used a number of times as an image on a postcard.
I have examples from France, Germany but also one from the U.S.A.
The most of the postcards shown here are from my own collection.

detail with the Martin toys

A street vendor from Paris with a stamp from 1905

French postcard with images of Martins, date unknown

Another French street vendor from the late 1800s, with the Violinist, this image was also used on a chromo collector plate.
This card can be found in the hand-colored version or in black and white

A French postcard with the “Le Charcutier” date unknown

A German postcard of the circus Barnum & Bailey who toured in Europe around 1900.
The “La Boule Mystérieuse” is shown on this postcard

Another postcard now of the circus Strassburger from around 1914
The “La Boule Mystérieuse” is shown on this postcard

A street vendor from New York with a stamp from 1906

A postcard from 1994 with the Number 233 La casseuse d’assiettes from 1912

It is nice to collect this postcards next to the Martin toys.

And I have another very special postcard in my collection, a handwritten card by Fernand Martin personally. See my blog: https://fernandmartintoys.nl/personal-postcard-from-martin/

Fernand Martin, the four different versions of the “Le petit Livreur”

Besides the violinist and the drunkard, the le Petit Livreur is one of the most produced and well-known Martin toy.
Of all the different “models” mentioned here, there are many different color versions.

Model 1:
Fernand Martin made the first model with the spoke wheels and a head with “look a like” real hair in 1911

Model 2:
The second known model is from George Flersheim and features the Flersheim key, another label, painted hair and the closed wheels.
This model was made from 1912

Model 3:
The third model was made by Victor Bonnet, this model was similar to the Flersheim model but has a different “Bonnet” key.
What was also changed was the operation of the small “steering wheel” under the cart.
With the Martin and the Flersheim the handle is on the left or right side and with the Bonnet usually on the front but there are still some Le Petit Livreurs with a Bonnet key and the handle also on the side.
The Bonnet version also has a brass nameplate on the cart
This model was produced by Bonnet from 1919
After the relocation of the factory in 1933, the brass nameplate and the paper on the case disappeared, replacing it with the new VEBE logo on the case

MODEL FROM 1919 TILL 1933

Model 4:
The fourth and rarest model.
In 1911/12 a separate “MARTIN” model appeared on the market, this model had a higher suitcase/trunk with advertising on it instead of the low suitcase.
This case was also lithographed and could be opened
Whether the labels on the suitcase can be recognized as the round logo of the “Grand Hotel” in Paris.
The boy of this Petit Livreur also got a bunch of hair and a flat cap.
It was suspected that this Petit Livreur was made on special order for the Gand Hotel and was sold as a tourist item to guests / visitors to the hotel.
There would have been sweets in the suitcase, so it was a kind of candy container.
There is still another Martin toy with such a trunk, it is the L’autopatte from 1910.
These two toys are also depicted in the book: Fernand Martin Toymaker in Paris 1878-1912 from Arthur Verdoorn and Lourens Bas. on p. 223.

A collector of hotel logo’s from Portugal, told me that this “Grand Hotel Paris” logo was used at that time in 2 versions, a round and a right-angled one, by the Grand Hotel.
It was used as a seal on letters and was also stuck on tourist gift items in the “Grand Hotel” gift shop.
These logos waren used from the end of 1800 to the beginning of the 1st World War (WW1) in 1914.
With its 700+ rooms, the hotel was the largest in Paris and was used as a military hospital in the 1st World War
This hotel still exists today.

It is not exactly clear whether Fernand Martin or George Flersheim put it on the market, but I suspect Martin because it still has a typical “Martin” key, but that actually means little because Flersheim has also released toys with a Martin key, presumably using up old supplies.
All in all an exceptional piece and very sought after because it is not sold in large numbers.

There is a known photo of the stall with the “normal” and the “special” Le Petit Livreur, this photo was once sold on Ebay.
A question for those who have this photo: send me an image then I can add it to this article.

The Fernand Martin “Les Pompiers” from 1887

A very early toy that Martin made were two firefighters with a fire sprayer, which reflects the state of the art of firefighting at the time.

courtesy Michael Bartoia auctions

History:
A fire sprayer had already been granted a patent in 1614, but the first well-functioning model comes from the Dutchman Jan van der Heiden in 1672 with a hose fire sprayer.
This type of fire sprayers was sometimes used until the Second World War (WWII)
Large heavy pumps used to be pulled by horses and the smaller models were pulled by firefighters themselves.

Foto with permission of BHIC ( Brabants Historisch Informatie Centrum ) s’Hertogenbosch the Netherlands, fotonumber BCV2538

The fire sprayer can be compared to a wooden, red-copper or metal tub / container in which a hand pump with a nozzle is attached.
Although this type of fire sprayer delivered a constant flow of water, it had the disadvantage that it had to be filled with buckets.
There is also a type that could itself suck water from a canal or ditch.
Because the hose could not be too long, it had to be placed close to the fire, which of course was dangerous for firefighters and equipment.

Foto with permission of Vincent Martin www.112heemstede.nl

Now about the toy model.
Dimensions: Height 16 cm (6-1/4 inch) Length 14 cm (5-1/2 inch).
At the bottom of the storage tank, you can connect a hose.
If you look at the drawing you will see an “A” at the bottom, that’s the wind-up key.
After being wind up, you place this toy on the table.
I don’t know if you have to fill it with water or put it in a little tub with water.
Filling seems unlikely to me because the container due to the mounting tabs it would leak everywhere.
Sucking up seems more likely to me, the water can then be sucked up through the pipe at the bottom.

With permission of GAGoes, municipal archive Wolphaartsdijk.

On the drawings in the catalog and the drawing on the box you see an extra pipe drawn, the water could be sucked through this pipe, on the actual toy you can no longer see this pipe but it can be integrated into the thick pipe where the wind-up mechanism is located.
Both figures then move up and down and thus pump the water away through the hose.

In this small old drawing it seems that the toy is probably partially in the water up to about the plateau on which the two firefighters stand.

Here above an image from the original Fernand Martin catalog 1898
Compare this image with the image on the lid of the original box and you will see some differences.

If you look very closely you will see the next differences:
  1- The two corners of the catalog image are not richly decorated.
  2- On the box label there is no “triangle with number 138”
  3- On the box label there are no dates of various gold medals that Martin has won
4- On the catalog image the net and gross weights are stated below the image.
  5- On the left of the catalog image is the text “Made In France”.
  6- The catalog image is numberd with number 105, (but more about this number in one of the following blogs).

A very rare and hard-to-find toy, the box is even rarer to find.
The piece with the box on the first photo was sold at the Bertoia auction on May 9, 2019 for $ 8000 without the auction surcharge.

Note: With my approval, a part of this blog has been adapted and published by the BHIC. See the link: https://www.bhic.nl/ontdekken/verhalen/blikken-speelgoed-uit-1887-voor-8000-dollar

This month in the Antique Toy World Magazine

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine February 2020.

Don’t miss the February 2020 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine.

Here’s what’s inside this month:

-In Memory of Frank Mohr
-Table of Contents
-2020 Smoky Mountain Antique Toy & Pedal Car Show
-Nostalgia 1875/1880 Rock & Graner Catalogue Germany By Pasky -Retraction By Steve Butler
-Bertoia Auctions Annual Fall Sale Featuring Sam Downey Collection II Marklin Brand was King at Bertoia’s $2.28M Auction of American and European Toys and Trains Featuring Downey Collection Part II
Fleet of European Boats was Led by Marklin La Plata Battleship Made for Argentine Market, Ex Sam Downey Jr. & Bill Bertoia Collections
-Focal Point Turnpike Service Truck Line Mar 1955 By Steve Butler
-Classified Ads
-Show Calendar

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970, Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.
To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/

One Martin toy in the next Dan Morphy Auction: Toys, Dolls, & Figural Cast Iron

In the next auction of Dan Morphy there is one Fernand Martin toy and there are many more other beautiful pieces in this auction.

Photo courtesy of Dan Morphy auctions

The Martin in this auction is the very nice “La Boule Mysterieuse from 1906
with lot number 2062
Date: March 10 – 11, 2020 • 10:00 AM EDT

Photo courtesy of Dan Morphy auctions

After the auction, I will publish the realized price for this Martin.

If you want to know more about this type of toy, see my blog of December 13, 2019: https://fernandmartintoys.nl/fernand-martin-1906-la-boule-mysterieuse/

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Le Cab (The Hansom Cab)

Three “different” versions of the “Le Cab” were made in the period between 1889 and 1919.

These vehicles were the means of transport in the city in the late 1800s and early 1900s, they were actually the first taxis

Fernand Martin launched the first version of the Le Cab in 1889.
The carriage had no passenger section and no side windows.
This first edition has 35 metal separate parts, (that is what you can count on the drawing), to build and complete the hole toy.
That did not include the rein so actually 36 parts in total.

The Le Cab from 1889 in parts.

Below you see an original box label and an image from the original catalog.
If you look very closely you will see differences.
1- The four corners of the box label are not richly decorated.
2- Below the triangle with number 138 are on the box label data of various gold medals that Martin has won.
3- the “instructions” are different in width and the number of lines is different, on the box label the lines are wider then on the catalog image.
4- Below the legs of the horse the text “Made In France” appears on the catalog image and not on the box label.
5- On the right and left of the FM logo are small decorations on the box label.

Photo courtesy of l’Orangerie – François Binetruy
Page from the 1908 catalog from my own collection

This first version was driven by a flywheel mechanism.
There is one known copy complete with box, so very rare.
What is striking is that this box is also numbered with number 110 (but more about this number in one of the following blogs)

Photo courtesy of l’Orangerie – François Binetruy

In 1903 Martin released this same toy again in a slightly modified version, now with a passenger section and also open side windows and a complete new box label.
It got number 192.

Photo courtesy of Bertoia auctions
from my own collection; left the 1912 version, right the 1903 version

The coach of this version came in the black / red color combination.
The drive was now a wind-up mechanism and with the recognizable Martin key.
This toy was marked on the inside of the passenger section and on the backsite above the key .

In the Flersheim period from 1912, the Le Cab was re-released, the version was almost the same as the Martin version from 1903 and the Martin number remained the same with 192.
This version is only marked on the roof with the well nown triangel marker. This version also had a wind-up mechanism but now with a Martin or Flersheim key.
It was sold in multiple colors.
I have come across this Flersheim version with the coach, so far, in the following colors
Lower part of the sides – Upper part of the sides – the back and roof.
-Blue – black – black
-Blau – blue – black
-Green – green – green
-Light brown – light brown – light brown.

2 images from my own collection (brown en bleu one), 1 from a private collection (green one and 1 image ( black/bleu one) with courtesy of Bertoia auctions

What is also striking in this version and recognizable as Flersheim is that the fixing tabs for fixing from the back to the sides are bent backwards / outwards.
With the Martin version, these tabs are always facing inwards.

Left the Martin version ——————–Right the Flersheim version

Yet another deviation is that for the toys of which the carriage is completely colored, (the green and light brown version) the colors appear to be “sprayed”, but that they were only sprayed after the carriage was already partially assembled.
If you look closely at the carriage, you will find color residues on the drive section, the rods to the horse, but only on the inside at the location of the wind-up mechanism, the key and also on the inside of the rear lower protruding ornament parts.

The horse was used many years by Martin, Flersheim and Victor Bonnet for divers toys:
number 25 Le Cab version with fly wheel from 1889.
number 42 de Le Courrier Parisien in 1892.
number 192 Le Cab version with a wind-up mechanism from 1903 and 1912
number 194 de La Voiture A Bitume in 1906.
number 203 de Le Laboureur in 1906.
number 255 La Charrette Paysanne used by Victor Bonnet in 1927.

Fernand Martin “Le Livreur” From 1888

A very early Martin with the name: Le Livreur (the delivery guy)
Made from 1888 with number 22.
This was probably the most successful Martin ever.

Photo courtesy of RSL auctions

The history that preceded this:
Due to an article in the American “The Official Gazette of the United States Patent Office” of October 20, 1885 on page 352, I came across the patent number 6470 of a “mechanical toy animal figure” .
I started searching further and it turned out to be an English patent.
In 1884 there was the Englishman Mr. William Hamilton Hall, 72 Denmark Villas, West Brighton, he was an inventor / toy manufacturer.
He filed a patent in England in 1884 under number GB 6470
The patent was filed under the name: “Improvements in Mechanical Toy Animal Figures”.
An extensive correction followed on January 26, 1885.
The Complete Specification was dated January 16, 1885, and it contains 7 pages of text and 3 pages of drawings.
The patent was directly applied for in several countries.
Here is an overview of the countries now known:
United States October 20, 1885 patent number 328912
France July 4, 1884, patent number 163149
Belgium March 28, 1885 patent number 68347
Austria December 4, 1884, patent number 34162
Hungary December 4, 1884, patent number 56714
Germany July 1, 1884, patent number 29806
England April 17, 1884, patent number 6470

Part of page 1 of the William Hamilton Hall patent
Part of the discription from William Hamilton Hall with the US patent 328.912 from the “ The Official Gazette of the United States Patent Office “

William Hamilton Hall then also produced and sold this toy with the name : automatic postman.
I have this toy in my collection myself, but until now I did not know who the manufacturer was.
But after help from The British Library Business & IP Center 96 Euston Road London to make the patents available with explanation and images, everything became clearer.

Hall’s “automatic postman” toy from my collection

I also found in David Pressland’s beautiful book “Pressland’s Blechspielzeug Der Welt” from 1995 and published by “AS Verlag Zürich” on page 241 a photo of a toy with his original box, the box appears, after further investigation, to have patent number 6470 and this is exactly right, so my toy appears to be the “automatic postman“ toy of William Hamilton Hall and produced from 1884.

Thanks to David Pressland’s that i may use this picture from his beautiful book “Pressland’s Blechspielzeug Der Welt” from 1995 , published by AS Verlag Zürich

There are several conceivable options for how Fernand Martin learned about this toy.
— Martin saw this toy from Hall during his many travels.
— He received the patent (Martin was subscribed to a special company in Paris who collected clippings worldwide for him about everything related to toys, see my blog of May 21, 2019: Personal Postcard from Fernand Martin)
— He was tipped by his many relationships.
— …… fill in yourself.
But at least he thought this was a wonderful toy and immediately saw the business benefits.
To be able to produce this toy, Martin has bought the rights of use of this patent.
But he was not completely satisfied because he himself has applied for an “improved” patent for this type of toy.

In the book Fernand Martin Toymaker in Paris 1878-1912 it is stated on page 33 that the story of the Le Livreur started with patent 75632 (printing error they meant 15632) on November 15, 1887 (this date will be reflected in the further story) but the story started with the William Hamilton Hill patent 6470 from April 17, 1884
The story started in England in 1884 so 3 years earlier.

Martin made improvements and on November 15, 1887 applied for a patent in England under the name “Improvements in Device or Mechanism for Communicating to Toys Movements Analogous to those of Human Beings and Animals when Walking.” and it get patent number 15632
The patent was reprinted as it was amended and quotes the following dates:
Date of Application: November 15, 1887,
Complete Specification Left (at the Patent Office,) May 09, 1888
Complete Specification Accepted July 27, 1888.
The patent contains 6 pages and includes 1 page with 4 drawings.

First page of the Fernand Martin patent GB 15632
Page 6 with the 4 drawings patent 15632

Regarding the Hall and Martin patent, Martin explains a few things on page 5 of his English patent.

Martin wrote the following text:

Having now specifically described and ascertained the nature of my said invention and in what manner the same is to be performed I declare that I am aware of Hall’s Specification No. 6470 AD 1684 and I make no claim to anything described and claimed therein, but what I claim is: —
A kind of toy with a miniature figure (preferably of a man) the legs od whitch imitate the natural movements of walking by the combined action of a motor vehicle having a continuous translation motion and abutting point forces lpacing itself alternately on any suitable surface, in such manner that retaining one leg an instant on the ground and the movement of translation that continues this adjacent point forces the leg into contact with the ground incline itself thus giving a movement similar but in the reverse sense to the second leg which it is connected by a bent or cranked axle.

About the same time, Martin also applied on November 12, 1887 for this patent in France, where it was given the number 186948.
See more in my other blog from August 15 2019 : Fernand Martin – Le Livreur – Description of the patent number 186948
But so far, all Martin copies and boxes found have the patent number 15632, so the English patent number.
I have not yet found any copies or a box with the French patent number.
On the top of the cart and on the box is written: “F.M. S.G.D.G. France & Etranger Paris Patent 15632
France & Etranger meens French and foreign.
I think Martin used the English patent number because it had already been approved and the application for the French patent was still being processed in France.

Top of the Martin cart

But it goes even further:
Fernand Martin and E.P. Lehmann turned out to be good friends and Lehmann also saw something in this toy.
Lehmann was allowed to use this patent against payment of 5 francs per 144 (12 dozen) pieces sold.
The success was enormous and within 8 months Lehmann came to Martin with a payment of 5000 francs, so 144.000 of the Lehmann “Express” EPL number 140, had already been sold up to that point.

Back of the Lehmann cart

On the back of the Lehmann Express (the copy of the Martin Le Livreur) , the text is Engl.Patent without a patent number.

A toy and his box :

Thanks for being allowed to use the photo’s: Left “Le Livreur” Photo courtesy of Pook&Pook auctioneers, above right the “Lehmann Express” Photo courtesy of Morphy Auctions, www.morphyauctions.com, right under the Hall toy Photo courtesy of David Pressland

Take a good look at the boxes from Martin Lehmann and Hall, they are very similar.

The success of the collaboration between F. Martin and E.P. Lehmann was expanded with several Martins, of which Lehmann was allowed to use the patents and were also allowed to be manufactured.
But more about this in one of the following blogs

With special thanks to:
The British Library. Business & IP Center. 96 Euston Road. London
To make the patents available with explanation and images.

Le pantin (The Harlequin) in two versions

Fernand Martin has made two versions of these Harlequin figures
These figures were very popular with the children at the end of the 1800s
You could buy these figures from department stores, smaller toy stores, market halls and from street vendors.

picture of a collector plate

These Harlekijn dolls were for sale in various materials such as fabrics, wood and by Martin in the tin plate version

The first one he made was quite early in his career.
In 1882 he made an approximately 22.5 cm (8 ¾ ”) figure, and is called “Le Pantin Mecanique”
It is found in two color varieties in blue and in red
The special thing about this figure is that it has two faces, one at the front and one at the back
The mechanic was by a rubber band drive
In the museum in Paris Musée des arts and Métiers – Le cnam, the red one can be found, it was in the gift from Fernand Martin to the Museum
As the photos of the museum contain a copyright, I cannot show it here, but a digital visit to the site is worth looking at, see this link:
https://phototheque.arts-et-metiers.net/?idPageWeb=95
enter the keyword “Fernand Martin” at “rechercher”.
The photo you can find at number 0001664-143

Here the blue one, the photos are from the : front – side – back
You can see that the front and back are both with a face
Photos with thanks to the Toy Museum Soltau (“Spielmuseum Soltau”) in Germany

The second version was made from 1896, so in the second period of Fernand Martin.
The product number is 152 and the name is “L’assiette Au Beurre Et Le Pantin”
This is also known so far in two color varieties in Blue / red and in Red / blue
It is quite small and only around 10 cm (4”) in size, the drive is here through a pull rope
If you pull this, the arms and legs start to move, Lehmann also had a similar effect with his well-known Climbing monkey.
This figure does have a clear front and back

Left the Le Pantin with box from the Toy Museum Soltau (“Spielmuseum Soltau”) in Germany collection, the other two photos courtesy of Michael Bertoia Auctions

Both figures are extremely rare to find.

Toy Museum Soltau Germany

Soltau, a small town located in the north of Germany, just an hour’s drive from Hamburg.
In the center of Soltau, spread out across two buildings (Poststrasse 7 and 15), is one of the most exiting toy museums I know.

Welcome to the Toy Museum Soltau (“Spielmuseum Soltau”), a house full of treasures, dreams and ideas!
The museum houses one of the best and most varied toy collections in the world: from a huge all-original Victorian dolls house with fifteen fully furnished rooms to a great Humpty-Dumpty circus set, from William & Mary wooden dolls to mechanical tin toys and from Erzgebirge scenes to paper toys.

The hairdresser is already talking a lot about this great museum.

And it will get even better: at the end of March 2020 a special department dedicated to a large collection of Fernand Martin toys will open at the Poststrasse 15 branch of the museum.
This department will be named “Klein-Paris!” (Little Paris!): a new exhibition unit with fantastic French toys from the turn of the (1900) century is currently under construction.
The focus is on mechanical sheet metal figures by the famous Paris toy maker Fernand Martin.

Even on the street this is the talk of the day.

All objects come from the great collection of Arthur Verdoorn and were donated to the “Stiftung Spiel” (Foundation for Play) that runs the museum.
Arthur Verdoorn was a Dutch collector and a personal friend of mine, he was one of the two authors of the fantastic book: “Fernand Martin Toy Maker In Paris 1878-1912”.

I know his collection very well and I often played together with him, in his own home museum, with these toys.

Arthur Verdoorn with his beloved toys

A very large collection that fortunately can be admired by everyone soon.

The Spielmuseum Soltau is not just a museum to look at: visitors of all generations are invited to explore, enjoy, try out, play and learn. So, step into history, reminisce and get inspired!
The museum is open 365 days a year from 10 am to 6 pm and the exhibitions cover a total of 900 square meters.

Now we just have to wait for the train to Soltau

And have you decided to take a look and travel to Soltau?
Then don’t miss the nearby felt museum “felto – Filzwelt Soltau” and be surprised there, too – for example by more than 120 historic Steiff character dolls all made of felt.

https://www.spielmuseum-soltau.de

https://www.filzwelt-soltau.de/

This month in the Antique Toy World Magazine

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine January 2020.

Don’t miss the January 2020 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine

Here’s what’s inside this month:

The First Annual Central Florida Antique Toy and Advertising Show will be Held February 7 and 8, 2020, at the Lake County Fairgrounds Expo Mall in Eustis, Florida
Bertoia’s Oct. 11 Auction of Tony Annese Toy, Train and Christmas Collection, Draws SRO Crowd, Hammers $1.8 Million
Tin Toy Corner – Is This the Earliest Toy Paddle-Wheel Ship Known to Exist? By Renaud Fournier
Imagine This By Steve Butler
Focal Point – Bluebird Land Speed Racer Lincoln White Metal C. 1932 By Steve Butler
A Collector’s Story Australian Toys – A Collection By Luke Jones
Classified Ads
Show Calendar

Subscribe to the print edition, or purchase a digital copy now for only $ 7 and download it immediately to your computer or mobile device.
Go to: www.antiquetoyworld.com

Fernand Martin and Bears, always nice.

In principle there are four different Martin bears, three are produced under the same number 193 in a period of more than 25 years.
They are very similar in appearance, there are two colors, white and brown.
The fourth is a completely different bear with number 216

Three bears, who carry the same number:
What do you need to know if you have one or want to purchase one or even find one.
What should you pay attention to!

The first one is the brown bear with a “hairy” head, so it looks like a head with fur.
This was given number 193 and was made by Fernand Martin in the second Martin period in 1904.
Marked under one leg with “FM” and under the other leg with the famous “triangle” and equipped with a “Martin” key

The second one is the same bear but in a white version, the head is now painted white.
He received the same production number and was made by Fernand Martin in the second period from 1909
But also produced by Victor Bonnet in the fourth period with the same number
If it is produced by Fernand Martin then one leg is marked with FM and under the other leg with the famous triangle.

If it was produced by Victor Bonnet from 1921 until the 30s, it is marked under one leg with “VB & Cie Paris” and under the other leg with “Made in France” and equipped with a “Victor Bonnet” key

The third version is a brown bear but now with a dark brown painted head, this bear was produced by George Flersheim in the third period from 1912, this bear also received production number 193.
Marked under one leg with “FM” and under the other leg with the famous “triangle” and equipped with a “Flersheim” key

And then there is a fourth bear
It is the climbing bear and was produced by Fernand Marin in 1909
The production number is 216
This is a very special bear that, after winding, climbs independently into a pole.

All toys shown in the photos are or were from my own collection

www.fernandmartintoys.nl WISHES EVERYONE :

Vrolijk Kerstfeest en een Gelukkig Nieuwjaar
Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year
Fröhliche Weihnachten und ein glückliches Neues Jahr
Joyeux Noël et Bonne Année
Feliz Navidad y Próspero Año Nuevo
Buon Natale e Felice Anno Nuovo
Boas Festas e um feliz Ano Novo
Kala Christougenna Ki’eftihismenos O Kenourios Chronos
God Jul och Gott Nytt År
Glædelig Jul og godt nytår
Geseende Kerfees en ’n gelukkige nuwe jaar
Hyvää joulua ja onnellista uutta vuotta

A piece of a French Christmas wish advertisement from a Paris toy department store in the early 1900s

Fernand Martin 1906 “La Boule Mystérieuse”

This very ingenious toy is a reproduction of reality, it was a circus act from the late 1800s and early 1900s

A piece of history :

This act was performed by an Austrian artist Leon Rauche with his artist name La Roche or LaRoche
LaRoche started at Barnum & Bailey in 1895
The world famous circus Barnum & Bailey had this act in its program from 1895 to 1903.
In 1897, James A. Bailey, as Director of the Barnum and Bailey show, decided to organize a multi-year tour in Europe.
In October of that year, he arrived in England with his complete circus company and began his performance at the Olympia Hall in London.
He traveled throughout England to cross the mainland of Europe.
After visit many cities in Central Europe, the circus returned to America in 1903.

Original circus poster “LaRoche and His Mysterious Ball”
Picture with approval of: Poster Auctions International Inc. NYC

This poster is dated 1897 and that is because almost all images for this European tour were pre-produced in 1897 in America at: “THE STROBRIDGE LITHO CO. “In Cincinnati; Ohio.
In countries where the circus stayed for a long time, the text was adapted to the national language.
The amount of posters taken for this tour was more than 100,000 sheets.
Should a certain stock run out, then according to the American design, sheets were printed in Europe.
In exceptional cases, local designers and printers were sometimes called upon.

The show was in Paris in the period of November 1901 – March 1902
Housed in the Salle des Fêtes of the Galerie des Machines at the foot of the Eifel tower, a remnant of the 1900 exhibition in the Champ-de-Mars.
Barnum & Bailey presented its show consisting of a large number of first-class attractions.
The first show took place on November 30, 1901.
Barnum & Bailey was sold out until March 23, 1902.
The shows took place every day at 8:15 pm, with matinee at 2:00 pm, Sunday, Wednesday, Thursday and public holidays.

I think Fernand Martin also visited this show in Paris, but he didn’t come up with the La Boule Mystérieuse at that time, why?? read more…..

German postcard from the European tour 1897 – 1903

The invention of the act :

Leon Rauche (Laroche) has designed this act himself.
Legend has it that circus contortionist Leon LeRoche got his inspiration for ‘La Boule Mysterieuse’ from a popular gambling game that took place outside the tent of a show in Romania.
After bettors bet on one of multiple numbers, the showman rolled a ball from the top of a 1 foot high spiral, screaming as the ball rolled its way to the winning number.
LaRoche’s had a 12-foot spiral built for his own act.
While he was locked up in a metal ball of 2 ½ feet in diameter, he slowly and mysteriously rolled up and down on a spiral track without railing, and without the help anything visible or a motor.
The mystery of its progress is supposed to be explained when the man comes out, but it is more mysterious than ever, for the man has to tie himself in a knot to get into the sphere and certainly does not appear to have room to budge an inch , and the reason why the ball goes up and down slowly is just as inexplicable as ever! “.

The trick was considered “an inscrutable mystery,” a sudden genius.
Everywhere the show agents arranged performances of this wonderful man and his company.
LaRoche doubled the height of the spiral to 24 feet and by the time he started touring with Barnum and Bailey in 1896, the course was already 30 feet high.
After the circus went back to America in 1903, La Roche left Barnum & Bailey and presumably continued with his act to the “Strassburger” circus.
This circus existed from 1892 to 1963

Postcard from 1914

The toy :

Fernand Martin came on the market in 1906 with his “La Boule Mystérieuse” and it was a great success.

But Fernand Martin was not the original designer/inventor of this toy.
On 6 December 1905, a French inventor Mr M Celestin Gasselin applied for a patent under patent number 360440.
It was granted on February 23, 1906, and on April 21, 1906, this patent was published.

This is a part of the original published patent

Fernand Martin purchased this patent directly from Mr. Gasselin and put it on the market in 1906.
This toy was registered in Germany under a patent number D.R.G.M. 269277
The “Martin” number of this toy is 204

Original “Martin” box label


Fernand Martin The Bell Ringer

In 1885, Fernand Martin made a bell ringer, Martin number 14, and calling him “Le Sonneur Endiable”,

It is a very early and fun toy.

But maby the George Flersheim factory took it more then 30 years later and re-released it with a few changes.

They renamed him “Je Sonne La Paix” and it got number 246
The “Je Sonne La Paix” is in English: “I ring [for] the peace“, in other words “I ring [to celebrate] the peace” referring the celebration of the end of the WW1 on November 11- 1918, in which Flersheim himself fought and died.

If you look quickly, you see almost no differences but they are indeed there.

Here the differences in detail:

-the Martin version (14) has the FM name stamped on top of the base plate in the Flersheim version (246) no text is stamped on top of this base, but there is a piece of fabric on the side with the name “Je Sonne La Paix” printed on it.

-If you look at both toys at the bottom, you see, under the male figure at the Martin (14) , an elongated piece of iron mounted as a weight and at the Flersheim (246) a solid plate is soldered and stamped the round FM logo on it.

-The Martin version (14) has a rubber band drive, that of Flersheim (246) a long spiral spring in the pole.

-At the top there is a French flag at Flersheim (246), for this a hollow pipe has been placed in the roof for the iron flagpole with a fabric French flag.

-The roof has also been given a slightly different relief.

-The bell has also been given a slightly slender shape by George Flersheim

Has it been proven to be produced by Flersheim?
We are not sure but the future will tell.
But since there are too many modifications to this toy from the original from 1885, I still think it was made professionally and not by diligent home craftsmen.

It is currently the last piece that is still numbered.
It is certain that after the death of George Flersheim some unnumbered toy pieces were produced, time will tell which and how much.
And it is strange that this number 246 has been used twice.
Under this number by Victor Bonnet in 1919, his first produced toy is also numbered 246, it is the “Le Auto Transport”.

The images / pictures used are with courtesy of Michael Bertoia and from the own collection

This month in the Antique Toy World Magazine

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine December 2019.

Don’t miss the December 2019 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine.

Here’s what’s inside this month.

Fine Penny Toys from the Thierry Dungler Collection By Pasky
Pook & Pook, Inc. with Noel Barrett Antiques & Auctions LTD: Antique Toys and Other Amusements at Auction Saturday, December 7th at 9am (Live Salesroom Auction)
#444 Locomotive Hubley C. 1950 By Steve Butler
Photos from the September 21–22, 2019 Indy Advertising Show Next Show May 2–3, 2020
A Novice Venture By Steve Butler
Potter & Potter Auctions’ September, 2019 Sales Event Scores Nearly $390,000!
Classified Ads
Show Calendar

Important:
Subscribe to the print edition.
Or purchase a digital copy now for only $ 7 and download it immediately to your computer or mobile device.
Then go to: www.antiquetoyworld.com

Auction results of the Martins in the Bertoia auction of November 14-15-16 2019

Photo’s with permission from Bertoia auctions

Lot 1291. VICTOR BONNET LA MOTOCYLETTE $ 950,00
Lot 1292. MARTIN RAILWAY PORTER $ 500,00
Lot 1293. FERNAND MARTIN DON QUIXOTE $ 8000,00
Lot 1296. FERNAND MARTIN PERFORMING MONKEY $ 1400,00
Lot 1297. FERNAND MARTIN THE DRUNKARD $ 350,00
Lot 1298. MARTIN CHINESE WARRIOR $ 1200,00
Lot 1299. MARTIN CLIMBING FIREMAN $ 375,00
Lot 1300. FERNAND MARTIN FLEMISH DOG CART $ 6000,00
Lot 1301. FERNAND MARTIN PIANIST $ 700,00
Lot 1302. FERNAND MARTIN WOMAN CART VENDOR $ 600,00
Lot 1303. BOXED VICTOR BONNET PIGEON not sold
Lot 2039. LA CONQUESTE DU POLE NORD $ 2500,00

Prices is US $ and without 25% Buyer’s Premium

For more information see the auction catalog http://www.bertoiaauctions.com

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Auction results of the Martins in the RSL auction of November 8-9 2019

Below is an overview of the Martin toy sales,  prices achieved in USD and without the buyer’s premium of 28.5%

Original name in French – Martin Number – Hammer price

L’autopatte – 218 – $ 850

La Course en Sac – 205 – $ 4250

Le Pompier a L’echelle – 197 – $ 375

For more information see the auction catalog https://www.rslauctionco.com

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Auction results Fernand Martin toys in the GALERIE DE CHARTRES auction on November 09, 2019

There were 16 Martins / Bonnets in this auction.
The results are:
Martin number 23 : Les Joyeux Danseurs € 3000
Martin number 28 : Pousse-Pousse Annamite € 1600
Martin number 147 : Ma Portiere € 2400
Martin number 149 : Le Treuil no.0 € 1800
Martin number 160 : Le Gai Violiste € 400
Martin number 167 : Le Petit Decrotteur € 5300
Martin number 171 : La Blanchisseuse € 2100
Martin number 184 : La Petit Marchande € 980
Martin number 184 : model Bonnet La Petit Marchande € 850
Martin number 203 : La Boule Mysteriuse € 1700
Martin number 218 : L’autopatte € 700
Martin number 218 : L’autopatte € no sale
Martin number 224 : model Bonnet Petit Livreur € no sale
Bonnet number 251 : La Ramier € 70
Bonnet number 251 : La Ramier € 80
Bonnet number 251 : La Ramier € 50
Bonnet number 254 : Le Train Tortillard € 380

Prices in Euro’s and without Buyer’s Premium of 20% VAT
(23,60% VAT for the buyers on interencheres-live.com)

Live sale on: www.interencheres-live.com

For more information see the auction catalog:
https://www.ivoire-france.com/chartres/fr/auction-3294-jouets_collection?p=58

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Fernand Martin: Le facteur de Chemin de fer

This toy is a platform employee of a train station and dated from 1894.
He was responsible for transporting passengers suitcases, luggage and packages to and from the trains.

It appears that this toy exists in two versions, one with a flywheel drive and another with a mechanical winding drive.
These two different versions can be clearly distinguished.
The version with a flywheel has one tin case for the cart, in this case is hidden the flywheel.


These two different versions can be clearly distinguished.
The version with a flywheel has one tin case for the cart, in this case is hidden the flywheel.

Photo with permission from Bertoia auctions

The version with the winding mechanism is provided with two paper-wrapped packages.
The version with the mechanical drive is relatively unknown, I only discovered one copy in the collection of the French museum Musée des arts and Métiers – Le cnam

As the photos of the museum contain a copyright, I cannot show it here, but a digital visit to the site is worth looking at, see this link:
https://phototheque.arts-et-metiers.net/?idPageWeb=95
enter the keyword “Fernand Martin” at “rechercher“.
The photos you can find at the numbers 0000558_052 up to and including 0000558_056 and at the numbers 0001664-045 and 0000558-174

I have found two signed images, one is a drawing from the magazine La Nature 1894 page 87, and in a old Martin catalog of 1898 it is an image of a label.
On this label the drawing of the version with mechanism and if you look closely at the label you can see at the bottom left of the drawing:
Number 123 avec volant . (Translated: with flywheel)
Number 124 — mechanique. (Translated: with Mechanism)

A super rare toy.

This month in the Antique Toy World Magazine

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine November 2019.

Don’t miss the November 2019 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine.

Here’s what’s inside this month:

In Memory of Hal Matters
New Book Reveals Rare Toys and the Psyche of an Eclectic Toy Collector
Bertoia’s November 14-16th Annual Fall Auction Features Part II of Revered Sam Downey Jr. Estate Collection of American and European Toys and Trains
By the Numbers By Steve Butler
Focal Point Armored Car Masudaya – C. 1936 By Steve Butler
Review from the 2018 Greater York Toy Extravaganza Next Show is December 1, 2019 Photos & Story by Barry Skelly
Classified Ads
Show Calendar

Subscribe to the print edition, or purchase a digital copy now for only $ 7 and download it immediately to your computer or mobile device.
Go to: 

www.antiquetoyworld.com

Fernand Martin toys in the GALERIE DE CHARTRES auction on November 09, 2019

The French auction house: Galerie de Chartres has a very nice collection of Fernand Martin and Victor Bonnet toys in the coming auction on November 09 2019 at 10:00 Central European Time (CET)
Furthermore, there are many more beautiful toys in this auction.

See this link for the entire collection to be auctioned https://www.interencheres.com/meubles-objets-art/jouets-de-collection-258045/

For more auction house information see this link:
https://www.interencheres.com/commissaire-priseur/maitres-jean-pierre-lelievre-pascal-maiche-alain-paris-et-galerie-de-chartres-111/

photos with permission from Galerie De Chartres
photos with permission from Galerie De Chartres

This auction will be a “LIVE” auction

Live sale on: www.interencheres-live.com

For more information see the auction catalog:
https://www.ivoire-france.com/chartres/fr/auction-3294-jouets_collection?p=58

Catalog 8 € or subscription for 2 years 30 €.

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for these Martins.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

MARTIN TOYS IN THE NEXT RSL AUCTION

In the next auction of RSL Auction Company there are 3 Fernand Martin toys and there are many more other beautiful pieces in this auction.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment  look at this site:
https://www.rslauctionco.com

Photos with permission from RSL Auction Company

November, 2019

Friday, the 8th and the 9th

​500+ Still Banks

200 Mechanical Banks

100’s of Unique Antique Toys and Folk Art

Includes Mechanical Banks, Still Banks, Folk Art, Windup Toys, Cast Iron Toys and More!

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for these Martins.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Bertoia Auction ANNUAL FALL SALE November 14-15-16 2019

In the next 3 day auction of Bertoia Auctions there are 11 Fernand Martins/Bonnet toys, and there are many other beautiful pieces in this auction.
http://www.bertoiaauctions.com

Photo’s with permission from Bertoia auctions

ANNUAL FALL SALE
November 14-15-16, 2019
Thursday, Friday, & Saturday each begin at 10am

HIGHLIGHT: The Saturday, November 16th session will be highlighted by the second half of the world class Samuel Downey Jr collection of European tin rarities and boats.

Thursday session; Lots 1-545
Friday Session; Lots 1001-1850
Saturday Session; Lots 2001-End

In this auction are 11 Fernand Martin / Bonnet toys
Lot 1291. VICTOR BONNET LA MOTOCYLETTE
Lot 1292. MARTIN RAILWAY PORTER
Lot 1293. FERNAND MARTIN DON QUIXOTE
Lot 1296. FERNAND MARTIN PERFORMING MONKEY
Lot 1297. FERNAND MARTIN THE DRUNKARD
Lot 1298. MARTIN CHINESE WARRIOR
Lot 1299. MARTIN CLIMBING FIREMAN
Lot 1300. FERNAND MARTIN FLEMISH DOG CART
Lot 1301. FERNAND MARTIN PIANIST
Lot 1302. FERNAND MARTIN WOMAN CART VENDOR
Lot 1303. BOXED VICTOR BONNET PIGEON
Lot 2039. LA CONQUESTE DU POLE NORD

This sale will be certain to draw interest from all corners of the world.
With the second half of the world class Samuel Downey Jr collection highlighting the auction, fine European tinplate will certainly be a big draw for the weekend.
Boats, trains, toys, motorcycles, and battery-op toys will all hit the podium.
Accompanying selections of pressed steel and a huge assortment of cast iron toys, over 250 mechanical & still banks, near mint comic character toys, figural cast iron items, Holiday and more will surely prove to be an event worth attending.

LIVE ATTENDANCE, TELEPHONE BIDDING, MAIL-IN ABSENTEE, INTERNET BIDDING

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for the Martins.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Fernand Martin Imitations, be careful !!! Part two

But there is one exception;
This toy maker from Paris has made very nice “Martin” look and likes.
This manufacturer is named S.I.J.I.M. with director Prosper Levi.
He started this factory in 1909 but with the rise of the first world war he disappeared quickly in 1917.
S.I.J.I.M. means: Société Industrielle de jouets et d’inventions mécaniques.
He has not made many pieces but a few very beautiful.
The best seller and known is the organ grinder : le joueur d’orgue, this is often referred to as Martin.
But he has also made less well-known pieces.

Photo from a privat collection

32 La Poussette. (The Stroller)

33 Le Joueur d’orgue. (The Organ Player)

Picture from a 1912 catalog from the department store: Choumara Paris

34 Les Chevaux Hygieniques ( Hygienic Horses)

35 L’apprenti Cavalier. ( The Rider Apprentice)

36 Le Livreur Rapide ( The Fast Delivery Man)

? no number known.
Le Soute Mouton. (The leap frog. Presumably S.I.J.I.M. but no certainty yet)
This toy was depicted in a magazine from the department store Choumara Paris in 1912 togehter with other S.I.J.I.M. , Martin and other toys.
see pictuer below.

The likely reason that they look so much like Martins is that the manufacturer, Proper Levi, would have been a former employee of the Fernand Martin factory.
I don’t know if that’s right, but he copied a lot and made his own toy after the good example and style of Fernand Martin.
And not without success because its models are very beautiful.
Even the key is a copy of a “Martin” key

As I said before, there are many more imitations that are sold as Martins, so stay allert and pay attention.
An imitation doesn’t have to be ugly, if you like it, that’s fine, buy it and enjoy it.

All photos are from my own collection or courtesy of Michael Bertoia Auctions

Fernand Martin Imitations, be careful !!! Part one

In the past, competitors have also made imitations / look a likes of the toys of Fernand Martin.
The names of the manufacturers are not always known because they were mostly small firms.
The last known imitations are fairly recent and from the Spanish Paya and are clearly recognizable.
Paya has made 10 imitations, luckily these are very recognizable as being. Example: the hairdresser, the drunkard, the judge, the conductor etc.

10 Paya imitations

But older imitations are more difficult to recognize, are also on the market.

Upper line: the lobster (L’ecrevisse) by Martin and a German imitation, next the La Pompe by Martin and a German imitation by Issmayer.
Middle line: photo 1 and 2 De Ma Portiere by Martin and also 4 photos of two imitations, pay attention to the face and the keys
Bottom line: photo 1 the La Bulgare by Martin in addition 2 photos of imitations, and the La violonist by Martin and also 2 imitations pay attention here to the shape of the keys, the had and the face.
And there are a lot more imitations

You can see it most clearly in the shape of the key. (see my older blog about the Martin keys : Different Fernand Martin keys from June 28, 2019
But also the location of the key, with Martin the key is usually (not always) on the left side of the toy body, when you look at the toy with the face facing you, so on the right side.
So if there is a key on the other side or at the back then you have to be careful.
And of course the face is not what you can expect from a real Martin toy.

You see above some examples of imitations of the Le Violonist and the Le Pochard.
Look special to the face from these imitations and you can see exactly what I mean by that.
Sometimes these imitations have in the course of time received original parts from real Martins such as the bottle, a head or the clothes.
And then the question: What happened to the original production molds, were they destroyed or did they end up in the hands of companies that turned them into “Martins” again?
One imitation of the Le Pochard even received an original Martin box.

But there are also various “look a likes” from the fireman, from Günthermann Gama. and others.

Fireman imitations

Gama has a very clear start-stop trade on his back, a connection between the hands and another ladder on wheels.
The Günthermann can be recognized by:
-a short tube under his left elbow
-model of the key
-the plate on the ladder with imitation flames
-the shape of the freestanding support of the ladder.

As I said before, there are many more imitations that are sold as Martins, so stay allert and pay attention.
An imitation doesn’t have to be ugly, if you like it that’s fine, buy it and enjoy it.

Continued in part two next week

All photos are from my own collection or courtesy of Michael Bertoia Autions

Fernand Martin the rope-jumping girl number 31 La Sauteuse De Corde

This figure was released in 1890
It is a very ingenious mechanism to create the illusion that she is a Rope-jumping girl.

From La Nature 1890 page 224

Here the translation from the French tekst on page 223 from the magazine La Nature 1890 :

SCIENTIFIC TOY the ROPE JUMPER
Here is a toy that we think we will have to present to our readers because of the special skill of the inventors in overcoming the difficulties presented by the problems they had posed.
This toy is a jumper rope whose figure is almost enough to understand the mechanism.
As in most toys of this kind, the amount of work required to operate the toy is borrowed from the vivid power of a steering wheel concealed in the young person’s body, flying at which a high angular velocity is imparted. rolling two turns of string on the button shown at the bottom of the skirt in the figure on the left, and pulling strongly on this string which one lets slip the other end between a finger and the body of the toy, to ensure a tension initial requirement for driving the steering wheel.
The flywheel thus launched friction control two pairs of wheels that come to lean on its axis.
The first pair of wheels, the pair of wheels, infers the toy, whose equilibrium forwards and backwards is ensured by a pair of small gatets.
One of these pebbles can be seen, the one before, in the figure on the right.
The second pair of wheels, placed at the top, has the effect of printing a rotational movement about a horizontal axis to a small tree at the ends of which are fixed the ends of the rope.
This rope, very flexible and very thin, flattens each time it passes in front of the driving wheels that roll over it without their movement being the least bit entangled.
This was the great practical difficulty cleverly solved by Mr. Martin, the inventor and constructor of this interesting and ingenious little apparatus.

This toy is not very big, it has a total height of approximately 15cm / 6 inch
It is hand painted, like the most toys in that period.

Patent number 204382 from 15-march-1890

During my collection years, I only came across this toy in four different color versions.
– dress in yellow with the details in red
– dress in blue with the details in a red
– dress in red with the details in a blue
– dress in light blue with the details in gold-colored

This laste one was included in the gift that was donated through Fernand Martin in 1908 to the Musée des arts and Métiers in Paris (see my earlier blog :Two Fernand Martin variants of the Pousse-Pousse Annamite )

photo’s from my own collection and the yellow one courtesy of Michael Bertoia Auctions

It is marked on the bottom, see photo above.
I think this is one of the nicest pieces from the first period of Fernand Martin.
Nice action and a very ingenious design.
It is only rarely offered so very rare.

Auction result of a very special and very rare edition of a Fernand Martin in the Vectis auction of October 2, 2019

Vectis Auctions October 02, 2019 lot number 1712

photo courtesy of Vectis auctions LTD

There was 1 Fernand Martin in this auction, the L’EMINENT AVOCAT number 202 wiht box
The results is £ 2600,00

Price in Britisch Pounds and without Buyer’s Premium

For more information see the auction catalog

https://www.vectis.co.uk/

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

This month in the Antique Toy World Magazine

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine October 2019.

Don’t miss the October 2019 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine.

Here’s what’s inside this month:

Autumn Lineup at Auction Team Breker Autumn 2019: Auction Team Breker is lining up an exciting hat trick of sales celebrating the history of toys, photography and technology
A Father’s Legacy Two Generations of Craftsmanship at Harrington Antique Toys By Curt Iseli
Photos from the Chicago Toy Show April 28, 2019 Next Show is October 27, 2019
In Memory of Roy Olse
Table of Contents
Bertoia’s Presents The Gentleman’s Collection: the Lifetime Antique toy, Marklin Train and Christmas Collection of Tony Annese, Oct. 11
Ladenburger Toy Auction 30th Anniversary
Milestone Auctions Launches New Gallery with July 27 Sale Dominated by Antique and Vintage Advertising Signs
… and suddenly it’s 40 years The Auction House Lankes Celebrates 40th Anniversary
Buying Memories! Rich Penn Auctions
Tin Toy Corner By Renaud Fournier (rfournier1900@live.com)
Focal Point By Steve Butler
Uncommon in Common By Steve Butler
Classified Ads
Show Calendar

Subscribe to the print edition, or purchase a digital copy now for only $ 7 and download it immediately to your computer or mobile device. Go to:

www.antiquetoyworld.com

A Fernand Martin in the Vectis auctions of October 02, 2019

Vectis Auctions October 02, 2019 lot number 1712

photo courtesy of Vectis auctions LTD

Fernand Martin 202 “L’eminent Avocat” Automata clockwork figure – representing a courtroom Lawyer, the tinplate courtroom box is tinprinted in simulated wood grain, with green top, the standing Lawyer figure has a black cloth gown, white cravat, white card cuffs and his metal hands and head are painted flesh coloured pink. 

All is mounted on a tinprinted baseplate. 

In the Avocat’s left hand is his original card reading “Code Civil”. 

This toy is a rare variation without the Lawyer’s hat and was purchased by the vendors family from new in 1905 from Gamages store in London which is confirmed by a Gamages price label to the side of the box reading 1/3d! 

The clockwork motor is not working having been incorrectly wound but is present and appears complete with the integral key. 

The toy has clearly been cared for and kept in its box for most of its life and this is reflected in the condition which is otherwise overall Good Plus to Excellent for display, the painted head particularly still retains its brightness and is the first such example that Vectis have had. 

It stands 22cm or almost 9″ tall and still retains a Good Plus original crisp card box with Gamages price label and black and white illustration to the lid.

Estimate: £1000 – £1500

https://www.vectis.co.uk/

Regarding the object described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Note : Read the blog of Lourens Bas abouth this very rare toy https://lourensbas.wordpress.com/2017/01/14/a-bargain-for-martin-collectors/

Fernand Martin – le Traîneau Russe 1892

This sled with horse is a special and very wanted toy.
It is a Fernand Martin from the first period number 40 and made from 1892
It is probably made especially for the Russian market because the currently known boxes and the image in an original old catalog are provided with a Russian text.

photo courtesy of Michael Bertoia Autions

The same sled was used 17 years later in 1909 number 217 by Martin for the “Conquete du pole Nord” Discovery of the North Pole.
This toy was made by Martin in honor of the conquest of the North Pole by US Navy engineer Robert Peary, who claimed to have reached the Pole on April 6, 1909.
Martin takes another figure on the sled of the “le Traîneau Russe” and instead of the horse he used four dogs and added a pole.
The sled is connected to the pole by means of a string and, after winding, drive around the pole

Number 217 – la conquête du pole nord 1909
Picture from the magazine la Nature 1892 pag.89

In the first drawing you see the parts that are needed to make the sled, there are 44 pictured but I have to mention that in total only 33 parts are needed because the drawing contains various parts in the unprocessed and processed state.
As an example, part number 3 is the same as part 5, number 11 is the same as number 13 and there are a few more examples.
The only part that is not show is the reins.

Picture from the magazine la Nature 1892 pag.89

On the second drawing you see the compleet toy and a section of the mechanism.

The etchings are from Louis Poyet, read my previous blog from 31 mei 2019 about this fantastic etcher.

Fernand Martin in advertising part 2

The Dutch Westland Utrecht mortgage bank has used a antique tin toy in one of its advertisements in the past.
In this advertisement it was the La Patinette of Victor Bonnet number 263.
This toy was actually used to make it clear that entering into a mortgage with this bank was just as safe as an investment in antique toys.

The text At the top of the ad loud: What is just as safe as investing in antiques?
This bank was taken over in 1982 and the WestlandUtrecht Bank was dissolved on 1 January 2015

Boxes Fernand Martin toys better viewed. updated 21 Oct. 2020

You will usually find the boxes entirely in the French-language version with an exception for the manual on the box.
On many of these boxes the manual is mentioned in 2 or 3 languages, in French, English and sometimes Spanish

There is at least 1 box on which the name of the toy is stated in three languages, it is the box of the laundress number 171

Furthermore, it is known from the Petit Colbuteur with number 213 that three different versions of the box have been issued, but two with a different label and only in French.

The third box with only a stamp

There is also a very different box, it is probably a box specially for the Russian market of the Le Traineau Russe from 1892
The text on the box is partly in Russian, thanks to a Russian reader I get the translation from this Russian text and that is: “The Russian Sledges. New Mechanical Automatic Toy”

Martin has released at least one box in two different languages.
A French version and a English version and that is quite special.
It is the box of the Petit Livreur number 224

And then there is the addition of “bis” on various boxes next to the number.
If you translate the word “bis”, this means “one more time” or “repetition”
Presumably these toys were produced again in a later period, due to the enormous sales success.
The question is now; this was only done by Martin or also by Martin’s successors.
It is also surprising that most labels with the “bis” addition are also a lot smaller and the boxes are made of a cheaper material.

Of course I don’t know all the boxes, so if there are fellow collectors who know other special or different boxes. let me know, preferably with a photo, so that I can research them and use them in a next blog.

Auction results of the Martins in the Antico Mondo auction of September 6-7, 2019

There were 4 Martins / Bonnets in this auction.
The results are:
Martin number 18 : Les Courageux Scieurs De Long € 1100
Martin number 219 : Les Valseurs € 800
A imitation / look a like of the Martin number 172 : Le Pochard € 260
Bonnet number 254 : Le Train Tortillard Lot Passed

Prices in Euro’s and without Buyer’s Premium

For more information see the auction catalog www.auktionen.anticomondo.de

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

This month in Antique Toy World Magazine

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine September 2019.

Don’t miss the September 2019 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine.

Here’s what’s inside:

The 20th Anniversary of Anticomondo Auction House (Germany) on September 6 & 7, 2019
Morphy Auctions TOY, DOLL & FIGURAL CAST IRON AUCTION September 24-25, 2019 Auction begins at 9 ET
Pook & Pook Inc. with Noel Barrett Antique & Auctions LTD Antique Toy Auction Results Saturday, June 15th at 10am (Live Salesroom Auction) Monday, June 17th at 9am (Online Only Auction) By Kaitlyn Julian
Focal Point — Volkswagen Tootsietoy – C. 1964 By Steve Butler
Top Tin Trucks By Steve Butler
Classified Ads
Show Calendar

Subscribe to the print edition, or purchase a digital copy now for only $ 7 and download it immediately to your computer or mobile device.
Go to:

www.antiquetoyworld.com

Half a Fernand Martin

A few years ago I found this piece

It’s on the bottom plate. clearly marked with the round FM logo and the triangle with number 138.
But otherwise it is in a bad incomplete state.

The feet are also in a strange way under it, it has no visible feet but the mounting is under the base plate.
I then searched which Martin, this was a part of but until now I have not found it.
Sure it is a part of an unknown Martin, perhaps specially made for a client, an exhibition, or perhaps a prototype.
I estimate it somewhere around 1910, because the pants are of the same fabric and colors as the L’autopatte number 218 version Martin.

Is there perhaps someone among the readers of this blog who can help me?

Auction results of the Martins in the Bertoia auction of August 22, 2019

There were only 5 Martins / Bonnets in this auction.
The results are:
Lot number 150 The police captain $ 850
Lot number 151 The barber $ 650
Lot number 152 The violin player $ 400
Lot number 153 The drunkard $ 425
Lot number 153a The car transport truck $ 275
Prices without Buyer’s Premium

For more information see the auction catalog http://www.bertoiaauctions.com/

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

September 6-7 2019 Antico Mondo Auction

The catalog of the 82th Toy and Advertising Auction on September 6 and 7, 2019 from Antico Mondo in Bornheim Germany is online!

In this auction there are 4 Martin/Bonnet toys

Martin number 18 : Les Courageux Scieurs De Long
Martin number 219 : Les Valseurs
This is a imitation / look a like of the Martin number 172 : Le Pochard
Bonnet number 254 : Le Train Tortillard

As usual, a good amount of very rare and wanted collectibles will be auctioned.
More than 1950 lots of Tin Toys, Trains, Figures, Model Cars and Antique Advertising are waiting for you!

Rummaging, browsing and bidding directly – all this is possible on our website:

Online Catalog 82th Auction
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Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Fernand Martin – Le Livreur – Description of the patent number 186948

I found in a 1887 issue of the French magazine “DES BREVETS D’INVENTION ONT ETE PRIS” a description of the Le Livreur patent, Martin number: 22

This is a magazine where new patents are announced and some are described.
This edition contains 4 “Martin” patents, one of which, the “Le Livreur”, is fully described and from Fernand Martin.
The other three are only mentioned and are still unknown to me.
I also do not know that these three patents are from Fernand Martin or from another toy maker named Martin, maby Elie Martin ?, so maybe we will find out in the future.
It’s the patent numbers:
182692 Mechanical toy called amphibious fish April 6, 1887
184797 Mechanical operating toy animals 13 July 1887
186888 Mechanics for operating toys November 9, 1887

Front page of the 1887 issue of the French magazine

Below the translated description of a part of page 8-9 and the associated drawings on Annex Plate II .

Dated November 12, 1887 from Mr. Martin

For a system of mechanism which makes it possible to actuate the toys by giving them movements analogous to those of the members of people and walking animals.

The invention consists in a system of mechanism allowing to actuate the toys with articulated subjects by giving them movements analogous to the naturel movements of the members of people  and walking animals.

This invention consists mainly in the combination with any engine of a mechanism housed either in the body or in the limbs of the subject, and arranged so that its different parts are operated reciprocally and successively.

In the drawing, I have supposed that the mechanism (motor) is placed in the car and that the subject to be actuated is represented by a man that makes the simulacrum of drawing it, but it is identical that I reserve the right to adopt the other subject, and to apply to it any motor deemed suitable, a mechanical engine, either thrust or traction, or hand.

Drawing in the magazine
  • Fig. 1, front view of the set of a toy built according to my invention.
  • Fig. 2, longitudinal section.
  • Fig. 3, front view of the subject’s leg control device.
  • Fig. 4, cross section of this device.

(a), motor that gives the subject constant thrust or traction; this movement, in the example given to the drawing, is a thrust movement which is transmitted by the car (d) of the arms in which the man (b) is placed.

The extremities of the legs of the man are finished so as to produce on the ground a rather large adhesion, either to the way of a pointed heel (f) , as it is represented, or in any other manner.

In the upper part, these legs are articulated on a cranked shaft (g) and are provided with notches or guide grooves (h), shapes and arrangements varying with the nature of the subject to be actuated and the movement that the we are producing.

These grooves embrace a fixed pin (i) and it is they, in fact, who, by sliding on this stud, exactly determine the movement of members.

Here is how my mechanism works:

The motor being in motion, constantly advancing the subject (b) tending to drag it on the ground, but because of the disposition of the heels (f), the leg which is in front is stopped; the forward movement continues uncomfortably, it is nocked that the leg which poses on the ground by the heel will straighten up and act on the crank shaft (g) by turning it, which brings the other leg into a identical position to the first, after having made it run a path characterized by the very nature of the groove (h) and its position in relation to the bent shaft.

At this moment, the second leg acts to activate the first, as we have to see it for this one.

As I said above, the nature of the subjects can vary to but I specifically reserve to apply it to men or to animals.

In the case of quadruped animals, I reserve the right to connect the limbs in any manner deemed suitable, the motor mechanism of the legs or supports may, in this case, be applied to one of their parts.

The whole of this mechanism is mounted in a box (k), which will be concealed tonic manner deemed suitable, or it will be mounted between the walls of the subject to be active.

Two Fernand Martin variants of the Pousse-Pousse Annamite

From the Pousse-Pousse Annamite from 1889 number 28, we only knew one model in various colors so far.
The model we now has a flywheel drive in 1889

Model we now with flywheel drive

But I have now found one with a clockwork and with a Martin type key.
Martin donated a toy collection in 1908 to the Musée des arts and Métiers in Paris and to his best friend Henri d’Allemagne.
A third collection was for Fernand Martin himself.

For additional information about the collection at the Musée des arts et Métiers in Paris, see the description on page 74 of the book “Fernand Martin Toymaker in Paris”

As it turns out, the Pousse-Pousse Annamite that is found in the museum’s collection also has a clockwork.

Flywheel <……………………………………………………………….>. Clockwork

I suspect that a part of Martin’s donation in 1908 was newly made in 1908 because not all pieces were no longer available.
So very small series were made of some of the pieces intended for the donation, at least 3 pieces per missing piece, but how many copies still exist today?
And of course these “new” pieces can deviate from the original.
There are more items in the museum’s collection that deviate from the ones we know, especially the clothing and colors of some items.
The previously used fabrics for clothing were probably no longer in stock or no longer available.

When you want to visit the site of the Musée des arts et Métiers in Paris, then go to:
https://phototheque.arts-et-metiers.net/?idPageWeb=95
and you can see the pictures of the Martin toys collection.

This month in Antique Toy Magazine

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy Magazine August 2019.

-Super Auction August 10, 2019 Washtenaw Farm Council Grounds Ann Arbor, MI
-Tin Toy Corner Have You Seen Another? Ernst Plank’s Wright Brothers Airplane By Renaud Fournier
-Close Up on an Attractive and Very Rare Blue Motorcycle Mohr & Krauss, Nuremberg 1913 by Pasky
-Photos from the May 4-5 Indy Advertising Show Next Show September 21-22
-Focal Point — Car Carrier Hofler – C. 1956 By Steve Butler
-International Interest in Banks, Trains, and Tinplate Rarities Drives Bertoia’s Spring Toy Sale to $1.3 Million
-One Thing Leads to Another By Steve Butler
-Classified Ads
-Show Calendar

International Interest in Banks, Trains, and Tinplate Rarities Drives Bertoia’s Spring Toy Sale to $1.3 Million
atw-0819-bertoia-02

Subscribe to the print edition, or purchase a digital copy now for only $ 7 and download it immediately to your computer or mobile device.
Go to:

Bertoia auction. 22/23 August 2019.

In the next auction of Bertoia Auctions there are unfortunately only five Martins/Bonnet toys, but there are many other beautiful pieces in this auction.
http://www.bertoiaauctions.com/

photo courtesy of Michael Bertoia

A diverse sale that is so full, they had to add a second day!
Headlining the still and mechanical banks is the second half of the Ned Bauer Collection from Ohio.
Doorstops and cast iron cars, pressed steel trucks and horse drawn toys, and stuffed bears and animals will be offered.
Celluloid and pre-war Japanese toys will share the stage with comic character toys.
A nice grouping of nodders and bobbleheads will be complimented by Japanese action figures and pop art.
Motorcycles, penny toys, and steam engines from the Paul Hale Collection will represent European toys along with German and American trains and accessories ranging from 0 to 1 gauge.

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for the Martins.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Spinning Tops – The Walzing Couple’s from Fernand Martin and other manufacturers

Martin has produced two tops in his very early years.
The French name is Les Valseurs and first made in 1885

Left the patent sheet from 1885 and on the right the drawing in La Nature 1886 page 80

Patent:

He has applied for a patent in France for these two differend tops, on each boxes found, there is a different patent number, See the book: Fernand Martin Toymaker in Paris on pag. 45..
The English company Britain has also introduced the same type of top on the market at about the same time and has applied for a patent in England.
These tops were made more often, it can be without justifying the patents, or by paying the patent holder or even by committing plagiarism
Furthermore, before 1900 you had to apply for a patent in every country, but that was not done because the costs were sometimes quite high.
The entire patent event in the late 18th century was not as well regulated as it is today.

There are more of this kind of tops:

I now know that there are a total of 8 different tops, but maybe there are more. Here an overview of the tops I now till now.: