Overview of a 1908 gift to the Musée des arts et métiers

As is known, in 1908 Fernand Martin made a donation to the museum Cnum in Paris in the form of 100 toys as an overview of his (almost) total production from the beginning of his first piece.

The museum has divided the original enumeration over a number of sections, I have returned it in the overview below to the original numbering as Martin wrote it down. This list is also published in the toy book of Mary Hiller Automata & Machanical Toys from 1976

In 1960, the museum Cnum (Bibliothèque numérique en histoire des sciences et des techniques) made a publication about toys with a chapter about this gift, (all rights reserved – CNAM)

At the end of this overview there are also three pieces that belong to the collection of the Museum but that do not belong to the gift.

Link to the release: https://cnum.cnam.fr/CGI/fpage.cgi?M6136/0002/100/70/0009/0066

Rights reserved – CNAM

See the overvieuw of the Fernand Martin toys in this publication from page 63 up to and including page 66.

Overvieuw gift from Fernand Martin in 1908, a total of 100 toys original numbering as Martin wrote it down:

Date. — Name and number on the gift

1878. — Le poisson mécanique  1

This fish is the first toy of Fernand Martin

1879. — La balançoire mécanique  2

1880. — Le bateau godilleur   3

1881. — La grenouille nageuse  4

1882. — Le patin mécanique  5

1803. — Le moulin mécanique à tic-tac   6

1883. — la locomotive routière  7

1883. — Les forgerons infatigables   8 

1884. — Le cheval bascule  9  

1884. —  Le vélocipède  10

1885. — Le trapèze   11

1885. — Le sonneur endiablé   12

1885. — Les valseurs   13

1886. — Les courageux scieurs de long   14

1886. — La danseuse de corde   15

1887. — les fameux duellistes   16

1887. — Les pompiers   17

1888. — Le Livreur 18

1888. — Les joyeux danseurs  19

1888. — L’autruche   20

1889. — La grosse caisse  21

1889. — L’écrevisse   22

1889. — Le fauteuil roulant de l’exposition  23

1889. — Le pousse-pousse annamite de l’exposition   24

1889. — La grosse caisse annamite de l’exposition  25

1889. — Le cab  26

1890. — Le lapin vivant   27

1890. — La sauteuse de corde   28

1890. — Don Quichotte  29

1890. — Le diable en boite  30

1891. — Les boxeurs   31

1892. — Le chérif  32

1892. — Le traineau russe au 33

1892 — La charrette anglaise   34

1892. — Le pêcheur à la linge 35

1892. — Le bicyclette Martin 36

1892. — Le courrier parisien   37

1893. — Le perroquet   38

1893. — La chaloupe à vapeur   39

1893. — La perruche 40

1894. — La course de taureau   41

1804. — Le piocheur   42

1894. — L’attelage flamand   43

1894.— Le facteur de chemin de fer 44

1895. — Ma portière 45

1895. — Le treuil   46

1896. — L’araignée et la mouche   47

1896. — La forge.   48

1897. — La famille Vélo 49

1897. — La pompe  50

1898. —  Les Boeufs   51

1898. — Le petit décrotteur  52

1898. — Le motocycle   53

1899. — L’oie 54

1899. — La faucheur 55

1899. — La blanchisseuse 56

1899. — Le pochard  57

1900. — The gentleman khaki   58

1900. — Le vaillant Boer 59

1900. — L’homme de corvée  60

1900. —  Le chinois 61

1901. — Bamboula  62

1901. — L’agent  63

1901. —  God save the king 64

1901. —  The Policeman 65

1901. — Le Marchande  d’oranges 66

1901. — Le garçon de café 67

1901. — L’homme sandwich 68

1902. — La sentinelle française 69

1902. — La sentinelle russe 70

1902. — La sentinelle italienne 71

1902. — Le charcutier  72

1902. —Le vieux marcheur  73

1902. — Le fort de la halle 74

1901. — Le petit pianiste 75

1902. — Le clown 76

1902. — L’artiste capillaire 77

1903. — Le gendarme 78

1903. — L’ours Martin  79

1903. — Le cake walk   80

1904. — La Voiture â bitume   81

1904. — Les pompiers à l’échelle  82

1904. — Le cuisinier   83

1905. — Le joueur de boules 84

1905. — L’hercule populaire  85

1905. — Le gymnaste   86

1905. — L’éminent avocat   87

1905. — Le laboureur   88

1906. — La boule mystérieuse   89

1906. — La course en sac   90

1907.— Chand tonneaux !!!  91

1907. — Le petit diabolo   92

1908. — Le partait pêcheur   93

1908. — Le petit boucher   94

1906. — Le petit écureuil vivant  95

1908. — Le menuisier   96

I908. — Le petit culbuteur     97

Double numbered in the gift with the remark “bis”

1887. — Le jeu de bascule  15 bis 

1897. — Le lapin tambour 49 bis   

1897. — Le gai violoniste  5o bis   

                                          _______________

Total                                            100 objects

Note: On the list in this 1960 edition of the Cnum publication there are three extra toys mentioned, however, these toys are made after 1908 so not included in the gift.

1909. — L’autopatte

1909. — Le singe savant    

1912. — Le petit livreur.

Fernand Martin toy in the toy auction C & T Auctioneers and Valuers Ltd June 19-2024

This auction house from England has this time 1 Fernand Martin toy in the Vintage & Collectible Toy Auction on June 19 -2024
Furthermore, there are many more other beautiful toys in this auction that we can look for.

Fernand Martin number 221 from 1910 The “La chasse au rat ”

Fernand Martin tinplate c/w maid with broom chasing a mouse, with hand painted head, cotton striped clothes, when wound maid moves forward whilst bending at the waist and hitting the floor with her broom, fair condition, some paint loss to head and lacks mouse, some staining to clothes and added lead weight to rear.

Lot number 0020

There are many more beautiful toys in this auction

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site:
https://bid.candtauctions.co.uk/auctions/catalog/id/183

After the auction, I will publish the realized price for this toy.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about authenticity, condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

A new color variant of the rope-jumping girl La Sauteuse De Corde

During my collection years, I only came across this toy in five different color versions.

  • dress in yellow with the details in red
  • dress in blue with the details in red
  • dress in green with the details in red
  • dress in red with the details in blue
  • dress in light blue with the details in gold-colored

See this link https://fernandmartintoys.nl/fernand-martin-the-rope-jumping-girl-number-31-la-sauteuse-de-corde/

Now a reader of my blog has sent me some photos of a new color variant, dress in yellow with the details in green, we now know that there are 6 different color variants.

And we clearly see that there is a pattern of small green/red flowers on the yellow part of the dress.

Courtesy photo’s: Jisse Khat

RSL AUCTION: The Banks and Toys of Summer Jun 29, 2024

Fantastic Selection of Mechnical Banks, Still Banks, American Tin And Clockwork Toys, European Aeronautical Toys, and Much, Much More

​IN THIS AUCTION ARE TWO MARTIN TOYS

There are many more beautiful toys in this auction

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site:
https://www.rslauctionco.com

After the auction, I will publish the realized price for these toys.

These result price are in US $ and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about authenticity, condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Results of the Fernand Martin toys in the auction in Italy at auction house: Finarte in Milan at May 27. 2024

Almost 250 lots including cars, motorbikes, military vehicles and puppets from the early 1900s to the great classics. The auction will feature the great brands that have made toy history such as Alps, Alemanni, Bing, Gunthermann, Lehmann, Fernand Martin, Märklin, Metalgraf and Zax.

Among the auction’s top lots will be an extremely rare “Primus Roller Skater”, one of the most sought-after Lehmann toys in the world, a 1:18 scale spring car by the company Alcyon, and a fantastic one-off wooden experimental car by Bantam.

In this auction there are two Fernand Martin toys

Lot 17 result : not sold
Lot 22 result : not sold

For all enquires and appointments:
giocattoli@finarte.it

The catalog you can find here: https://www.finarte.it/auction/vintage-toys-milan-2024-05-27?l=4&lang=en

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.

Drawing from 1901 with Fernand Martin and his toys.

During my search for Martin articles I found this drawing in the French magazine: LE MONDE ILLUSTRÉ Dec 7 -1901. This image shows Fernand Martin with his toys on display. This stand was the first edition of the famous Concours Lepine in Paris in 1901.

The drawing also clearly shows the toys and also shows the name “MARTIN”, on this drawing you can see: Madame Loubet, (the wife of the then President of France) looks at the inventor Mr Martin with the “LE POCHARD” (the drunk man) toy in his hand, at her side M Lepine the organizer of this exhibition / competition in 1901

The Concours Lépine is a French invention competition created in 1901 by Louis Lépine, then police prefect of Paris.
Initiated by Prefect Lépine, the event was called the “Paris Toys and Articles Exhibition” from September 30, 1901, and gave rise to a competition from November 24 to the following December 8, before a jury. This competition became annual and was renamed in 1902 “Lépine competition” and still exists today.

Le diable en boite -The devil in a box from 1890

Courtesy: Galerie Chartres

Produced from 1890
Product number 117 (In the books known to us, this toy has the Martin product number 33 which is not correct. )
Hand lacquered
Mechanism: Rubber band

Length approx. 14,8 cm/ 5,8 inches
Height approx. 14 cm/ 5,5 inches

original catalog site
original box
Original etching from my collection.
Etchings published in the year 1892 in the French technical year magazine: “LA NATURE” on page 44 and 45

The operation of the mechanism as indicated in the etching above, I have previously written a blog about these four nice etchings, see: https://fernandmartintoys.nl/very-small-etchings-from-1892-with-toys/

Free translation from the article from the magazine: “LA NATURE” page 44 and 45 1892.

The devil in a box mechanism is arranged horizontally, the delicate question with these types of movements is that they must be balanced as precisely as possible so that they can function as regularly as a pendulum.
We see in our drawing the counterweight E used for this balancing, and the oscillating balance D which maneuvers a vertical rod at each of its entrances.
One of these rods F. passing between the man’s legs makes him lean forward to slay the devil as soon as he appears; the other rod serves to alternately open and close the lid of the box to which the devil is connected by a metal plate. As for labor, here is an interesting fact, this toy has a total of 150 different operations.
These operations include cutting, stamping, trimming, bending, stapling and mounting.
As for the cast iron for the counterweight and the broom that moves to defeat the devil (this broom is a counterweight intended to balance the moving bust of the character), which we obtain through the use of molds in which molten metal is poured.
The steps indicated above also require soldering the various parts, decorating and painting, mounting the rubber band, adjusting and packaging.
Finally comes the manufacture of the labels which, although given as an extra, must also have a small example of elegance.


Toy auction in Italy at auction house: Finarte in Milan at May 27. 2024

Almost 250 lots including cars, motorbikes, military vehicles and puppets from the early 1900s to the great classics. The auction will feature the great brands that have made toy history such as Alps, Alemanni, Bing, Gunthermann, Lehmann, Fernand Martin, Märklin, Metalgraf and Zax.

Among the auction’s top lots will be an extremely rare “Primus Roller Skater”, one of the most sought-after Lehmann toys in the world, a 1:18 scale spring car by the company Alcyon, and a fantastic one-off wooden experimental car by Bantam.

In this auction there are two Fernand Martin toys

Lot 17
Lot 22

For all enquires and appointments:
giocattoli@finarte.it

The catalog you can find here: https://www.finarte.it/auction/vintage-toys-milan-2024-05-27?l=4&lang=en

After the auction, I will publish the realized price for these toys.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.

Don’t miss the June 2024 issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine.

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine June 2024

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.

To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
Email: ads@antiquetoyworld.com

Le Bateau godilleur 1878

This is one of the rarest Martin toys

This one is missing its rudder

Date of first production 1878
Length 26.5cm / 10.43 Inc
Drive: rubber band

Part of the rubber band patent 128,445 drawing

Presumably the second toy that Martin has put on the market.
No factory number is known. (a guess: it could be number 101)
The drive is by means of the rubber band mechanism known at Fernand Martin

I found in this French book the patent number of this toy
The patent was published under number 128,445 on Januari 14 -1879 and original for his first toy : the fish
The third addition to his original patent 128,445 was mentioned for a swing toy, any jumping insect and for a boat, this third addition was dated June 24 -1880.

Source Gallica : Les jouets d’enfants 3e edition 1889

The Joy of Children On the Boulevards.

— What we see in the Barracks. — Toys of the day. — What interesting automata. — For the joy of the little ones and the tranquility of the grown-ups.

Paris, December 24 – 1910 La Dépeche – journal quotidien

While the traditional chromolithographs (Chromolithography is a method for making multi-colour prints.) continue to represent to us an icy Christmas where the cottages half disappear under the snow, where the trees with bare branches let stalactites of frost hang down to the ground all white, while the storytellers still speak to us of evenings cold, whistling wind, avalanches of aerial snowflakes, we wade through the warm and humid atmosphere of an absurd month of December when the mercury in the thermometer reached crazy heights for the season. Nothing would remind us of the approaching Christmas if the New Year’s Day barracks weren’t there, faithful to their post, from the Madeleine to the Bastille, spreading out their stalls crying in the wind. Poor sellers! We say a lot of good and a lot of bad. There are people who find them quaint and others who find them cumbersome. It depends on the temperaments. Moreover, in such matters, only point is the children’s point of view, and their point of view is that there are new toys in the little shacks every year. Where are the dolls of yesteryear? Where do the toy soldiers and wooden horses smell? Poor old-fashioned toys, we hardly see any more. They gradually gave way to the invasion of mechanical toys, science toys, animated marvels and prestigious automatons. This year, the airplane is the great winner. You find it everywhere: toys for two pennies or toys for thirty or fifty francs. The automobile, even the catastrophe automobile, is somewhat abandoned. She’s not up to date enough anymore.

As for the automatons, the inventive genius of the builders has, as always, given free rein to them. What do you say to this “shackled” who hops awkwardly in her fashionable skirt? (Fernand Martin number 220 L’entravée)

L’entravée

It is exactly that, as absurd as reality. And it’s a piquant spectacle: on the trestles of the barracks, the tin shackles jump. On the sidewalk of the boulevard, the flesh and blood shackles skip. But here is an organ player (Prosper Lévi S.i.j.i.m. number 33 Le joueur d’orgue ) who actually plays the organ. Listen: Don’t you recognize the tinny sounds of « Si tu veux nous serons heureux » (If you want we will be happy) almost everywhere ?

Le joueur d’orgue

finally, we find a fight between the two age-old enemies. What am I saying! secular! millennials, rather! That is about the woman and the mouse, ( Martin number 221 La chasse au rat ) these two beings who, since they exist, have been inspire a mutual fright. You know that all it takes is a mouse to put a woman on the run. On the other hand, if a woman starts chasing a mouse (which is rare), the mouse runs away.

La chasse au rat

But this year, a toy offers you the view of a courageous janitor with a broom in hand, stand up to the enemy. It’s a quaint duel, but the inventor was well advised to choose a concierge. No ordinary mortal of the tenant race, a pusillanimous race, would have dared to engage in battle against such a formidable enemy.

237 Dame de la Crois Rouge – The Red Cross Nurse

Courtesy Spielzeugmuseum in Soltau Germany

name: Dame de la crois rouge (the red cross nurce)
production number 237
production from: 1913
hoogte 20 cm / 7,87 inch
manufacturer: Georges Flersheim (successor of Fernand Martin)

Courtesy Spielzeugmuseum in Soltau Germany

I have personally seen a total of 6 pieces at auctions and in museums.
What is striking is that the face/head is not always the same, there are versions with a raised edge at her height and without this raised edge, whether both are original or one of these is not original? I don’t know.

Courtesy Spielzeugmuseum in Soltau Germany, Gallery Chartres and Bertoia Auctions

This Red Cross sister goes for a walk after the clockwork has been wound.
The walking mechanism is the same as that of the “Le Vieux Marcheur” (the walking gentleman) with number 185 from 1901 with patent number FR 298509.

The Red Cross name and logo was a registered trademark and could not simply be used on products.
It is not known whether Flersheim had permission.

Result Martins in the “JOUETS DE COLLECTION” Galerie de Chartres auction on April 20, 2024

The French auction house: Galerie de Chartres has this time 9 Fernand Martin/Victor Bonnet toys in the “LIVE” auction on April 20 -2024
Furthermore, there are many more other beautiful toys in this auction that we can look for.

GALERIE DE CHARTRES

Here the link for the entire collection to be auctioned: https://www.interencheres.com/meubles-objets-art/jouets-de-collection-623787

FOR MORE INFORMATIONS E-MAIL TO : chartres@galeriedechartres.com

These prices are in € (Euro) and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.

Results of the Martins in the BERTOIA ANNUAL AUCTION | April 19, 2024

Deze afbeelding heeft een leeg alt-attribuut; de bestandsnaam is Screenshot65-1024x319.jpg

Our annual spring auction is packed with highlight for the top quality collectors. Included amongst the two days will be hundreds of European Wind-up toys & Trains, American RR, Spelter stills and Mechanical banks, Horse drawn & choice Cast iron toys, Japanese space & tinplate, Pressed steel & Pedal cars, Tether cars, great Penny toys, Automatons, top tier Christmas & Holiday items, and more.

In this auction are this time 8 Martin / Victor Bonnet toys

The Bertoia team is dedicated to offering our quality customer service, experience and support.
Do not hesitate to contact us for assistance with registration, bidding or any other questions.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: http://www.bertoiaauctions.com/

All prices are in US $ and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Don’t miss the May 2024 issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine.

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine May 2024

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.

To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
Email: ads@antiquetoyworld.com

Le bateau – La chaloupe a vapeur from 1893

I found an article in an old French technical magazine La Nature from 1894 about a tin boat made by Martin.
This nice piece is put in motion by the well-known Martin “rubber band” method, the motion is done by a winding handle at the front of the boat, under the boat is, in the tube, the “rubber band” that goes to the movement mechanism.

Produced from 1893
Product number 125 (In the books known to us, this toy has the Martin product number 43 which is not correct. )
Hand lacquered
Mechanism: Rubber band

length approx 27.5 cm (10.63) inches

Part of the rubber band patent 128,445 drawing
This very rare model lacks the steering and drive.
On display in the Toy Museum Soltau (“Spielmuseum Soltau”) in Germany
Image courtesy of Bertoia Auctions
Original catalog page

Original article and drawing’s from the magazine “La Nature 1894” Source: (Cnum – Digital Conservatory of Arts and Crafts – http://cnum.cnam.fr)

SCIENTIFIC TOYS
THE THRUST RUDDER
Looking at it closely, or is almost always astonished, and often amazed at the ingenuity displayed in the construction of any toy.
The child who breaks his rattle has no idea that he sometimes destroys a wonder, and Mum is far from even thinking of it. It only cost fifteen sous, they say.
But it is specified by the modieity of its price that the mechanical toy is generally a tour de force of combination.
To reduce everything to the maximum of simplicity from the point of view of the manufacture and assembly of the parts, such is the condition under which a toy will not be sold, because it will be too expensive.
Among the new creations of the last day of the year, we will choose one that is typical: the boat with propellant rudder.
Whoever imagined it must have often observed the fish, seen the way in which they throw right and left a blow of the tail which makes them move forward, and he undoubtedly sought to imitate this movement in the toy of which we speak.

Here is (fig. I) our little boat
At first glance, one thinks to see a boiler and a propeller, with a pill oddly sitting down with his steam engine and holding the rudder ropes. However, that is not the mechanism.
The pilot only serves to amuse baby, the boiler too.
The whole engine is in the keel; it is a simple rubber thread concealed in a channel, and fixed in the center of a toothed wheel; ‘at the other end, it is attached to a lever which rests on the two notches of a ratchet
The toothed wheel is nothing more than an escape wheel, and not the least; it is an anchor escapement of which the rudder head forms the counterpart.
Under the alternating impact of the teeth of the wheel (fig. I detail) between two stops placed to the right and to the left of the axis of the gourernail, the latter begins to perform oscillations which communicate its movement to the boat.
By what mechanism is the thrust carried out?
It is easy to realize this by analyzing the movement of the gourernail. Oscillations around the axis can be likened to periodically interrupted rotation.
However, this rotation results in a centrifugal movement of the water, and, consequently, a reaction on the rudder, the component of which along the axis of the boat is directed forward.
But there is another cause, probably dies effective, of propulsion.
If the rudder were to execute movements with symmetrical speeds, it would experience a thrust forward as it approached its mean position, and a retrograde thrust of the same mean value from that point on.
But this is not the case.
When the rudder leaves the escape wheel, the latter falls back with force on the second stop, and loses part of its kinetic energy there, immediately imparting a certain speed to the rudder; it then acts on the maximum lever arm, but when the rudder passes through its equilibrium position, the stop is already tilted a little; it slips away more and more, until the loose tooth is caught.
The speed of the rudder therefore decreases from the moment it begins to throw water back, until it reaches the end of its course.
However, the resistance of water is roughly proportional to the square of the speed of the moving body; therefore the pressures are stronger from back to front than in the reverse direction.
On average, this results in a propulsive force for progression which makes our little boat move forward.
We compared it earlier to a eur. View ecti.mblo and detail of the fish rudder; the analogy is real, but it is not perfect.
The rigid rudder employed as a propellant is far from being advantageous, since its action depends above all on a difference in speed and can only be very slight, and we know that, in nature, actions are generally very well combined.
If, instead of a rigid rudder, an articulated rudder is adopted (fig. 2), the apparatus becomes more advantageous; attempts in this direction have been made in the past.
The thruster consists, in this combination, of two parts A and B connected by a vertical axis.

Plane A carries, on the right and on the left, two stoppers which limit the movement of B.
As soon as this last plan ceased to act as a propellant.
A goes back, and resumes B in the symmetrical position of the one he occupied.
We can now replace the single joint with a series of hinges, each of which leaves the plane it carries a certain degree of freedom. We thus manage to build a propellant similar to the tail of the fish, of which our small boat shows the mode of action by an elementary mechanism of extreme simplicity.

A picture of this boat on the cover of the Frech version of the book: LES BATEAUX JOUETS of Jacques Milet by Publisher : ARTE; 1st edition (January 1, 1967)

Rare box off the “Le Pochard” (the drunk man)

In one of the previous auctions of the Milestone auction house I found a Le Pochard with a very rare and different box for the Martin number 172.
This box has the name : The Zig-Zag Man.

It is difficult to say where the name comes from but I found a possible option:
The “ZIG-ZAG Man” is based on the story of a French North African soldier (Zouave) aka Captain Zig-Zag, whose smoking pipe was shattered by a stray bullet during the battle of Sevastopol in 1854, so he rolled his tobacco using a piece of paper torn from a musket cartridge.
In 1855 was a French firm that used the name Zig-Zag as a brand of rolling papers, this firm was originated in Paris.
The Zig-Zag brand introduced a new and convenient way to roll up tobacco products with specially designed paper.
Zig-Zag was awarded in 1900 a gold medal at the Universal Exposition in Paris
Perhaps Martin made at the request of this “Zig-Zag” company an advertising figure, but that is unclear.
(Part of the text is from Wikipedia)

Courtesy Milestone auction house

The number on the box is 172-bis and the label is the small version, so it was made in a later period than the year 1899 in which the first copies were made.
The figure still has a typical Martin key, so it was made before the takeover in 1912

“JOUETS DE COLLECTION” Galerie de Chartres auction on April 20, 2024

The French auction house: Galerie de Chartres has this time 9 Fernand Martin/Victor Bonnet toys in the “LIVE” auction on April 20 -2024
Furthermore, there are many more other beautiful toys in this auction that we can look for.

GALERIE DE CHARTRES

Here the link for the entire collection to be auctioned: https://www.interencheres.com/meubles-objets-art/jouets-de-collection-623787

FOR MORE INFORMATIONS E-MAIL TO : chartres@galeriedechartres.com

After the auction, I will publish the realized price for these toys.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.

Martin toys sale in 1892

In 1892 a French newspaper La Petit Presse gave its readers a special advantage to buy products that the newspaper purchased directly from the manufacturers.
The products mentioned also include a number of toys.
On closer inspection of the toys, these are all Fernand Martin products.

Source: Cnum – Digital Conservatory of Arts and Crafts – http://cnum.cnam.fr newspaper: La Petit Presse 23-01-1892

The number behind the toy name is the product number from the newspaper and not a Martin number.

BERTOIA ANNUAL AUCTION | April 19, 2024

Our annual spring auction is packed with highlight for the top quality collectors. Included amongst the two days will be hundreds of European Wind-up toys & Trains, American RR, Spelter stills and Mechanical banks, Horse drawn & choice Cast iron toys, Japanese space & tinplate, Pressed steel & Pedal cars, Tether cars, great Penny toys, Automatons, top tier Christmas & Holiday items, and more.

In this auction are this time 8 Martin / Victor Bonnet toys

The Bertoia team is dedicated to offering our quality customer service, experience and support.
Do not hesitate to contact us for assistance with registration, bidding or any other questions.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: http://www.bertoiaauctions.com/

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for these Martins.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Martin toys with and without clothes.

One of Fernand Martin’s strengths was that he converted people from everyday life into children’s toys, to give these toys a good likeness and of course to hide the mechanism he gave them clothes.
This has several advantages, the children like this better, you can give a figure a different profession or look very simply and of course cheaper.

Here are some examples I found in my collection of magazines.

From the magazine: Lecture pour tous de A’Lmanach Hachette 1900, this same image was also published in a German magazine in 1906.
From the magazine: Lectures Modernes 1902
From the magazine: Lectures Modernes 1902
From the magazine: Lectures Modernes 1902
From the magazine : Femina 1902
From the magazine: Lectures Modernes 1902
Revue Hebdomadaire Dec 14 1901

Result Martins in the Lankes auction 18-22 March 2024

VERSTEIGERUNG DES BEDEUTENDEN PRAGER SPIELZEUGMUSEUMS

– SAMMLUNG IVAN STEIGER –

Das Lankes Auktionshaus lädt Sie herzlich zur großen Spielzeugauktion
in Döhlau vom 18.-22. März 2024 ein, in der die berühmte Sammlung
Ivan Steigers angeboten wird.

Die Sammlung wurde im Spielzeugmuseum auf dem Prager
Hradschin ausgestellt. Es handelt sich dabei um eine der größten
privaten Spielzeugsammlungen.

Ivan Steiger ist weltbekannt durch seine Zeichnungen und Karikaturen
in den führenden internationalen und deutschen Tageszeitungen, wie
etwa der “Frankfurter Allgemeinen Zeitung”. Steiger wurde mit zahlreichen
Auszeichnungen geehrt, darunter 2009 mit dem Bundesverdienstkreuz.

Er ist außerdem Autor zahlreicher Bücher, Maler und veranstaltete
innovative Ausstellungen zum Thema “Spielzeug”.1983 eröffnete
er zusammen mit seiner Frau Eva und seinen beiden Töchtern Helena
und Johanna das Spielzeugmuseum im Alten Rathausturm in München.
Zehn Jahre danach gründete er darüber hinaus das Spielzeugmuseum
im Burggrafenamt auf der Prager Burg.

Wir freuen uns, Ihnen mit der Versteigerung des Prager Spielzeugmuseums
eine herausragende Spielzeugsammlung präsentieren zu dürfen.
Die Sammlung besticht durch ihre besonders seltenen und qualitätvollen
Stücke aus den Bereichen Blechspielzeug, Automaten, Erzgebirge,
Weihnachtsschmuck, Eisenbahn, Puppenspielzeug, Dampfspielzeug sowie
Elastolin und Lineol Spielzeug.

I found a few Fernand Martin and Victor Bonnet toys in this auction, see below, the toys with the discription and auction number

Results:
Martin number 198 -le petit cuisinier € 330
Martin number 170 -le faucheur € 550
Martin number 226 -les chosons du Pére Francois € 800
Martin number 108 -le livreur € 100
Martin number 253 -le clown orchestre € 450

All prices are in Euro and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

You can make a bid on https://www.lot-tissimo.com/de-de/auction-catalogues/lankes/catalogue-id-lankes10044

For more information see: https://www.lankes-auktionen.com/de/

After the auction I will publish the auction prices

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about authenticity, condition or value.
I advise i

GROSSE LANKES SPIELZEUGAUKTION VOM 18.-22. MÄRZ 2024

VERSTEIGERUNG DES BEDEUTENDEN PRAGER SPIELZEUGMUSEUMS

– SAMMLUNG IVAN STEIGER –

Das Lankes Auktionshaus lädt Sie herzlich zur großen Spielzeugauktion
in Döhlau vom 18.-22. März 2024 ein, in der die berühmte Sammlung
Ivan Steigers angeboten wird.

Die Sammlung wurde im Spielzeugmuseum auf dem Prager
Hradschin ausgestellt. Es handelt sich dabei um eine der größten
privaten Spielzeugsammlungen.

Ivan Steiger ist weltbekannt durch seine Zeichnungen und Karikaturen
in den führenden internationalen und deutschen Tageszeitungen, wie
etwa der “Frankfurter Allgemeinen Zeitung”. Steiger wurde mit zahlreichen
Auszeichnungen geehrt, darunter 2009 mit dem Bundesverdienstkreuz.

Er ist außerdem Autor zahlreicher Bücher, Maler und veranstaltete
innovative Ausstellungen zum Thema “Spielzeug”.1983 eröffnete
er zusammen mit seiner Frau Eva und seinen beiden Töchtern Helena
und Johanna das Spielzeugmuseum im Alten Rathausturm in München.
Zehn Jahre danach gründete er darüber hinaus das Spielzeugmuseum
im Burggrafenamt auf der Prager Burg.

Wir freuen uns, Ihnen mit der Versteigerung des Prager Spielzeugmuseums
eine herausragende Spielzeugsammlung präsentieren zu dürfen.
Die Sammlung besticht durch ihre besonders seltenen und qualitätvollen
Stücke aus den Bereichen Blechspielzeug, Automaten, Erzgebirge,
Weihnachtsschmuck, Eisenbahn, Puppenspielzeug, Dampfspielzeug sowie
Elastolin und Lineol Spielzeug.

I found a few Fernand Martin and Victor Bonnet toys in this auction, see below, the toys with the discription and auction number

You can make a bid on https://www.lot-tissimo.com/de-de/auction-catalogues/lankes/catalogue-id-lankes10044

For more information see: https://www.lankes-auktionen.com/de/

The prices in this auction are in Euro

After the auction I will publish the auction prices

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about authenticity, condition or value.
I advise i

Don’t miss the April 2024 issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine.

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine April 2024

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.

To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
Email: ads@antiquetoyworld.com

1905 World exhibition Liège Belgium

In 1905 a world exhibition was held in Liège, Belgium.
France was also represented at this exhibition with the French toy industry in section 100.
In this earlier blog :

original-antique-stereo-glass-plate-of-a-sale-booth-with-martin-toys

I presented a original glass stereo photo that was taken at this exhibition and depicts a counter full of Fernand Martin toys.

original glass stereo photo (Courtesy Massilia Toys )
The same photo but now publised in the book

I now found in the book: Exposition Internationale 1905 Liege, Section française Class 100 more information and also a photo showing the back of this counter.

In this photo you also see a large white statue, I have already mentioned the existence of this statue in one of my previous blogs.
This colossal statue was personifying “the Toy Fairy distributing toys”.
In the glass stereo photo from my earlier blog and on the first photo above, you can see a part of this image on the left (white part of the image and black part of a cloth over a foot/table).


Fernand Martin was one of the jury members at this exhibition, the jury members can be seen in a photo from that book, in this photo you can also see Martin himself.
Photos of Fernand Martin himself are quite rare.

Reference book: Exposition international 1905 Liege ; Section française Class 100, this book can be found on the CNUM website

Le Trapèze – the trapeze artist from 1885

Produced from 1885
Product number unknown (In the books known to us, this toy has the Martin product number 13 which is not correct, this trapeze artist has probably not been given a product number.)
Hand lacquered
Mechanism: Rubber band

Length approx. 14 cm / 5.5 inches
Height approx. 17.8 cm / 7 inches

Courtesy : Bertoia auctions

By winding the rubber band, the movement is converted into a pendulum movement that allows the gymnast to do his tricks.

This is a quite rare toy from Fernand Martin.
The column and roof were also used for: Le sonneur endiablé in 1885 number 102, but also much later by the presumed successors/descendants of Georges Flersheim in the toy: Je sonne la paix in 1916 number 246.
The figure of the gynast has also been used more often in other Martin toys.

(number 246)
From my collection
(number 102)
Courtesy : Bertoia auctions

Four different boxes for the Fernand Martin: Le Petit Culbuteur

This is an updated version of a previously posted article because new things have been found.

Until now we know the boxes of many Fernand Martin toys.
The first box label of a toy was designed just before the first production of these toys.
Once on the market, the most toys remained the same box for many years and even decades.
But from the Le Petit Livreur, ( the acrobat ) a tumbling clown, produced from 1908 with Fernand Martin number 213, there are, till now, four box labels known.

Le petit culbuteur with a original box and original key

In the bottom of the box is one of the narrow upright side a hole in which, the key was attached with a ribbon or rope that goes through that hole in the box.
This ribbon has long disappeared in most cases, I have only seen it a few times.

Three boxes contain a label and one box only a stamp.
It is not known when which label was issued.
You can see that one box has an English inscription, otherwise the box has exactly the same texts and logos as the box for the French market.

Something about boxes in general :

Boxes generally tell a lot about a toy and are therefore very interesting.
The manufacturer’s name.
The factory logo.
The product number.
The manual.
Country of origin.
Sometimes also patent applications and even the patent numbers.
Martin often put there gross and net weights.
And he told everyone which (international) prizes he has achieved and where he was a member or president of the jury.

It even happens that a loose box at auction will yield more than the toy, of course because these are much rarer.
Children threw the box away and a box is also much more fragile and broke and thrown away.

Courtesy Calerie De Chartres
These 12 empty boxes of Martin toys and one box of Lehmann toys were auctioned in 2018 in France at Ivoire Chartres

Result for the Martin toy in the Antico Mondo Auction

The brandnew catalog of the 100th Toy Auction is online!

The auction will feature around 800 items of tin toys, trains, space toys and model cars.

Result: € 550

This is a room bidding but you can also take part in the online bidding live via telephone, register your written predids or using the auction platforms lot-tissimo, the-saleroom and liveauctioneers and Sixbid you are able to to bid online. So you can submit your bids in real time during the auction. Therefor it is necessary to register on the platform of your choice not later than 24 hours before the auction starts.

The easiest way to participate in our auctions is to use our online catalogue. Here you can view all the items and directly place written pre-bids. See the catalog in the link below. You can also read the catalog in English

Catalog link: https://auktionen.anticomondo.de/en/objekte?aid=57&Lstatus=0

We hope you enjoy reading and browsing through the new catalog!

The price is in Euro € and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about

Martins without number

Martin has often accidentally or deliberately forgotten to include a number in his product numbering.
In his period from 1878 to his first Bonshomme de Ma Portiére in 1895 a number of figures without number are known, see my article for this: https://fernandmartintoys.nl/the-numbering-of-the-fernand-martin-first-period-who-can-help-me/


From the Ma Portiére in 1895 to the sale to George Flersheim in 1912, a few figures without numbers are also known.
Starting with two figures featured in the image from the 1904 World’s Fair in St. Louis.

Les jouets à la World’s fair en 1904 à Saint-Louis (Smitsonian Labraries-no copyright)

In this image a few are recognizable and the corresponding figures have also been found.

The Bassist, in the picture numbered with (1) Courtesy E.T.
The “Jeu de boulle”? player, numbered in the picture with (2) Courtesy E.T.

Maybe there are still some figures on this St Louis photo, but the photo is so bad that they cannot be recognized immediately, wait until the actual figure(s) is found.

But there are still a few figures that cannot be found in the well-known catalogs and there are no boxes available.

Another image also shows a few figures whose number is currently unknown.

La Nature 1902 pag. 13 Concours de Lépine Paris 1901

These two figures are incorrectly numbered in the existing literature, see why in my blog: https://fernandmartintoys.nl/change-of-martin-numbers-for-some-toys/

Le télégraphiste-the postman number (1)
Le garçon de café – the waiter number (2)

(both images courtesy Bertoia Auctions)

Martin donated 100 toys to the “Musée Dez Arts Et Métiers” in Paris in 1908, this donation was a good overview of the toys he has produced since the beginning, he also made a list of them.
All the pieces in his donation can be traced back through documentation and old found catalogues.
These four pieces are therefore not only numbered, but are also not included in the donation.
As can be seen above, they are documented.

The Flersheim period

In the Flersheim period from 1912 to 1919 there are still many uncertainties, the photo below shows a Le Petit Livreur with a trunk, on the far right.
This is not mensioned in the numbering known to us.

Foto: Magazin La Dépéche Dec. 30-1912 (the les cochons du pére francois number 226 is the last toy from the Fernand Martin production)
From my own collection

And one of my collector friends has a version of the L’autopatte with the same trunk on it.

Courtesy E.T.

There is a lot of uncertainty about the numbering of the Flersheim period from 1912 to 1919, many figures are known, but the product numbers are often not.
We’ll wait and see and maybe we’ll get this numbering complete one day.

In black the numbers and names known to us, the numbers in red have yet to get their corresponding name, if any of my readers know the correct names of one or more of the missing numbers (with proof like a numbered box) please message me.

List of confirmed numbers :

227: “Chaud les Marrons“
228: “Le Motocycliste Enragé“
229: “Le Petit Patineur“
230: “La Pédalette“
231: “Le Motocycliste“
232: “Soldat Bulgare“
233: “La Casseuse d’Assiettes“
234: “Le Chef d’Orchestre“

235:
236:

237: “Dame de la Croix-Rouge”
238: “Soldat Marocain”

239:
240: “La Guerre Aérienne”
241: “Ma Nounou”

242:
243:

244:
245:

246: “Je Sonne la Paix“

Result Martin’s in the Bertoia Basic Toy Auction : February 23, 2024

A one day sale with a huge emphasis on tinplate toys and trains, American standard gauge as well as European RR items, comic character and other wind-up toys, German autos, Lehmanns, Penny Toys, Toy Soldiers & Figures and more.

In this auction are this time 3 Martin / Victor Bonnet toys and 1 S.i.j.i.m. toy the organ grinder

The Bertoia team is dedicated to offering our quality customer service, experience and support.
Do not hesitate to contact us for assistance with registration, bidding or any other questions.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: http://www.bertoiaauctions.com/

All prices are in US $ and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

LA PERRUCHE – THE PARAKEET from 1892

first production date : 1892
production number: 127 (In the books known to us, this toy has the Martin product number 36, but the latest discoveries show that the real number is 127.)
mechanism: clockwork
height: 8,5 cm / 7,87 inch – length: 21 cm / 8,27 inch
produced by Fernand Martin

A very amusing toy, after turning the mechanism he starts moving, beats his wings and drives forward
Pictures courtesy Bertoia Auctions
Picture from the original catalogue 1898
Marked on the tail with the Martin FM sign

Don’t miss the March 2024 issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine.

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine March 2024 with this time an article about the: Victor Bonnet “L’Entraineur Skiff” from 1928

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.

To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
Email: ads@antiquetoyworld.com

Result Martins in the: Morphy Auctions Toys & General Collectibles Febr. 14-15 & 16 . 2024

In this auction of Morphy Auctions there are 2 Fernand Martin toys but there are many more other beautiful pieces in this auction.

Results:
Pianist Martin number 189 – lot number 1030 result $ 500
Fisherman Martin number 209 – lot number 1057 result $ 1100

Look for more auction informations : https://morphyauctions.com/auctions/past-auctions/toys-general-collectibles-4/

All prices are in US $ and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

Photos courtesy of Morphy Auctions

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Antico Mondo auction on Saturday, March 02, 2024

The brandnew catalog of the 100th Toy Auction is online!

The auction will feature around 800 items of tin toys, trains, space toys and model cars.

This is a room bidding but you can also take part in the online bidding live via telephone, register your written predids or using the auction platforms lot-tissimo, the-saleroom and liveauctioneers and Sixbid you are able to to bid online. So you can submit your bids in real time during the auction. Therefor it is necessary to register on the platform of your choice not later than 24 hours before the auction starts.

The easiest way to participate in our auctions is to use our online catalogue. Here you can view all the items and directly place written pre-bids. See the catalog in the link below. You can also read the catalog in English

Catalog link: https://auktionen.anticomondo.de/en/objekte?aid=57&Lstatus=0

We hope you enjoy reading and browsing through the new catalog!

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for this Martin toy.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Martin Toys with a candy container ?

Around 1912 there were a few toys that differed in detail from the normal models.
This happened just before or just after the takeover from Martin to Georges Flersheim.
A few models were then modified and provided with an open space to put in presumably sweets.
These spaces were created in two ways.
A tin container was placed on the models of the “Le petit Livreur” and the “L’autopatte”.
The model of the “Le petit marchane d’oranges” the top was made so that it could open.

The three original models from the Fernand Martin period without a candy container.

In the Martin “Le petit marchane d’oranges” model, the mechanism is “in” the space between the bottom of the cart and the fruit, in the later model the mechanism has been moved to the bottom of the cat.

So it was three known models with a “temporary” adjustment.
Whether Martin or Flersheim were responsible for this is not entirely known, but they all have clear signs of the Martin models, the later Flersheim models have several specific changes compared to the Martin models, so I think they are models that were produced by Flersheim immediately after the takeover using parts that were still in stock from the earlier Fernand Martin production.

These three models with the candy container are very rare.

Martin type of Wheels en Key and the boy was given hair and a bonnet
Martin type of Wheels and Flersheim type Key, (Picture Courtesy ET)
Martin type skirt with raised back but a Flersheim mechanism (courtesy Bertoia Auctions)
On one side the two hinges on the other side there are three tabs to close it, see picture above

New sales tin toy side in the Netherlands with, of course Fernand Martin toys and a lot more.

https://www.tintoy-collector.com/

We started collecting antique toys a long time ago and we will continue to do so for many years to come, the third generation is already eager to join us.

For that one special item, we go to trade fairs at home and abroad, and we also scour the well-known and lesser-known platforms to find that nice addition.

You can imagine that over time we have acquired a large network and beautiful collection and we would like to share this with you by offering beautiful and high-quality items through our webshop.

If you are interested in one of our items on the page, I invite you to respond by email.

tintoycollector@kpnmail.nl

This site is in Dutch but If you are interested in one of our items please send an email to upper email address.
For a description in your language, please contact us.

Film from 1906 with a lot of Martin toys

In 2023 I published a blog : https://fernandmartintoys.nl/magazine-les-jouets-et-jeux-anciens/ 

That blog mentioned a report about a meeting in 1906, during which a film was published with mainly Martin toys but also toys from Lehmann, among others.

I received a copy of this report from Mr. Claude Lamboley which included the following text:

Translation:
Then the whole series of well-known mechanical toys was paraded before us that are manufactured in the factory of Mr. Fernand Martin. Cinematographic films presented the workshops and the tools of this manufacture; hands showed the toys being made, turning them, turning them over, while the lecturer gave the explanation (very curious effect).
Then, finally, the cinematograph projected amusing and dramatic scenes, the actors of which were Mr. Martin’s’s mechanical little bonshommes.

In that blog from July 18 -2023 I said: Now we have to find that film.

Now I can tell you that I found this film. This film is used by Mr Klaus Lorenz in his lecture : THE MAGIC OF AUTOMATES on June 02 – 2023 This lecture was held in the CINÉMATHÈQUE Paris – Room George’s Franju 

(Wikipedia: The Cinémathèque Française Paris, founded in 1936, is a French non-profit film organization that holds one of the largest archives of film documents and film-related objects in the world.The archive offers daily screenings of worldwide films.)

In an old Pathé-Frères catalogue from 1907, this film is listed under number 1356 with the following text:

Bob’s Theater….
Bob’s father was undoubtedly generous, because on the small theater stage we will recognize all the popular types of the latest toys of the year.
Bob, as an excellent director, managed to introduce them to us as an artist, and despite the age it is a pleasure there, it will certainly please everyone.

The hole lecture is about 1 hour and 15 min. , in this compleet lecture you see a lot of other toy automates, this lecture is in French. 

The part with the Martins start on 0.00 min. till 6.35 min. , it is a silent film so no text, music or spoken words. 

Here the link to the complete lecture with the film: Le théàtre de Bob de Gaston Velle.

https://www.cinematheque.fr/video/2082.html

ENJOY…

Bertoia Basic Toy Auction : February 23, 2024

A one day sale with a huge emphasis on tinplate toys and trains, American standard gauge as well as European RR items, comic character and other wind-up toys, German autos, Lehmanns, Penny Toys, Toy Soldiers & Figures and more.

In this auction are this time 3 Martin / Victor Bonnet toys and 1 S.i.j.i.m. toy the organ grinder

The Bertoia team is dedicated to offering our quality customer service, experience and support.
Do not hesitate to contact us for assistance with registration, bidding or any other questions.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: http://www.bertoiaauctions.com/

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for these Martins.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

La Patinette – The boy on a scooter

Name: La Patinette
Produced from about 1929
Produced by Victor Bonnet (VB&Cie)
Production number 263
Movement mechanism: turning key with a loose key
Height: 22.5 cm / 8.86 inch
Length: 23 cm / 9.06 inch

The original box

If you look closely at the legs and the shoes you will see that Victor Bonnet has reused them from the boy on roller skates, Le Petit Patineur number 229 from 1914 made by Georges Flesheim.
The movement mechanism is also the same, they make a step movement with their right leg while the other leg is fixed on the roller skate with the Le Petit Patineur and on the step with the La Patinette.

This figure was used years ago by a Dutch investment / mortgage company in one of their advertisements.

The bottom
The Victor Bonnet logo ( VB&Cie Paris made in France ) is on the bottom plate under the front fork
Image in the Christmas catalog 1930/1931 Au Bon Marche December 1, 1930

Don’t miss the February 2024 issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine.

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine February 2024 :

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.

To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
Email: ads@antiquetoyworld.com

Morphy Auctions Toys & General Collectibles Febr. 14-15 & 16 . 2024

In this auction of Morphy Auctions there are 2 Fernand Martin toys but there are many more other beautiful pieces in this auction.

Pianist Martin number 189 – lot number 1030
Fisherman Martin number 209 – lot number 1057

Look for more auction informations : https://morphyauctions.com/auctions/past-auctions/toys-general-collectibles-4/

After the auction, I will publish the realized price for these toys.

Photos courtesy of Morphy Auctions

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Results of the Martins in the Milestone auction

SATURDAY JANUARY 13th 2024 10:00AM

PROUDLY PRESENTS THE NEW YEARS ANTIQUE TOYS EXTRAVAGANZA!!

THIS SPECIAL AUCTION INCLUDES A LIFE-LONG PRIVATE COLLECTION THAT INCLUDES MANY RARE AND WONDERFUL TOY!!

PRESSED STEEL TRUCKS, PEDAL CARS, AUTOMOTIVE TOYS, MOTORCYCLES, GERMAN WINDUPS, GERMAN HAND PAINT, TIN WINDUPS, CHARACTER TOYS, JAPANESE TIN, BATTERY OPS, ROBOTS, SPACE TOYS, & MORE!!

IN THIS AUCTION THERE ARE 39 MARTIN-BONNET-SIJIM TOYS AND THERE ARE MANY MORE WONDERFUL TOYS IN THIS AUCTION

“FULL CATALOG & LIVE BIDDING THRU”
WWW.MILESTONEAUCTIONS.COM LIVEAUCTIONEERS, & INVALUABLE

PHONE BIDS & ABSENTEE BIDS Call 440-527-8060

AUCTION PREVIEW AVAILABLE WEEK OF AUCTION & 8:00 AM AUCTION DAY

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: https://www.milestoneauctions.com/

These result prices are in US $ and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

Photos courtesy Milestone Auctions

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to

Overvieuw Victor Bonnet pistols

In recent months I have presented all till now known Victor Bonnet pistol models.
To make your search a little easier, I have combined them in this blog
Here is an overview of all models with the corresponding link to the relevant blog for each model.

The Victor Bonnet list with pistol models with article numbers and link to the specific blog:
247 le-pan-pan
256 flac
257 bombarde
258 le-petard
262 tape_fort
264 le-sans-balle
266 le-costaud
??? le-corsaire (Product number unknown)

Fernand Martin “Le Livreur” From 1888 (2020 article revised)

A very early Martin with the name: Le Livreur (the delivery guy)
Made from 1888
Product number 108
Length 15.6cm / 6.14in
This was probably the most successful Martin ever.

Photo courtesy of RSL auctions

The history that preceded this:
Due to an article in the American “The Official Gazette of the United States Patent Office” of October 20, 1885 on page 352, I came across the patent number 6470 of a “mechanical toy animal figure” .
I started searching further and it turned out to be an English patent.
In 1884 there was the Englishman Mr. William Hamilton Hall, 72 Denmark Villas, West Brighton, he was an inventor / toy manufacturer.
He filed a patent in England in April 17, 1884 under number GB 6470
The patent was filed under the name: “Improvements in Mechanical Toy Animal Figures”.
An extensive correction followed on January 26, 1885.
The Complete Specification was dated January 16, 1885, and it contains 7 pages of text and 3 pages of drawings.
The patent was directly applied for in several countries.
Here is an overview of the countries now known:
United States October 20, 1885 patent number 328912
France July 4, 1884, patent number 163149
Belgium March 28, 1885 patent number 68347
Austria December 4, 1884, patent number 34162
Hungary December 4, 1884, patent number 56714
Germany July 1, 1884, patent number 29806
England April 17, 1884, patent number 6470

Part of the discription from William Hamilton Hall with the US patent 328.912 from the “ The Official Gazette of the United States Patent Office “ The patent numbers and patent dates in different countries

The British Library Business & IP Center 96 Euston Road London make the patents available with explanation and images.

Part of the discription from William Hamilton Hall with the US patent 328.912 on this drawing you see a crank-shaft Y between the wheels of the cart and two connecting-rods X from the crank-shaft Y to the legs.

I found in David Pressland’s beautiful book “Pressland’s Blechspielzeug Der Welt” from 1995 and published by “AS Verlag Zürich” on page 241 a photo of a toy with his original box, the box appears, after further investigation, to have patent number 6470 and this is exactly the toy patent number from William Hamilton Hall produced from 1884, but are the box and toy on the photo from Hall?

Thanks to David Pressland’s that i may use this picture from his beautiful book “Pressland’s Blechspielzeug Der Welt” from 1995 , published by AS Verlag Zürich

I had a toy as on the picture from David Pressland book in my collection myself that looks like Martins “Le Livreur” but until now I do not know who the manufacturer is. As seen on the picture there is no crank-shaft between the wheels of the cart and there are no connecting-rods from the cart to the legs as seen on the Patent drawing above, Martin replaced that with a flywheel. Is this Hall’s “automatic postman” ?

Is it possible that Hall later adapted his toys, because they might have been cheaper and worked better, to Martin’s construction?”, yes that is possible, but he would have infringed Martin’s patent.
Or vice versa, Martin’s patent wouldn’t have been valid, if an instantiation of his invention had been commercially available.

I think that Martin study the Hall patent and he thought this was a wonderful toy and saw the business benefits.
But he had other thoughts about the mechanism and he applied for an “improved” patent for this type of toy.

In the book Fernand Martin Toymaker in Paris 1878-1912 it is stated on page 33 (with the wrong product number 22) that the story of the Le Livreur started with patent 75632 (printing error they meant 15632) on November 15, 1887 (this date will be reflected in the further story) but the story started with the William Hamilton Hill patent 6470 from April 17, 1884 in England so 3 years earlier.

Martin made improvements and on November 15, 1887 applied for a patent in England under the name “Improvements in Device or Mechanism for Communicating to Toys Movements Analogous to those of Human Beings and Animals when Walking.” and it get patent number 15632
The patent was reprinted as it was amended and quotes the following dates:
Date of Application: November 15, 1887,
Complete Specification Left (at the Patent Office,) May 09, 1888
Complete Specification Accepted July 27, 1888.
The patent contains 6 pages and includes 1 page with 4 drawings.

There are notable difference of Hall’s and Martin’s patents.
This is why “improvement” in Martin’s patent title takes its full sense, is that he eliminated the need for the crank-shaft between the wheels of the cart and the connecting-rods from the cart to the legs and replaced that with a flywheel.
He very smartly achieves it with the gripping of the heel of the supporting foot.
It therefore makes the cranked axle-tree easier to bend and the overall toy more reliable and simultaneously less expensive (less parts, less assembly time).

First page of the Fernand Martin patent GB 15632
Page 6 with the 4 drawings patent GB 15632. Here you can see the flywheel inside the cart.

Regarding the Hall and Martin patent, Martin explains a few things on page 5 of his English patent.

Martin wrote the following text:

Having now specifically described and ascertained the nature of my said invention and in what manner the same is to be performed I declare that I am aware of Hall’s Specification No. 6470 AD 1884 and I make no claim to anything described and claimed therein, but what I claim is:
A kind of toy with a miniature figure (preferably of a man) the legs of whitch imitate the natural movements of walking by the combined action of a motor vehicle having a continuous translation motion and abutting point placing itself alternately on any suitable surface, in such manner that retaining one leg an instant on the ground and the movement of translation continuing this abutting point forces the leg in contact with the ground to incline itself thus giving a movement similar but in the reverse sense to the second leg with which it is connected by a bent or cranked axle.

About the same time, Martin also applied on November 12, 1887 for this patent in France, where it was given the number 186948.
See more in my other blog from August 15 2019:

le-livreur-description-of-the-patent-number-186948

But so far, all Martin copies and boxes found have the patent number 15632, so the English patent number.
I have not yet found any copies or a box with the French patent number.
On the top of the cart and on the box is written: “F.M. S.G.D.G. France & Etranger Paris Patent 15632
France & Etranger meens French and foreign.
I think Martin used the English patent number because it had already been approved and the application for the French patent was still being processed in France.

Top of the Martin cart

Martin-Lehmann
Fernand Martin and E.P. Lehmann turned out to be good business colleagues and Lehmann also saw something in this toy.
Lehmann was allowed to use this patent against payment of 5 francs per 144 (12 dozen) pieces sold.
The success was enormous and within 8 months Lehmann came to Martin with a payment of 5000 francs, so 144.000 of the Lehmann “Express” EPL number 140, had already been sold up to that point.

Back of the Lehmann cart

On the back of the Lehmann Express (the copy of the Martin Le Livreur) , the text is Engl.Patent without a patent number.

A toy and his box :

Thanks for being allowed to use the photo’s: Left “Le Livreur” Photo courtesy of Pook&Pook auctioneers, above right the “Lehmann Express” Photo courtesy of Morphy Auctions, right under the Hall ? toy Photo courtesy of David Pressland

Take a good look at the boxes from Martin, Lehmann and Hall ? , they are very similar.

The success of the collaboration between F. Martin and E.P. Lehmann was expanded with several Martins, of which Lehmann was allowed to use the patents and were also allowed to be manufactured.

With special thanks to:
The British Library. Business & IP Center. 96 Euston Road. London
To make the patents available with explanation and images.

Search page for specific articles

Last update: May 31 – 2024

CHAPTERS :

1 FERNAND MARTIN TOYS WITH NUMBER:
2 FERNAND MARTIN TOYS WITHOUT NUMBER:
3 GEORGES FLERSHEIM TOYS:
4 VICTOR BONNET:
5 GENERAL:
6 MOVIES:
7 ART:
8 OLD NEWSPAPERS AND MAGAZINS ARTICLES:

1 MARTIN TOYS WITH NUMBER:

100 -146 the-numbering-of-the-fernand-martin-first-period

100 the-swimming-fish

102 Le sonneur endiablé : the-bell-ringer 

105 les-pompiers-from-1887

108 le-livreur-from-1888

108 le-livreur-description-of-the-patent-number-186948

110 -192 le-cab-the-hansom-cab

110 Le-Cab-from-1889

111 la-grosse-caisse

114 the-rabbit

116 le-traineau-russe-1892

117 Le-diable-en-boite-the-devil-in-a-box

120 le-jouet-de-pecheur-a-la-ligne-the-toy-fisher-with-a-line

121 la-bicyclette-martin-the-martin-bicycle

123 le-facteur-de-chemin-de-fer-the-railway-porter

123  le-facteur-de-chemin-de-fer

124 le-facteur-de-chemin-de-fer-the-railway-porter

124  le-facteur-de-chemin-de-fer

125 le-bateau-la-chaloupe-a-vapeur-from-1893

127 question-la-perruche-1882

127 la-perruche-the-parakeet-from-1892

129 course-de-taureaux-the-bull-fighter

130 la-voiture-au-chien-attalage-flamand

147 ma-portiere-the-sweeping-lady-the-first-version

147 the-sweeping-lady-ma-portiere

149 le-treuil-a-marble-game-from-1895

151 laraignee-et-la-mouche-the-spider-and-the-fly

152 le-pantin-the-harlequin-in-two-versions

156 le-monocycle-aerien-the-aerial-monocycle

159 la-pompe-the-man-at-the-village-pump

160 le-gai-violoniste-the-violin-player

160 le-gai-violoniste

165 – 166 jouets-en-boites

167 le-petit-decrotteur-the-little-blackboot

169 l’oie-the-goose

172 number-172-and-172?

172 le-pochard

172 boxes-from-the-le-pochard

172 rare-box-off-the-le-pochard-the-drunk-man

173 l’homme-de-corvee-in-two-versions

175 the Gentlemen in Khaki

176 Le Vaillant boer

179 the-bamboula-dancer

188 “Le Charbonnier” – “Le Fort De La Halle”

189 le-petite-pianiste

192 – 110 le-cab-the-hansom-cab

193 bears-always-nice

193 l’ours-martin

194 la-voiture-a-bitume

197 firefighter-le-pompier-a-lechelle

197 le-bonhomme-a-lechelle

204 la-boule-mysterieuse

205 la-course-en-sac-the-potato-bag-runner

211 the-squirrel-in-a-cage-from-1908

213 le-petit-culbuteur

213 the-different-boxes-le-petit-culbuteur

216 l’ours-blanc-the-polar-bear

217 conquete-du-pole-nord

218 the-inventor-of-the-lautopatte

218 l’autopatte

221 la-chasse-au-rat

224 the-four-different-versions-of-the-le-petit-livreur

224 how-to-make-a-le-petit-livreur

2 FERNAND MARTIN TOYS WITHOUT NUMBER:

le-bateau-godilleur

le-trapeze-from-1885

course-de-taureau-the-bull-fighter

le-jeu-de-massacre

spinning-tops-the-walzing-couples

le-perroquet-the-silent-parrot

le-pantin-the-harlequin-in-two-versions

le-fameux-piocheur-the-man-with-the-pickaxe

the-rope-jumping-girl-la-sauteuse-de-corde

3 GEORGES FLERSHEIM TOYS:

227 the-inventor-of-the-chauds-les-marrons

227 chauds-les-marrons-the-chestnut-vendor

228 le-motocycliste-enrange

229 le-petit-patineur-the-skater-boy

233 la-casseuse-dassiettes

237 Dame-de-la-crois-rouge-the-red-cross-nurse

246 Je sonne la paix : the-bell-ringer

The Homme de tranchée

half-a-fernand-martin

very-rare-find L’Ambulant ?

4 VICTOR BONNET:

246 and more: les-auto-transports-a-series-of-beautiful-trucks-and-tractors-made-by-victor-bonnet-2

246 les-auto-transports-series-246-le-deverseur

246 le-deverseur-for-the-englisch-speaking-market

247 le-pan-pan

247 and more: victor-bonnet-pistols

248 – 250 les-auto-transports-series-248-tracteur-and-250-le-remorque

249 les-auto-transports-series-249-le-roulant

250 les-auto-transports-series-248-tracteur-and-250-le-remorque

252 tin-toy-clown-as-a-spinning-top

253 le-clown-orchestre

254 les-auto-transports-series-254-le-train-tortillard

256 flac

257 bombarde

258 le-petard

259 l’entraineur-skiff

260 madelon-casseuse-dassiettes

261 les-auto-transports-series-261-camion-gros-camionnage

261 advertising-on-the-side-of-the-gros-camionnage-261

262 tape_fort

263 la-patinette-the-boy-on-a-scooter

264 le-sans-balle

265 the-voiture-nounou-poupon

266 le-costaud

266 a-new-discovery-of-a-martin-toy-made-by-victor-bonnet

Victor Bonnet Product number unknown:

le-corsaire

catalog-victor-bonnet-toys-1929

discovered-an-original-bill-from-1933-by-victor-bonnet

found-a-victor-bonnet-account-overview-payment-reminder-from-1933

discovered-another-original-bill-from-1933-by-victor-bonnet

5 GENERAL:

martin-toys-sale-in-1892

martin-toys-with-and-without-clothes

1905-world-exhibition-liege-belgium

martin-toys-with-a-candy-container

martins-without-number

marque-deposee-article-francais

fernand-martin-stand-on-the-world-exhibition-liege-belgium-in-1905

new-postcard-with-a-martin-toy

original-antique-stereo-glass-plate-of-a-sale-booth-with-martin-toys

the-antiques-centre-amsterdam-the-largest-in-holland

book-fernand-martin-toymaker-in-paris

change-of-martin-numbers-for-some-toys

different-martin-keys

rubber-band-drive

newly-discovered-original-catalog-by-fernand-martin

missing-pictures

fernand-martin-and-postcards

personal-postcard-from-fernand-martin

postcards-with-martin-toys

fernand-martin-and-louis-vuitton

is-this-toy-a-fernand-martin-toy

did-i-found-an-unknown-martin-toy-or-not

fernand-martin-toys-on-collecting-plates

visit-to-a-unique-museum-with-a-huge-collection-of-fernand-martin-toys

toy-museum-soltau-germany

visit-spielmuseum-soltau-in-germany

fernand-martin-and-music-for-piano

original-antique-photo-of-a-sale-booth-with-martin-toys

is-it-a-sentinel-or-a-soldier

happy-ads

fernand-martin-part-one

fernand-martin-part-two

fernand-martin-part-three

fernand-martin-part-four

fernand-martin-in-advertising

fernand-martin-imitations-be-careful-part-one

fernand-martin-imitations-be-careful-part-two

update: S.I.J.I.M.-toys-that-look-like-martin-toys

where-did-they-get-their-ideas

boxes-and-catalog-pictures-fernand-martin-toys-better-viewed

6 MOVIES: 

Article with a: film-from-1906-with-a-lot-of-martin-toys

Movie: a-dream-of-toyland-1908

Movie: martin-flersheim-toys-on-film

Movie: antique-toys-on-a-short-film

YouTube video part 1

YouTube video part 2

YouTube video part 3

YouTube video part 4

YouTube video part 5

PIET GUTTER

7 ART:

Linda Apple Part-1-martin-toy-used-in-art

Jacques Milet part-2-martin-toys-used-in-art

Unknown French painter Part-3-Martin toys used in art

Piet Gutter part-4-martin-toys-used-in-art

Louis Poyet very-small-etchings-from-1892-with-toys

Louis Poyet Louis-poyet and Martin

Cardona the-ma-portiere-as-a-piece-of-art

8 OLD NEWSPAPERS AND MAGAZINS ARTICLES:

drawing-from-1901-with-fernand-martin-and-his-toys

the-joy-of-children-on-the-boulevards

magazine-benjamin-1931-dec-17

magazine-les-jouets-et-jeux-anciens

small-sale-barracks-new-years-eve-in-paris

thursday-january-1-1914-le-petit-journal

french-exposition-st-petersburg-1901-and-1903

part-one-les-joujoux

part-two-les-joujoux

part-three-les-joujoux

part-four-les-joujoux

part-five-les-joujoux

article-about-the-10e-lepine-competition

toys-of-the-year

fernand-martin-toy-on-a-newspaper-of-1889

the-manufacture-of-fernand-martin-mechanical-toys-in-1902

Magazine Benjamin 1931 Dec 17.

Benjamin was a French newspaper for young people founded by Jean Nohain. First published in January 1929, it ended in 1958. Source gallica.bnf.fr / Bibliothèque nationale de France

A journalist from the magazine “Benjamin” visits M. Bonnet “President of French toy manufacturers…”

-Monsieur Bonnet, see you soon, madam, would you sit down?
The charming secretary who received me is a sociable person, she talks to you with respect.
-It’s because Monsieur Bonnet is very busy…
I know that.
mr. Bonnet honors himself with the admirable title of: President of the Syndicate Chamber of French Toy Manufacturers, but that’s not all, it’s an official title, but that generally means nothing.
-It’s no small feat, you can imagine, continues the dear secretary, to be governor-general of all French toys!
The time has come, now it gets interesting, I no longer wait for the chairman of a union chamber, but for the governor of toys, the king of toys, the Napoleon of toys, a gentleman who only talks and thinks of dolls, soldiers, trains…

—Would you like to go in, ma’am?
Mr. Bonnet stands before me and leads me into his opulent office.
I have to admit right away, Mr. Bonnet didn’t tell me this.
Disappointed and unless you’re unreasonable enough not to let in any toy king other than a six-year-old boy, everyone will agree that Mr. Bonnet is also exactly “the right man”, the type of the real good grandfather and a grandfather who spends his life surrounded by toys, judge a little!
Oh sir, you must know things that no one has the slightest idea!
Surely you can tell me how many toys we make each year?
Now impressive figures on toys come from France and elsewhere
—In France, on average, 70,000,000 are made, that is, for about 300,000,000 francs.
Who would have thought that? Every year, 70,000,000 toys are needed for little French people!

And what kind of toys do we mainly make, dolls and trains?
We can say that dolls alone make up a fifth of this production, the railway industry and the mechanical toy industry are about equally important, the rest of this figure achieved is represented by all kinds of toys.
And find all these dolls, all these trains, all these different toys, buyers?
—Certainly, and we could produce even more, since 20,000,000 pieces of foreign toys flow parallel to ours.
Imported toys then? Ah yes, I know one of the “Made in Germany” toys myself.
So there are so many toys made in Germany that those little Germans can’t destroy everything and that our little French children have to help them?
—We make a lot of them, but in the United States they make a lot more.
Is it the United States that produces the most?
Yes, they can be the main toy producing country classified according to the importance of their production: United States, Germany, France and Japan, where regiments of celluloid babies are born.
But it is Germany that exports the most, isn’t it?
—Yes, at least to France, the United States mainly exports to South America, Japan and to China.

Germany prefers to trade with us, firstly because it is our neighbor and secondly because French industrialists have a reputation for being very good payers.
—In 1930, of the 13,348 quintals (quintal is an old unit for weight of one hundred kilograms) of toys imported into France, 11,217 quintals came from Germany.
—But in Germany everyone has to make toys? You think I’m not telling the truth?
—In addition to the large factories, which are wonderfully equipped for the manufacture of mechanical toys, one can find whole families in small villages, such as in the Black Forest, for example, who are busy assembling small toys at home.
—Their work is paid at the rate of 0 Fr.50 to 2 Fr. per hour, which is too little and not good, as you can expect they work as much as possible.
You haven’t told me about the toy soldiers, sir.
—The toy soldier industry is starting to recover a bit, but each country is enough for its own consumption, other toys are also sold locally because it would be too inconvenient to ship it, for example, these are heavy toys such as wheelbarrows, carts, small furniture, wooden horses…

Here is a statement signed by Mr Bonnet

(translation) The president of the French toys manufacturer is hereby thanking the small junior Benjamin’s for listening to all our discussions.
He is asking them to please children of workmen and French toy makers by prioritizing toys made by their parents .

Sir, I didn’t believe the toy industry was so successful at first
—It is strong, important and also very complete, because it makes almost all crafts work, the little girls and boys want everything they see in the hands of adults in miniature, they have toy cars, sewing machines, bicycles, microscopes, clocks needed and who knows what else?

—On the other hand, some toys require a very diverse workforce.
—Open a box of board games and try to imagine the number of workers from many professions who had to work together to produce all these objects together.
But I think, sir, if the youngest didn’t break their toys, it would be a national disaster! half more unemployed?
—Certainly, ma’am, but thank goodness we’re not there yet and there will be a lot of water flowing under the bridges before the race of the little wrecker dies out, thankfully.
Who tell you, sir? I have a horrible three year old nephew who can bust the hardest toy in five minutes but darling is a good little civilian!
VIOLET-JEAN.

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Vrolijk Kerstfeest en een Gelukkig Nieuwjaar
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Fröhliche Weihnachten und ein glückliches Neues Jahr
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Buon Natale e Felice Anno Nuovo
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God Jul och Gott Nytt År
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Geseende Kerfees en ’n gelukkige nuwe jaar
Hyvää joulua ja onnellista uutta vuotta

Don’t miss the January 2024 issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine.

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine January 2024:

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Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.

To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
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Milestone Auction January 2024

SATURDAY JANUARY 13th 10:00AM

PROUDLY PRESENTS THE NEW YEARS ANTIQUE TOYS EXTRAVAGANZA!!

THIS SPECIAL AUCTION INCLUDES A LIFE-LONG PRIVATE COLLECTION THAT INCLUDES MANY RARE AND WONDERFUL TOY!!

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IN THIS AUCTION THERE ARE 39 MARTIN-BONNET-SIJIM TOYS AND THERE ARE MANY MORE WONDERFUL TOYS IN THIS AUCTION

“FULL CATALOG & LIVE BIDDING THRU”
WWW.MILESTONEAUCTIONS.COM LIVEAUCTIONEERS, & INVALUABLE

PHONE BIDS & ABSENTEE BIDS Call 440-527-8060

AUCTION PREVIEW AVAILABLE WEEK OF AUCTION & 8:00 AM AUCTION DAY

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: https://www.milestoneauctions.com/

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for these Martins.

Photos courtesy Milestone Auctions

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object o