See what you can read in the new October issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine:

Don’t miss this October 2021 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine October 2021 :

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.

To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
Email: ads@antiquetoyworld.com

Ladenburger Spielzeugauktion October 01/02-2021

In the next Ladenburger Toyauction there is one Fernand Martin toy but there are many more other beautiful pieces in this auction
We are pleased to present you this catalog in German and English language.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: https://www.spielzeugauktion.de

October 01/02-2021 auction lot number 0108

Martin number 224 – Le Petit Livreur made by George Flersheim.

After the auction, I will publish the realized price for this Martin.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about authenticity, condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

NEW EXTRA FUNCTION ADDED TO THIS BLOG.

An extra function has been added to print or save articles.
Two options to print or save an article:
1) You can click on the titel of that article.
2) If you click on an article in the column: Most recent messages, you will see the word (Print) on the right of the text in your chosen article, click on this (Print) button and you have the choice of printing or download as PDF.

Note: If you don’t see the column Most recent messages, then turn your device into landscape.

Option two

Result Martins: BERTOIA SIGNATURE SALE: The Aaron & Abby Schroeder Collection Part II. On Friday & Saturday September 10-11, 2021

Result of the Fernand Martin – George Flersheim and Victor Bonnet toys

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: http://www.bertoiaauctions.com/

All prices are in US $ and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about authenticity, condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Le Perroquet: The silent Parrot

my own color fantasy

I found an article in an old French technical magazine La Nature from 1894 about a tin parrot made by Martin.
This one is very rare and I do not have any photos of it myself, but there are pictures in the book by Francois Marchand THE HISTORY OF MARTIN MECHANICAL TOYS on page 87 and in the book by Lourens Bas FERNAND MARTIN TOYMAKER IN PARIS on page 66.
Since the original images presumably carry copyrights, I cannot show them here.
This special piece is put in motion by the well-known Martin “rubber band” method, the winding is done by the winding handle at the end of his tail, under the tail is the “rubber band” that goes to the movement mechanism in the body.
It was first made in 1893
length approx 28/30cm ( 11/12 inch)

Picture from the magazine La Nature 1894, Source: (Cnum – Digital Conservatory of Arts and Crafts – http://cnum.cnam.fr)

A FREE TRANSLATION:
The toy that we represent below was one of the successes of the New Year’s shops on the boulevards of Paris.
The parrot in question is mute, silent, it does not cry out and does not tire by its chatter.
On the other hand, he does mimicry, pantomime; proudly encamped on his perch, he swings and greets as much gracefully as possible.
This parrot is one of those mechanical toys whose movement is caused by the reinsertion of a cable or assembly of rubber threads twisted by means of a small crank.
The transmitted motion shifts the parrot’s center of gravity and gives it the swaying motion. –
This toy is available at Mr. A. Wolter, 9 bis, passage Kuszner, in Paris.

Results: Martins in the Antico mondo 90th Toy Auction September 2-4 2021

Sold for € 600
Sold for €100

All prices are in Euro’s and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

See the catalog in the link below. You can also read the catalog in English

https://auktionen.anticomondo.de/en/90th_auction/a/39

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

You can take part in the online bidding via Liveauctioneers, lot-tissimo or the-saleroom, live via telephone or register your written predids.

Advertising on the side of the Gros Camionnage 261 Victor Bonnet

This is an update of the article that was posted on February 8, 2021

” Gros Camionnage “

After Victor Bonnet took over the toy company from Flersheim in 1919, he makes, among other toys this “Camion” (no. 261).  

This is an open truck from the “Les Auto-Transports” series.

This truck was sold with text on the hood on both sides.

The text is original: “Gros Camionnage” that you can find on the box.

In the past time I found so now and then a model with different text.

In 2021 I found in an “Interencheres” auction in France of Maître Philippe CASAL another “Camion” model in a rare color scheme, and also with a different text “Chocolat Casino” on the hood. 

“Chocolat Casino”

In February 2018 I found on Ebay another model, the nice thing about this Camion was not only the beautiful condition, but also the print on the hood: “Goulet-Turpin”.  
The Internet teaches us that this is the name of the Goulet-Turpin couple who founded a distribution company under this name in their wedding year 1874.

“Goulet-Turpin”

In the collection of the German “Spielmuseum Soltau” is another one to find with the text “Nouvelles Galeries”.

” Nouvelles Galeries”

On Wikipedia you can find: “Les Nouvelles Galeries” is the name of a chain of department stores created in 1897, the stores have changed to become Galeries Lafayette.

In total, I have now found four “Camions”with different prints, including the original.  

With one different overprint I can imagine that someone has done this privately, for whatever reason, but with several new different overprints I can imagine that this was originally produced by the Victor Bonnet factory and I have already found more “Camions” with these above shown texts, so they are not isolated objects.

The companies that orders these “Camions” may have sold these models or given them away to there customers.

Maybe we can find more examples.

Results of the Martin toys in the RSL Crème de la Crème Auction Aug. 21. 2021

IN THIS AUCTION WERE TWO VERY RARE MARTIN TOYS

Le Sauteur Intrepide SOLD FORE $ 5000
Le Petit Livreur Special SOLD FORE $ 3000

All prices are in US $ and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site:
https://www.rslauctionco.com

You want to see more toys then look at this link: CATALOG LINK

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about authenticity, condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

BERTOIA SIGNATURE SALE: The Aaron & Abby Schroeder Collection Part II. On Friday & Saturday September 10-11, 2021

Part II of this alluring collection will include nearly 900 items, demonstrating the vast scope of the Schoreders’ eye for graceful objects of excellence! Their toy and bank collection is considered to be one of the greatest in existence. From stellar mechanical banks to cast iron toys, elegant American tin to elaborate European toys, aficionados of fine pieces will find this auction to be the perfect sale.

Bertoia Auctions is honored to have been chosen to handle the sale of such a legendary collection and we welcome all collectors to participate in making history!

And this time with 16 Martin / George Flersheim / Victor Bonnet and SIJIM toys up for auction, some of which are very rare! Watch the catalog with this link: https://www.flipbookserver.com/bertoia-auctions/catalog/abby-schroeder-collection-2-september-2021

The Bertoia team is dedicated to offering our quality customer service, experience and support.
Do not hesitate to contact us for assistance with registration, bidding or any other questions.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: http://www.bertoiaauctions.com/

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for these Martins.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Antico mondo 90th Toy Auction September 2-4 2021

The brandnew catalog of the 90th Toy Auction is online!

The auction will feature more than 3000 items of tin toys, trains, figures, space toys, trading cards and model cars.

Also we offer a broad variety of pens, antiques, historical advertising a.o..

In this auction only 2 Marin articles

Good news: after consultation with the local regulatory office, a hall auction for tested or vaccinated persons can take place at incidence level 0-2. who please register as a room bidder by telephone up to two days before the start of the auction. As with the last auctions, we are also represented on all online platforms and broadcast the auction live.

You can also take part in the online bidding via Liveauctioneers, lot-tissimo or the-saleroom, live via telephone or register your written predids.

See the catalog in the link below. You can also read the catalog in English

Catalog : https://auktionen.anticomondo.de/en/objekte?aid=39&Lstatus=0

We hope you enjoy reading and browsing through the new catalog!

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for these Martins.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Le facteur de chemin de fer -The railway porter

I found an article in an old French technical magazine La Nature from 1894 about the railway porter made by Martin.
This toy is made in two different versions, a version with the flywheel and a second version with a key wind mechanism both with simulated walking motion.
It was first made in 1894
The length is about 12,7 cm ( 5 inch) long
The Martin production number is 123 for the version with the flywheel and number 124 for the version with the key wind mechanism, see on the catalog page in the left below corner.

Courtesy Bertoia Auctions version with the flywheel
Picture from the magazine La Nature 1894, Source: (Cnum – Digital Conservatory of Arts and Crafts – http://cnum.cnam.fr)

A free translation from the text above for the model with the key wind mechanism.
The railway postman. –
Here is a charming tin toy, equipped with an ingenious mechanism.
It represents one of the wheelbarrows used by railway letter carriers; under the wheelbarrow is placed the motor mechanism in the form of a spring that is tensioned by torsion by means of a key visible in our figure.
The mounted spring actuates the pair of toothed wheels.
The man who pushes the car has legs fixed on an axis and which are connected to each other by another bent ace which forces one leg to move back as the other leg advances.
When the device is driven by the motor movement, the postman seems to be pushing the car, and his movements surprisingly imitate nature. –
This toy is built by Mr. Fernand Martin, 88, boulevard Menilmontant, In Paris.

See what you can read in the new September issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine:

Don’t miss this September 2021 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine September 2021 :

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.

To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
Email: ads@antiquetoyworld.com

Adjusted article: Personal Postcard from Fernand Martin

Original hand written postcard with date stamp by Fernand Martin

Front side postcard to Mr. Gallois from the “Le Courrier de la Presse”

“Le Courrier de la Presse” was founded in 1889.
In competition with Argus de la Presse, the employees of “Le Courrier de la Presse” searched all periodicals as reviews and newspapers and provided subscribers with press clippings that mentioned the name and/or the interests of the specific customer.
It was a significant saving of time for the customers who didn’t have the time to search everything.

Martin was also a customer and naturally looking for articles about toys
But with the clippings service it could go wrong.
Martin wrote a complaint to that company because he missed articles.

LE COURRIER DE LA PRESSE
BUREAU de COUPURES de JOURNAUX
Founded in 1889 with Mr. Gallois as owner

Back site of the postcard signed with with the signature of F Martin.

The free translation is:
An error has crept into the articles that you have sent.
I have number 1401 and 1402 and furthermore the numbers 1416 and 1417.
But I have not received the 13 intervening numbers.
So please correct this on the following number that must be given 1405
*see note*
I am counting on you to do justice to my complaint.
Sincerely F. Martin.

Note: The number is hard to read, but on a site about old French manuscripts it is clearer that the number must be 1405. Martin already had number 1401 and 1402 and, according to my reasoning, he converted the other two numbers 1416 and 1417 to 1403 and 1404, so that is followed by 1405 etc.

Indeed, there are 13 intermediate numbers and not the correction of “14” later made by the receiver with a blue marker

This postcard has on the front a date stamp from Fernand Martin with the date 25 April 1904

RSL Crème de la Crème Auction SATURDAY, AUGUST 21ST, 2021

150 still banks, 110 mechanical banks, 90 cast iron and tin toys, and 20 American Folk Art.

The RSL Auction Company is very pleased to announce its adoption of a new auction format that shall henceforward be known as the “Crème de la Crème Auction”.
This phrase originated in France perhaps three centuries ago.
Its earliest use stems from culinary references related to cheese produced with the finest creams.
In modern parlance, the phrase has simply come to mean the ‘very best”, whether in reference to people or things.
As the phrase implies, these auctions will be extremely small with only the very best quality offerings on the market.
Our first crème de la crème sale will take place this summer on Saturday, August 21st at our auction facility in Whitehouse Station, New Jersey.
The sale will showcase 300 stellar pieces that will include architectural still banks, dynamic themed spelter still banks, figural still banks, tin and cast iron mechanical banks, bell toys, cast iron animal-drawn toys,
European tinplate planes, trains, automobiles and novelty toys, rare examples of American tin and mechanical toys, robots and several prized pieces of folk art.
In the future, we will plan to create one crème de la crème sale every summer or a few times per year.

AND IN THIS AUCTION ARE TWO VERY RARE MARTIN TOYS

Le Sauteur Intrepide
Le Petit Livreur Special

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site:
https://www.rslauctionco.com

You want to see more toys then look at this link: CATALOG LINK

After the auction, I will publish the realized price for this Martins.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about authenticity, condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Le fameux piocheur – The man with the pickaxe

I found an article in an old French technical magazine La Nature from 1894 about the Piocheur made by Martin.
This toy is made in two different versions, a version with the well-known Martin “rubber band” method, and a second version with a key wind mechanisme
It was first made in 1894
The length of both toys is different, the rubber band version is 13 cm ( 5,1 inch) long and the key wind version is 15,5 cm ( 6,1 inch) long

Version with the key wind mechanism
permission of the Toy Museum Soltau (“Spielmuseum Soltau”) in Germany,
Picture from the magazine La Nature 1894, Source: (Cnum – Digital Conservatory of Arts and Crafts – http://cnum.cnam.fr)

A FREE TRANSLATION:
The famous pickaxe.
We have described in La Nature several tin toys, so charming and so graceful, which makes Mr. Fernand Martin, one of our Parisian industrialists, so great.
When the manager of this establishment produces a new model, he does not forget to send it to us.
We recently received the famous pickaxe; he is a mechanical worker who digs with energy.
Like the toys which preceded, the movement of the picker is communicated by a simple mechanism, hidden in the base and activated by a rubber band, forming a spring by the torsion.
It suffices to turn the winder 10 or 15 times for the pick to work.
The pickaxe rises and falls with great rapidity.
Manufacturer: Mr. Fernand Martin, 90, boulevard Menilmontant, Paris.

Version with the rubber band mechanism.
permission of KB

See what you can read in the new August issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine:

Don’t miss this August 2021 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine August 2021

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.

To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
Email: ads@antiquetoyworld.com

Supplement to the article about the French soldier of George Flersheim

Here an supplement on the posted article:

This article was published in the April 2020 issue of the ATW Antique Toy World magazine. https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/

A thorough research by Francois Mesqui in inventory documents of FLERSHEIM’s manufacture indicates that it released a soldier toy referred to as “Homme de tranchée”. Only a genuine box / catalogue with a picture and article number will attest its paternity. Till now there is no certainty about the correct article number but it will probably have to be 242-243 or 244.

And in the study of the comparison with the head and helmet of “Le Pompier”, Francois Mesque shows, with a photogrammetric program, an excellent match between the head of “Le Pompier” and “L’Homme des Tranchées” .

So it is a toy made in the Flersheim period with the name: Homme de tranchée.

The original published article:

Is this a new Fernand Martin toy ?!?!

Martin and Flersheim made toys that were mostly “up-to-date” at the time of manufacture, and by “up to date” I mean that literally.
At specific happenings, events, news, but also new fashion, inventions, etc. Martin and Flersheim were immediately able to make a toy for it so that the audience recognized and bought it.

Now I found an entirely unknown new Martin to me, it is a very nice soldier.
After I have examined it thoroughly, by comparing with other Martin toys, by measuring all parts precisely and checking with UV light for the age and deviations of the paint.
I have to come to the conclusion that I am almost sure that this is a original Martin from the Flersheim period.
But for 100% sure we need a catalog, document, advertising or box where it is shown.

First a short history of French soldier uniforms:

The 1758 Code Military includes descriptions of each French regimental uniform, including the Royal Artillery.
In addition to blue coats and red distinctions, the artillery had many subtle details on the coat and vests.

Old French postcards WW1

In 1914 they quickly discovered that during the WW1 war using the old model uniforms in the colors red and bleu the soldiers are sitting ducks.
These colors stood out too much against the clear sky above the Frensch fields.
They designed very fast a new blue / gray uniform, because that didn’t stand out against the clear bleu sky.
In the end of 1914 and the early 1915 they designed a completely new uniform in the color light gray / blue.
These soldiers were named: Le Poilus

George Flersheim was also Lieutenant artillery in this WW1 and was therefore at the center of the uniform change.
He must have implemented that quickly for a new model for a French soldier.

In the short “Flersheim” period, (1912 till 1919) they has released at least 20 new pieces.
(More about George Flersheim in one of my other blogs.)

Hypothesis:

1.
In the book: Fernand Martin Toymaker in Paris 1878 – 1912 on page 200, there are 3 soldiers.
The writers Lourens Bas and Arthur Verdoorn tells us on this page : Nevertheless we have to conclude that we don’t know the number of any of these toy soldiers, so that we are not sure about the order in which they are presented.
The left one is a French soldier with the number 243.
But the red and dark soldier on the photo is not a French soldier from 1915 but a French soldier with a uniform from used before 1915.
The colors blue / red are used from 1758 until in the first war months WW1 in 1914.
I think this red and blue soldier must be one of the numbers: 234 – 235 or 236, because this uniform was still in use in 1913.
The new find French soldier the “Le Poilu” must be then probably number 242-243 or 244 in the book: Fernand Martin Toymaker in Paris. 1878 – 1912

2.
It is quite possible that George Flersheim designed it, but he was unable to bring it into production because he died tragically on August 14, 1915 at the age of 30.
After his death, the factory continued to produce toys for at least a few years and maby produced this toy.
Because we were unable to find a box or document tille now, we do not know a name and possibly number (if it was already numbered)

Resume:
Perhaps there is a third option.
We do not know this and it remains to be seen whether this toy with box or a catalog with image will ever be found.
So if there are readers who know more, please send me a message.

George Flersheim also released many old Martin pieces, and what he did was alter old Martin pieces and produce them again.
He also made extensive use of the available old stock of “Martins” materials and clockworks.

One example is the Fireman with ladder, but what does this fireman have to do with the new soldier?
I want to explain this.

There are a total of 4 different firefighters in the following order:

1) First released by Fernand Martin in 1904 with the number 197.
2) Then George Flersheim reproduced the same model from Martin in 1912 with the number 197-bis.
3) But later George Flersheim modernized, between 1912 and 1915, the head with a different helmet model
4) Victor Bonnet reproduced the Flersheim fireman again in 1921

The differences are sometimes small.  

-1- The Martin from 1904. -2-The same one made by Flersheim

-1- FERNAND MARTIN : three-part ladder and a low back of the helmet and a clockwork with Martin key.
-2- GEORGE FLERSHEIM : three-part ladder and a low back of the helmet and a clockwork with the Flersheim key, so only changed to the Flersheim key.

-3- Flersheim model 1912. -4- Flersheim model but released by Victor Bonnet 1921

-3- GEORGE FLERSHEIM : the same three-part ladder as -1- and -2-, but now with a different model head / helmet and a clockwork with Flersheim key.
-4- VICTOR BONNET : a different three-part ladder with a stand-alone stand, a clockwork with the Victor Bonnet model key. (see detail) and a new box with number 197bis.

So, you see, there are actually 4 different firefighters and Flersheim used a piece of the number -3- fireman for his new soldier.

So we are back to the soldier.
In his design for the new soldier, Flersheim took the head from his fireman from picture number -3-
Slightly changed the upper edge of that helmet.
Painted the helmet blue.
The helmet of the original fireman has in front a nice graphic, the helmet of this soldier has the same graphics hidden under the blue paint.
Took a simple dribbling “walking” body of a Martin toy like the violinist or drunkard without the arm actions.
Gave him a rifle.
Blue clothes and there was a new soldier and exactly in the mind of Fernand Martin himself.
This toy has only a “walking” action.

So now we know that the name is : Homme de tranchée and now we must be looking for a original box.



Fernand Martin toys on collecting plates

From the mid 1800s till today it is all the rage to collect paper collecting plates.
These were issued for free or packaged in various products.
These collector plates were in any case published in Germany, France, Spain, the Netherlands, Belgium, England and Italy
Children were able to collect entire series in this way, sometimes more than 10,000 different pictures were published per country with the most different themes.

The dimensions are usually around 6 x 10 cm
These collector plates are called “Chromos” (color image)
The provision of this chromo image as advertising material began around 1850 in the “Au Bon Marché” department store in Paris
Au Bon Marché came up with the idea of offering their clients’ children a color print, the children then encouraged the parents to make purchases again at this department store and it worked, it was a resounding success.
On these prints is a nice picture on the front and an advertising message on the back.
Later these plates were also put in or on the packaging of new products such as chocolate, concentrated milk, broth extract, soup, etc.
The chromos became a means to increase the sales of those products. Nowadays they are still issued, often by grocery chains where if you buy goods for a certain value, you get a closed bag with a few collectible plates (chromos). The intention is that you can then trade double with your friends to complete a compilation album. The youth love it, now and in the past.

I have found very old examples that have to do with Martin toys.

One of them shows the “Les Pousse Pousse Annamite”.
This name can also be read very small at the bottom of the wheel and is also exactly the name that Martin gave his toys.
This Martin toy was introduced in 1889 and sold during the World Exhibition in Paris that year.

On the back is advertising from 1889 for a chocolate factory in Paris.

The second example is a typical Parisian street vendor, who sells Martin toys to passers-by.
If you look at the Martin figures you see the “Ma Portiere- Le Gai Violoniste- Les Agents and the La Petite Marchande D’oragnges.
You can see that they dated from 1895 to 1901, so the picture will also date from around 1901/1902.

On the back is advertising for a fashion house in Paris

The third example is a typical Parisian street vendor, who sells Martin toys to passers-by.
This chromo is a drawn and colored image of a photo that was also used for postcards. See: https://fernandmartintoys.nl/fernand-martin-and-postcards/
On the postcard you can see the toys more clearly, it turns out to be the violinist, in a stripped down version lying on the floor and a dressed up version on the box.

On the back advertising fore a shop with haberdashery – lingerie – hosiery

The Le cab, you van see that it is the model from 1903 with the keywind mechanisme
On the back is an advertising for a chocolate factory from Bordeaux
The “Le cab”
On the back is an advertising for a chocolate factory in Paris.
The “Les Courageux Scieurs de Long” from 1886
On the back advertising from Félix Potin chocolate.

They are nice extras that you can collect in addition to the real Martin toys.

Update July 2021: Visit Spielmuseum Soltau in Germany

Welcome – we are back!


The toy museum can be visited again – from June 1st every day from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m.!
A visit to the museum is now possible again without a test.
There is also no documentation requirement due to the low incidence.
We used the finishing time for extensive redesigns in the head office. Craftsmen and decoration work are still ongoing.
Therefore, some exhibition areas in the main building (Poststrasse 7) are currently not accessible.
However, it may be played in the flying classroom.
The branch across the street (Poststr. 15) is complete in use.
In view of the infection situation, special regulations apply until further notice:
• The museum can only be visited with medical mouth and nose protection.
• Please keep a distance of 1.5 meters from other people at all times and observe the general hygiene rules.

Welcome to the Soltau Toy Museum. A house full of dreams and movement, treasures and stories are waiting for you to be explored.
At two locations on a total of 900 square meters, the museum houses one of the best and most diverse toy collections in the world.
And: Here you don’t just look, you can also hear, touch, try out and play – an experience for the whole family!

Little Paris, a new exhibition unit is currently being built in our museum branch – Poststrafle 15 – with fantastic French toys from the turn of the century.
The focus is on mechanical tin figures by Fernand Martin.
All objects come from Arthur Verdoorn’s large collection and were donated to the Spiel Foundation.

The toy museum with probably the largest museum collection of ” Fernand Martin-George Flersheim and Victor Bonnet ” toys in the world.

The following text is written by Mathias Ernst from the toy museum in Soltau and has been translated from German in Englisch.

Toys by the famous French tin toy inventor and manufacturer Fernand Martin are the focus of our “Petit Paris” exhibition department. We owe this wonderful collection to Arthur Verdoorn and his friend Lourens Bas.

By the way: The richly illustrated standard work on Fernand Martin including video DVD (the result of years of research by Lourens Bas and Arthur Verdoorn) is currently available in our museum shop.

More information: www.spielmuseum-soltau.de

Update article from june 2019 of the Voiture Nounou Poupon.

Found a new box of the Voiture Nounou Poupon from Victor Bonnet

Until now we only knew one box of the Voiture Nounou Poupon number 265 made by Victor Bonnet
In February 2019 a Voiture Nounou Poupon with a unknown box was sold on Ebay France, and a second one I found on Ebay France in june 2021, this second one is sold for € 1135,00

The box of the second example was quite damaged, but the image is still clearly visible. In the pram was a small celluloid doll with blankets and a piece of cardboard on the bottom, maybe it is original but I can’t confirm that as this is the first one I see with doll and blankets.

I don’t know the exact date on which the drawing of the box label was changed, but maybe it changed in the early 30s

On both boxes you can see the name V.B. & Cie, in 1934 the factory moved to another location and also got a new name VÉBÉ
It is not known how long the VB & Cie factory has made these toys, but in an advertising brochure from the late 1930s, it is no longer there.

On this new box you see a female figure with a typical 1930s dress and she walks in another park.
The toy in the box has remained exactly the same.

On the left the older image and and on the right the more modern image

Thanks to mr Thomas Bear for sharing a photo

RESULTS OF THE MARTIN TOYS IN THE MILESTONE PREMIER TOY, CAST IRON & PRESSED STEEL SALE ON SATURDAY JUNE 26th 2021

THE MARGARET & JOEL WEISSMANN ANTIQUE TOY COLLECTION

For the complete overview, results, auction terms & info, shipping & payment look at this site: https://milestoneauctions.hibid.com/auctions/

All prices are in US $ and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

Photos courtesy Milestone Auctions

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

See what you can read in the new July issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine:

Don’t miss the July 2021 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine July 2021

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.

To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
Email: ads@antiquetoyworld.com

Results of the Martin toys in the Dan Morphy Auction: Toy, General Collectibles, & Sneakers Date June 16 – 17, 2021

In this auction of Dan Morphy there are a few Fernand Martin toys and there are many more other beautiful pieces in this auction.

There are four Martin toys in this auction: Two lots of two French pre-war Martin wind-up toys
Date: June 16 – 17, 2021

Lot 1037 result $ 650
Lot 1038 result $ 700

Look for more auction informations : https://www.morphyauctions.com/auctions/

All prices are in US $ and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

Photos courtesy of Dan Morphy auctions

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Result of the Martin, Flersheim, Bonnet and S.i.j.i.m toys in the Antico mondo 89th Toy Auction june 2021

This auction contains a lot of Martin toys and a few very exceptional and rare pieces, look at the photos.

All prices are in Euro’s and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

See the catalog in the link below. You can also read the catalog in English

Catalog : https://auktionen.anticomondo.de/en/89_89_spielzeug_und_reklameauktion/a/38

We hope you enjoy reading and browsing through the new catalog!

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

MARTIN TOYS IN THE MILESTONE PREMIER TOY, CAST IRON & PRESSED STEEL SALE ON SATURDAY JUNE 26th 2021

PROUDLY PRESENTS :

THE MARGARET & JOEL WEISSMANN ANTIQUE TOY COLLECTION

Large collection of German, French, and English Toys.
Includes Automobiles, Boats, Airplanes, Hand Painted Toys, Go-Rounds, Penny Toys, Windup, and More!!!

Pressed Steel Trucks by Buddy L, Keystone, Steelcraft, Sturditoy, Marx, Smith Miller, Tonka, Turner, and More!!

Cast Iron Cars, Trucks, Motorcycles, Airplanes, & Boats by Hubley, Kenton, Champion, Arcade, and More!!

Collection of Cast Iron Mechanical & Still Banks

Collection of Tin Windups by Marx, Strauss, Unique Art, Chein, Linemar, Japan, and More!! Many with Boxes!!

Antique Doll Collection & Marble Collection!!
In this auction there are four Martin / Bonnet toys and a lot more beautiful other toys.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: https://milestoneauctions.hibid.com/auctions/

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for these Martins.

Photos courtesy Milestone Auctions

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Very rare find.

A Martin, unknown to me, has been auctioned at a French toy auction at 22-05-2021 of SEQUANA SAS in Rouen.
This one was part of a bigger lot.
It wasn’t mentioned in the description so I don’t think the auctioneer and original owner knew that it could be a Martin.
I can’t place him in the range of well-known toys from Martin or one of his successors at the moment of the auction.

Seen on the right. Picture of the auction SEQUANA SAS
Sold at a auction for €3500 without any auction fees
His face

Recognizable is the face, it looks strong like a Martin, a typical Martin type Key, it has the movement and feet from a few Martin and Flersheim figures. Martin used this type of movement/feet from 1901, the first one was a toy with number 185 the “Le vieux marcheur” this type of feet and movement where used for several figures till in the Flersheim period.

look at his feet

I started comparing him with the well known Martin and Flersheim men and came to the conclusion that it must almost certainly be a Flersheim figure, which one?? I don’t know.
The Flersheim numbering is still incomplete and there are many ambiguities in the various books.
If we can find a corresponding box with number and name then another piece of the puzzle has been found.

Comparing the various faces of Flersheim men.

If anyone has more information, please email me at cor@vanschaijk.com

Fernand Martin and music for piano !

Adolphe Baroncelli known under the name of Adolphe Gauwin, born April 23, 1865 in the 16th arrondissement of Paris city where he died March 2, 1934 at his home in the 10th arrondissement, was a French composer.
His merits: more then 800 works
Sources: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Most of his compositions are under the name AD Gauwin. This composer has also released a few piano compositions in 1903, based on Fernand Martin’s toys as an example. At that time you could buy the compositions separately or as a bundle.

As you can see on the list, numbers 3 to 8 are names of well known Martin toys.
Numbers 1 and 2 are still questionable.
Could number 1 be the “Le Sonneur Endiablé “?
Could number 2 be the “Ma Portière”?
You should be able to watch the entire series to be sure, but they are very difficult to find, maybe one of the readers has the whole series ?? let me know.

But from this one, the number 8 on the chart above, it’s pretty clear.
And of this number 5 it is also very clear

Can anyone help me with more pictures from this piano music series? mail me cor@vanschaijk.com

French exposition St Petersburg 1901 and 1903

While Searching for interesting Martin related articles, I came across two interesting books (reports).
It are the reports of the exhibition catalogs of the French section at the international exposition in Saint Petersburg.
The first exhibition was held from 23-1901 to 23 January 1902 and the follow-up exhibition from 05-1903 to February 1904.
French toys were represented at both exhibitions.

1904 box label of the: Le pompier a l’echelle
In the list of exhibitions in which Marin participated, St. Petersburg 1901 and 1903 is mentioned

Why an exhibition in Russia (Saint Petersburg)
Due to the mutual quarrels of various countries in the late 1800s, friendships were dissolved and new friendships arose
France and Russia became good friends in those years, not only in terms of trade, but also militarily.
France and Russia had a (secret) treaty since 1893.

1901-1902

At the first exhibition 1901-1902 in St. Petersburg, Fernand Martin was responsible for the organization of the toy department.
This report was issued by the Secretary of Commerce, Industry, Post and Telegraphs
According to this report, the room dedicated to French toys was one of the busiest, the reason would be due to the universal reputation of the Paris toy industry, and based on:
-the superiority of its manufacture,
-the perfection of the craftsmanship,
-the elegance of the models
-the diversity of the constantly renewed creations,
Due to this reputation it could not help but attract an audience.
There was everything in the toy field to see from the cheapest toys to the most expensive.
The organization of the group of toy manufacturers was due to the initiative of Mr. Fernand Martin.
But the fight that French toys waged against German competition was very difficult because the price of labor in France was much higher than in Germany.
By making improvements to their tools, the French toy manufacturers were able to make up for the difference in cost.
The success at the Saint Petersburg exhibition was complete for the French toys and games. Most of the participating exhibitors had also taken part in the 1900 World’s Fair.

1903-1904

The second exhibition from 1903-1904:
This second report was also issued by the Minister of Trade, Industry, Post and Telegraphs
For the toy part the rapporteur was Leo Claretie.
After the great success of the first exhibition, Fernand Martin was enthusiastic to organize this second exhibition
But the enthusiasm among the toy manufacturers was very low this time.
Of course the toys had to play a large and prominent role again.
But it was not without some tension because of the very special situation of the French toy industry at that time.
Five or six years earlier there was only one group: “the French toy manufacturers”.
But now there are two groups, the big and the small manufacturers.
Increasing German competition forced manufacturers to produce faster and cheaply, but this required machinery, equipment, special tools and steam plants.
Only those who had the capital could follow the progress and fight back.
There were about one hundred and fifty at that time.
The small toy manufacturers were left isolated.
In 1901, the Prefect of Police, Mr Lépine, took care of them, made them compete, exhibited, encouraged and, brought them together.
In total there were about five hundred, grouped together in an association of French small manufacturers and inventors with Mr. Seigneurie as their president.
The major toy manufacturers argued not to participate in this exhibition because it was not cheap to exhibit, and they were all busy with the preparations for the St. Louis-World exhibition.

Exhibition 1903-1904 The French section with in the left corner the toy section with the Martin part

They also claimed that at the previous St. Petersburg exhibition, the toys were priced too high to be sold in Russia.
But that turned out to be a wrong argument, because on the first day of that exhibition, the representative received assignments weighing 400 kilos of Parisian toys within a few hours.
But Fernand Martin committed and with tireless tenacity managed to get some of his colleagues enthusiastic.
In the meantime, the group of small manufacturers also came to Martin and asked for permission to participaid in this exhibition.
But they could not and would not pay anything because they had no means of their own
However, it seemed to Martin that these small manufacturers were nevertheless interesting.
They were the traditional craftsmen of French toys.
By drawing up admission requirements for the 1903-1904 exhibition especially for their very exceptional and modest admission, it was still possible.
But Martin did not expect any resistance from any major manufacturers.
It turned out that in the group of small manufacturers there were some members who did not belong to the group of large manufacturers but who did have large workshops, many workers and good sales and therefore did not need to feel sorry.
So some had used their links with the small manufacturers to be included in “the small manufacturers group package“.
Because of this injustice many large manufacturers withdrew.
Very few large houses remained, while other factories were grouped under the beneficent banner of Mr. Seigneurie, which cost the organization more than it wanted and thought.
Ultimately, the Paris toys were represented by six major manufacturers and then by a community of small manufacturers consisting of twenty participants.

A part of the toy secion and on the left you see a part of the Martin toys

Pictures are “Free Public Domain” from the Getty Research Institute

Martin toys in the next Dan Morphy Auction: Toy, General Collectibles, & Sneakers, Date: June 16 – 17, 2021

In this auction of Dan Morphy there are a few Fernand Martin toys and there are many more other beautiful pieces in this auction.

There are four Martin toys in this auction: Two lots of two French pre-war Martin wind-up toys
Date: June 16 – 17, 2021

Lot 1037
Lot 1038

Look for more auction informations : https://www.morphyauctions.com/auctions/

After the auction, I will publish the realized price for these 2 lots with Martins.

Photos courtesy of Dan Morphy auctions

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Results of the Martin toys in the Bertoia auction May 21-22 2021

THE PAUL COLE COLLECTION I
Friday, May 21 at 10am
Saturday, May 22 at 10am
TOYS | Friday: Lots 1-446
Trains | Saturday: Lots 447-866
Attendance to the auction is by reservation only.
Please contact our office to RSVP as seating will be limited.
Advanced preview by appointment online, please call to schedule your private gallery showing.
Our team is dedicated to offering our quality customer service, experience and support. Do not hesitate to contact us for assistance with registration, bidding or any other questions.

With a stellar train collection spoken of around the world and a massive toy collection rivaled by few, the auction series of the late Paul Cole will make for an exciting year of collecting. The sprawling collection includes some the rarest Marklin trains and accessories, near mint cast iron autos and toys, American tin and clockwork toys, penny toys, unusual European wind-up toys, and more. It is certainly a sale in which we encourage all to participate.

In this auction seven Martin/Bonnet toys and one S.I.J.I.M. are for sale

All prices are in US $ and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

The Bertoia team is dedicated to offering our quality customer service, experience and support.
Do not hesitate to contact us for assistance with registration, bidding or any other questions.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: http://www.bertoiaauctions.com/

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Antico mondo 89th Toy Auction June 11-12 2021

The brandnew catalog of the 89th Toy Auction is online!

The auction will feature more than 1900 items of tin toys, trains, figures and model cars, and in this auction a very large number of Martins, S.I.J.I.M. and Victor Bonnet tin toys.

Also we offer a broad variety of coins, watches, historical advertising a.o..

The next are 4 pages from the beautiful catalog. (in German)

This Martin collection contains a few very exceptional and rare pieces, look at the photos.

*additional information : Because of the current circumentances the 89th Toy Auction will be a Live-Auction without floor bidders.

You can take part in the online bidding via Liveauctioneers, lot-tissimo or the-saleroom, live via telephone or register your written predids.

See the catalog in the link below. You can also read the catalog in English

Catalog : https://auktionen.anticomondo.de/en/89_89_spielzeug_und_reklameauktion/a/38

We hope you enjoy reading and browsing through the new catalog!

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for these Martins.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

See what you can read in the new June issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine:

Don’t miss the June 2021 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine June 2021

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.

To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
Email: ads@antiquetoyworld.com

The Boer War.

Fernand Martin toys: Le Vaillant Boer and The Gentleman in Khaki

Martin has released two soldiers who fought in South Africa in the same war, just not on the same side but against each other.
The “Le Vaillant Boer” was a soldier who fought on the side of the Dutch-speaking farmers, the “The Gentleman in Khaki” was an English soldier.
The word Khaki is derived from the typical gray-yellow color of the clothes of these soldiers.

Le Gentleman Khaki with original box

Both figures are from 1900 and about 20 cm (7,8 inch) in size.
Both figures have the same movement, after winding, the upper body shaking from left to right.
The Le Vaillant Boer has Martin number 174 (this number has not been confirmed with certainty so far.)
The Gentleman in Khaki has Martin number 175
I have seen only one original box in a auction, this box has a English headline text : The Gentlemen in Khaki all the other text on this box are in French but a box with a French headline text I have never seen.

In all the books I’ve seen the name Le Gentleman Khaki is used, but I think that may not be the original name.
On a original 1902 French poster is the same name as on the box: so I think that The Gentlemen in Khaki is the original name.

Part of the 1902 poster

A little bit of history:

This (second boer war) was from 11 October 1899 – 31 May 1902.
It was a war between the Dutch-speaking Boers of the South African Republic (Transvaal) and Orange Free State on the one hand, and the British Empire on the other hand.

The war was the result of many years of tensions between the Boers and the British.
In the beginning it started with a conventional warfare, after conquering their capitals, the Boers turned to guerrilla tactics.
The British retaliated with the principle of the scorched earth.
They build concentration camps where many women and children died from the bad conditions.
In this war on the side of the “Boers” about 2000 volunteers fought from different countries as for example, the Netherlands, Germany, Belgium, France etc.

Sources: All pictures with the toys courtesy of Bertoia Auctions and the section history: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Result Martin in the RSL Auction May 8th 2021

RSL A36 Catalog_Page_001.jpg

In this auction of RSL Auction Company there is one Fernand Martin toy but there are many more other beautiful pieces in this auction.

Ferdinand Martin Boy Seated in Chair
Sold for $ 1500

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site:
https://www.rslauctionco.com

You want to see more toys then look at this link: Catalog Link

All prices are in US $ and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about authenticity, condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Original antique photo of a sale booth with Martin toys.

I found this extremely rare and 100% original photo at a French toy dealer Mr François Binetruy. He has a shop “Brocante L’Orangerie” in France in the place Versaille and a webshop https://www.binetruy.org/ . These kind of photos are very very rare and unique and you don’t see them often.

Maker of this photo is Paul Geniaux (1873-c.1930).

Very rare period silver print representing a traveling salesman of toys behind his stall in front of the many dreaming children. We see many toys of Fernand Martin, and if I look closely I recognize the Martin’s: (Mysterious ball – Cook – Pianist -Street sweeper – Gentleman Khaki) and from Lehmann: (Sailor, Li-La, Chinese) and others: the boxes of the toys are piled under the table. And on the right side next to the big pillar you see a second toy seller with Martin toys, you can easily recognize the Mysterious ball (La Boule Mystérieuse from 1906)

The shooting is around 1906 and located rue de Rivoli at the level of the Protestant temple in front of the Louvre in Paris.

On verso, author’s stamp and handwritten annotations. Format with margins 13.2 x 17.5 cm. Unfortunately the photo has been partly crumpled.

I am not surprised that it has already been sold within a few days.

Photos used with permission from François Binetruy

Did I found an unknown Martin toy or not??

A few years ago, I came in possession of this very special toy and after closer investigation it turned out that it has a link to Fernand Martin.
The seller could not give me any further information, he only knew that this toy was bought in France a long time ago.


It is marked on one of the legs with: FM Bt. S.G.D.G. MRe DÉPOSÉE. and that means : (Fernand Martin, Patent without government guarantees and brand name is registered )
FM = Fernand Martin
Bt > Breveté = patent
S.G.D.G. = This owas a common abbreviation for “Sans Garantie Du Gouvernement“ (without government guarantees).
MRe > marque =brand name
DÉPOSÉE. = registered

Martin has used this description more often on toys such as on this toy with number 41 La bicyclette Martin.

La bicyclette Martin from 1892. Toy from the collection of the Toy Museum Soltau (“Spielmuseum Soltau”) in Germany

Fernand Martin has used almost the same man on several toys such as the:

-41 La bicyclette Martin 1892
-156 Le monocycle aérien 1896
-158 La famille vélo 1897
-159 La pompe 1897
-168 Le motocycle (has another hat)1898
So I estimate this unknown toy to be from around 1892 to 1900

Le monocycle aérien 1896
Toy from the collection of the Toy Museum Soltau (“Spielmuseum Soltau”) in Germany

The dimensions are about 13 x 13 cm (5.1 x 5.1 inch)
The drive is in the rear wheel and is based on a winding mechanism with a separate key, which was quite rare for Martin in that period.
The key must be inserted between the spokes in the winding mechanism and turned up.

rear wheel with winding mechanism with a separate key

In the last years of the 19th century, Martin was due for replacement of the “rubber band” mechanism and the “flywheel” mechanism and was therefore probably experimenting with various mechanical windings.
-Use the wheel as a key, see number 162 Les Boeufs and number 168 Le motocycle
-A mechanism with a separate key.
The only model with a separate key and made by Fernand Martin, is one in the second Martin period and that is the: Le petit colbuteur from 1908 with number 213.
Martin’s successor Victor Bonnet often used the separate key.
-A mechanism with a fixed key
In the end he opted for a mechanism with a fixed key and used this for his “Bonshommes” models and very rarely deviated from that.


Hard to see but marked on one leg with: FM Bt. S.G.D.G. MRe DÉPOSÉE

Because this is an unknown toy, it must be carefully checked.
This piece is first well checked with UV light to determine if this is old or new paint and if there are any younger paint repairs.
It has turned out that it is original old paint and that there are no “touch ups” or repairs.
But in consultation with a Dutch leading restoration agency, I have decided not to do any further profound research, such as a pigments test, because this is very expensive.
An analysis of each paint sample must then be done.
And there is another problem, the pigments that were used at the end of the 19th century can also be found in the 20th century.
Even today, these older pigments are used.
For example, the restoration agency can imagine that the white color could still be “lead white” that had been in use since the Middle Ages, but it could also be “zinc white” that was used from the end of the 19th century but is still being used today.
The tricycle itself is painted with “peinture à l’alcool” this is an alcohol-based paint and was extremely popular at the end of the 19th century and used by many French and German toy manufacturers of that time, but again it is still used today.
Fortunately, it is possible to discover with a UV lamp whether paint with old pigments were used at a later stage.

Till now this toy is nowhere to be found in old catalogs or documented in any other way.
Fernand Martin was always busy designing new toys and it could have been an prototype by Fernand Martin.
Or probably this is a toy that is made on “special request” and not in normal production.
Martin has done this before and advertised on the back of his catalogs.

That Martin made these “specials” is also indicated in an article that is published in the March 2018 issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine and written by Renaud Fournier.
We see an inscription on the back cover of the 1898 Fernand Martin catalog which states that the Martin company “executions, based on orders, all articles in stamped or cut metal ”
In other words, the Martin toy company would execute special orders that were not necessarily part of their regular production runs.
Read the complete article in the March 2018 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine.

This model of tricycles was quite popular in the late 19th century and especially with women because of their clothing at that time and with older men who did not trust the stability of the bicycles at the time.
Also in the toy industry this did not go unnoticed and they produced various toy models for the children to play and children’s tricycles on which the children could sit and propped with pedals in the front wheel.
The current tricycles for children still resemble the 19th century version with the front wheel drive.

courtesy Michael Bartoia auctions

For this tinplate tricycle there are a few possibilities:
-It could be a unknown Martin maybe one of the missing Martin numbers 163 or 164 ??
-Made as a special assignment.
-As a prototype exemple.
-It could be a old forgery.
-But it can also be a toy made by another toy manufacturer with (partial) use of Martin parts to create a new toy.
That has also been done with the toy called “Mr Chopinard” , this toy is the adaptation of Martin’s “Le Pochard” mounted on a barrel.
A small inventor/toymaker Foucault presented this toy at the Le Concours Lépine in 1901.

Perhaps Fernand Martin sold these “Martin” toy parts to these mostly small manufacturers.

“Mr. Chopinard”
Source: (Cnum – Digital Conservatory of Arts and Crafts – http://cnum.cnam.fr)

If you come across such toys for the first time, with clear features and even the name reference to Martin, the big question will be: do you call them a “Martin” or else?

If there are collectors somewhere who have seen this toy somewhere else before or know more about this toy, please contact me.

cor@vanschaijk.com

Interested in more Fernand Martin toys?
Then visit my blog: www.fernandmartintoys.nl

Results of the “JOUETS DE COLLECTION” Galerie de Chartres auction on April 24 – 2021

The French auction house: Galerie de Chartres has this time a few Fernand Martin/Victor Bonnet toys.
Furthermore, there are many more other beautiful toys in this auction that we can look for.

GALLERIE DE CHARTRES

See this link for the entire collection to be auctioned:https://www.interencheres.com/meubles-objets-art/jouets-de-collection-284602/

FOR MORE INFORMATIONS E-MAIL TO : chartres@galeriedechartres.com

All prices are in Euro € and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Bertoia auction May 21-22 2021: The Paul Cole Legendary Train & Toy Collection

THE PAUL COLE COLLECTION I
Friday, May 21 at 10am
Saturday, May 22 at 10am
TOYS | Friday: Lots 1-446
Trains | Saturday: Lots 447-866
Attendance to the auction is by reservation only.
Please contact our office to RSVP as seating will be limited.
Advanced preview by appointment online, please call to schedule your private gallery showing.
Our team is dedicated to offering our quality customer service, experience and support. Do not hesitate to contact us for assistance with registration, bidding or any other questions.

With a stellar train collection spoken of around the world and a massive toy collection rivaled by few, the auction series of the late Paul Cole will make for an exciting year of collecting. The sprawling collection includes some the rarest Marklin trains and accessories, near mint cast iron autos and toys, American tin and clockwork toys, penny toys, unusual European wind-up toys, and more. It is certainly a sale in which we encourage all to participate.

In this auction seven Martin/Bonnet toys and one S.I.J.I.M. are for sale

The Bertoia team is dedicated to offering our quality customer service, experience and support.
Do not hesitate to contact us for assistance with registration, bidding or any other questions.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: http://www.bertoiaauctions.com/

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for these Martins.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

RSL Auction May 8th 2021

RSL A36 Catalog_Page_001.jpg

In the next auction of RSL Auction Company there is one Fernand Martin toy but there are many more other beautiful pieces in this auction.

Ferdinand Martin Boy Seated in Chair

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site:
https://www.rslauctionco.com

You want to see more toys then look at this link: Catalog Link

After the auction, I will publish the realized price for this Martins.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about authenticity, condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

See what you can read in the new May issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine:

Don’t miss the May 2021 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine May 2021

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.

To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
Email: ads@antiquetoyworld.com

“JOUETS DE COLLECTION” Galerie de Chartres auction on APRIL 24 – 2021

The French auction house: Galerie de Chartres has this time a few Fernand Martin/Victor Bonnet toys.
Furthermore, there are many more other beautiful toys in this auction that we can look for.

GALLERIE DE CHARTRES

See this link for the entire collection to be auctioned: https://www.interencheres.com/meubles-objets-art/jouets-de-collection-284602/

FOR MORE INFORMATIONS E-MAIL TO : chartres@galeriedechartres.com

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for this Martin’s

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Results of the Martin toys in the Bertoia signature sale April 8-9 2021

Presenting collectors of all levels a new style of auction from Bertoia Auctions. A Hybrid auction; Day one of high end focused items and a second day Bertoia BASICS sale. Highlights will include Marklin boats and trains, Lehmanns & Martins, cast iron, Automata, Dolls & Bears, tin toys and more. This auction will also offer novice and intermediate level toys and collectibles in all categories.

Highlights will include Marklin boats and trains, Lehmanns & Martins, cast iron, Automata, Dolls & Bears, tin toys and more. This auction will also offer novice and intermediate level toys and collectibles in all categories.
A new style of auction from Bertoia Auctions… a Hybrid auction; Day one of high end focused items and a second day Bertoia BASICS sale.

In this auction two Martin toys were for sale

Chauds les marrons lot 203 Result: $ 1300
L’ours Blanc lot 202 Result : Lot passed

The Bertoia team is dedicated to offering our quality customer service, experience and support.
Do not hesitate to contact us for assistance with registration, bidding or any other questions.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: http://www.bertoiaauctions.com/

All prices are in US $ and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Fernand Martin with the “La Chasse Au Rat”

This beautiful toy was produced from 1910
Fernand Martin number 221

It was one of the many “Bonshommes” that Martin produced and with which he had a huge success.
Martin was always on his way with his photo camera to photograph people in their daily activities and to design a nice toy from it.

Source La Nature: (Cnum – Digital Conservatory of Arts and Crafts – http://cnum.cnam.fr)


This figure represents a housekeeper who goes after a rat to chase him away.
The movement is also fantastic, after winding up the female rises and bends down again to hit the rat with her broom, the rat also moves forward and back.

Martin has applied for a patent under number 433.472 with the name: Mechanical toy consisting of a person chasing a rat, a mouse or another animal with a broom for example.
The application took place on October 27, 1910
Issued on October 28, 1911
Published on January 8, 1912

Free translation from French of part of the patent text:
The present invention relates to a mechanical toy consisting of an upright subject moving in a linear fashion to hunt for him with a broom, for example a rat, a mouse or an animal.
This mechanical toy, driven by the return loop of a spring, comprises a crankshaft that moves a connecting rod that moves the upper part of the subject so that, under the influence of the rods present, it moves up and down and alternates its broom on the rat. beats who runs ahead of her.
This rat is connected by a stiff metal wire and a lever on a pendulum that gives this animal a little back and forth movement.

An invention with reference to the accompanying drawing in which:
FIG. 1 represents this side toy;
FIG. 2 is a bottom view;
FIG. 3 is a front view in section;
FIG. 4 is a section;
FIG. 5 shows the movement from the rod to the rat.

As can be seen in these drawings, the toy in question preferably represents a standing woman wearing a sturdy petticoat.

After selling the Martin factory in 1912 to Georges Flersheim, Flersheim was the owner of all the patents and registered these patents in the register of the Paris industrial tribunal.
This La Chasse au Rat was deposited on June 12, 1912 at the secretariat of the Paris industrial tribunal under number 3547

Part 3: Martin toys used in art

I found an very nice picture of a oil painting from around 1912 with a number of Martins on it.

It is a typical street vendor from that time, who has postponed his goods
The painting was sold at a French auction a few years ago.
Dimensions 46 x 38.5 cm

From left to right you can clearly see next Martins:
-L’hercule populaire from 1904
-Le petit Livreur from 1911
-La course en sac from 1906
-Le clown from 1902
-L’ours Martin from 1903

In this series have already been published:

https://fernandmartintoys.nl/part-1-martin-toy-used-in-art/

https://fernandmartintoys.nl/part-2-martin-toys-used-in-art/

Fernand Martin “Rubber Band” drive

In the early days Martin used a rubber band (elastic) as the drive.
By turning it on, the toy started to move.
The system consists mainly of a crank, a rubber band and a movement mechanism.
The drive mechanism was adjusted for each toy, such as up and down, right, left, spinning etc.

As an example, the first piece of Martin: the fish from 1878 Poisson Nageur

Drawing Source La Nature : (Cnum – Digital Conservatory of Arts and Crafts – http://cnum.cnam.fr) Catalog page from my personal collection

The crank is in the nose, inside the fish is the rubber band and the mechanism is on the tail.

Parts: between the both hooks coms the rubber band, see below
This demo model is made with an original crank and the mechanism with the tail.

In this demo model you can see clearly the mechanism in operation,
By turning the crank and hold the tail, the rubber band is tightened (twisted)
The other side of the rubber band is hooked onto the movement mechanism, the tail.
When you release the tail again, the tail swings from right to left so that the illusion of swimming is simulated.
Simple but effective.

Another exemple The “Ma Portière” from 1895 > Source La Nature : (Cnum – Digital Conservatory of Arts and Crafts – http://cnum.cnam.fr)

In this example of the “Ma Portière” the upper body and the broom moves from left to right, the same movement as the tail of the fish “Poisson Nageur”, the crank is on top of the head.

The only drawback is that the rubber band can age and then break quickly.
If it breaks, the hook and mechanism will fall off and mostly get lost.

See what you can read in the new April issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine:

Don’t miss the April 2021 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine Especially for the Fernand Martin enthusiasts on pages 58 till 60 the article : DID I FIND AN UNKNOWN MARTIN TOY OR NOT ??

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine April 2021

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.

To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
Email: ads@antiquetoyworld.com

Results of the Martin toys in the Antíco Mondo 88th toy auction 19 and 20 March 2021

The catalog of the 88th Toy Auction

We offer a broad variety of coins, watches, historical advertising a.o..

additional information :

Because of the current circumentances the 88th Toy Auction was a Live-Auction without floor bidders.

You could take part in the online bidding via Liveauctioneers, lot-tissimo or the-saleroom, live via telephone or register your written predids.

Note: the numbers in the photos are the auction numbers

Results:
Number 6290 € 170
Number 6291 € 200
Number 6445 € 1.500

All prices are in € (Euro’s) and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

Website : https://www.anticomondo.de/

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Bertoia signature sale April 8-9 2021

Presenting collectors of all levels a new style of auction from Bertoia Auctions. A Hybrid auction; Day one of high end focused items and a second day Bertoia BASICS sale. Highlights will include Marklin boats and trains, Lehmanns & Martins, cast iron, Automata, Dolls & Bears, tin toys and more. This auction will also offer novice and intermediate level toys and collectibles in all categories.

Highlights will include Marklin boats and trains, Lehmanns & Martins, cast iron, Automata, Dolls & Bears, tin toys and more. This auction will also offer novice and intermediate level toys and collectibles in all categories.
A new style of auction from Bertoia Auctions… a Hybrid auction; Day one of high end focused items and a second day Bertoia BASICS sale.

Thursday session: Lots 1-360
Friday session: Lots 1001-1500

In this auction two Martin toys for sale

Chauds les marrons lot 203
L’ours Blanc lot 202

The Bertoia team is dedicated to offering our quality customer service, experience and support.
Do not hesitate to contact us for assistance with registration, bidding or any other questions.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: http://www.bertoiaauctions.com/

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for these Martins.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Where did they get their ideas?

Where did Martin, Flersheim and Bonnet get many of their ideas?

A compilation of Martin, Flersheim and Bonnet toys with authentic postcards from the end of the 19th century and early 20th century.
These postcards and pictures have images of everyday street life from that time.
Martin, Flersheim and Bonnet have gained many ideas for there “Bonshommes” in daily street life but also during travels and probably also from magazines, postcards and newspapers.

Pictures from the toys: Courtesy of Toy Museum Soltau (“Spielmuseum Soltau”) in Germany, Bertoia Auctions and my own collection

RESULTS OF THE MARTIN TOYS IN THE BERTOIA SIGNATURE SALE March 6, 2021

Considered one of the greatest toy and bank collections in existence, this collection is the epitome of good taste and quality. From near mint mechanical banks to cast iron toys, American tin to European toys, aficionados of fine pieces will find the Schroeder collection to be the perfect combination of elegance and condition. Bertoia Auctions is honored to handle this legendary sale and welcome all collectors to participate in making history this Spring!

And this time with many Martins up for auction, some of which are extremely rare! watch the catalog with this link : http://www.flipbookserver.com/bertoia-auctions/schroeder-catalog-1-2021

Results of the Martin toys are listed below including the “Martin” number.
All prices are in US $ and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

425 L’ éminent avocat – Martin number 202 result: $ 3.000
426 L’ intrépide jockey – Martin number 225 result: $ 4.250
427 La conquête du pôle nord – Martin number 217 result: $ 2.750
428 Les valseurs – Martin number 15 result: $ 2.000
429 Le petit cuisinier – Martin number 198 result: $ 1.800
430 L’ entravée – Martin number 220 result: $ 5.500
431 Au parfait pêcheur – Martin number 209 result: $ 5.500
432 Attalage flamand – Martin number 45 result: $ 8.000
433 Les joyeux danseurs – Martin number 23 result: $ 2.000
434 Le sonneur endiablé – Martin number 14 result: $ 900
435 Les courageux scieurs de long – Martin number 18 result: $ 1.200
436 Les sauteur intrepide – Martin number 148 result: $ 10.000
437 Pompier l’ échelle (Victor Bonnet) – Martin number 197 result: $ 2.000
461 Le treuil – Martin number 149 result: $ 2.750
462 La blanchisseuse – Martin number 171 result: $ 1.500
463 Le petit livreur – Martin number 224 result: $ 850
464 L’autopatte – Martin number 218 result: $ 4.750
465 The policeman – Martin number 181 result: $ 4.750
466 L’artiste capillaire – Martin number 196 result: $ 3.000
467 La boule mystérieuse – Martin number 204 result: $ 700
468 Le gai violoniste – Martin number 160 result: $ 950
469 Le livreur – Martin number 22 result: $ 500

The Bertoia team is dedicated to offering our quality customer service, experience and support.
Do not hesitate to contact us for assistance with registration, bidding or any other questions.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: http://www.bertoiaauctions.com/

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Part 2: Martin toys used in art.

Three paintings from Jacques Milet with Fernand Martin toys used in a frivolous and playful way typical of Jacques Milet

Le concert des petits “Martin”
Jacques funerals
Jouets Martin
Some of these paintings are depicted in this beautiful book about Jacques Milet.

link to this very nice book: https://www.blurb.com/b/5336423-antique-toys-world-as-art

And do you want to know more about Jacques Milet see: https://villagedujouet.blogspot.com/2021/01/milet-le-peintre-du-jouet-le-jouet.html#more

Thanks to Patrick Pasky for allowing me to use these images

Antíco Mondo 88th toy auction 19 and 20 March 2021

The brandnew catalog of the 88th Toy Auction is online!

The auction will feature more than 2600 items of tin toys, trains, figures and model cars.

Also we offer a broad variety of coins, watches, historical advertising a.o..

*additional information

Because of the current circumentances the 88th Toy Auction will be a Live-Auction without floor bidders.

You can take part in the online bidding via Liveauctioneers, lot-tissimo or the-saleroom, live via telephone or register your written predids.

Note: the numbers in the photos are the auction numbers

Website : https://www.anticomondo.de/

We hope you enjoy reading and browsing through the new catalog!

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for these Martins.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Part 1: Martin toy used in art.

MODERN ART AND ANTIQUE TOYS ARE VERY WELL BROUGHT TOGETHER IN THIS WHOLE COLORFUL WORK.

This very colorful oil on canvas Oil painting is made by Linda Apple

With courtesy of Linda Apple https://linda-apple.pixels.com/

TITEL: Anyfin Is Possible – Fisherman toy boat and Mermaid whimsical storyteller still life

The very rare boat on this picture is made by Fernand Martin and first produced in 1893
The name is: LA CHALOUPE A VAPEUR.
The length is 27.5 cm (10.63) inches

This very rare model lacks the steering and drive.
On display in the Toy Museum Soltau (“Spielmuseum Soltau”) in Germany
Image courtesy of Bertoia Auctions

The boat normally has a “rubber band” drive, but if the “rubber band” breaks the mechanism will fall apart and get lost very easily.
The winding handle is at the front of the tip of the boat, the “rubber band” goes through the type of pipe at the bottom of the boat to the rear, there is the mechanism to convert the rotating movement into a pendulum movement.
This pendulum movement is transmitted to the rudder and to the two rods that run to the arms.
It then seems as if the man himself steered the boat by the arm movements.

Drawing from the magazine “La Nature 1894” Source: (Cnum – Digital Conservatory of Arts and Crafts – http://cnum.cnam.fr)

The bamboula dancer.

The Bamboula is the representation of a dancing black person from 1901.
Martin article number 179
The height of this figure is 20 cm (7,8 inch), after winding his body waggles from left to right and his arms moving up and down.
This “Bamboula” dance form dates back a long time

Both images courtesy Bertoia Auctions

The first figure is produced by George Flersheim and the other one by Fernand Martin, recognizable by the shape of the keys

A peace of history:

The bamboula, from the Bantulanguages of central and southern Africa, is derived from kam-bumbuluand ba m’bula, meaning a drum fashioned from a section of giant bamboo with skin stretched over it, as well as the rhythmic danceaccompanied by music from these drums.

Originally from Africa and although today is said to be related to the African Bomba from Puerto Rico.
The bamboula shape appears in a Haitian song in 1757 and made its way to New Orleans even before the 1791 slave revolt.
The bamboula became a dance performed to the beat of the drums, usually during festivals, celebrations and ceremonies.
The Haitian Revolution (1791–1804) was a slave revolt in the then French colony of Saint-Domingue and led to the free black republic of Haiti.
At the beginning of the revolution, thousands of Haitian immigrants included many free people of color, whites, and enslaved Africans had fled the colony and a large number of them settled in Louisiana and set up new plantations there. In 1803, Napoleon authorized the “Louisiana Purchase”, leaving a huge area west of the Mississippi in the hands of the United States.
The enslaved Africans gathered during festivals, celebrations and ceremonies in New Orleans at the Congo-Square on the edge of the French Quarter area to dance the bamboula together.

1895 Print Bamboula African Slave Dance Drums Black Americana E. W. Kemble Art
1895 Print Bamboula African Slave Dance Drums Black Americana E. W. Kemble Art
With tanks to “Period Paper” that I may use this picture

The American composer Louis Moreau Gottschalk, born in New Orleans composed in 1848 a piece for Piano entitled Bamboula “Danse des Negres”.

Sources: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, and tanks to “Period Paper” that I may use the picture from 1895 print.

See what you can read in the new March issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine:

Don’t miss the March 2021 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine.

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine March 2021

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.

To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
Email: ads@antiquetoyworld.com

(4) Le Petit Culbuteur number 213

A SMALL SERIES ABOUT…….

Is it a catalog image or a box label ? Note these images, as you can see there are clear differences between a box label and an image from a catalog.

Original box label from 1908
A Victor Bonnet & Cie catalog image from about 1927 And is this specific image also used as a box label? Maybe, but I don’t know, I haven’t come across an original box with this label yet.

Last time I took the L’Ours Martin, the Le Pochard and the Le Gai Violoniste as an example, now you see the Le Petit Culbuteur as another example of the differences between box label and the catalog image. In the old Martin catalogs the differences are often minimal but in the later Victor Bonnet & Cie catalog the differences are many more larger as this example shows.

(3) Le Gai Violoniste number 160

A SMALL SERIES ABOUT…….

Is it a catalog image or a box label ? Note these images, as you can see there are clear differences between a box label and an image from a catalog.

Original box label from 1897
Catalog page from the Victor Bonnet &Cie catalog arount 1927 And is this specific image also used as a box label? Maybe, but I don’t know, I haven’t come across an original box with this label yet.

Last time I took the L’Ours Martin and the Le Pochard as an example, now you see the Le Gai Violoniste as an example of the differences between box label and the catalog image. In the old Martin catalogs the differences are often minimal but in the later Victor Bonnet & Cie catalog the differences are many more larger as this example shows.

BERTOIA SIGNATURE SALE Friday & Saturday | March 5-6, 2021

Considered one of the greatest toy and bank collections in existence, this collection is the epitome of good taste and quality. From near mint mechanical banks to cast iron toys, American tin to European toys, aficionados of fine pieces will find the Schroeder collection to be the perfect combination of elegance and condition. Bertoia Auctions is honored to handle this legendary sale and welcome all collectors to participate in making history this Spring!

And this time with many Martins up for auction, some of which are extremely rare! watch the catalog with this link:

http://www.flipbookserver.com/bertoia-auctions/Schroeder-catalog-1-2021

The Martins in this auction are listed below including the “Martin” number.

425 L’éminent avocat – Martin number 202
426 L’ intrépide jockey – Martin number 225
427 La conquête du pôle nord – Martin number 217
428 Les valseurs – Martin number 15
429 Le petit cuisinier – Martin number 198
430 L’entravée – Martin number 220
431 Au parfait pêcheur – Martin number 209
432 Attelage flamand – Martin number 45
433 Les joyeux danseurs – Martin number 23
434 Le sonneur endiablé – Martin number 14
435 Les courageux scieurs de long – Martin number 18
436 Les sauteur intrepide – Martin number 148
437 Pompier l’échelle (Victor Bonnet) – Martin number 197
461 Le treuil – Martin number 149
462 La blanchisseuse – Martin number 171
463 Le petit Livreur – Martin number 224
464 L’autopatte – Martin number 218
465 The policeman – Martin number 180
466 L’artiste capillaire – Martin number 196
467 La boule mystérieuse – Martin number 204
468 Le gai violoniste – Martin number 160
469 Le livreur – Martin number 22

The Bertoia team is dedicated to offering our quality customer service, experience and support.
Do not hesitate to contact us for assistance with registration, bidding or any other questions.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: http://www.bertoiaauctions.com/

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for these Martins.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

(2) Le Pochard number 172

A SMALL SERIES ABOUT…….

Is it a catalog image or a box label? Note these images, as you can see there are clear differences between a box label and an image from a catalog.

Original box label 1899
The page from the Victor Bonnet & Cie catalog from around 1927 And is this specific image also used as a box label? Maybe, but I don’t know, I haven’t come across an original box with this label yet.

Last time I took the L’Ours Martin as an example, now you see the Le Pochard as an example of the differences between box label and the catalog image. In the old Martin catalogs the differences are often minimal but in the later Victor Bonnet & Cie catalog the differences are many more larger as this example shows.

(1) L’Ours Martin number 193

A SMALL SERIES ABOUT…….

Is it a box label or a catalog image? Note these images, as you can see there are clear differences between a box label and an image from a catalog.

Original box label 1903
Picture from de Victor Bonnet & Cie catalog around 1927 And is this specific image also used as a box label? Maybe, but I don’t know, I haven’t come across an original box with this label yet.

This L’Ours Martin is taken as an example, of many more Martin toys are examples of the differences between the box labels and the catalog images. In the old Martin catalogs the differences are often minimal but in the later Victor Bonnet & Cie catalog the differences are many more larger as this example shows.

Results of the Bertoia auction BASICS Sale January 21, 2021

January BASICS Auction Highlights

A very active 2021 auction schedule is underway.
The year will begin with a January Bertoia BASICS sale, followed by several important springtime auctions.
Accepting quality consignments, single items or entire collections.

We welcome all consignment inquiries and considerations.
Please contact us to discuss the selling options, future auction schedule, and to learn more about the easy process of selling with Bertoia Auctions.

Primarily a tinplate and European toy focused sale to include comic character toys, Lehmann, German autos, motorcycles, penny toys, trains and more.

In this January auction where one Martin and one Victor Bonnet toy

VICTOR BONNET PIGEON
Result $ 150,00
FERNAND MARTIN BARBER
Result $ 1.300,00

The Bertoia team is dedicated to offering our quality customer service, experience and support.
Do not hesitate to contact us for assistance with registration, bidding or any other questions.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: http://www.bertoiaauctions.com/

All prices are in US $ and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Three different boxes for the Fernand Martin: Le Petit Culbuteur

Until now we know the boxes of many Fernand Martin toys.
The first box label of a toy was designed just before the first production of these toys.
Once on the market, the most toys remained the same box for many years and even decades.
But from the Le Petit Livreur, ( a tumbling clown) produced from 1908 with Fernand Martin number 213, there are, till now, three box labels known.

Le petit culbuteur with a original box and original key

In the bottom box is one of the narrow upright side holes in which, the key was attached with a red ribbon that goes through the hole in the box.
This ribbon has long disappeared in most cases, I have only seen it in about five copies myself.

Two boxes contain a label and one box only a stamp.
It is not known when which label was issued.

Something about boxes in general :

Boxes generally tell a lot about a toy and are therefore very interesting.
The manufacturer’s name.
The factory logo.
The product number.
The manual.
Country of origin.
Sometimes also patent applications and sometimes even the patent numbers.
Martin often put there gross and net weights.
And he told everyone which (international) prizes he has achieved and where he was a member or president of the jury.

It even happens that a loose box at auction will yield more than the toy, of course because these are much rarer.
Children threw the box away and a box is also much more fragile and broke and thrown away.

Courtesy Calerie De Chartres
These empty boxes of Martin toys were auctioned in 2018 in France at Ivoire Chartres

Auction results in 2018, this are hammerprices in Euro,s so without any auction fees
Les Valseurs (no. 219) € 560,00
Le Diable en Boite ( no. 33) € 820,00
Le Chinois (no. 177) € 1750,00
Le Courageux Scieurs de long ( no. 18) € 1000,00
La Charette Anglaise (no. 39) € 710,00
L’Ours Martin (no. 193) € 330,00
Course de Taureau ( no. 47) € 870,00
Le Gai Violoniste (no. 160) + Le Faucheur ( no. 170) € 800,00
L’Homme Toupie (no. 252) + La Madelon (no. 260) € 760,00
L’entraineur Skiff ( no. 259) € 700,00

Spinning Tops – The Walzing Couple’s from Fernand Martin and other manufacturers

I already published this before in 2019, but there were a lot of new facts, if I find something new soon that is nice to know, I will adjust it in between.

Martin has produced two tops in his very early years.
The French name is Les Valseurs and first made in 1885 and it get Fernand Martin number 15

Left the patent sheet from 1885 and on the right the drawing in La Nature 1886 page 80 Source: (Cnum – Digital Conservatory of Arts and Crafts – http://cnum.cnam.fr)

Patent:

Martin has applied for a French patent for the dancing couple with the man with the cap under number 169754. (see patent sheet above)
But for these two different models are different patent number found on each box, the one with the top hat has patent number 56947.
I can’t put it in the French, English and American patent number ranges at that time, but it is probably a German patent from about 1890/91.
In Germany the patent ranges between 56000 and 57000 were active around 1890/91. (see in the German DPMAregister ) Maybe Martin did not get this patent number approved because this number is not listed as “granted”.
For pictures of the two boxes, see the book Fernand Martin Toymaker in Paris on page 45.
The English company Britain also launched the same type of top around the same time and applied for a patent with number 13671 in England in 1884. ( I found the patent number and year in a official paper of a trail beween Britain versus Hirsch in March 1888. A part of the text : “ In 1884 a patent No. 13,671 of 1884, was granted to William Britain for an automatic dancing figure.”) source: www.academic.oup.com page 226 REPORTS OF PATENT, DESIGN, May 05 1888.
These tops have been made more often, it could be without justifying the patents, or by paying the patent holder or even by plagiarizing
Furthermore, you had to apply for a patent in every country before 1900, but that was not done because the costs were sometimes quite high.
The entire patent event at the end of the 18th century was not as well regulated as it is today.

There are more of this kind of tops:

I’ve discovered eight different of these waltzing spinning tops so far, but maybe there are more. Here an overview of the tops that I now till today:

– Fernand Martin, two pieces marked on the bar between the legs with FM Paris, the one with the cap is from 1885 the other one with the high hat is probably from 1890 and is extra marked on the other side off the bar with: SGDG 56947.
-The United States company Ives made one exemple, this one looks a lot like one of the Martins but is unmarked.
-The English Britains one piece from about 1885, marked? I don’t know.
-Two pieces by George Heyde ( provenance the book of Lourens Bas: The Lost Art of Spinning Tops) from Dresden Germany, presumably around 1885 one ( with the red skirt and the both figures with a hat ) is marked on the bar between the legs with G.H. , the other one with the orange skirt I don’t know if that one is marked.
-And two unknown and unmarked makers of which one made from cast iron so presumably from the United States and 1 piece with partial tinplate, this one is probably from Germany. Notes: The markings on the bar are often very difficult to recognize. And the unknown German and the George Heide with the orange skirt are partial made from tinplate.

Brevete S.G.D.G.

Breveté S.G.D.G. is the name of a patent as it was in France until 1968.
The term stands for “Breveté Sans Guarantee of Government” and means: “Patent without government guarantee”.
Many countries adhered to a system of registration for a simple formal exam over many years.
One believed himself free from any liability.
In France, the Law of 1844 provides that the patents shall be issued “without prior examination, at the risk and risk of claimants and without guarantee of function, novelty and merit of the invention, also with regard to precision or accuracy of description”.

Working:

The principle is the same for all spinning tops.

How to operate the toy !

In the middle of the female, just above the skirt, is a small rod, you put a loop of a string around it and then turn the skirt around by hand so that the string wraps around the waist.
The female stand not completely upright but that is the intention.
The female stands on a kind of pin under the feet, this is loose and therefore it can turn completely.

By placing the dance couple on the floor and then pulling the string tightly, the skirt starts turning quickly,
Because of the center-flying power, the female stands up and the male turns around the female.
These toy tops are around 130/140 years old and very rare to find, but they are so beautiful.
These tops are not only wanted and sought after by “Martin” collectors but also by spinning top collectors.

See what you can read in the new February issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine:

Don’t miss the February 2021 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine.

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine February 2021

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.

To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
Email: ads@antiquetoyworld.com

Bertoia auction BASICS Sale January 21, 2021

January BASICS Auction Highlights

A very active 2021 auction schedule is underway. The year will begin with a January Bertoia BASICS sale, followed by several important springtime auctions. Accepting quality consignments, single items or entire collections.

We welcome all consignment inquiries and considerations. Please contact us to discuss the selling options, future auction schedule, and to learn more about the easy process of selling with Bertoia Auctions.

Primarily a tinplate and European toy focused sale to include comic character toys, Lehmann, German autos, motorcycles, penny toys, trains and more.

In this auction one Martin and one Victor Bonnet toy

VICTOR BONNET PIGEON
FERNAND MARTIN BARBER

The Bertoia team is dedicated to offering our quality customer service, experience and support.
Do not hesitate to contact us for assistance with registration, bidding or any other questions.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: http://www.bertoiaauctions.com/

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for these Martins.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Fernand Martin- Part four

The history of Fernand Martin toy manufacturer in Paris.
Part four: The Victor Bonnet period.

In the most relevant books about Martin are the toys that are made by Martin and his successors divided into four periods.

According to the latest state of insight, these periods might be classified as follows
Period 1 from 1878 – 1894
Period 2 from 1895 – 1912
Period 3 from 1912 – 1919
Period 4 from 1919 – 1933

The fourth period from 1919 – 1933:

François Victor Bonnet:
Born November 30, 1872 – Paris 6ème
Died 21 November 1951 – Vincennes – France
From 1896 to 1905, He held the grand bazaar, rue de la constitution in Avranches then back to Paris.

Francis Victor Bonnet took over the Martin company on March 29, 1919.

Header of a leaflet from the late 30’s

On the left-hand side of this original old leaflet from the late 1930s, the Victor Bonnet & Cie factory is mentioned from 1921 till 1937.
See under “anciens etablissements” (translated: former facilities).
The text on the leaflet also states that the factory of George Flersheim existed from 1913 till 1920, so until 5 years after his death, but that isn’t correct.

The reason for this false statement, made by the designer of this leaflet, may be due to the following dates:
In the “Register Analytique” of the Paris Commercial Register is states that the Victor Bonnet factory official is registered under the number 92537 date: December 29, 1920, so almost 2 years after the acquisition in 1919.

Le “Registre de Commerce et des Sociétés” (RCS)
The RCS is introduced in France by the law of March 18, 1919, supplemented by the decree of March 22, 1920 creating the RCS.
This law required all French and foreign companies to be registered in this register from 1920 on.
This Registre Analytique is a officializing that Victor Bonnet & Cie, which was created in March 1919, was registered in 1920 under number 92537 to comply with this law.
The RCS is both a registration system organized by the public authorities in view of making certain legal acts known to interested third parties and a means of knowing officially the existence of French or foreign traders with either their main establishment or a branch in France.
New traders has one month after the opening of his business to register.

The Victor Bonnet Factory started the production in 1919
In a French patent application (patent number 576,723) for the first Victor Bonnet toy produced (Auto Transports model: Le Déverseur , number 246) mentions a date of April 12, 1921, the publication was on August 25, 1924
The patent application in Germany was on April 21, 1921 under patent number 363805
But many manufacturers have already started production from or before the moment of applying for a patent.
There were sometimes many years between the application and the final commitment and publishing.

The date 1937 mentioned in the leaflet is the end of the Victor Bonnet period, on 30 December 1937 Victor Bonnet donated the factory to his two sons Robert and René, the company name was changed to Bonnet Fréres (Bonnet brothers).

In addition to the F.M. logo came the new “Victor Bonnet et Cie” logo.
Often only the “Victor Bonnet et Cie” or “V.B. & Cie” or “V.B.” logo was used on packaging, bills, letters, toys etc.

A part of a payment certificate from 1933 of the factory at the old location, before its administratively registered dissolution.

In addition to the beautiful and often technically high-quality toys that were designed by themselves, they also produced many successful older models of toys from Martin and Flersheim.

Here the list of toys we know, produced in the period on the 88 Boulevard de Menilmontant From 1919 up to 1933.

246 Le Déverseur
247 Le Pan Pan
248 Tracteur
249 Camion
250 La Remorque
251 Le Ramier
252 L ‘Homme Toupie
253 Le Clown Orchestre
254 Le Train Tortillard
255 La Charette Paysanne
256 Flac
257 Bombarde
258 Le Pétard
259 L’Entraineur “Skiff”
260 Madelon Casseuse D’Assiettes
261 Gros Camionnage
262 Tape Fort
263 La Patinette
264 Le Sans Balle
265 Voiture Nounou Poupon
266 Le Costaud
And a few names of toys, whose numbers are not yet known to us: ( and do you know any of these numbers? Please let me know )
??? Le Epervier ( Flying disc launcher )
??? Le Corsaire ( a pistol )
??? Auto-fusée ( a race car )

Below are some of the old successful toys by Martin and Flersheim that were produced by Bonnet again:
L’Ours Blanc number 193 ( bear in white )
Le Pompier L’Echelle number 197 (with another ladder)
La petit Marchande number 185 (with a different face)
Le petit Livreur number 224
Le Motocycliste number 231 (with closed wheels)
Le Gai Violinist number 160
La Pochard number 172
Madelon Casseuse D’Assiettes number 260 (with fabric clothes)
But these toys can always be recognized by the typical Bonnet key

Victor Bonnet & Cie has been administratively dissolved in 1933.
So its entry in the official administrative records has been then deleted.
During these administrative dissolution process some of Victor Bonnet & Cie’s assets were transferred to Victor Bonnet’s privately held company that had been installed 8, rue des Tourelles in the early 1920’s
This Victor Bonnet’s privately held company was producing household items.

With permission of : Collection Ultimheat Museum

It is also very likely that Victor Bonnet’s privately held company (8 rue des Tourelles) acquired in this liquidation process not only the rights of the tin automatons but also the corresponding tooling equipment to produce them at the 8, rue des Tourelles facility.
Until the end of the factory at the old location, Victor Bonnet still used the old Fernand Martin logo and on one of his bill’s shows that he also advertised that he had over 200 Patents, additions and deposits in France and abroad, but that includes the patents from Fernand Martin, George Flersheim and Victor Bonnet.
With the relocation of the production of the Victor Bonnet factory in 1933, the Fernand Martin 88 blv Ménilmontant period was also closed.

Part of the account overview of December 1, 1933

Victor Bonnet started a new numbering after the relocation, he started with number 1: a light green awning torpedo truck .

Picture courtesy : Boutique “Quand j’étais petit garçon” Paris

After the relocation the logo “Victor Bonnet et Cie” disappeared in favor of the logo “Vébé”
This logo was already used from 1929, for the household items produced in the location: 8, Rue des Tourelles, Victor Bonnet also no longer uses the old FM logo and the triangular logo with no 138 underneath after 1933.
They continued to produce some of the old toys after 1933 with the logo “Vébé”.

Above: The Le Petit Livreur , Torpedo truck and the Pigeon with the VéBé logo after 1933
Below: The Le Petit Livreur label, Le Petit Livreur with the V.B.& Cie logo and the Pigeon with the V.B.& Cie logo before 1934
At the top: the VéBé logo from 1934 found on a leaflet from the late 30s.
Below : two parts of different payment certificates one from 1937 so before the name was changed to Bonnet Fréres and one from 1946 so after the name was changed
Some of the name plates that Victor Bonnet used

On December 31, 1960, Bonnet received the addition “S.A.R.L.” (Société à responsabilité limitée) Translation : Limited liability company, but in 1964 the company Bonnet finally closed.

Special thanks with the help, texts and image I received from Francois Mesqui

With this description we conclude the series of four articles about the history of the Fernand Martin toys.

All toys with without reference are from my collection

cor@vanschaijk.com

Blog: www.fernandmartintoys.nl

We wishes all the readers of my blog a:

Vrolijk Kerstfeest en een Gelukkig Nieuwjaar
Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year
Fröhliche Weihnachten und ein glückliches Neues Jahr
Joyeux Noël et Bonne Année
Feliz Navidad y Próspero Año Nuevo
Buon Natale e Felice Anno Nuovo
Boas Festas e um feliz Ano Novo
Kala Christougenna Ki’eftihismenos O Kenourios Chronos
God Jul och Gott Nytt År
Glædelig Jul og godt nytår
Geseende Kerfees en ’n gelukkige nuwe jaar
Hyvää joulua ja onnellista uutta vuotta

And stay healthy in these difficult pandamic times

Photo made and designed by Arthur Verdoorn

See what you can read in the new January issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine:

Don’t miss the January 2021 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine.

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine January 2021

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.

To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
Email: ads@antiquetoyworld.com

Very small etchings from 1892 with toys

During my search for Martin toys and related matters, I found on a website at a dealer of antique drawings and etchings four different small etchings with toys on it.
These etchings are original and no copy, if you move slowly over the drawing with a sharp needle you can feel the ink lines.
I don’t know how many of them were printed, they are not numbered
They are made by the famous French etcher Louis Poyet, more about this etcher see my blog Louis Poyet and Fernand Martin from 31 May 2019. https://fernandmartintoys.nl/poyet/
The measurements are 8.1 x 9.8 cm (3,19 x.3,85 inch) each.

La Nature 1892

When I saw these etchings the firts time, they seemed familiar to me.
After a brief investigation, it appeared that they had already been published in the year 1892 in the French technical year magazine: “LA NATURE” on page 44 and 45
The four sheets contain drawings of toys at that time:

-A locomotive and a Locomobile from the well-known toy manufacturer C Rossignol.

-A revolver and a cannon, these are also made by C Rossignol.

-A spinning top, this is from the French toy manufacturer M Blanchon.

-Fernand Martin with two figures, the “LE LAPIN VIVANT” Martin number 32 and the “LE DIABLE EN BOITE” Martin number 33

What is particularly interesting about the etching with the Martins and the spinng top is that these drawing are made so that you can see the mechanism and see how they work.
Both two Martin toys were driven with the famous “rubber band” drive.

I have placed the etching with the Fernand Martin images in a small frame and added them to my collection of antique toys.
Now I can enjoy it every day.

etching art and toy art come together

And if you want to know more about the rabbit! see my older blog of April 13, 2020: Fernand Martin Le Lapin Vivant. https://fernandmartintoys.nl/therabbit/

The different Fernand Martin, Georges Flersheim and Victor Bonnet keys

I wrote this blog over a year and a half ago but since there are questions about keys and readers also consider other types of keys for “Martin” keys, I have rewritten this blog and added the latest knowledge.
Not every key with the text “FM” on it is a Martin key.
With the Martin toys from the first and second period, so until 1912, there is only one toy with a separate key, see explanation below.
Victor Bonnet has made more toys with a separate key.
So pay attention to the key as best you can and don’t believe every seller.

In the base there are 6 recognizable keys
The first 4 are typical of the Martin keys.
Key 5 is typical of Georges Flersheim
Key 6 belong to the Victor Bonnet toys.

The numbers 3 and 5 seem the same but key 3 is made of round wire and key 5 is made of square wire

But of course there are exceptions.
I have searched in my photo archive or around 7,500 photos for different use of keys.
Here the exceptions that I have found (up to now) in my archive, in collections and in old Martin catalogs.

Fernand Martin:
Martin used a different key that is not listed in the picture above.
For example;
Le Traîneau Russe number 40
La Perruche number 36
Le Facteur De Chemin De Fer number 48
And the numbers 131 till 137, (in the book Fernand Martin Toymaker in Paris on page 101) Sujets Avec Et Sans Mécanique
One Martin toy has a separate key (number 213 Le Petit Culbuteur ), this is the only model from Martin with a separate key (see photo below) this key was connected to the box with a ribbon. (I have found this model key more than 5 times in the past with this toy complete with the box and some still attached with a red ribbon to the box, so I am pretty sure it is the original key)

Original Martin key from the Le Petit Culbuteur

Georges Flersheim:
Flersheim has produced at least 20 own toy models of which:
-10 models have a model 5 key that we are now for sure,
-1 a fixed key (number 246 Je Sonne La Paix)
-With 4 we don’t know for sure, these are soldiers with the numbers 235 – 236 – 244 and 245
The next 4 have Martin keys:
-Number 228 Le Motocycle Enragé
-From the Le Motocycliste number 231 two keys are known, the Martin key and the Georges Flersheim key
-La Guerre Aérienne with number 240
-Number 243 the French Soldier is produced with a Martin key or a Flersheim key.
-and the only from we don’t know the exact number till now is the: “Le Poilu” see my blog: https://fernandmartintoys.nl/is-this-a-new-fernand-martin-toy/ he has a Martin number 3 key.

Victor Bonnet:
Number 251 Le Ramier is found in three different versions, with a Bonnet type key, with a Georges Flersheim type key and with a separate key.
Madelon Casseuse D’assiettes number 260 has a Bonnet type key, but there are also found exemples with a George Flersheim type key.
Four models of the “Victor Bonnet Bonshommes” are found with a separate key:
number 252 – l’homme toupie
number 259 – L’entraineur skiff
number 263 – la patinette
number 265 – voiture nounou poupon

l’homme toupie with a Separate key

There will probably be other pieces with different keys.
If you find a Martin with a different key, email me and preferably with a photo.

L’ours blanc (the polar bear)

A special and quite rare Martin.
Depicting a white bear climbing up a tree
Martin number 216 from 1909 with the name L’ours blanc (the polar bear)

The bear is about 18 cm (7 inch) long
The “tree” consists of two parts that must be pushed into each other in the middle, the total height is about 50 cm (19,7 inch)

Picture from the magazine La Nature 1910 pag. 51, Source: (Cnum – Digital Conservatory of Arts and Crafts – http://cnum.cnam.fr)

The text by this drawing is: The polar bear that our figure represents owes, to the interior device which animates it, of a remarkable quality of climber, it hoists itself very elegantly at the top of the ladder which completes the toy.

In the instructions for use state:
After having wound up the spring, place the bear in position at the bottom of the tree, in introducing its front metal guide into the vertical groove.
The front legs having been hooked on the cross bars, the bear will then climb up. So the bear only moves its front legs, one by one, the back legs have no climbing function.

You can see the metal guide pin in the middle of the belly

This toy is very rare but the original box is much rarer, this is the first one I saw.

Results Antíco Mondo toy auction Dec. 2020

Because of the current circumentances the 87th Toy Auction was a Live-Auction without floor bidders.

https://auktionen.anticomondo.de/en/objekte?aid=36&Lstatus=0

Website : https://www.anticomondo.de/

We hope you enjoy reading and browsing through the this 87 toy auction catalog!

All prices are in Euro € and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Fernand Martin- Part three.

The history of Fernand Martin toy manufacturer in Paris.
Part three: The third Period – Georges Flersheim.

In the most relevant books about Martin are the toys that are made by Martin and his successors divided into four periods.

According to the latest state of insight, these periods might be classified as follows

Period 1 from 1878 – 1894
Period 2 from 1895 – 1912
Period 3 from 1912 – 1919
Period 4 from 1919 – 1933

The 4e period ended in 1933, Victor BONNET & Cie has been adminsitratively dissolved in 1933 some of Victor BONNET & Cie’s assets were transfered to Victor BONNET’s privately held company that had been installed 8, rue des Tourelles in 1923.

The third period from 1912 – 1919:

Georges Flersheim was born on May 24, 1884 and purchased the Fernand Martin factory in 1912.
He was an inventor and held a degree of “Engineer of the Arts and Manufactures“ from the famous school: Ecole Centrale des Arts et Manufactures de Paris

Before he took over the Martin factory, he already had a lot of technical patents to his name.
Between 1909 and 1913 a minimum off 16 patent applications are known or which 4 toy patents.
The first toy patent applications date from April 04, 1912, so shortly after the takeover of the Martin factory.
These toys came from the old Martin portfolios, Martin had bought the design of a few of them at the Concours Lepine and Flersheim patented them under his name.
Flersheim acquired with the company all Martin’s patents.

These 4 Flersheim toy patents are :
458560 La casseuse D’assiette number 233
454178 Chauds les marrons number 227
446331 Le Petit Patineur number 229
444652 Le Motocycliste enragé number 228

Since its creation, the Martin factory has also made and customized products that were not part of our well-known toys. (that we can see an inscriptions on the back cover of the 1898 and the 1908 Fernand Martin catalog which states that the Martin company “executions, based on orders, all articles in stamped or cut tinplate ”)

One of these products is an advertising board “Réclame Mécanique” as you can see in the book Fernand Martin Toymaker in Paris 1878-1912 on page 103.

Picture from the : Almanach Pratique Illustré de Petit Parisien 1913 page 71 (this book is from my own collection)
On page 49 in the book of Frédéric Marchand: The History of Martin Mechanical Toys there you can see a better picture, top picture on the right side. .

Georges Flersheim made other products to, he has a patent for a cigarette or cigar case combined with a build-in automatic lighter, this cigarette case has Patent number FR439702, but whether it was ever produced is currently unknown.

Part of Patent number FR439702
Patent from the site Espacenet


And as shown on an advertisement from March 15, 1914 he made razors too, with patent number FR466244.
Pay attention to the FM logo on this ad.
He used the letters FL and EM and between these letters the old “Fm Paris” logo in a circle.
On the ad from the magazin: Excelsior Journal Illustré, you see the old Martin adres but he used the letters FLEM as a brand name.

Source gallica.bnf.fr / Bibliothèque nationale de France
Part of patent number FR466244
Patent from the site Espacenet

In addition to being owner of his company, Georges Flersheim was also a reserve Lieutenant of the artillery.
During a demonstration of a shell-launcher, it went wrong.
Georges Flersheim “dead for France” on August 14, 1915, in Woesten, ( a small village in the Belgian province of West Flanders and a part of Vleteren ) following war wounds.

In the French newspaper “Le Temps” from 17 september 1915 number 19795 is this announcement:

Source gallica.bnf.fr / Bibliothèque nationale de France

Translation:
“At the age of thirty, we announce the glorious death of the artillery lieutenant Georges Flersheim, killed during experiments at Wippe-Cabaret (Belgium) on August 14.
Very distinguished engineer and the most beautiful future, he was the inventor of a very remarkable bomb-thrower adopted by the army ”
NOTE: Wippe is a neighborhood of Woesten Belgium

In a official French army document of death from the site: Ministere des Armées- Mémoire des Hommes you can find the details.

He is buried in a family grave at the famous Paris cemetery, “Cimetière du Père-Lachaise”.
Many celebrities are buried at this cemetery.
Fernand Martin is also buried in a family grave at this cemetery.

Since Flersheim’s death came so suddenly, what did they produce after his death?

  • did they continue to produce with the existing models?
  • supplemented with possibly new models designed by Flersheim?
  • were old models from the Fernand Martin period, produced again?

Since Georges Flersheim’s death, his mother was the administrator of the business.

But there was certainly some action from the Flersheim factory.
In a publication of the monthly magazine “La France Universelle” in the section “Le Jouet” of April 1, 1917, it is stated that at the 2nd toy exhibition in Lyon, the company Fernand Martin (Georges Flersheim successor) is registered as an exhibitor.

And now two toys that are under discussion:

There is a toy the “Je sonne la paix” with number 246, this toy was an adapted reissue of the 1885 “Le sonneur endiable” by Fernand Martin, and must have been released at the end of the war in November 1918.
On page 167 in the book of Frédéric Marchand: The History of Martin Mechanical Toys there is showing the label and in the book Fernand Martin Toymaker in Paris 1878-1912 there is a box on page 201
Till now, the only reference to this toy was found in the magazine “Le Petit Journal” dec. 17-1919.

The main difference are:

The Martin version (14)
-“FM Systeme Bte S.G.D.G. Paris” is stamped on top/side of the base.
-On the bottom, you see, under the male figure, an elongated piece of iron mounted as a weight
-A rubber band drive.
-The label in the original catalog marked with the FM logo and the triangle

The Flersheim version (246)
-The base plate has no name or logo, there is a piece of fabric on the side with the name “Je Sonne La Paix” printed on it.
-On the bottom a solid plate is soldered and stamped with the round FM logo on it.
-I have seen two different version, with a long spiral spring in the pole and there are versions with the rubber band drive.
-At the top there is a French flag a hollow pipe has been placed in the roof for the iron flagpole with a fabric French flag.
-The roof has been given a slightly different relief.
-The bell has also been given a slightly slender shape.

Base plate with FM logo

During the war and afterwards, the toy manufacturers had hard times.
Was the George Flersheim factory able to continue producing? Shortages of supplies and personnel in a shrinking toy market?
The costs for the release of a “new or adapted” toy were also very high, molds had to be made or adapted, a new label must be designed and printed, boxes were made.

Discussion: Is this a officially produced / sold toy by the Flersheim factory?
The pro arguments:
-it looks that it is made with the old Martin molds.
-it is marked with FM. Paris (another manufacturer would never use the FM brand!)
-there is a label, marked with the FM logo and the triangle
-there is a box, marked with the FM logo and the triangle
-there is 1 reference to this toy as found in the magazine “Le Petit Journal” dec. 17-1919.

The counter arguments are:
-who made/designed it. (Georges Flersheim died three years earlier.)
-why has the number 246 been used twice. (Victor Bonnet used it in 1919 for his first toy)
-this toy is not shown anywhere in an original catalog,
advertising or the like.

And then there is another debatable toy with the name “French Machine Gun”.

Courtesy Toy Museum Soltau (“Spielmuseum Soltau”) in Germany,

Is it made by George Flersheim ?? many think so, but is that so ??
As can be read on the box, it was brought to the Lépine exhibition and competitions in 1916, so 1 year after the death of George Flersheim, where it won a gold medal.
This toy is not modeled like a Flersheim or Martin toy.
The last complete metal cast toys is the spinning top “Les Valseurs” (the dancing couple) made in 1885.
On the box you see the text: Bréveté & Déposé meens that this product was Patented & Registerd, but till now I can’t find this patent.
It is marked on the box with “Modele F. M. Paris” but this F.M. can also mean something else and like: Fusil Mitrailleur (another name for Mitrailleuse Francaise) and also on the toy or the box are no “Martin/Flersheim” features like the Martin logo that Flersheim still used: the circle with FM, or another logo: the triangle with number 138 in it, and at last the box it is unnumbered and differs a lot from the designs used on the boxes at the time.

I have found no hard evidence so far that this toy belongs to the production of the Flersheim factory.

Courtesy Toy Museum Soltau (“Spielmuseum Soltau”) in Germany,

The story about Flersheim is not over because many discussions and questions remain. As in the current numbering, there will definitely be changes in the future.

We need some help !

Picture from the site www.rubylane.com

During our search for soldiers who are made by Flersheim or Martin, we found this soldier on the site of www.Rubylane.com it was probably sold in January 2015, (the picture is meanwhile removed from the site)
QUESTION: Who sold it or who bought it?
We would like additional information about this toy.
If you can help, Please contact us via the email address below.
Or do you have unknown “Martin, Flersheim or Victor Bonnet” toys, let us hear from you, maybe these are the puzzle pieces we are looking for.

Many thanks with the help and texts I received from Francois Mesqui.

All toys without reference are from my collection

cor@vanschaijk.com

blog: www.fernandmartintoys.nl

To be continued

See what you can read in the new December 2020 issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine:

Don’t miss the December 2020 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine.
Especially for the Fernand Martin enthusiasts on pages 66 till 68, part four of four articles about the history of the Martin Toys.

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine December 2020:

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.

To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
Email: ads@antiquetoyworld.com

Fernand Martin number 197 : Le Bonhomme a L’Echelle

One of the rarer Martin toys and made from 1904.
The height of the male is about 20 cm (7.9 inch)
It got Martin number 197
A patent of this toy was issued on September 01- 1903 in France with number 334981.
This patent is also been used for the firefighters with the same number 197

Courtesy Pook & Pook Auctions

It is strange that number 197 contains three different figures.
Even the text and pictures of the figures and house pictured the box are different.
The first box is the light blue civilian figure on a ladder named: Le Bonhomme a L’Echelle from Martin.
The second box is the Fireman on the ladder from Martin and Flersheim named Le Pompier a L’Echelle.
The third box is from Victor Bonnet named Le Pompier a L’Echelle.
All boxes have the same number 197 and all toys have the same climbing movement.

The difference between the heads and the color is very clear but the difference in the bodies is a little less clear, therefore these images, you can clearly see that the civilian has very different body characteristics.

Courtesy Bertoia Auction
Left: Martin civilian figure—Middle: Flersheim model and released by Victor Bonnet from about 1919 —Right: the early Martin 1904 model and released from about 1912 by Flersheim.
The inside with the movement

In this pictures you see in the middle a dubbel “Z” form axel ( code i) so when the left foot goes down the right foot goes up and when the left foot goes up the right foot goes down and so on.

The operation is as follows: First wind up and hold, in his handpalm are “U” shaped bracket, you place the figure with these “U” brackets over both outsides of the ladder and slide it all the way down with 1 foot on the lowest tree, let go and he slowly move his legs up alternately to suggest realistic stair climbing.

You want to know more about the Firefighters? See my blog : https://fernandmartintoys.nl/firefighter-le-pompier-a-lechelle/

Antíco Mondo toy auction Dec. 2020

The brandnew catalog of the 87th Toy Auction is online!

As usual, a good amount of very rare and wanted collectibles will be auctioned: More then 2300 lots of Tin Toys, Trains, Figures, Model Cars and Antique Advertising are waiting for you!

Because of the current circumentances the 87th Toy Auction will be a Live-Auction without floor bidders.

You can take part in the online bidding via Liveauctioneers, lot-tissimo or the-saleroom, live via telephone or register your written predids

https://auktionen.anticomondo.de/en/objekte?aid=36&Lstatus=0

Website : https://www.anticomondo.de/

We hope you enjoy reading and browsing through the new catalog!

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for these Martins.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Result of the Martin’s in this “JOUETS DE COLLECTION” Galerie de Chartres auction on November 14, 2020

The French auction house: Galerie de Chartres had this time a few Fernand Martin/Victor Bonnet toys.
Furthermore, there where many more other beautiful toys in this auction.

See this link for the entire collection that was auctioned: https://www.interencheres.com/meubles-objets-art/jouets-de-collection-277723/

For more auction house information see this link: https://www.ivoire-france.com/chartres/fr/a_propos/54-ivoire_chartres/

For more information see the auction catalog: https://www.ivoire-france.com/chartres/fr/auction-3577-jouets_collection?p=58
Catalog 8 € or subscription for 2 years 30 €.

All prices are in Euro € and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Results of the Bertoia Annual Fall Auction November 2020

~ admin ~ “Bertoia Annual Fall Auction | November 2020” bewerken

Annual Fall Auction Highlights

This “ANNUAL FALL SALE” was on November 12-13, 2020

In this auction were Marklin & American trains, Pressed Steel from Jay Schoedinger, Halloween and Christmas collections, outstanding European and Japanese tin toys, horse-drawn examples presented from a long time collection in addition to Banks and Doorstops, and 8 Martin/Flersheim/Victor Bonnet toys

Here the results:

The Bertoia team is dedicated for every auction to offering their quality customer service, experience and support.
Do not hesitate to contact us for assistance with registration, bidding or any other questions.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: http://www.bertoiaauctions.com/

All prices are in US $ and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Results Martin Toys in the RSL Auction November 7th 2020

In this auction of RSL Auction Company there where 5 Fernand Martin/Victor Bonnet toys and a lot of other beautiful pieces in this auction.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site:
https://www.rslauctionco.com

You want to see more toys then look at this link: Catalog Link

All prices are in US $ and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about authenticity, condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Discovered another original bill from 1933 by Victor Bonnet.

During his period as the owner of the former Fernand Martin factory, Victor Bonnet brought many beautiful new toys to the market.
The pistols/guns are very noticeable here because they don’t really look like the other toys.
But it was then and is still a hugely popular toy with mainly boys.
Till today, 7 different pistols/guns are known.
To my surprise, I found an second original bill from Victor Bonnet from 1933 with the order of various pistols and other toys on it.

This bill is dated March 31. 1933
The address of Victor Bonnet & Cie factory is still the old address where once Fernand Martin produced his great successes at 88 Boulevard de Menilmontant Paris.

At the back of this bill the 6 well-known pistols are also shown.
This order included two well-known pistols, one pistol we discover earlier this year and two names that we didn’t know yet.
Of course we recognize the well known PanPan and the Bombarde on this bill.
The most toy collectors had never heard of these two names on this bill, the Auto-Fusée and the Corsaire.
In the previous discovered bill, see: https://fernandmartintoys.nl/discovered-an-original-bill-from-1933-by-victor-bonnet/ we already found two new names of which we could attribute one to the pistol with number 266 de Le Costaud, and another one is the L’Epervier from which we now know what it is but I can’t yet give a number.

So we have till now 3 piece that are for the most collectors new, ( Auto-Fusée, Le Corsaire, L’Epervier)
What represented they ???
They are :
Le L’Epervier (Flying disc launcher)
Le Corsaire (a pistol) so now we have 8 different pistols
Auto-fusée (a race car)
I don’t know for sure if there are more new names but I am continue to search.

Probably is that the Victor BONNET & Cie-in-liquidation, sold the patents and trademarks of guns/pistols to JEP, as they were show in a JEP’s product portfolio from 1934.

And do you know off there other missing pieces ? send me a message and make me happy.

“JOUETS DE COLLECTION” Galerie de Chartres auction on November 14, 2020

The French auction house: Galerie de Chartres has this time a few Fernand Martin/Victor Bonnet toys.
Furthermore, there are many more other beautiful toys in this auction that we can look for.

See this link for the entire collection to be auctioned: https://www.interencheres.com/meubles-objets-art/jouets-de-collection-277723/

For more auction house information see this link: https://www.ivoire-france.com/chartres/fr/a_propos/54-ivoire_chartres/

For more information see the auction catalog: https://www.ivoire-france.com/chartres/fr/auction-3577-jouets_collection?p=58
Catalog 8 € or subscription for 2 years 30 €.

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for this Martin

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Fernand Martin- Part two

The history of Fernand Martin toy manufacturer in Paris.
Part two: The second Period.

In the most relevant books about Martin are the toys that are made by Martin and his successors divided into four periods.

According to the latest state of insight, these periods might be classified as follows
Period 1 from 1878 – 1894
Period 2 from 1895 – 1912
Period 3 from 1912 – 1919
Period 4 from 1919 – 1933

The second period from 1895 – 1912:

Fernand Martin started the second period in 1895 with his: Ma Portiére, Martin number 147.
This toy was executed with his old invention the “Rubber band” drive.
It turned out that the “rubber band” system for this larger toy didn’t work, it was too weak.
Therefore he also performed this Ma Portiére with a clockwork drive, the difference is clearly visible, the first version has a little handle on top of the head, in the second version it has disappeared.

This new toys are mostly figures with a height of about 18 to 20 cm (7 – 8 inch).
Most are made of a wire frame with lead feet, a head of copper foil, fitted out with a clockwork mechanism and dressed in clothes made of fabric.

In 1901 Martin came to the first exhibition: Concours de Lépine, ( The Lépine competition) of his very good friend Mister Louis Lépine, with 17 new figures, he called them the “Bonshommes de Paris”.
This competition was held for the small inventors to present and promote their inventions and creations.
On that event they get in touch with possible manufactures.
Mister Louis Lépine was Préfet (head) of the Paris police.
Later on Martin participated several times as a member of the jury of the toy section of this event.

Fernand Martin and his son Maurice created most of their production themselves, but occasionally they also bought up inventions / patents.
Most of these patents were bought from the inventors at the aforementioned Lépine Competition.
A few examples are the “La Boule Mysterieuse”, the “L’autopatte”, the “Le Marchand de Marrons”, (produced by George Flersheim)
Some unknown names are the “L’homme aux echasses”, (man on stilts) and the “L’attraper de Mouches” (fly catcher), so far we know are these toys never went into production, perhaps produced in small numbers ??

Fernand Martin was very often on “business trips” around the world.
He visited many exhibitions with his toys, but was also often a guest as a member of the jury.
The toy boxes from that time include the following cities: London, Anvers, Paris, Moscow, Barcelona, Brussels, Prague, Chicago, Antwerp, Omaha, St Louis, Liège, Milan and St Petersburg.
Was Martin at every exhibition in person? I don’t know but we know for sure is that he had his own stand in the French pavilion at the world fair of St Louis USA in 1904 and he was a member of the jury by at least 6 exhibitions.

Fernand Martin toys on the St. Louis World Trade Fair 1904
Picture from the Magazine Playthings page 178 June 1909 and with permission of The Strong Archive USA

But Fernand Martin also suffered setbacks.
Just as at the end of May 1904, a major fire broke out and many workers were temporarily unemployed.
A proposal has been submitted to the city council to compensate these employees with compensation.
A proposal from Mr. Landrin, member of the Bureau of the City Council:
Allocation of assistance to workers who have fallen victim to the factory incident on 88 Boulevard de Ménilmontant.
As a result of a fire at the end of May 1904, 70 or 72 workers in the toy factory boulevard de Ménilmontant 88 were reduced to unemployment.
At my request, the Office of the City Council voted in favor of provisional aid of 1000 francs.
This amount is absolutely inadequate and I recommend the advice to kindly bring it to 3000 francs.
Therefore, I submit the following proposal, for which I request the benefit of the emergency:

The Council:
For the time being, an amount of 3,000 francs is being made available to the mayor of the 20th district to help the workers.
Victims of incidental unemployment due to the factory fire bd. 88, Ménilmontant.
The amount of 1,000 francs already voted as a provision by the Office is deducted from this amount.
Signed: M. Landrin.
The emergency has been declared.
Proposal put to the vote.

The Bonhommes were expanded very quickly with several figures.
The most famous and sold figures are the Le Gay Violoniste and the Le Pochard.
Almost every new collector starts with one of these two figures.

As already mentioned, this second period started with number 147 and ended with number 226 the “Les Cochins de Père François”.
There are 82 numbers between the first and last toy of this period, but that does not mean that 82 toys have also been produced, no there are definitely more.

In 1907 his son Maurice became seriously ill probably struck by tuberculosis.
In 1908 Martin bought a villa in the hills of southern France in a small village Villefranche-sur-Mer nearby Nice on the Mediterranean.
The villa had the name “Villa Margot”.
Later the village named a street after their famous fellow citizen Fernand Martin, this street is named: “Avenue Fernand Martin”.

In 1911 Fernand Martin decided to retire and sell to George Flersheim the 22-year-old son of a large banker family.
The sale was concluded on January 1, 1912 and here ended this second period of the Martin toys

Maurice Martin died of his illness on August 15, 1919 and Fernand Martin died almost 3 weeks later on September 4, 1919, aged 70 years.

Both were buried in a family grave on the world-famous “Père-Lachaise” cemetery in Paris very close to their old factory.

cor@vanschaijk.com

Blog: www.fernandmartintoys.nl

To be continued

Victor Bonnet the L’entraineur Skiff

This very nice and almost lifelike toy is made in the fourth “Martin” period by Victor Bonnet & Cie
It has been given the “Martin” number 259
This toy was produced from around 1928.

From my own collection: Model with the handle on the frontwheel

This toy was made after an example of a kind of children’s tricycle that was moved by means of arm strength and changed direction by steering the front wheel with your feet.
There were models with one or two front wheels.

Various other manufacturers also made lithographed toy models of these arm-powered tricycles in the 1950s and 1960s.

Courtesy Antico mondo Auktionen Bornheim Germany

There are two different Victor Bonnet models on the market.
At first glance you hardly see the difference, they are both blue and have the same boy figure.
The difference is, however, at the bottom in the steering of the front wheel.
The front wheel serves as a control for this tricycle.

Left model with the handle on the frontwheel – Right model with control from the mechanism

In one model, the front wheel is controlled by the drive clockwork mechanism itself.
With the other model you have to do this yourself by means of a little handle which is directly on the front / nose, by adjusting the little handle the “skiff” goes straight or makes a turn to the right or left.
So if you look at the bottom you can clearly see the difference.

picture from the catalog

I suspect that the model with the adjustment of the front wheel by the mechanism is the first version.
My suspicion is that, on the original image on the box and in the catalog you can clearly see the adjustment rod (axel), just below his feet, from the engine to the front wheel.

See what you can read in the new November issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine:

Don’t miss the November 2020 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine.
Especially for the Fernand Martin enthusiasts on pages 8 till 11, part three of four articles about the history of the Martin Toys.

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine November 2020

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.

To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
Email: ads@antiquetoyworld.com

RESULTS MARTIN TOYS IN THE MILESTONE AUCTION OCTOBER 2020

MILESTONE AUCTIONS PROUDLY PRESENTS VINTAGE TOYS & TRAINS SPECTACULAR AUCTION “FEATURING THE BUDDY L BEARD COLLECTION”
In this auction there are two Martins and a lot more beautiful other toys.

FERNAND MARTIN TIN WINDUP ORANGE VENDOR, lot number 0244 Result: $ 425
FERNAND MARTIN LITTLE COOK lot number 0270 Result $ 700

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: https://milestoneauctions.hibid.com/

All prices are in US $ and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

MARTIN TOYS IN THE MILESTONE VINTAGE TOYS & TRAINS AUCTION OCTOBER 17TH 10AM

MILESTONE AUCTIONS PROUDLY PRESENTS VINTAGE TOYS & TRAINS SPECTACULAR AUCTION “FEATURING THE BUDDY L BEARD COLLECTION”
In this auction there are two Martins and a lot more beautiful other toys.

FERNAND MARTIN TIN WINDUP ORANGE VENDOR, lot number 0244
FERNAND MARTIN LITTLE COOK lot number 0270

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: https://milestoneauctions.hibid.com/

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for these Martins.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

RSL Auction November 7th 2020

In the next auction of RSL Auction Company there are Fernand Martin/Victor Bonnet toys and there are many more other beautiful pieces in this auction.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site:
https://www.rslauctionco.com

You want to see more toys then look at this link: Catalog Link

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for these Martins.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about authenticity, condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Bertoia Annual Fall Auction | November 2020

Annual Fall Auction Highlights

ANNUAL FALL SALE on November 12-13, 2020

Marklin & American trains, Pressed Steel from Jay Schoedinger, Halloween and Christmas collections, outstanding European and Japanese tin toys, horse-drawn examples presented from a long time collection in addition to Banks and Doorstops, and in this auction there are 8 Martin/Flersheim/Victor Bonnet toys

The Bertoia team is dedicated to offering our quality customer service, experience and support.
Do not hesitate to contact us for assistance with registration, bidding or any other questions.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: http://www.bertoiaauctions.com/

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for these Martins.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Fernand Martin number 188. What’s the name?

In the book: “Fernand Martin Toymaker in Paris 1878-1912” this figure is depicted on page 127 with number 188 in two versions called: “Le Charbonnier” and “Le Fort De La Halle”
In the book “The History of Martin Mechanical Toys” from Frédéric Marchande on page 109 he writes that there must also be two versions.

photo courtesy of Michael Bertoia Auctions

And here is example of another name that is depicted in the magazine Soleil Du Dimanche 03-12-1905.
This time, in a article written by Léo Claretie (a good friend of Fernand Martin ) and now he is named: Le porteur de farine. So we have now three different names.

From the magazine: Soleil Du Dimanche December 03-1905

I personally think that there is originally only 1 version because:
-The figures In the book: “Fernand Martin Toymaker in Paris 1878-1912” they are exactly the same figures.
-In the book “The History of Martin Mechanical Toys” they are exactly the same to.
-In both books are the same figures only they carries the bag in a different way, but that is possible by just bending the arm slightly.
The bag is attached to the carrier by a string that runs through the hand.
There is a hole straight through the hand. (See the left hands on both photos from the Bertoia auctions), there is also a hole in his right hand, but there is a cane in it.

Postcard Le Fort de la Halle

On the most pictures that I have seen, this toy carries the bag on his back for exemple:
-You can see that on the toy what is in the collection of the French museum Musée des arts and Métiers – Le cnam, (this toy was in a gift from Fernand Martin to the museum).
-A part of a picture from the magazine La Nature from 1902 pag. 13. (see picture below)
-In the magazine: Soleil Du Dimanche December 03-1905 ( see picture above)
-In the Englisch Illustrated Magazin number 34 Dec. 1905 (see picture below)
-The poster from 1902 (see below)

La Nature from 1902 pag. 13. Source: (Cnum – Digital Conservatory of Arts and Crafts – http://cnum.cnam.fr)
English Illustrated Magazin number 34 Dec. 1905

On an original box, the only I have seen at a toy market, the name was “Le Fort De La Halle”.
Until now I have never seen a “Le Charbonnier” or a coalman, it should be exactly the same as the “Le Fort De La Halle” but covered with black coal dust.
Presumably all the other names then “Le Fort De La Halle” were given in magazines, publications etc. by the writers themselves.

There may be a “but” and that is if Martin maybe made a one-off or a very little series of a black model especially for an exhibition, perhaps to see if the public reacts positively to it.

POSTER FROM 1902

Another proof that the name: “Le Fort De La Halle” the original name is, you can see it on an original Fernand Martin advertising poster from 1902 (on this poster you can see him standing at the bottom right, left of the pianist) showing with the bag on his back, and no “Le Charbonnier” is pictured on this, in 1902, hot poster.

If someone has a picture/photo or box label with a another name than the “Le Fort De La Halle”, and or of the black model, please send me an email with, if possible, a photo.

Fernand Martin- Part one

The history of Fernand Martin toy manufacturer in Paris.
Part one: The first Period.

This article is published in the September 2020 issue of the ATW Antique Toy World magazine. https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/

In the most relevant books about Fernand Martin are the toys that are made by Martin and his successors divided into four periods.

According to the latest state of insight, these periods might be classified as follows
Period 1 from 1878 – 1894
Period 2 from 1895 – 1912
Period 3 from 1912 – 1919
Period 4 from 1919 – 1933

The first period from 1878 – 1894 :

His full name was Séraphin Fernand Martin and born in the French village Amiens.
Fernand Martin lived from 1849 to 1919.
Martin was an inventor, mechanical engineer and manufacturer of mechanical toys in Paris.
He started as a small manufacturer and street vendor of artificial flowers, he made and sold these cloth flowers for many years but he certainly did not earn a good income with it.
He married with Marie Bickel and in 1872 they have a son Maurice.
But the brains of Fernand Martin were working hard and in 1878 he created his first toy, “Poisson Nageur” the swimming fish with a, for that time, very cheap and ingenious drive consisting of a “rubber band” mechanism.

demo model of the “rubber band” mechansime with the swimming fish

As clever as he was, he patented this invention and quickly sold this patent to Cremer toys 210 Regent Street London England.

With the proceeds he was able to start up his first factory in 1880 and from that moment on he could start producing more and in larger numbers.

He started in 1880 with 12 employees and in 1888 there were about 300 employees.
Martin spent his life with his thoughts on toys, when he saw a special scene ore person along the way, he started to think whether it could be converted into a piece of children’s toys.
You can clearly see that in all his work, they reflected the daily life and in particular scenes of children and working people in mainly France and in particular Paris.


If you now look in history books at pictures from that period, you will also see in many objects the unity with his toys from that period.
During this first period Martin made at least about 47 (presumably many more) different toys, the exact number is still not known exactly because not every toy is numbered yet and he also often made toys on behalf of customer request, so toys that are not in his regular production was produced.
Here we are still looking for more clarity, fortunately after deep research new facts regularly pop up.
His earlier mentioned invention of the “rubber band” mechanism was used in most of his toys from this first period, he also used the “flywheel” mechanism and at the end of this first period, the “clockwork” mechanism .
After 1897 he no longer used the “rubber band” mechanism.

He started in 1880 his first factory at 90 Boulevard de Menilmontant Paris in the 20th arrondissement, nearby the world’s most famous cemetery “Père-Lachaise”.
Due the commercial succes of the “Petit Garçon Livreur” (the delivery boy) in 1888, Martin has now the money to buy a new building to expand his factory.
We know this toy as the “Le Livreur”
In 1892 he bought the adjacent building number 88 and after a complete renovation / rebuilding, the factory was expanded considerably as a result, and was, for that time, a revolutionary conception.
This location is where the first period started and in 1934 the last period of its history ended here with the relocation of the Victor Bonnet production facility.

Martin became a respected citizen and has done a lot for the toy industry.
He joined the “Chambre Syndicale des Fabricants de Jouets & Jeux” in Paris in 1886.
In 1892-1893 he became Vice President and in 1893-1894 he was President.


Martin places his logo on most of his toys, first a circle with the letters FM and later with the addition the text Brevete S.G.D.G. (Sans guarantee du gouvernement).
Around the circle was usually but not always the text Marque Deposee.


From 1897 he also placed the famous triangle with the text “Article Francais” and around it the text “Marque Deposee” and under the triangle a number, this triangle sign was granted from the “Chambre Syndicale des Fabricants de Jouets & jeux” to French toymakers.
This number was different per manufacturer.
Martin was given the number 138, so if you see the triangle with a different number underneath, then it is also a different manufacturer and for 100% no Martin.


In 1895 he started making toys in a larger size, this was the beginning of his second period with his “Bonshommes de Paris”.

cor@vanschaijk.com

Blog: www.fernandmartintoys.nl

To be continued

Result Martin in the Ladenburger Spielzeugauktion Sept. 25-26

In this Ladenburger Toyauction there was one Fernand Martin toy but there were many more other beautiful pieces in this auction
Thes catalog in German and English language.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: https://www.spielzeugauktion.de

Sept. 25-26, 2020 auction lot number 028

Result: Martin number 224 – Le Petit Livreur made by George Flersheim. € 550,00

man, France, Je pais le tour du monde, No. 135, I go

The price is in € and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about authenticity, condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Results of the Martins in the Anticomondo Toy Auction on September 18 and 19, 2020

https://i0.wp.com/auktionen.anticomondo.de/AuctionData/1/86/logo.png?w=656&ssl=1

The brandnew catalog of the 86th Toy Auction is online!

As usual, a good amount of very rare and wanted collectibles have been auctioned.
Almost 1900 lots of Tin Toys, Trains, Figures, Model Cars and Antique Advertising.
In this auction there were only two Martin / Victor Bonnet toys.

Martin, Violinist
Victor Bonnet, Automobil mit Anhänger

Auction number 6160 Le Gay Violoniste : Lot Passed
Auction number 6725 Victor Bonnet le Train Tortillard : Lot Passed


Always check the auction site for the results.

Auction catalog: Auction 86

Website : https://www.anticomondo.de/

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

See what you can read in the new October issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine:

Don’t miss the October 2020 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine.
Especially for the Fernand Martin enthusiasts on pages 58 till 61 part two of four articles about the history of the Martin Toys.

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine October 2020

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.
To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
Email: ads@antiquetoyworld.com

Results Martins in the RSL Auction September 12th and 13th 2020

In the next auction of RSL Auction Company there are Fernand Martin toys and there are many more other beautiful pieces in this auction.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site:
https://www.rslauctionco.com

All prices are in US $ and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

You want to see more toys then look at this link: Catalog link

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about authenticity, condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Ladenburger Spielzeugauktion Sept. 25-26

In the next Ladenburger Toyauction there is one Fernand Martin toy but there are many more other beautiful pieces in this auction
We are pleased to present you this catalog in German and English language.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: https://www.spielzeugauktion.de

Sept. 25-26, 2020 auction lot number 028

Martin number 224 – Le Petit Livreur made by George Flersheim.

man, France, Je pais le tour du monde, No. 135, I go

After the auction, I will publish the realized price for this Martin.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about authenticity, condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Postcards with Martin toys

In a previous blog: https://fernandmartintoys.nl/fernand-martin-and-postcards/ I showed postcards depicting Martin toys.
I have now been able to add a new postcard to my collection depicting three Martins,
-the Le Fauteuil Roulant from 1889 (next to his right foot)
-the Pousse pousse from 1889 (in his left hand)
-the Le Livreur from 1888 (in his right hand and on the ground)
This postcard is from France from the late 1800’s
It shows a typical street vendor trying to promote his toys.

Anticomondo Toy Auction on September 18 and 19, 2020

https://i0.wp.com/auktionen.anticomondo.de/AuctionData/1/86/logo.png?w=656&ssl=1

The brandnew catalog of the 86th Toy Auction is online!

As usual, a good amount of very rare and wanted collectibles will be auctioned: Almost 1900 lots of Tin Toys, Trains, Figures, Model Cars and Antique Advertising are waiting for you!

In this auction there are 2 Fernand Martin/Victor bonnet toys

Martin, Violinist
Victor Bonnet, Automobil mit Anhänger


Auction number 6160 Le Gay Violoniste
and auction number 6725 the Victor Bonnet le Train Tortillard

This 86th Toy Auction will be a Live-Auction with floor bidders.

You can take part in the online bidding via Liveauctioneers, lot-tissimo or the-saleroom, live via telephone or register your written predids.

Auction 86

Website : https://www.anticomondo.de/

We hope you enjoy reading and browsing through the new catalog!

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for these Martins.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

S.I.J.I.M. toys that look like “Martin” toys

This article is published in the August 2020 issue of the ATW Antique Toy World magazine. https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/ Now with new facts.

S.I.J.I.M.
This toy maker from Paris made very nice toys.
This manufacturer is named S.I.J.I.M. and the director was Prosper Lévi.
He started his factory in 1909 but the firm ceased to exist in 1913 or 1914.
S.I.J.I.M. means: Société Industrielle de jouets and d’inventions mécaniques.
We know very little about this company, maybe we will find out more in the future and maybe we will find unknown catalogs.
He has not made many different pieces but what he made was beautiful.

Courtesy Toy Museum Soltau (“Spielmuseum Soltau”) in Germany,

Between the S.I.J.I.M. factory and the Fernand Martin factory was in 1912 a lawsuit, this lawsuit was about the Le Rapide Livreur from S.I.J.I.M. and the Petit Livreur from Fernand Martin.
Prosper Lévy from (S.I.J.I.M.) accused Fernand Martin having committed plagiarism.

Le Rapide Livreur. courtesy Bertoia auctions
The Martin Le Petit Livreur
A part of page 1 of the patent of Prosper Lévi that the lawsuit was about
A part of page 3 of the patent of Prosper Lévi that the lawsuit was about

If you look closely at Lévi’s patent you will see in the header a text in squared brackets.
translation: [ Guarantee certificate delivered to M. Jules Boucheron (of whom Mr. Lévi is assignee) on the occasion of the 10th Lépine Contest of toys and articles de Paris opend in Paris the August 12, 1910]

It just means that Jules Boucheron assigned his invention to Mr. Lévi at the occasion of the 10th Lépine Contest.
This means that Mr Lévi was not the inventor of this toy but that was Jules Boucheron.
Jules Boucheron was a small inventor probably without production opportunities and infrastructure.
Many toy manufacturers including Martin bought the rights from small inventors at the “Concours Lépine”.

In July 1914 Fernand Martin give a statement on the alleged allegations of plagiarism and the resulting lawsuit as mentioned above:
COMMUNICATES
We receive from our colleague, Mr. Fernand Martin, the following note with a request to insert: We are pleased to take that the infringement action brought by Mr. Levi against Mr. F. Martin, for a toy called “The Delivery Person” will not be followed up, Mr. Levi having recognized that it is wrongly and without right gull has assigned Mr. Martin in infringement. For his part, Mr. Martin, in the presence of this declaration, waived his claim for damages. The case is therefore closed.

July 1914, From the French magazine “Le Jouet Francias” the official organ of the Chambre Syndicale des Franbicants de Jouets, jeux & engins sportifes.

Martin kept his “Petit Livreur” in production and it was equally produced till in the 1930’s by Victor Bonnet and probably even into the 1950s bye his sons.

Pictures from the magazine of Choumara Paris in 1912
On the right, S.I.J.I.M. toys togehter with Martin toys and other toys.

The best selling and known toy was the organ grinder: le joueur d’orgue, even till nowadays this is often referred to as a Martin. But you can see on the box and on the catalog page that it is clearly a S.I.J.I.M. toy.

But S.I.J.I.M. has also made less well-known pieces.
See these two pages of a catalog of S.I.J.I.M.

These two pages contain the following toys.
Number 32 La Poussette. (The Stroller)
Number 33 Le Joueur d’orgue. (The Organ Player)
Number 34 Les Chevaux Hygieniques (Hygienic Horses)
Number 35 L’apprenti Cavalier. (The Rider Apprentice)
Number 36 Le Rapide Livreur (The Fast Delivery Man)
I don’t know if more toys are made because it is weird to start with number 32.
There is 1 piece which is probably also made by S.I.J.I.M., it is the Le Saute Mouton. (The leap frog)
This, Le Saute Mouton. (The leap frog), toy was depicted in a magazine from the Choumara Paris store in 1912 together with other S.I.J.I.M. , Martin and other toys.

courtesy Bertoia auctions : Le Saute Mouton

From 1897 many toy manufacturers place the famous triangle with the text “Article Francais” and around it the text “Marque Deposee” , under the triangle a number, this sign was exclusively granted by the Chambre Syndicale des Fabricants de Jouets to French toymakers who requested it. The number just reflects the order of the request in the sequence of the requests.
So this number was different per manufacturer.
Take a good look at the catalog page, you will also see this triangle by S.I.J.I.M. has been given number 248.
Martin had the number 138, here you can see how important this number could be to find out which manufacturer has produced a toy.

Mr Lévi made his own toys and many toys are in the “style” of the Fernand Martin and Flersheim toys.
And not without success because his models are very beautiful.
Like many toy manufacturers, a lot of ideas was copied from competitors.
As an example, compare the boy in the chair of Martin ( Le jeune ecuyer ) and the one of Lévi (L’apprenti Cavalier) same “idea” but with a different chair position and a different moving action. Who borrowed from whom ??

Lévi (L’apprenti Cavalier)
Courtesy Toy Museum Soltau (“Spielmuseum Soltau”) in Germany,
Martin ( Le jeune ecuyer )

The mechanisms of these S.I.J.I.M. toys are different from those of Martin, often more sophisticated and of a better quality and therefore more expensive to produce.
However, this did not result in a higher selling price than Fernand Martin/ Flersheim’s toys, but lack of profitability seems to be the reason for the cessation of activity in 1913 or 1914 just before the start of the First World War.
Now most of these S.I.J.I.M. toys are rarer than Martin, Flersheim and Victor Bonnet toys and are traded at very good prices.

A thank you to Frederic Marchand for the permission to use the two catalog pages and the additional information.

All toys with without reference are from my collection

cor@vanschaijk.com

Blog: www.fernandmartintoys.nl