Missing Pictures Part 1

For the collectors who own the book “Fernand Martin toymaker in Paris 1878-1912” I have a number of additions here.
These are the photos that were not known at the time of writing the book.

Page 45: Martin number 16
Le Jeu de Massacre from 1885

Cortesy Renaud Fournier

Page 121: Martin number 183
La Sentinelle Royal Guard from 1901

Photo with thanks to the Toy Museum Soltau (“Spielmuseum Soltau”) in Germany

On page 151: Martin number 206
Jeu de Pêche a la Grenouille Sauteuse from 1906

Auction House: Osenat Fontainebleau

See my preview blog : https://fernandmartintoys.nl/is-this-a-new-fernand-martin-toy/

After page 221: Martin number 266
Le Costaud from 1932

And I know there are more unknown MARTINS.
Now we just have to wait for photos and data.

Continued in Part 2

BERTOIA Summer BASICS Auction August 13th

Comic Character to Lehmanns and European Wind-ups, Airplanes & Boats, Steam Engines, Penny toys and Motorcycles, European figures and soldiers, Still Banks from Douglas Jackman, as well as a few additional surprises.

The Bertoia team is dedicated to offering our quality customer service, experience and support.
Do not hesitate to contact us for assistance with registration, bidding or any other questions.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: http://www.bertoiaauctions.com/

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Newly discovered original catalog by Fernand Martin

This article is published in the June 2020 issue of the ATW Antique Toy World magazine. https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/

We know from the famous Fernand Martin book by Lourens Bas and Arthur Verdoorn: Fernand Martin Toymaker in Paris 1878-1912. that two rare original catalogs are known.

Released in 2014

Many images of these two catalogs have been incorporated into this book.
These two catalogs were discovered in 2012 and date from 1898. and 1911.

Left the 1898 catalog and on the Right the 1911 catalog

Furthermore, an old poster from 1902 ( I suspect that this poster is from 1902 because the last picture on this poster is the Pianist and he was produced from 1902) also surfaced a few years ago.
See the blog of Lourens Bas:
https://lourensbas.wordpress.com/2018/03/04/an-unknown-folder-of-fernand-martin-from-1905/
As far as I know this poster is currently in a collection in France.

Now a third newly discovered catalog is added.

Front
Back

This rare new catalog is from 1908.
It consists of 82 pages with 42 images of the pictures of Fernand Martin toys from to 1895 with de Ma Portiere number 147 till 1908 with the Petit Colbuteur number 213 .
All images used are very similar to the labels used at the time, but often differ slightly in details.
On the last 4 “empty” pages, 3 extra full size original labels have been pasted manually, on a sheet, the label of the Le Boucher number 210 has disappeared.

The last page from the 1908 catalog with two extra original labels

I think these “empty” pages were added during printing so that the new Martins toys that were designed and released during printing could be added manually so that the catalog was a good “Up To Date” for a long time.
The format is almost the same as the two well-known catalogs.
The dimensions are approximate 14 x 12 cm ( 7,5″x 5″) .
These catalogs are all natural in black and white.
This catalog is, for his age, in exceptionally good condition.

Maybe there are more catalogs among collectors, but I only know these three and the poster so far.

Another catalog is also known from the Victor Bonnet period.
A reprint of this catalog was made in 1973 for the spring meeting of the : Antique Toy Collecters of America.
I think the original catalog dates from the late 20s.

Folders, poster, publications, advertisements, labels and catalogs are very important to properly identify the toy and also to complete the large Fernand Martin “puzzle”.
Do you have something? Please share it with me and fellow collectors.

All images used are from my own collection.

Cor van Schaijk. cor@vanschaijk.com

Blog adress: Www.fernandmartintoys.nl

See what you can read in the new July issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine:

Don’t miss the July 2020 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine.

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine July 2020.

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.


To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
Email: ads@antiquetoyworld.com

Result Martin toy in the Anticomondo Toy Auction on June 19 and 20, 2020

85th Toy Auction

The brandnew catalog of the 85th Toy Auction is online!

As usual, a good amount of very rare and wanted collectibles will be auctioned: More than 1900 lots of Tin Toys, Trains, Figures, Model Cars and Antique Advertising are waiting for you!

In this auction is 1 Fernand Martin toy


Auction number 6234 Le Gay Violoniste
IS NOT SOLD

auction catalog 85

Website : Anticomondo

We hope you enjoy reading and browsing through the new catalog!


Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

La course en sac ( the potato bag runner ) A Fernand Martin toy from 1906

A child’s play from years past with a lot of fun.
A competition to reach the finish line, while jumping in a potato bag as quickly as possible.

This toy was made in 1906 by Fernand Martin and currently very rare and therefore a very popular piece.
A toy from the second “Martin” period and it was given the Martin number 205.
At the top the potato bag is kept closed by a red thread
Height 19 cm ( 7,5 inch)

The Martin logos are depicted on both sides of the bag.

At the bottom there are two slots, after turning up two bars per slot come forward to simulate the jump, it makes a very nice almost natural movement.

Picture from the original 1908 catalog

The drawing below shows the inside.
This drawing is from the old French magazine La Nature from 1908

THE TOY AND THE CATALOG ARE FROM MY OWN COLLECTION.

Auction result Fernand Martin toys in the Galerie De Chartres auction on June 13, 2020

Price in Euro’s and without Buyer’s Premium of 20% VAT
(23,60% VAT for the buyers on interencheres-live.com)

Live sale on: www.interencheres-live.com

More informations at: https://www.ivoire-france.com/chartres/fr/auction-3393-jouets_collection_vente_initialement_prevue_25_avril?p=58

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Found a Victor Bonnet account overview/Payment reminder from 1933

After 15 years, in 1933, the lease of the factory at the location 88 boulevard Ménilmontant expired and Bonnet moved the production to another Bonnet factory in the Rue des Tourelles Paris 20 number 8. (This Victor BONNET’s privately held company was, producing household items from the early 1920’s.)
Until the end of the production at the location 88 boulevard Ménilmontant, Victor Bonnet still used the old Fernand Martin logo and on one of his Account overview / Payment reminder’s shows that he also advertised that he had over 200 Patents, additions and deposits in France and abroad, but that includes the patents from Fernand Martin and George Flersheim

This payment reminder is dated December 1, 1933

Payment reminder
Detail of this account overview
This check is dated December 10, 1933, belonging to the above account overview, see the detail on the right with the original signature of Victor Bonnet in blue.

Fernand Martin: The sweeping lady- “Ma Portière”

The first Martin of the “bonhommes” series from the second Fernand Martin period (1895 -1912) with number 147 and produced from 1895

From my own collection

The very first examples were produced with the famous “rubber band” mechanism.
Later they were executed with a “clockwork mechanism” they are easy to keep apart.
The model with the rubber band has the handle on top of the head to turn on, the model with the clockwork mechanism has the well-known Martin key on the back.
The difference can of course also be seen at the bottom when you look for the kind of mechanism.

Toys from the collection of the Toy Museum Soltau (“Spielmuseum Soltau”) in Germany

The rubber band model has two different places where it can be marked, one is a tin / lead seal against the metal skirt with the FM symbol on it.
The other is marked with an embossed FM logo against a bracket underneath the skirt.
The clockwork mechanism model is not marked she only has a Fernand Martin key.

Top left with lead seal–below left embrossed–right two differend Martin keys

The rubber band mechanism basically consists of three separate parts, the handle, the elastic and the movement part.
If the rubber band breaks, the mechanism will fall out at the bottom and the wind-up liver at the top so they may have been lost over the years.

Model with the rubber band mechanism

The first boxes, with the rubber band model, were not yet numbered, the subsequent boxes, with the clockwork machanism, were numbered on the right-hand side next to the broom.
In the catalog from 1898 the drawing was numberd left above. ( see the first image at the top of this blog )

The first version is therefore with a “rubber band” drive, with this version you can clearly see the winding handle on top of the head.
The versions thereafter received the winding mechanism, but in the first copies the hole on the top of the head was sealed with a round plate.
Later versions have been given a head without a hole or plate.

Another separate component is the weight mounted on the left shoulder, meant as a counterweight for the movement of the mechanism.
The other counterweight is under the skirt at the end of the mechanism.

The mechanism moves her upper body from right to left.
If the movement to the right or left is at its end, the mechanism will be forced again by the two counterweights to move to the other side, so it looks like she is sweeping the floor. 

Very nice and realistic.

See also my previous blog: The Ma Portiere as a piece of art? https://fernandmartintoys.nl/the-ma-portiere-as-a-piece-of-art/

Anticomondo Toy Auction on June 19 and 20, 2020.

85th Toy Auction

The brandnew catalog of the 85th Toy Auction is online!

As usual, a good amount of very rare and wanted collectibles will be auctioned: More than 1900 lots of Tin Toys, Trains, Figures, Model Cars and Antique Advertising are waiting for you!

In this auction is 1 Fernand Martin toy


Auction number 6234 Le Gay Violoniste

Because of the current circumentances the 85th Toy Auction will be a Live-Auction without floor bidders.

You can take part in the online bidding via Liveauctioneers, lot-tissimo or the-saleroom, live via telephone or register your written predids.

auction catalog 85

Website : Anticomondo

We hope you enjoy reading and browsing through the new catalog!


Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

The manufacture of Fernand Martin mechanical toys in 1902

This article is published in the May 2020 issue of the ATW Antique Toy World magazine. https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/

The translation of a French article about the manufacture of mechanical tin toys from Fernand Martin in the late 1800s and early 1900s, written by Paul Peltier and published in 1902 in the magazine “La Vie Illustree”

Magazin from my own collection

ABOUT THE 1902 TOY COMPETITION OF M LÉPINE

There are many toys about the upcoming October 10th (1902) Exhibition, organized by the small manufacturers of these tiny and delicious things, whose appearance on the family table will provoke the joyful laugh of enthusiastic toddlers.
This exhibition, moreover, is the reedition or, if we wind, the extension of the competition organized by M. Lepine, prefect of police, last year.
The moment, therefore, seems to have come to introduce our readers to the mysteries of the manufacture of the mechanical toy, and to reveal to them the secrets of those curious arcana from which articulate blacksmiths and little merchants pushing their cars on the sidewalks conscientiously.
The mechanical toy, as a very popular toy, very wide spread, very loved, is a very modern invention.
The difficulty & indeed, It’s much less a matter of moving a character than of being able to make this articulate and animated personage very cheaply.

It is certain that, in a pinch, the automaton of Vaucanson can be considered like a toy, but certainly the hawkers of the time could not have sold it for some grounds at the time of the New Year’s Day.
Thanks to the kindness of Mr. Fernand Martin, who has attached his name to the cheap mechanical toy industry in France.
We will introduce the reader in this world of the toddlers where articulated “Eves” and automatic “Adams” wait for the moment to leave their paradise quickly.
Like medicine and literature, the toy industry has its specialists.

The main specialties are:
1 Mechanical toys, in a general way.
2 The dolls, these cute little creatures with eternally pink cheeks, eternally constant heart, which not only delight the girls, but still know how to inspire, if need be, the novelists- Cosette’s dolls: Miserables, doll dresses from Dickens- like the musicians – the Nuremberg Doll, • the Infant’s Dolls, and, a few years ago, the Doll.
3 The lead soldiers; here we fall in the operetta, with the lead soldier of Mire Nitouche
4 Railways, racing games, etc., etc.

But it is the mechanical toys that are most interesting.
The first toys of this kind were created around 1879.
Their little “soul”, which no Paul Bourget will ever try to analyze, was essentially composed of an inert motor pelit composed of twisted rubber wire with escape wheel.
One of the worst “hurts”, none of which will ever be analyzed, was essentially a small engine, composed of a twisted rubber wire with an escape wheel.
It was obviously not very complicated, but as for the egg of Christopher Columbus, it was all about thinking about it !!
It was first the le Poisson Nageur, then the Les Forgerins Infatigables, Les Scieurs, Le Suiveur Endiablé, who delighted the Boulevards. Another invention, very curious and amusing, made its appearance around 1883.
It was – said without wanting to do the least course of mechanics! – a steering wheel whose shaft operated on two wheels.
This engine, very simple as we see, was first applied to the loco-motive road that – I call the fathers! – made a sensation.
There was much talk about it at the Tuileries ( formal gardens next to the Louvre in Paris, the gardens are all that remain of the Tuileries Palace, a royal residence begun in 1564 and burned down in 1871 during the Commune of Paris.) the old five-year-olds discussed it with interest in Luxembourg, and the little world of Parc Monceau was very satisfied.

Then came the Les Valseurs, Les Pompiers, Les Duellistes. In 1888, the Deliveryman and the Pousse-Pousse had a big success, which reached its peak during the Exhibition of 1889.
Then we see the L’Autruche, Le Cab, Le Perroquet, Le Pêcheur á la Linge, etc., etc.
Around 1894, a new series of little automatons appeared: “Ma Portière”, Le Petit Décrotteur, the Violoniste, La Blanchisseuse.

Finally, in 1900, we have the Le Pochard and the Le Bamboula.
The mechanical toy industry is also inspired by the news, as an in-depth review of the end of the year, so that among the recent creations we have seen: the L’Agent with the white baton, the Le Vieux Marcheur, a delicate allusiun to the success of the Varieties, Le Chinois, finally the Le Boer and the L’Anglais.

We will consider, in the photographs attached, (photo above) a bloody meeting between the L’Anglais and the Le Boer, and (photo below) a suggestive group of agents, policemen and gendarmes: a true International Police Congress!

Finally, as the latest creations, the Le Clown Marchant, walking on the hands, and the Le Petit Pianiste whose fingers agile and tiny.
He performs fantastic scales on a diminutive piano, and one can judge the marvels of skill and ingenuity which must be displayed in order to obtain a similar toy for a few pence, all the more so, oh joy! really what’s going to be saying Reyer? …
Needless to say, the division of work reigns supreme in mechanical toy factories.
First of all, it is the forge, where workers do all that one could call the “big work”, because everything is relative.

Then comes the welding, where the little automaton will begin to feel the clever stroking of feminine fingers.
From there, we move to the manufacture of “skeletons”.
This macabre expression refers to the assembly of all the parts of wire and metal that make up the body of the character.
Then it’s dressing up, and really this part of Mr. Martin’s factory is quite reminiscent of the workshop of a great couturier, whatever Doucet for dolls! consists, for the fingers, always feminins, to illuminate quickly and well the hands of the Le Bamboula or the trowel of the Vieux Marcheur.
Finally, the filling: this is where we put the last hand to the little toy, where, for example, we stick the piece of music in front of the eyes and the pianist is incredibly enthusiastic.

And when our babies, already ferocious, tear the tunic or the bodice to see “what’s inside”, they will certainly suspect the amount of work and pain that will have cost their toy a few French cents !
In fact, it is thought that to make toys like the ones we are talking about and sell them cheaply, we need personnel and tools of extraordinary complexity, and our readers have realized this.
The equipment is so multiple, and the meeting of raw materials relatively so long, that the French manufacturer has time to cast a good part of his invention, before the German manufacturer finds the opportunity to counterfeit and sell himself.
It is, indeed, in Germany, the classic country of the Nuremberg doll, that the French mechanical toy is pillaged with the greatest cynicism.
There are, it seems, in Germany only two manufacturers of mechanical toys who do not copy our objects ! …

We were talking about the tools and personnel of a big toy factory mechanical. Some typical details will serve to fix the ideas.
Do we know how much the house we have visited employs dressers, who, as their name implies, are exclusively employed in re-covering the skeletons of iron wire, hidden in the small chest of tin plate? It are thirty dressers!
These thirty dressers, some of whom work in the workshop, the others at home, can dress up to three thousand figs a day.
In addition to the dressers, the toy houses still use machine-made stitches.
To dress ten thousand little “ bonhommes”, it takes six hundred meters of a cloth having 80 cm wide.

Another detail borrowed, no longer from the mechanical toy industry, but from that of small rifles.
The tiny arms, which sell for about fifteen cent, are provided with a shoulder strap, attached to a small staple nailed to the edge of the butt.
To obtain these staples, we use a machine that can drill in a minute a zinc plate a meter long: well! the cuts, the small trimmings that fall by the thousands, are precisely the staples.
This detail shows how frighteningly rapid it is to satisfy consumption.

In Paris there are in 1902, about 25,000 toy workers employed by 500 employers.
Not included in this number, of course, watchmakers, molders, seamstresses, etc., who are used, but who are not dedicated to the toy.
Men can earn 5 francs the piece, about 50 francs per day; women 3 francs.
The work is done either by the pieces, or by the day.
We see that the toy – at least the mechanical toy – is not what a vain people thinks.
It’s not just “the joy of children and the tranquility of parents”.
It is also one of the objects on which our national industry has made its mark, and from this point of view the public can not be too interested in it.

All workshop images are insights from the Fernand Martin factory in 1902

Fernand Martin toys in the next Galerie de Chartres auction on June 13, 2020

The French auction house: Galerie de Chartres has a very nice and extremely rare Fernand Martin toy with his original box in this coming auction.
Furthermore, there are many more Martin toys and other beautiful toys in this auction that we can look for.

See this link for the entire collection to be auctioned: https://www.interencheres.com/meubles-objets-art/jouets-de-collection-267107/

For more auction house information see this link:
https://www.interencheres.com/commissaire-priseur/maitres-jean-pierre-lelievre-pascal-maiche-alain-paris-et-galerie-de-chartres-111/

Note: The machine gun (left above), “La Mitrailleuse Francaise” is presumably made by George Flersheim, successor of Fernand Martin.
Deze afbeelding heeft een leeg alt-attribuut; de bestandsnaam is afbeelding.png
Courtesy Galerie de Chartres

Live sale on: www.interencheres-live.com

For more information see the auction catalog: https://www.ivoire-france.com/chartres/fr/auction-3393-jouets_collection_vente_initialement_prevue_25_avril?p=58
Catalog 8 € or subscription for 2 years 30 €.

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for this Martin

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

See what you can read in the new June issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine:

Don’t miss the June 2020 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine.
And especially for the Fernand Martin enthusiasts:
This month, on pages 54 till 58 an article about a newly discovered original 1908 catalog from Martin.

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine June 2020.

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.
To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
Email: ads@antiquetoyworld.com

The Ma Portiere as a piece of art ?

At the end of 1800 and early 1900, Fernand Martin was a highly regarded businessman in Paris.
His toy factory flourished and his toys were hugely popular and well-known
This of course also attracted people who wanted to get a piece of his popularity and now I mean it in the good sense of the word.
One of those people was an artist who made bronze sculptures.
At that time, bronze statues were enormously popular and in many living rooms these statues were to be admired.
The name of this artist was Jose (Josep) Cardona Furro, he was born in Barcelona Spain and lived from 1878-1922.
He left for Paris at a young age.
Martin often made his toys about what he saw in daily street life and that was the same thing Jose Cardona did.
His bronze statues were mostly statues of people and often of children he saw busy in the street.


One of his images is of a street vendor with clearly recognizable Fernand Martin’s the Ma Portiere. on his back a sack full of boxes of toys, in his hand he is busy turning up a Ma Portiere and there is also a clearly recognizable Ma Portiere at his feet.
The Ma Portiere was made by Martin from 1895, so this image will also be designed and made by Jose Cardona in 1895 or a little later, so at the age of 17.
The sculpture is very detailed and approximately 36 cm high and weighs more than 5 kg. ( 11 pound )
There are versions known with a marble base and versions without this base.

In one of the following blogs I will cover this “Ma Portiere” extensively,

A small celebration

Exactly 1 year ago I started this blog.
In the course of this year I have written about 80 articles.
The number of readers watched has also increased considerably, from about 30 a month to currently an average of over 120 a month.
The number of hits on articles has also increased, there are days with only 3 hits but also days with more than 40 hits, the total number of hits is currently more than 2200 and that is an average of 29,5 hits per article.
Also, from the number of positive responses, many readers are satisfied with this blog.
So for me again the challenge to work hard on new articles.

I thank everyone for the good words and especially the auctioneers, traders, museums, private collectors, etc. who have given permission to use images in this blog.

And if you have any questions or material that I can process please send it to me and I will make sure that I find it right and if it is interesting for the readers, I will put it in a blog.
Thanks again everyone.

(All photos in this article are of my dear and early deceased friend Arthur Verdoorn.)

Results of the Bertoia Annual Spring Auction May 7-8 2020

Now we serve you the auction results of the Martins and Martin related toys in the Bertoia Annual Spring Auction May 7-8 2020

All prices price is US $ and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

For the complete overview, results, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: http://www.bertoiaauctions.com/

Regarding the objects and prices described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

PREVIOUS: Extremely rare Martin in the Galerie de Chartres auction on June 13, 2020

This Martin is in the provisional auction list. The complete list will be published 15 days before June 13, if there are other interesting Martins among them, I will edit this blog.

The French auction house: Galerie de Chartres has a very nice and extremely rare Fernand Martin toy with his original box in this coming auction
Furthermore, there are many more other beautiful toys in this auction that we can look for, after the complete list is published.

See this link for the entire Previous collection to be auctioned: https://www.interencheres.com/meubles-objets-art/jouets-de-collection-267107/

For more auction house information see this link:
https://www.interencheres.com/commissaire-priseur/maitres-jean-pierre-lelievre-pascal-maiche-alain-paris-et-galerie-de-chartres-111/

Courtesy Galerie de Chartres

Live sale on: www.interencheres-live.com

For more information see the auction catalog: https://www.ivoire-france.com/chartres/fr/auction-3393-jouets_collection_vente_initialement_prevue_25_avril?p=58
Catalog 8 € or subscription for 2 years 30 €.

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for this Martin

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

See what you can read in the new May issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine:

Don’t miss the May 2020 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine.
And especially for the Fernand Martin enthusiasts:
This month, on pages 60 – 63, an article about the manufacture of Martin toys in 1902.

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.
To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
Email: ads@antiquetoyworld.com

Is this a new Fernand Martin toy ?!?!

This article was published in the April 2020 issue of the ATW Antique Toy World magazine. https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/

Martin and Flersheim made toys that were mostly “up-to-date” at the time of manufacture, and by “up to date” I mean that literally.
At specific happenings, events, news, but also new fashion, inventions, etc. Martin and Flersheim were immediately able to make a toy for it so that the audience recognized and bought it.

Now I found an entirely unknown new Martin to me, it is a very nice soldier.
After I have examined it thoroughly, by comparing with other Martin toys, by measuring all parts precisely and checking with UV light for the age and deviations of the paint.
I have to come to the conclusion that I am almost sure that this is a original Martin from the Flersheim period.
But for 100% sure we need a catalog, advertising or box where it is shown.

First a short history of French soldier uniforms:

The 1758 Code Military includes descriptions of each French regimental uniform, including the Royal Artillery.
In addition to blue coats and red distinctions, the artillery had many subtle details on the coat and vests.

Old French postcards WW1

In 1914 they quickly discovered that during the WW1 war using the old model uniforms in the colors red and bleu the soldiers are sitting ducks.
These colors stood out too much against the clear sky above the Frensch fields.
They designed very fast a new blue / gray uniform, because that didn’t stand out against the clear bleu sky.
In the end of 1914 and the early 1915 they designed a completely new uniform in the color light gray / blue.
These soldiers were named: Le Poilus

George Flersheim was also Lieutenant artillery in this WW1 and was therefore at the center of the uniform change.
He must have implemented that quickly for a new model for a French soldier.

In his short period, (1912 till 1915) Flersheim has released at least 20 complete new pieces.
(More about George Flersheim in one of my next blogs.)

Hypothesis:

1.
In the book: Fernand Martin Toymaker in Paris 1878 – 1912 on page 200, there are 3 soldiers.
The writers Lourens Bas and Arthur Verdoorn tells us on this page : Nevertheless we have to conclude that we don’t know the number of any of these toy soldiers, so that we are not sure about the order in which they are presented.
The left one is a French soldier with the number 243.
But the red and dark soldier on the photo is not a French soldier from 1915 but a French soldier with a uniform from used before 1915.
The colors blue / red are used from 1758 until in the first war months WW1 in 1914.
I tink this red and blue soldier must be one of the numbers: 234 – 235 or 236, because this uniform was still in use in 1913.
The new find French soldier must be then probably number 243 in the book: Fernand Martin Toymaker in Paris. 1878 – 1912

2.
It is quite possible that George Flersheim designed it, but he was unable to bring it into production because he died tragically on August 14, 1915 at the age of 30.
After his death, the factory continued to produce toys for at least a few years and maby produced this toy.
Because we were unable to find a box, we do not know a name and possibly number (if it was already numbered)

Resume:
Perhaps there is a third option.
We do not know this and it remains to be seen whether this toy with box or a catalog with image will ever be found.
So if there are readers who know more, please send me a message.

George Flersheim also released many old Martin pieces, and what he did was alter old Martin pieces and produce them again.
He also made extensive use of the available old stock of “Martins” materials and clockworks.

One example is the Fireman with ladder, but what does this fireman have to do with the new soldier?
I want to explain this.

There are a total of 4 different firefighters in the following order:

1) First released by Fernand Martin in 1904 with the number 197.
2) Then George Flersheim reproduced the same model from Martin in 1912 with the number 197-bis.
3) But later George Flersheim modernized, between 1912 and 1915, the head with a different helmet model
4) Victor Bonnet reproduced the Flersheim fireman again in 1921

The differences are sometimes small.  

-1- The Martin from 1904. -2-The same one made by Flersheim

-1- FERNAND MARTIN : three-part ladder and a low back of the helmet and a clockwork with Martin key.
-2- GEORGE FLERSHEIM : three-part ladder and a low back of the helmet and a clockwork with the Flersheim key, so only changed to the Flersheim key.

-3- Flersheim model 1912. -4- Flersheim model but released by Victor Bonnet 1921

-3- GEORGE FLERSHEIM : the same three-part ladder as -1- and -2-, but now with a different model head / helmet and a clockwork with Flersheim key.
-4- VICTOR BONNET : a different three-part ladder with a stand-alone stand, a clockwork with the Victor Bonnet model key. (see detail) and a new box with number 197bis.

So, you see, there are actually 4 different firefighters and Flersheim used a piece of the number -3- fireman for his new soldier.

So we are back to the soldier.
In his design for the new soldier, Flersheim took the head from his fireman from picture number -3-
Slightly changed the upper edge of that helmet.
Painted the helmet blue.
The helmet of the original fireman has in front a nice graphic, the helmet of this soldier has the same graphics hidden under the blue paint.
Took a simple dribbling “walking” body of a Martin toy like the violinist or drunkard without the arm actions.
Gave him a rifle.
Blue clothes and there was a new soldier and exactly in the mind of Fernand Martin himself.
This toy has only a “walking” action.



Boxes from the Fernand Martin Le Pochard with a additional sticker ?

In the year 1900 the 13th universal World Exhibition was in Paris.
Fernand Martin participated in this exhibition and was also a jury member of the “Hors Concours Médaille D’or ” as can be read on the box and on the catalog picture of the Bamboula no 179.

This World exhibition lasted from April 15 to November 12, 1900.

During this exhibition many products were sold to the public by business exhibitors, but street vendors in the streets of Paris also sold more than normal during that period.

I have found three boxes of the Le Pochard number 172 produced from the year 1899 with a additional reference to this exhibition.

This “Le Pochard” is familiar to all Martin collectors and it has also been produced for a long time and is one of the most renowned Martin’s .

This additional reference is a loose sticker that is stuck on the boxes
The sticker on the first box is difficult to read but the other two boxes are much clearer to read.
The sticker on box three is not on the front but on the top of the box

Exposition Universelle 1900 F.M.

We can assume that these pieces were sold during this world exhibition in 1900, but it is also possible that the stickers were placed as advertisements well before the world exhibition to draw attention to this exhibition.
These boxes with toys are therefore very easy to date.
You also see that both drunks are dressed the same.

I do not know if boxes of other Martin toys were also provided with this sticker, but perhaps one of the readers of this blog has an answer, please let me know.

Louis Poyet and Fernand Martin

In a previous blog from 13 April, I show you a drawing of the Rabbit from Martin, this drawing was made by Louis Poyet.

Louis Poyet (born in Saint-Etienne, 1846 – died in Paris, 1913) was a draftsman, etcher and French illustrator known for his work that he made together with scientists, industrialists and engineers.

Louis Poyet moved to Paris and in 1877 he opened his own print studio.

His workshop had around 40 craftsmen
He started working for Gaston Tissandier as an Illustrator / writer for the La Nature magazine, for which he continued to work until his death.
He signed with “Poyet” and sometimes “L. Poyet”.

He has made many beautiful etchings for Martin that have been published in, among others, the magazine: La Nature

Here some examples.

He also worked on several books and magazines so as:

-The book of Charles Masson, published in 1884 entitled: The scientific recreation for education and play.

-Poyet was also one of the industrial illustrators of images for the book series Les Grandes Usines published by Michel Levy from 1876 till 1881.

-In 1889 he worked for Tom Tit (pseudonym of Arthur Good engineer) with which he worked on:
The Recreational Science section in the L’Illustration magazine
The Fun Science a booklet with 100 Experiments, with 115 Drawings in 1890.
This first booklet was again published in 1893 and then followed by two completely new editions.

The success factor of this series was enormous
Translations were sold in 1891 in Spain, England, the United States, Scandinavia, Russia.
There are around 130 different editions of these three volumes, released until the 1920s.

To complete the circle, one of Martin’s toys, the Le “Tom Tit” Martin number 157 (See in the 2014 book: Fernand Martin toymaker in Paris on page 95 ) was based on one of the experiments from Tom Tit; La rotation de la Terre

Below you see on the left the drawing from the book “La Science Amusant” van Tom Tit, this drawing was made by Louis Poyet, on the right an image from a page of a catalog by Fernand Martin

After the death of Louis Poyet in 1913 his studio was taken over by his sons Roger in Raphael, under the name “Poyet Brothers”.

Fernand Martin the Rabbit “Le Lapin Vivant”

This rabbit is produced from 1890 and quite rare
In the 2014 book: Fernand Martin Toymaker in Paris, the Le Lapin Vivant is listed on page 59 with the number 32
I know some color varieties such as white, light brown and dark brown.

It is a fairly small bunny with a height of 13 cm.
After winding up, he moves forward and his ears and arms move.
Immediately below the winding roll it is marked with the old known logo of Martin, the circle with the letters “F.M.” and “depose”

So far I have only seen versions with a flywheel drive.
Recognizable on the side where the wheel is to wrap the rope.

With the rubber band version I have never seen myself
I recently bought a series of 4 little etchings from 1892 with images of toys.
On one of the etchings this Le Lapin Vivant with the version with a rubber belt drive is shown.
The original etching is very small; approximately 8×10 cm
In the French technical year magazine: La Nature from 1892 on page 45 this drawing / etching is depicted on which a beautifully open worked Le Pantin Vivant can be seen.

This etching is made by mr. Louis Poyet
Mr Poyet made many etchings of toys for the technical magazin “La Nature”, he therefore regularly visited toy factories, including of course the Fernand Martin factory to make a lot of etchings of the latest new toys.

Despite the current terrible pandemic, I still want to wish everyone a ………

Easter bunny from Gunthermann of the 1920s, hand-painted and a basket with eggs on its back, from my own collection.

Zalig Pasen
Geseënde Paasfees
Gëzuar Pashkët
Frohe Ostern
Happy Easter
Häid lihavõttepühi
Hyvää pääsiäistä
Joyeux Pâques
Kellemes Húsvéti Ünnepeket
Buona Pasqua
Felis Pasku
Wesołych Świąt Wielkanocnych
Boa Páscoa
Veselú Veľkú Noc
Feliz Pascua
Pasg Hapus
Glad Påsk

Auction results of the Martins in the RSL auction of April 4th and 5th, 2020

Below is an overview of the Martin toy sales,  prices achieved in USD and without the buyer’s premium

All mentioned prices are hammer prices

For more information see the auction catalog https://www.rslauctionco.com

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition, authenticity or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

blog: www.fernandmartintoys.nl

Bertoia Annual Spring Auction May 7-8 2020 with a lot of Martins in this auction.

Top quality auction is already well underway.
A fine European tin toy collection will be spearheading the second day, as collectors of all categories; from rare Banks to magnificent Christmas rarities will find the sale both impressive and exciting.
Still Banks, Automatons, Comic toys, and Pressed Steel trucks will be highlighted.

The Bertoia team is dedicated to offering our quality customer service, experience and support.
Do not hesitate to contact us for assistance with registration, bidding or any other questions.

We serve you in this auction:

The late Norman Schaut Toy and Train Collection (promoter of the Atlantique City Antique Show)
The Cast Iron Automotive Toy Collection of Dmitri Ilyinsky, with additions from Bob Brady
Part I of the Bob Weiss Mechanical Bank Collection, with selections from Bill & Wendy Jones
The Christmas and Holiday Collection of Karyl Newman
The impressive Charles Foster Schoenhut Collection and Pressed Steel from the Butch Buss collection.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: http://www.bertoiaauctions.com/

NOTE:
In an effort to keep everyone safe while continuing to provide the auction excitement of collecting, at this time, the sale is planned to be a virtual auction with telephone, absentee, and multiple online bidding options.
We invite all collectors to join us and experience a live Bertoia event online as we video stream the entire sale simulcast over a webcam.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

See what you can read in the new April issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine:

Don’t miss the April 2020 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine.
And especially for the Fernand Martin enthusiasts:
This month, on pages 60 – 61, an article about a newly discovered MARTIN toy.

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine April 2020.

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.
To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
Email: ads@antiquetoyworld.com

A tin-toy clown as a spinning Top!

A very special toy with an ingenious mechanism
L’homme toupie made by Victor Bonnet from Paris, the last owner of the Fernand Martin toy factory in Paris.
This clown has the product number 252
It has been produced from around 1921/1922
This toy can be winded by means of a separate key.
The height is 19 cm = 7,5 inch.

two different color varieties

After winding, place him on top of his head / hat on a flat table and let go. (in his hat is a clearly visible screw on which the whole turns)
He then starts to turn around his axis and at some point his hands slowly move towards the table, then stops turning and then pushes his head / hat away from the table.
His legs then separate and back together.
Then his head / hat returns to the table and everything starts all over again.
The manufacturer calls it a spinning top but therefore a very special ingenious spinning top.
He is now collected by collectors of tin toys and then mainly collectors of Fernand Martin toys.
He is therefore also collected by spinning tops collectors and collectors of circus acts.
It has a tin body, head, feet and hands.
The arms and legs are made of metal wire.
The feet, hands and the head with the hat are hand painted.
Furthermore, the whole is provided with colorful fabric clothing.

The top of the hat with the brand name and the named screw –the hand-painted face– the keyhole on the back and an image from a catalog from the late 1920”s .

To wind it up, there is a keyhole on the back
What is important at purchase this toy, look at this keyhole, there is normally a Brass ring with disc attached in the fabric clothing, the disc is clothed with fabric, but very often this ring with disc is torn out and disappeared due to frequent use.
The clown is marked on top of the hat with the text: Article Francais V.B & Cie Paris.

All photos are from my own collection

Result of the Martin in the Ladenburger Spielzeugauktion from March 27-28, 2020


Auction number 112 -Martin number 260 – Madelon casseuse d’assiettes 1928 made by Victor Bonnet. – € 550 ( Hammerprice in Euro’s )

For more information see the auction catalog : https://www.spielzeugauktion.de/

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Auction result of the “Martin” toys in the Leski Toy Auction on March 22, 2020

Courtesy Leski Auctions

Leski Auction number–maker + name–Result Hammerprice in AU $

Auction number 216 -Victor Bonnet -Auto Transport – UNSOLD
Auction number 223 -SIJIM -le Joueur D’orgue – AU $ 500
Auction number 228 – Martin -Le Petite Pianiste -UNSOLD
Auction number 291 -Victor -Bonnet L’autopatte – AU $ 1250

For more information see the auction catalog www.leski.com.au

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

A new discovery of a “Martin” toy made by Victor Bonnet.

This article is published in the ATW Antique Toy World magazine of March 2020-Volume 50- No3.
Read that article here but now with a very recently found additional supplement.
This additional supplement was unfortunately too late for publication in the ATW.

The Martin period is brought together from the beginning of the first Fernand Martin toy the POISSON NAGEUR in 1878 during the move of Victor Bonnet from the original old Fernand Martin factory on the 88 Boulevard de Menilmontant Paris to another location in 1934
The last toy we now, till now, was the VOITURE NOUNOU POUPON with number 265

Until now we thought that this VOITURE NOUNOU POUPON with number 265 was the very last “Martin” produced in the factory on the 88 Boulevard de Menilmontant Paris, but that is now changing.
We can now add this extra number 266 to it.
And maybe there are more extra numbers to discover.

I have now found a new piece with number 266 on the box.
It is a pistol with the name LE COSTAUD
And luckily with the original box in a fairly good condition so we now for sure that it has number 266.

Dimensions box approximately 2,5 x 10,5 x 16,5 cm (1 x 4,5 x 6,5 inch) Dimensions pistol approximately 11,5 x15 cm (4,5 x 6 inch)
I can say that we have found another piece of the big “Martin” puzzle.

And I have an original bill from Victor Bonnet in my collection that includes this pistol.
The bill dates from June 16, 1933 and this bill also shows the old trusted location of the original old Fernand Martin factory on 88 Boulevard de Menilmontant Paris.

On this bill there are three well-known Bonnet pistols:
–the PAN PAN (number 247)
–the TAPE FORT (number 262)
–the FLAC (number 256)
And now the unknown LE COSTAUD with number 266.
But there is still another unknown part on this bill under the name: “EPERVIER” in English this means (Sperrow) Hawk.
I think this is also a pistol, because I have often seen tin toy pistols with the name Hawk but till now not from Victor Bonnet but I am not sure yet.

And now the recently found addition:

I very recently found the French patent for this pistol LE COSTAUD with number 266
The patent number is FR 730.021
The following dates can be seen on this patent:
-Announced on April 04-1931
-Submitted on May 03-1932
-Published on August 05-1932
Now we know for sure that this pistol has been produced since 1932.

A part of the first page
The third page

The displayed bill and pistol are from my own collection