Original antique photo of a sale booth with Martin toys.

I found this extremely rare and 100% original photo at a French toy dealer Mr François Binetruy. He has a shop “Brocante L’Orangerie” in France in the place Versaille and a webshop https://www.binetruy.org/ . These kind of photos are very very rare and unique and you don’t see them often.

Maker of this photo is Paul Geniaux (1873-c.1930).

Very rare period silver print representing a traveling salesman of toys behind his stall in front of the many dreaming children. We see many toys of Fernand Martin, and if I look closely I recognize the Martin’s: (Mysterious ball – Cook – Pianist -Street sweeper – Gentleman Khaki) and from Lehmann: (Sailor, Li-La, Chinese) and others: the boxes of the toys are piled under the table. And on the right side next to the big pillar you see a second toy seller with Martin toys, you can easily recognize the Mysterious ball (La Boule Mystérieuse from 1906)

The shooting is around 1906 and located rue de Rivoli at the level of the Protestant temple in front of the Louvre in Paris.

On verso, author’s stamp and handwritten annotations. Format with margins 13.2 x 17.5 cm. Unfortunately the photo has been partly crumpled.

I am not surprised that it has already been sold within a few days.

Photos used with permission from François Binetruy

Did I found an unknown Martin toy or not??

A few years ago, I came in possession of this very special toy and after closer investigation it turned out that it has a link to Fernand Martin.
The seller could not give me any further information, he only knew that this toy was bought in France a long time ago.


It is marked on one of the legs with: FM Bt. S.G.D.G. MRe DÉPOSÉE. and that means : (Fernand Martin, Patent without government guarantees and brand name is registered )
FM = Fernand Martin
Bt > Breveté = patent
S.G.D.G. = This owas a common abbreviation for “Sans Garantie Du Gouvernement“ (without government guarantees).
MRe > marque =brand name
DÉPOSÉE. = registered

Martin has used this description more often on toys such as on this toy with number 41 La bicyclette Martin.

La bicyclette Martin from 1892. Toy from the collection of the Toy Museum Soltau (“Spielmuseum Soltau”) in Germany

Fernand Martin has used almost the same man on several toys such as the:

-41 La bicyclette Martin 1892
-156 Le monocycle aérien 1896
-158 La famille vélo 1897
-159 La pompe 1897
-168 Le motocycle (has another hat)1898
So I estimate this unknown toy to be from around 1892 to 1900

Le monocycle aérien 1896
Toy from the collection of the Toy Museum Soltau (“Spielmuseum Soltau”) in Germany

The dimensions are about 13 x 13 cm (5.1 x 5.1 inch)
The drive is in the rear wheel and is based on a winding mechanism with a separate key, which was quite rare for Martin in that period.
The key must be inserted between the spokes in the winding mechanism and turned up.

rear wheel with winding mechanism with a separate key

In the last years of the 19th century, Martin was due for replacement of the “rubber band” mechanism and the “flywheel” mechanism and was therefore probably experimenting with various mechanical windings.
-Use the wheel as a key, see number 162 Les Boeufs and number 168 Le motocycle
-A mechanism with a separate key.
The only model with a separate key and made by Fernand Martin, is one in the second Martin period and that is the: Le petit colbuteur from 1908 with number 213.
Martin’s successor Victor Bonnet often used the separate key.
-A mechanism with a fixed key
In the end he opted for a mechanism with a fixed key and used this for his “Bonshommes” models and very rarely deviated from that.


Hard to see but marked on one leg with: FM Bt. S.G.D.G. MRe DÉPOSÉE

Because this is an unknown toy, it must be carefully checked.
This piece is first well checked with UV light to determine if this is old or new paint and if there are any younger paint repairs.
It has turned out that it is original old paint and that there are no “touch ups” or repairs.
But in consultation with a Dutch leading restoration agency, I have decided not to do any further profound research, such as a pigments test, because this is very expensive.
An analysis of each paint sample must then be done.
And there is another problem, the pigments that were used at the end of the 19th century can also be found in the 20th century.
Even today, these older pigments are used.
For example, the restoration agency can imagine that the white color could still be “lead white” that had been in use since the Middle Ages, but it could also be “zinc white” that was used from the end of the 19th century but is still being used today.
The tricycle itself is painted with “peinture à l’alcool” this is an alcohol-based paint and was extremely popular at the end of the 19th century and used by many French and German toy manufacturers of that time, but again it is still used today.
Fortunately, it is possible to discover with a UV lamp whether paint with old pigments were used at a later stage.

Till now this toy is nowhere to be found in old catalogs or documented in any other way.
Fernand Martin was always busy designing new toys and it could have been an prototype by Fernand Martin.
Or probably this is a toy that is made on “special request” and not in normal production.
Martin has done this before and advertised on the back of his catalogs.

That Martin made these “specials” is also indicated in an article that is published in the March 2018 issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine and written by Renaud Fournier.
We see an inscription on the back cover of the 1898 Fernand Martin catalog which states that the Martin company “executions, based on orders, all articles in stamped or cut metal ”
In other words, the Martin toy company would execute special orders that were not necessarily part of their regular production runs.
Read the complete article in the March 2018 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine.

This model of tricycles was quite popular in the late 19th century and especially with women because of their clothing at that time and with older men who did not trust the stability of the bicycles at the time.
Also in the toy industry this did not go unnoticed and they produced various toy models for the children to play and children’s tricycles on which the children could sit and propped with pedals in the front wheel.
The current tricycles for children still resemble the 19th century version with the front wheel drive.

courtesy Michael Bartoia auctions

For this tinplate tricycle there are a few possibilities:
-It could be a unknown Martin maybe one of the missing Martin numbers 163 or 164 ??
-Made as a special assignment.
-As a prototype exemple.
-It could be a old forgery.
-But it can also be a toy made by another toy manufacturer with (partial) use of Martin parts to create a new toy.
That has also been done with the toy called “Mr Chopinard” , this toy is the adaptation of Martin’s “Le Pochard” mounted on a barrel.
A small inventor/toymaker Foucault presented this toy at the Le Concours Lépine in 1901.

Perhaps Fernand Martin sold these “Martin” toy parts to these mostly small manufacturers.

“Mr. Chopinard”
Source: (Cnum – Digital Conservatory of Arts and Crafts – http://cnum.cnam.fr)

If you come across such toys for the first time, with clear features and even the name reference to Martin, the big question will be: do you call them a “Martin” or else?

If there are collectors somewhere who have seen this toy somewhere else before or know more about this toy, please contact me.

cor@vanschaijk.com

Interested in more Fernand Martin toys?
Then visit my blog: www.fernandmartintoys.nl

Results of the “JOUETS DE COLLECTION” Galerie de Chartres auction on April 24 – 2021

The French auction house: Galerie de Chartres has this time a few Fernand Martin/Victor Bonnet toys.
Furthermore, there are many more other beautiful toys in this auction that we can look for.

GALLERIE DE CHARTRES

See this link for the entire collection to be auctioned:https://www.interencheres.com/meubles-objets-art/jouets-de-collection-284602/

FOR MORE INFORMATIONS E-MAIL TO : chartres@galeriedechartres.com

All prices are in Euro € and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Bertoia auction May 21-22 2021: The Paul Cole Legendary Train & Toy Collection

THE PAUL COLE COLLECTION I
Friday, May 21 at 10am
Saturday, May 22 at 10am
TOYS | Friday: Lots 1-446
Trains | Saturday: Lots 447-866
Attendance to the auction is by reservation only.
Please contact our office to RSVP as seating will be limited.
Advanced preview by appointment online, please call to schedule your private gallery showing.
Our team is dedicated to offering our quality customer service, experience and support. Do not hesitate to contact us for assistance with registration, bidding or any other questions.

With a stellar train collection spoken of around the world and a massive toy collection rivaled by few, the auction series of the late Paul Cole will make for an exciting year of collecting. The sprawling collection includes some the rarest Marklin trains and accessories, near mint cast iron autos and toys, American tin and clockwork toys, penny toys, unusual European wind-up toys, and more. It is certainly a sale in which we encourage all to participate.

In this auction seven Martin/Bonnet toys and one S.I.J.I.M. are for sale

The Bertoia team is dedicated to offering our quality customer service, experience and support.
Do not hesitate to contact us for assistance with registration, bidding or any other questions.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: http://www.bertoiaauctions.com/

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for these Martins.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

RSL Auction May 8th 2021

RSL A36 Catalog_Page_001.jpg

In the next auction of RSL Auction Company there is one Fernand Martin toy but there are many more other beautiful pieces in this auction.

Ferdinand Martin Boy Seated in Chair

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site:
https://www.rslauctionco.com

You want to see more toys then look at this link: Catalog Link

After the auction, I will publish the realized price for this Martins.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about authenticity, condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

See what you can read in the new May issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine:

Don’t miss the May 2021 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine May 2021

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.

To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
Email: ads@antiquetoyworld.com

“JOUETS DE COLLECTION” Galerie de Chartres auction on APRIL 24 – 2021

The French auction house: Galerie de Chartres has this time a few Fernand Martin/Victor Bonnet toys.
Furthermore, there are many more other beautiful toys in this auction that we can look for.

GALLERIE DE CHARTRES

See this link for the entire collection to be auctioned: https://www.interencheres.com/meubles-objets-art/jouets-de-collection-284602/

FOR MORE INFORMATIONS E-MAIL TO : chartres@galeriedechartres.com

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for this Martin’s

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Results of the Martin toys in the Bertoia signature sale April 8-9 2021

Presenting collectors of all levels a new style of auction from Bertoia Auctions. A Hybrid auction; Day one of high end focused items and a second day Bertoia BASICS sale. Highlights will include Marklin boats and trains, Lehmanns & Martins, cast iron, Automata, Dolls & Bears, tin toys and more. This auction will also offer novice and intermediate level toys and collectibles in all categories.

Highlights will include Marklin boats and trains, Lehmanns & Martins, cast iron, Automata, Dolls & Bears, tin toys and more. This auction will also offer novice and intermediate level toys and collectibles in all categories.
A new style of auction from Bertoia Auctions… a Hybrid auction; Day one of high end focused items and a second day Bertoia BASICS sale.

In this auction two Martin toys were for sale

Chauds les marrons lot 203 Result: $ 1300
L’ours Blanc lot 202 Result : Lot passed

The Bertoia team is dedicated to offering our quality customer service, experience and support.
Do not hesitate to contact us for assistance with registration, bidding or any other questions.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: http://www.bertoiaauctions.com/

All prices are in US $ and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Fernand Martin with the “La Chasse Au Rat”

This beautiful toy was produced from 1910
Fernand Martin number 221

It was one of the many “Bonshommes” that Martin produced and with which he had a huge success.
Martin was always on his way with his photo camera to photograph people in their daily activities and to design a nice toy from it.

Source La Nature: (Cnum – Digital Conservatory of Arts and Crafts – http://cnum.cnam.fr)


This figure represents a housekeeper who goes after a rat to chase him away.
The movement is also fantastic, after winding up the female rises and bends down again to hit the rat with her broom, the rat also moves forward and back.

Martin has applied for a patent under number 433.472 with the name: Mechanical toy consisting of a person chasing a rat, a mouse or another animal with a broom for example.
The application took place on October 27, 1910
Issued on October 28, 1911
Published on January 8, 1912

Free translation from French of part of the patent text:
The present invention relates to a mechanical toy consisting of an upright subject moving in a linear fashion to hunt for him with a broom, for example a rat, a mouse or an animal.
This mechanical toy, driven by the return loop of a spring, comprises a crankshaft that moves a connecting rod that moves the upper part of the subject so that, under the influence of the rods present, it moves up and down and alternates its broom on the rat. beats who runs ahead of her.
This rat is connected by a stiff metal wire and a lever on a pendulum that gives this animal a little back and forth movement.

An invention with reference to the accompanying drawing in which:
FIG. 1 represents this side toy;
FIG. 2 is a bottom view;
FIG. 3 is a front view in section;
FIG. 4 is a section;
FIG. 5 shows the movement from the rod to the rat.

As can be seen in these drawings, the toy in question preferably represents a standing woman wearing a sturdy petticoat.

After selling the Martin factory in 1912 to Georges Flersheim, Flersheim was the owner of all the patents and registered these patents in the register of the Paris industrial tribunal.
This La Chasse au Rat was deposited on June 12, 1912 at the secretariat of the Paris industrial tribunal under number 3547

Part 3: Martin toys used in art

I found an very nice picture of a oil painting from around 1912 with a number of Martins on it.

It is a typical street vendor from that time, who has postponed his goods
The painting was sold at a French auction a few years ago.
Dimensions 46 x 38.5 cm

From left to right you can clearly see next Martins:
-L’hercule populaire from 1904
-Le petit Livreur from 1911
-La course en sac from 1906
-Le clown from 1902
-L’ours Martin from 1903

In this series have already been published:

https://fernandmartintoys.nl/part-1-martin-toy-used-in-art/

https://fernandmartintoys.nl/part-2-martin-toys-used-in-art/

Fernand Martin “Rubber Band” drive

In the early days Martin used a rubber band (elastic) as the drive.
By turning it on, the toy started to move.
The system consists mainly of a crank, a rubber band and a movement mechanism.
The drive mechanism was adjusted for each toy, such as up and down, right, left, spinning etc.

As an example, the first piece of Martin: the fish from 1878 Poisson Nageur

Drawing Source La Nature : (Cnum – Digital Conservatory of Arts and Crafts – http://cnum.cnam.fr) Catalog page from my personal collection

The crank is in the nose, inside the fish is the rubber band and the mechanism is on the tail.

Parts: between the both hooks coms the rubber band, see below
This demo model is made with an original crank and the mechanism with the tail.

In this demo model you can see clearly the mechanism in operation,
By turning the crank and hold the tail, the rubber band is tightened (twisted)
The other side of the rubber band is hooked onto the movement mechanism, the tail.
When you release the tail again, the tail swings from right to left so that the illusion of swimming is simulated.
Simple but effective.

Another exemple The “Ma Portière” from 1895 > Source La Nature : (Cnum – Digital Conservatory of Arts and Crafts – http://cnum.cnam.fr)

In this example of the “Ma Portière” the upper body and the broom moves from left to right, the same movement as the tail of the fish “Poisson Nageur”, the crank is on top of the head.

The only drawback is that the rubber band can age and then break quickly.
If it breaks, the hook and mechanism will fall off and mostly get lost.

See what you can read in the new April issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine:

Don’t miss the April 2021 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine Especially for the Fernand Martin enthusiasts on pages 58 till 60 the article : DID I FIND AN UNKNOWN MARTIN TOY OR NOT ??

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine April 2021

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.

To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
Email: ads@antiquetoyworld.com

Results of the Martin toys in the Antíco Mondo 88th toy auction 19 and 20 March 2021

The catalog of the 88th Toy Auction

We offer a broad variety of coins, watches, historical advertising a.o..

additional information :

Because of the current circumentances the 88th Toy Auction was a Live-Auction without floor bidders.

You could take part in the online bidding via Liveauctioneers, lot-tissimo or the-saleroom, live via telephone or register your written predids.

Note: the numbers in the photos are the auction numbers

Results:
Number 6290 € 170
Number 6291 € 200
Number 6445 € 1.500

All prices are in € (Euro’s) and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

Website : https://www.anticomondo.de/

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Bertoia signature sale April 8-9 2021

Presenting collectors of all levels a new style of auction from Bertoia Auctions. A Hybrid auction; Day one of high end focused items and a second day Bertoia BASICS sale. Highlights will include Marklin boats and trains, Lehmanns & Martins, cast iron, Automata, Dolls & Bears, tin toys and more. This auction will also offer novice and intermediate level toys and collectibles in all categories.

Highlights will include Marklin boats and trains, Lehmanns & Martins, cast iron, Automata, Dolls & Bears, tin toys and more. This auction will also offer novice and intermediate level toys and collectibles in all categories.
A new style of auction from Bertoia Auctions… a Hybrid auction; Day one of high end focused items and a second day Bertoia BASICS sale.

Thursday session: Lots 1-360
Friday session: Lots 1001-1500

In this auction two Martin toys for sale

Chauds les marrons lot 203
L’ours Blanc lot 202

The Bertoia team is dedicated to offering our quality customer service, experience and support.
Do not hesitate to contact us for assistance with registration, bidding or any other questions.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: http://www.bertoiaauctions.com/

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for these Martins.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Where did they get their ideas?

Where did Martin, Flersheim and Bonnet get many of their ideas?

A compilation of Martin, Flersheim and Bonnet toys with authentic postcards from the end of the 19th century and early 20th century.
These postcards and pictures have images of everyday street life from that time.
Martin, Flersheim and Bonnet have gained many ideas for there “Bonshommes” in daily street life but also during travels and probably also from magazines, postcards and newspapers.

Pictures from the toys: Courtesy of Toy Museum Soltau (“Spielmuseum Soltau”) in Germany, Bertoia Auctions and my own collection

RESULTS OF THE MARTIN TOYS IN THE BERTOIA SIGNATURE SALE March 6, 2021

Considered one of the greatest toy and bank collections in existence, this collection is the epitome of good taste and quality. From near mint mechanical banks to cast iron toys, American tin to European toys, aficionados of fine pieces will find the Schroeder collection to be the perfect combination of elegance and condition. Bertoia Auctions is honored to handle this legendary sale and welcome all collectors to participate in making history this Spring!

And this time with many Martins up for auction, some of which are extremely rare! watch the catalog with this link : http://www.flipbookserver.com/bertoia-auctions/schroeder-catalog-1-2021

Results of the Martin toys are listed below including the “Martin” number.
All prices are in US $ and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

425 L’ éminent avocat – Martin number 202 result: $ 3.000
426 L’ intrépide jockey – Martin number 225 result: $ 4.250
427 La conquête du pôle nord – Martin number 217 result: $ 2.750
428 Les valseurs – Martin number 15 result: $ 2.000
429 Le petit cuisinier – Martin number 198 result: $ 1.800
430 L’ entravée – Martin number 220 result: $ 5.500
431 Au parfait pêcheur – Martin number 209 result: $ 5.500
432 Attalage flamand – Martin number 45 result: $ 8.000
433 Les joyeux danseurs – Martin number 23 result: $ 2.000
434 Le sonneur endiablé – Martin number 14 result: $ 900
435 Les courageux scieurs de long – Martin number 18 result: $ 1.200
436 Les sauteur intrepide – Martin number 148 result: $ 10.000
437 Pompier l’ échelle (Victor Bonnet) – Martin number 197 result: $ 2.000
461 Le treuil – Martin number 149 result: $ 2.750
462 La blanchisseuse – Martin number 171 result: $ 1.500
463 Le petit livreur – Martin number 224 result: $ 850
464 L’autopatte – Martin number 218 result: $ 4.750
465 The policeman – Martin number 181 result: $ 4.750
466 L’artiste capillaire – Martin number 196 result: $ 3.000
467 La boule mystérieuse – Martin number 204 result: $ 700
468 Le gai violoniste – Martin number 160 result: $ 950
469 Le livreur – Martin number 22 result: $ 500

The Bertoia team is dedicated to offering our quality customer service, experience and support.
Do not hesitate to contact us for assistance with registration, bidding or any other questions.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: http://www.bertoiaauctions.com/

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Part 2: Martin toys used in art.

Three paintings from Jacques Milet with Fernand Martin toys used in a frivolous and playful way typical of Jacques Milet

Le concert des petits “Martin”
Jacques funerals
Jouets Martin
Some of these paintings are depicted in this beautiful book about Jacques Milet.

link to this very nice book: https://www.blurb.com/b/5336423-antique-toys-world-as-art

And do you want to know more about Jacques Milet see: https://villagedujouet.blogspot.com/2021/01/milet-le-peintre-du-jouet-le-jouet.html#more

Thanks to Patrick Pasky for allowing me to use these images

Antíco Mondo 88th toy auction 19 and 20 March 2021

The brandnew catalog of the 88th Toy Auction is online!

The auction will feature more than 2600 items of tin toys, trains, figures and model cars.

Also we offer a broad variety of coins, watches, historical advertising a.o..

*additional information

Because of the current circumentances the 88th Toy Auction will be a Live-Auction without floor bidders.

You can take part in the online bidding via Liveauctioneers, lot-tissimo or the-saleroom, live via telephone or register your written predids.

Note: the numbers in the photos are the auction numbers

Website : https://www.anticomondo.de/

We hope you enjoy reading and browsing through the new catalog!

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for these Martins.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Part 1: Martin toy used in art.

MODERN ART AND ANTIQUE TOYS ARE VERY WELL BROUGHT TOGETHER IN THIS WHOLE COLORFUL WORK.

This very colorful oil on canvas Oil painting is made by Linda Apple

With courtesy of Linda Apple https://linda-apple.pixels.com/

TITEL: Anyfin Is Possible – Fisherman toy boat and Mermaid whimsical storyteller still life

The very rare boat on this picture is made by Fernand Martin and first produced in 1893
The name is: LA CHALOUPE A VAPEUR.
The length is 27.5 cm (10.63) inches

This very rare model lacks the steering and drive.
On display in the Toy Museum Soltau (“Spielmuseum Soltau”) in Germany
Image courtesy of Bertoia Auctions

The boat normally has a “rubber band” drive, but if the “rubber band” breaks the mechanism will fall apart and get lost very easily.
The winding handle is at the front of the tip of the boat, the “rubber band” goes through the type of pipe at the bottom of the boat to the rear, there is the mechanism to convert the rotating movement into a pendulum movement.
This pendulum movement is transmitted to the rudder and to the two rods that run to the arms.
It then seems as if the man himself steered the boat by the arm movements.

Drawing from the magazine “La Nature 1894” Source: (Cnum – Digital Conservatory of Arts and Crafts – http://cnum.cnam.fr)

The bamboula dancer.

The Bamboula is the representation of a dancing black person from 1901.
Martin article number 179
The height of this figure is 20 cm (7,8 inch), after winding his body waggles from left to right and his arms moving up and down.
This “Bamboula” dance form dates back a long time

Both images courtesy Bertoia Auctions

The first figure is produced by George Flersheim and the other one by Fernand Martin, recognizable by the shape of the keys

A peace of history:

The bamboula, from the Bantulanguages of central and southern Africa, is derived from kam-bumbuluand ba m’bula, meaning a drum fashioned from a section of giant bamboo with skin stretched over it, as well as the rhythmic danceaccompanied by music from these drums.

Originally from Africa and although today is said to be related to the African Bomba from Puerto Rico.
The bamboula shape appears in a Haitian song in 1757 and made its way to New Orleans even before the 1791 slave revolt.
The bamboula became a dance performed to the beat of the drums, usually during festivals, celebrations and ceremonies.
The Haitian Revolution (1791–1804) was a slave revolt in the then French colony of Saint-Domingue and led to the free black republic of Haiti.
At the beginning of the revolution, thousands of Haitian immigrants included many free people of color, whites, and enslaved Africans had fled the colony and a large number of them settled in Louisiana and set up new plantations there. In 1803, Napoleon authorized the “Louisiana Purchase”, leaving a huge area west of the Mississippi in the hands of the United States.
The enslaved Africans gathered during festivals, celebrations and ceremonies in New Orleans at the Congo-Square on the edge of the French Quarter area to dance the bamboula together.

1895 Print Bamboula African Slave Dance Drums Black Americana E. W. Kemble Art
1895 Print Bamboula African Slave Dance Drums Black Americana E. W. Kemble Art
With tanks to “Period Paper” that I may use this picture

The American composer Louis Moreau Gottschalk, born in New Orleans composed in 1848 a piece for Piano entitled Bamboula “Danse des Negres”.

Sources: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, and tanks to “Period Paper” that I may use the picture from 1895 print.

See what you can read in the new March issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine:

Don’t miss the March 2021 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine.

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine March 2021

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.

To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
Email: ads@antiquetoyworld.com

(4) Le Petit Culbuteur number 213

A SMALL SERIES ABOUT…….

Is it a catalog image or a box label ? Note these images, as you can see there are clear differences between a box label and an image from a catalog.

Original box label from 1908
A Victor Bonnet & Cie catalog image from about 1927 And is this specific image also used as a box label? Maybe, but I don’t know, I haven’t come across an original box with this label yet.

Last time I took the L’Ours Martin, the Le Pochard and the Le Gai Violoniste as an example, now you see the Le Petit Culbuteur as another example of the differences between box label and the catalog image. In the old Martin catalogs the differences are often minimal but in the later Victor Bonnet & Cie catalog the differences are many more larger as this example shows.

Rare Victor Bonnet Camion 261

After Victor Bonnet took over the toy company from Flersheim in 1919, he makes, among other things the “Camion” (no. 261).  This is an open truck from the “Les Auto-Transports” series.
Exactly three years ago in February 2018 we found a different “Camion” (no. 261) on Ebay

The nice thing about this Camion was not only the beautiful condition, but also the print on the hood: “Goulet-Turpin”.  
The Internet teaches us that this is the name of the Goulet-Turpin couple who founded a distribution company under this name in their wedding year 1874.
Now 3 years later, we find in an “Interencheres” auction in France of Maître Philippe CASAL on the 20 April another “Camion” model in a rare color scheme, and also with a different text “Chocolat Casino” on the hood, 

https://www.interencheres.com/meubles-objets-art/vente-de-jouets-anciens-textiles-et-accessoires-de-mode-en-live-et-avec-public-restreint-sur-inscription-278352/lot-26535582.html

Internet tells us that this is the name of the Casino Group or Casino Guichard-Perrachon, it is a French mass-market retail group and founded on 2 August 1898 by Geoffroy Guichard. In there factories, Casino produced chocolate, oil, roasted coffee, distilled and homemade liquors and baked bread. This Casino Group still excists today.

(3) Le Gai Violoniste number 160

A SMALL SERIES ABOUT…….

Is it a catalog image or a box label ? Note these images, as you can see there are clear differences between a box label and an image from a catalog.

Original box label from 1897
Catalog page from the Victor Bonnet &Cie catalog arount 1927 And is this specific image also used as a box label? Maybe, but I don’t know, I haven’t come across an original box with this label yet.

Last time I took the L’Ours Martin and the Le Pochard as an example, now you see the Le Gai Violoniste as an example of the differences between box label and the catalog image. In the old Martin catalogs the differences are often minimal but in the later Victor Bonnet & Cie catalog the differences are many more larger as this example shows.

BERTOIA SIGNATURE SALE Friday & Saturday | March 5-6, 2021

Considered one of the greatest toy and bank collections in existence, this collection is the epitome of good taste and quality. From near mint mechanical banks to cast iron toys, American tin to European toys, aficionados of fine pieces will find the Schroeder collection to be the perfect combination of elegance and condition. Bertoia Auctions is honored to handle this legendary sale and welcome all collectors to participate in making history this Spring!

And this time with many Martins up for auction, some of which are extremely rare! watch the catalog with this link:

http://www.flipbookserver.com/bertoia-auctions/Schroeder-catalog-1-2021

The Martins in this auction are listed below including the “Martin” number.

425 L’éminent avocat – Martin number 202
426 L’ intrépide jockey – Martin number 225
427 La conquête du pôle nord – Martin number 217
428 Les valseurs – Martin number 15
429 Le petit cuisinier – Martin number 198
430 L’entravée – Martin number 220
431 Au parfait pêcheur – Martin number 209
432 Attelage flamand – Martin number 45
433 Les joyeux danseurs – Martin number 23
434 Le sonneur endiablé – Martin number 14
435 Les courageux scieurs de long – Martin number 18
436 Les sauteur intrepide – Martin number 148
437 Pompier l’échelle (Victor Bonnet) – Martin number 197
461 Le treuil – Martin number 149
462 La blanchisseuse – Martin number 171
463 Le petit Livreur – Martin number 224
464 L’autopatte – Martin number 218
465 The policeman – Martin number 180
466 L’artiste capillaire – Martin number 196
467 La boule mystérieuse – Martin number 204
468 Le gai violoniste – Martin number 160
469 Le livreur – Martin number 22

The Bertoia team is dedicated to offering our quality customer service, experience and support.
Do not hesitate to contact us for assistance with registration, bidding or any other questions.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: http://www.bertoiaauctions.com/

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for these Martins.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

(2) Le Pochard number 172

A SMALL SERIES ABOUT…….

Is it a catalog image or a box label? Note these images, as you can see there are clear differences between a box label and an image from a catalog.

Original box label 1899
The page from the Victor Bonnet & Cie catalog from around 1927 And is this specific image also used as a box label? Maybe, but I don’t know, I haven’t come across an original box with this label yet.

Last time I took the L’Ours Martin as an example, now you see the Le Pochard as an example of the differences between box label and the catalog image. In the old Martin catalogs the differences are often minimal but in the later Victor Bonnet & Cie catalog the differences are many more larger as this example shows.

(1) L’Ours Martin number 193

A SMALL SERIES ABOUT…….

Is it a box label or a catalog image? Note these images, as you can see there are clear differences between a box label and an image from a catalog.

Original box label 1903
Picture from de Victor Bonnet & Cie catalog around 1927 And is this specific image also used as a box label? Maybe, but I don’t know, I haven’t come across an original box with this label yet.

This L’Ours Martin is taken as an example, of many more Martin toys are examples of the differences between the box labels and the catalog images. In the old Martin catalogs the differences are often minimal but in the later Victor Bonnet & Cie catalog the differences are many more larger as this example shows.

Results of the Bertoia auction BASICS Sale January 21, 2021

January BASICS Auction Highlights

A very active 2021 auction schedule is underway.
The year will begin with a January Bertoia BASICS sale, followed by several important springtime auctions.
Accepting quality consignments, single items or entire collections.

We welcome all consignment inquiries and considerations.
Please contact us to discuss the selling options, future auction schedule, and to learn more about the easy process of selling with Bertoia Auctions.

Primarily a tinplate and European toy focused sale to include comic character toys, Lehmann, German autos, motorcycles, penny toys, trains and more.

In this January auction where one Martin and one Victor Bonnet toy

VICTOR BONNET PIGEON
Result $ 150,00
FERNAND MARTIN BARBER
Result $ 1.300,00

The Bertoia team is dedicated to offering our quality customer service, experience and support.
Do not hesitate to contact us for assistance with registration, bidding or any other questions.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: http://www.bertoiaauctions.com/

All prices are in US $ and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Three different boxes for the Fernand Martin: Le Petit Culbuteur

Until now we know the boxes of many Fernand Martin toys.
The first box label of a toy was designed just before the first production of these toys.
Once on the market, the most toys remained the same box for many years and even decades.
But from the Le Petit Livreur, ( a tumbling clown) produced from 1908 with Fernand Martin number 213, there are, till now, three box labels known.

Le petit culbuteur with a original box and original key

In the bottom box is one of the narrow upright side holes in which, the key was attached with a red ribbon that goes through the hole in the box.
This ribbon has long disappeared in most cases, I have only seen it in about five copies myself.

Two boxes contain a label and one box only a stamp.
It is not known when which label was issued.

Something about boxes in general :

Boxes generally tell a lot about a toy and are therefore very interesting.
The manufacturer’s name.
The factory logo.
The product number.
The manual.
Country of origin.
Sometimes also patent applications and sometimes even the patent numbers.
Martin often put there gross and net weights.
And he told everyone which (international) prizes he has achieved and where he was a member or president of the jury.

It even happens that a loose box at auction will yield more than the toy, of course because these are much rarer.
Children threw the box away and a box is also much more fragile and broke and thrown away.

Courtesy Calerie De Chartres
These empty boxes of Martin toys were auctioned in 2018 in France at Ivoire Chartres

Auction results in 2018, this are hammerprices in Euro,s so without any auction fees
Les Valseurs (no. 219) € 560,00
Le Diable en Boite ( no. 33) € 820,00
Le Chinois (no. 177) € 1750,00
Le Courageux Scieurs de long ( no. 18) € 1000,00
La Charette Anglaise (no. 39) € 710,00
L’Ours Martin (no. 193) € 330,00
Course de Taureau ( no. 47) € 870,00
Le Gai Violoniste (no. 160) + Le Faucheur ( no. 170) € 800,00
L’Homme Toupie (no. 252) + La Madelon (no. 260) € 760,00
L’entraineur Skiff ( no. 259) € 700,00

Spinning Tops – The Walzing Couple’s from Fernand Martin and other manufacturers

I already published this before in 2019, but there were a lot of new facts, if I find something new soon that is nice to know, I will adjust it in between.

Martin has produced two tops in his very early years.
The French name is Les Valseurs and first made in 1885 and it get Fernand Martin number 15

Left the patent sheet from 1885 and on the right the drawing in La Nature 1886 page 80 Source: (Cnum – Digital Conservatory of Arts and Crafts – http://cnum.cnam.fr)

Patent:

Martin has applied for a French patent for the dancing couple with the man with the cap under number 169754. (see patent sheet above)
But for these two different models are different patent number found on each box, the one with the top hat has patent number 56947.
I can’t put it in the French, English and American patent number ranges at that time, but it is probably a German patent from about 1890/91.
In Germany the patent ranges between 56000 and 57000 were active around 1890/91. (see in the German DPMAregister ) Maybe Martin did not get this patent number approved because this number is not listed as “granted”.
For pictures of the two boxes, see the book Fernand Martin Toymaker in Paris on page 45.
The English company Britain also launched the same type of top around the same time and applied for a patent with number 13671 in England in 1884. ( I found the patent number and year in a official paper of a trail beween Britain versus Hirsch in March 1888. A part of the text : “ In 1884 a patent No. 13,671 of 1884, was granted to William Britain for an automatic dancing figure.”) source: www.academic.oup.com page 226 REPORTS OF PATENT, DESIGN, May 05 1888.
These tops have been made more often, it could be without justifying the patents, or by paying the patent holder or even by plagiarizing
Furthermore, you had to apply for a patent in every country before 1900, but that was not done because the costs were sometimes quite high.
The entire patent event at the end of the 18th century was not as well regulated as it is today.

There are more of this kind of tops:

I’ve discovered eight different of these waltzing spinning tops so far, but maybe there are more. Here an overview of the tops that I now till today:

– Fernand Martin, two pieces marked on the bar between the legs with FM Paris, the one with the cap is from 1885 the other one with the high hat is probably from 1890 and is extra marked on the other side off the bar with: SGDG 56947.
-The United States company Ives made one exemple, this one looks a lot like one of the Martins but is unmarked.
-The English Britains one piece from about 1885, marked? I don’t know.
-Two pieces by George Heyde ( provenance the book of Lourens Bas: The Lost Art of Spinning Tops) from Dresden Germany, presumably around 1885 one ( with the red skirt and the both figures with a hat ) is marked on the bar between the legs with G.H. , the other one with the orange skirt I don’t know if that one is marked.
-And two unknown and unmarked makers of which one made from cast iron so presumably from the United States and 1 piece with partial tinplate, this one is probably from Germany. Notes: The markings on the bar are often very difficult to recognize. And the unknown German and the George Heide with the orange skirt are partial made from tinplate.

Brevete S.G.D.G.

Breveté S.G.D.G. is the name of a patent as it was in France until 1968.
The term stands for “Breveté Sans Guarantee of Government” and means: “Patent without government guarantee”.
Many countries adhered to a system of registration for a simple formal exam over many years.
One believed himself free from any liability.
In France, the Law of 1844 provides that the patents shall be issued “without prior examination, at the risk and risk of claimants and without guarantee of function, novelty and merit of the invention, also with regard to precision or accuracy of description”.

Working:

The principle is the same for all spinning tops.

How to operate the toy !

In the middle of the female, just above the skirt, is a small rod, you put a loop of a string around it and then turn the skirt around by hand so that the string wraps around the waist.
The female stand not completely upright but that is the intention.
The female stands on a kind of pin under the feet, this is loose and therefore it can turn completely.

By placing the dance couple on the floor and then pulling the string tightly, the skirt starts turning quickly,
Because of the center-flying power, the female stands up and the male turns around the female.
These toy tops are around 130/140 years old and very rare to find, but they are so beautiful.
These tops are not only wanted and sought after by “Martin” collectors but also by spinning top collectors.

See what you can read in the new February issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine:

Don’t miss the February 2021 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine.

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine February 2021

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.

To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
Email: ads@antiquetoyworld.com

Bertoia auction BASICS Sale January 21, 2021

January BASICS Auction Highlights

A very active 2021 auction schedule is underway. The year will begin with a January Bertoia BASICS sale, followed by several important springtime auctions. Accepting quality consignments, single items or entire collections.

We welcome all consignment inquiries and considerations. Please contact us to discuss the selling options, future auction schedule, and to learn more about the easy process of selling with Bertoia Auctions.

Primarily a tinplate and European toy focused sale to include comic character toys, Lehmann, German autos, motorcycles, penny toys, trains and more.

In this auction one Martin and one Victor Bonnet toy

VICTOR BONNET PIGEON
FERNAND MARTIN BARBER

The Bertoia team is dedicated to offering our quality customer service, experience and support.
Do not hesitate to contact us for assistance with registration, bidding or any other questions.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: http://www.bertoiaauctions.com/

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for these Martins.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Fernand Martin- Part four

The history of Fernand Martin toy manufacturer in Paris.
Part four: The Victor Bonnet period.

In the most relevant books about Martin are the toys that are made by Martin and his successors divided into four periods.

According to the latest state of insight, these periods might be classified as follows
Period 1 from 1878 – 1894
Period 2 from 1895 – 1912
Period 3 from 1912 – 1919
Period 4 from 1919 – 1933

The fourth period from 1919 – 1933:

François Victor Bonnet:
Born November 30, 1872 – Paris 6ème
Died 21 November 1951 – Vincennes – France
From 1896 to 1905, He held the grand bazaar, rue de la constitution in Avranches then back to Paris.

Francis Victor Bonnet took over the Martin company on March 29, 1919.

Header of a leaflet from the late 30’s

On the left-hand side of this original old leaflet from the late 1930s, the Victor Bonnet & Cie factory is mentioned from 1921 till 1937.
See under “anciens etablissements” (translated: former facilities).
The text on the leaflet also states that the factory of George Flersheim existed from 1913 till 1920, so until 5 years after his death, but that isn’t correct.

The reason for this false statement, made by the designer of this leaflet, may be due to the following dates:
In the “Register Analytique” of the Paris Commercial Register is states that the Victor Bonnet factory official is registered under the number 92537 date: December 29, 1920, so almost 2 years after the acquisition in 1919.

Le “Registre de Commerce et des Sociétés” (RCS)
The RCS is introduced in France by the law of March 18, 1919, supplemented by the decree of March 22, 1920 creating the RCS.
This law required all French and foreign companies to be registered in this register from 1920 on.
This Registre Analytique is a officializing that Victor Bonnet & Cie, which was created in March 1919, was registered in 1920 under number 92537 to comply with this law.
The RCS is both a registration system organized by the public authorities in view of making certain legal acts known to interested third parties and a means of knowing officially the existence of French or foreign traders with either their main establishment or a branch in France.
New traders has one month after the opening of his business to register.

The Victor Bonnet Factory started the production in 1919
In a French patent application (patent number 576,723) for the first Victor Bonnet toy produced (Auto Transports model: Le Déverseur , number 246) mentions a date of April 12, 1921, the publication was on August 25, 1924
The patent application in Germany was on April 21, 1921 under patent number 363805
But many manufacturers have already started production from or before the moment of applying for a patent.
There were sometimes many years between the application and the final commitment and publishing.

The date 1937 mentioned in the leaflet is the end of the Victor Bonnet period, on 30 December 1937 Victor Bonnet donated the factory to his two sons Robert and René, the company name was changed to Bonnet Fréres (Bonnet brothers).

In addition to the F.M. logo came the new “Victor Bonnet et Cie” logo.
Often only the “Victor Bonnet et Cie” or “V.B. & Cie” or “V.B.” logo was used on packaging, bills, letters, toys etc.

A part of a payment certificate from 1933 of the factory at the old location, before its administratively registered dissolution.

In addition to the beautiful and often technically high-quality toys that were designed by themselves, they also produced many successful older models of toys from Martin and Flersheim.

Here the list of toys we know, produced in the period on the 88 Boulevard de Menilmontant From 1919 up to 1933.

246 Le Déverseur
247 Le Pan Pan
248 Tracteur
249 Camion
250 La Remorque
251 Le Ramier
252 L ‘Homme Toupie
253 Le Clown Orchestre
254 Le Train Tortillard
255 La Charette Paysanne
256 Flac
257 Bombarde
258 Le Pétard
259 L’Entraineur “Skiff”
260 Madelon Casseuse D’Assiettes
261 Gros Camionnage
262 Tape Fort
263 La Patinette
264 Le Sans Balle
265 Voiture Nounou Poupon
266 Le Costaud
And a few names of toys, whose numbers are not yet known to us: ( and do you know any of these numbers? Please let me know )
??? Le Epervier ( Flying disc launcher )
??? Le Corsaire ( a pistol )
??? Auto-fusée ( a race car )

Below are some of the old successful toys by Martin and Flersheim that were produced by Bonnet again:
L’Ours Blanc number 193 ( bear in white )
Le Pompier L’Echelle number 197 (with another ladder)
La petit Marchande number 185 (with a different face)
Le petit Livreur number 224
Le Motocycliste number 231 (with closed wheels)
Le Gai Violinist number 160
La Pochard number 172
Madelon Casseuse D’Assiettes number 260 (with fabric clothes)
But these toys can always be recognized by the typical Bonnet key

Victor Bonnet & Cie has been administratively dissolved in 1933.
So its entry in the official administrative records has been then deleted.
During these administrative dissolution process some of Victor Bonnet & Cie’s assets were transferred to Victor Bonnet’s privately held company that had been installed 8, rue des Tourelles in the early 1920’s
This Victor Bonnet’s privately held company was producing household items.

With permission of : Collection Ultimheat Museum

It is also very likely that Victor Bonnet’s privately held company (8 rue des Tourelles) acquired in this liquidation process not only the rights of the tin automatons but also the corresponding tooling equipment to produce them at the 8, rue des Tourelles facility.
Until the end of the factory at the old location, Victor Bonnet still used the old Fernand Martin logo and on one of his bill’s shows that he also advertised that he had over 200 Patents, additions and deposits in France and abroad, but that includes the patents from Fernand Martin, George Flersheim and Victor Bonnet.
With the relocation of the production of the Victor Bonnet factory in 1933, the Fernand Martin 88 blv Ménilmontant period was also closed.

Part of the account overview of December 1, 1933

Victor Bonnet started a new numbering after the relocation, he started with number 1: a light green awning torpedo truck .

Picture courtesy : Boutique “Quand j’étais petit garçon” Paris

The logo “Victor Bonnet et Cie” disappeared in favor of the logo “Vébé”
This logo was already used from 1929, for the household items produced in the location: 8, Rue des Tourelles, Victor Bonnet also no longer uses the old FM logo and the triangular logo with no 138 underneath after 1933.
They continued to produce some of the old toys after 1933 with the logo “Vébé”.

Above: The Le Petit Livreur , Torpedo truck and the Pigeon with the VéBé logo after 1933
Below: The Le Petit Livreur label, Le Petit Livreur with the V.B.& Cie logo and the Pigeon with the V.B.& Cie logo before 1934
At the top: the VéBé logo from 1934 found on a leaflet from the late 30s.
Below : two parts of different payment certificates one from 1937 so before the name was changed to Bonnet Fréres and one from 1946 so after the name was changed
Some of the name plates that Victor Bonnet used

On December 31, 1960, Bonnet received the addition “S.A.R.L.” (Société à responsabilité limitée) Translation : Limited liability company, but in 1964 the company Bonnet finally closed.

Special thanks with the help, texts and image I received from Francois Mesqui

With this description we conclude the series of four articles about the history of the Fernand Martin toys.

All toys with without reference are from my collection

cor@vanschaijk.com

Blog: www.fernandmartintoys.nl

We wishes all the readers of my blog a:

Vrolijk Kerstfeest en een Gelukkig Nieuwjaar
Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year
Fröhliche Weihnachten und ein glückliches Neues Jahr
Joyeux Noël et Bonne Année
Feliz Navidad y Próspero Año Nuevo
Buon Natale e Felice Anno Nuovo
Boas Festas e um feliz Ano Novo
Kala Christougenna Ki’eftihismenos O Kenourios Chronos
God Jul och Gott Nytt År
Glædelig Jul og godt nytår
Geseende Kerfees en ’n gelukkige nuwe jaar
Hyvää joulua ja onnellista uutta vuotta

And stay healthy in these difficult pandamic times

Photo made and designed by Arthur Verdoorn

See what you can read in the new January issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine:

Don’t miss the January 2021 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine.

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine January 2021

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.

To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
Email: ads@antiquetoyworld.com

Very small etchings from 1892 with toys

During my search for Martin toys and related matters, I found on a website at a dealer of antique drawings and etchings four different small etchings with toys on it.
These etchings are original and no copy, if you move slowly over the drawing with a sharp needle you can feel the ink lines.
I don’t know how many of them were printed, they are not numbered
They are made by the famous French etcher Louis Poyet, more about this etcher see my blog Louis Poyet and Fernand Martin from 31 May 2019. https://fernandmartintoys.nl/poyet/
The measurements are 8.1 x 9.8 cm (3,19 x.3,85 inch) each.

La Nature 1892

When I saw these etchings the firts time, they seemed familiar to me.
After a brief investigation, it appeared that they had already been published in the year 1892 in the French technical year magazine: “LA NATURE” on page 44 and 45
The four sheets contain drawings of toys at that time:

-A locomotive and a Locomobile from the well-known toy manufacturer C Rossignol.

-A revolver and a cannon, these are also made by C Rossignol.

-A spinning top, this is from the French toy manufacturer M Blanchon.

-Fernand Martin with two figures, the “LE LAPIN VIVANT” Martin number 32 and the “LE DIABLE EN BOITE” Martin number 33

What is particularly interesting about the etching with the Martins and the spinng top is that these drawing are made so that you can see the mechanism and see how they work.
Both two Martin toys were driven with the famous “rubber band” drive.

I have placed the etching with the Fernand Martin images in a small frame and added them to my collection of antique toys.
Now I can enjoy it every day.

etching art and toy art come together

And if you want to know more about the rabbit! see my older blog of April 13, 2020: Fernand Martin Le Lapin Vivant. https://fernandmartintoys.nl/therabbit/

The different Fernand Martin, Georges Flersheim and Victor Bonnet keys

I wrote this blog over a year and a half ago but since there are questions about keys and readers also consider other types of keys for “Martin” keys, I have rewritten this blog and added the latest knowledge.
Not every key with the text “FM” on it is a Martin key.
With the Martin toys from the first and second period, so until 1912, there is only one toy with a separate key, see explanation below.
Victor Bonnet has made more toys with a separate key.
So pay attention to the key as best you can and don’t believe every seller.

In the base there are 6 recognizable keys
The first 4 are typical of the Martin keys.
Key 5 is typical of Georges Flersheim
Key 6 belong to the Victor Bonnet toys.

The numbers 3 and 5 seem the same but key 3 is made of round wire and key 5 is made of square wire

But of course there are exceptions.
I have searched in my photo archive or around 7,500 photos for different use of keys.
Here the exceptions that I have found (up to now) in my archive, in collections and in old Martin catalogs.

Fernand Martin:
Martin used a different key that is not listed in the picture above.
For example;
Le Traîneau Russe number 40
La Perruche number 36
Le Facteur De Chemin De Fer number 48
And the numbers 131 till 137, (in the book Fernand Martin Toymaker in Paris on page 101) Sujets Avec Et Sans Mécanique
One Martin toy has a separate key (number 213 Le Petit Culbuteur ), this is the only model from Martin with a separate key (see photo below) this key was connected to the box with a ribbon. (I have found this model key more than 5 times in the past with this toy complete with the box and some still attached with a red ribbon to the box, so I am pretty sure it is the original key)

Original Martin key from the Le Petit Culbuteur

Georges Flersheim:
Flersheim has produced at least 20 own toy models of which:
-10 models have a model 5 key that we are now for sure,
-1 a fixed key (number 246 Je Sonne La Paix)
-With 4 we don’t know for sure, these are soldiers with the numbers 235 – 236 – 244 and 245
The next 4 have Martin keys:
-Number 228 Le Motocycle Enragé
-From the Le Motocycliste number 231 two keys are known, the Martin key and the Georges Flersheim key
-La Guerre Aérienne with number 240
-Number 243 the French Soldier is produced with a Martin key or a Flersheim key.
-and the only from we don’t know the exact number till now is the: “Le Poilu” see my blog: https://fernandmartintoys.nl/is-this-a-new-fernand-martin-toy/ he has a Martin number 3 key.

Victor Bonnet:
Number 251 Le Ramier is found in three different versions, with a Bonnet type key, with a Georges Flersheim type key and with a separate key.
Madelon Casseuse D’assiettes number 260 has a Bonnet type key, but there are also found exemples with a George Flersheim type key.
Four models of the “Victor Bonnet Bonshommes” are found with a separate key:
number 252 – l’homme toupie
number 259 – L’entraineur skiff
number 263 – la patinette
number 265 – voiture nounou poupon

l’homme toupie with a Separate key

There will probably be other pieces with different keys.
If you find a Martin with a different key, email me and preferably with a photo.

L’ours blanc (the polar bear)

A special and quite rare Martin.
Depicting a white bear climbing up a tree
Martin number 216 from 1909 with the name L’ours blanc (the polar bear)

The bear is about 18 cm (7 inch) long
The “tree” consists of two parts that must be pushed into each other in the middle, the total height is about 50 cm (19,7 inch)

Picture from the magazine La Nature 1910 pag. 51, Source: (Cnum – Digital Conservatory of Arts and Crafts – http://cnum.cnam.fr)

The text by this drawing is: The polar bear that our figure represents owes, to the interior device which animates it, of a remarkable quality of climber, it hoists itself very elegantly at the top of the ladder which completes the toy.

In the instructions for use state:
After having wound up the spring, place the bear in position at the bottom of the tree, in introducing its front metal guide into the vertical groove.
The front legs having been hooked on the cross bars, the bear will then climb up. So the bear only moves its front legs, one by one, the back legs have no climbing function.

You can see the metal guide pin in the middle of the belly

This toy is very rare but the original box is much rarer, this is the first one I saw.

Results Antíco Mondo toy auction Dec. 2020

Because of the current circumentances the 87th Toy Auction was a Live-Auction without floor bidders.

https://auktionen.anticomondo.de/en/objekte?aid=36&Lstatus=0

Website : https://www.anticomondo.de/

We hope you enjoy reading and browsing through the this 87 toy auction catalog!

All prices are in Euro € and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Fernand Martin- Part three.

The history of Fernand Martin toy manufacturer in Paris.
Part three: The third Period – Georges Flersheim.

In the most relevant books about Martin are the toys that are made by Martin and his successors divided into four periods.

According to the latest state of insight, these periods might be classified as follows

Period 1 from 1878 – 1894
Period 2 from 1895 – 1912
Period 3 from 1912 – 1919
Period 4 from 1919 – 1933

The 4e period ended in 1933, Victor BONNET & Cie has been adminsitratively dissolved in 1933 some of Victor BONNET & Cie’s assets were transfered to Victor BONNET’s privately held company that had been installed 8, rue des Tourelles in 1923.

The third period from 1912 – 1919:

Georges Flersheim was born on May 24, 1884 and purchased the Fernand Martin factory in 1912.
He was an inventor and held a degree of “Engineer of the Arts and Manufactures“ from the famous school: Ecole Centrale des Arts et Manufactures de Paris

Before he took over the Martin factory, he already had a lot of technical patents to his name.
Between 1909 and 1913 a minimum off 16 patent applications are known or which 4 toy patents.
The first toy patent applications date from April 04, 1912, so shortly after the takeover of the Martin factory.
These toys came from the old Martin portfolios, Martin had bought the design of a few of them at the Concours Lepine and Flersheim patented them under his name.
Flersheim acquired with the company all Martin’s patents.

These 4 Flersheim toy patents are :
458560 La casseuse D’assiette number 233
454178 Chauds les marrons number 227
446331 Le Petit Patineur number 229
444652 Le Motocycliste enragé number 228

Since its creation, the Martin factory has also made and customized products that were not part of our well-known toys. (that we can see an inscriptions on the back cover of the 1898 and the 1908 Fernand Martin catalog which states that the Martin company “executions, based on orders, all articles in stamped or cut tinplate ”)

One of these products is an advertising board “Réclame Mécanique” as you can see in the book Fernand Martin Toymaker in Paris 1878-1912 on page 103.

Picture from the : Almanach Pratique Illustré de Petit Parisien 1913 page 71 (this book is from my own collection)
On page 49 in the book of Frédéric Marchand: The History of Martin Mechanical Toys there you can see a better picture, top picture on the right side. .

Georges Flersheim made other products to, he has a patent for a cigarette or cigar case combined with a build-in automatic lighter, this cigarette case has Patent number FR439702, but whether it was ever produced is currently unknown.

Part of Patent number FR439702
Patent from the site Espacenet


And as shown on an advertisement from March 15, 1914 he made razors too, with patent number FR466244.
Pay attention to the FM logo on this ad.
He used the letters FL and EM and between these letters the old “Fm Paris” logo in a circle.
On the ad from the magazin: Excelsior Journal Illustré, you see the old Martin adres but he used the letters FLEM as a brand name.

Source gallica.bnf.fr / Bibliothèque nationale de France
Part of patent number FR466244
Patent from the site Espacenet

In addition to being owner of his company, Georges Flersheim was also a reserve Lieutenant of the artillery.
During a demonstration of a shell-launcher, it went wrong.
Georges Flersheim “dead for France” on August 14, 1915, in Woesten, ( a small village in the Belgian province of West Flanders and a part of Vleteren ) following war wounds.

In the French newspaper “Le Temps” from 17 september 1915 number 19795 is this announcement:

Source gallica.bnf.fr / Bibliothèque nationale de France

Translation:
“At the age of thirty, we announce the glorious death of the artillery lieutenant Georges Flersheim, killed during experiments at Wippe-Cabaret (Belgium) on August 14.
Very distinguished engineer and the most beautiful future, he was the inventor of a very remarkable bomb-thrower adopted by the army ”
NOTE: Wippe is a neighborhood of Woesten Belgium

In a official French army document of death from the site: Ministere des Armées- Mémoire des Hommes you can find the details.

He is buried in a family grave at the famous Paris cemetery, “Cimetière du Père-Lachaise”.
Many celebrities are buried at this cemetery.
Fernand Martin is also buried in a family grave at this cemetery.

Since Flersheim’s death came so suddenly, what did they produce after his death?

  • did they continue to produce with the existing models?
  • supplemented with possibly new models designed by Flersheim?
  • were old models from the Fernand Martin period, produced again?

Since Georges Flersheim’s death, his mother was the administrator of the business.

But there was certainly some action from the Flersheim factory.
In a publication of the monthly magazine “La France Universelle” in the section “Le Jouet” of April 1, 1917, it is stated that at the 2nd toy exhibition in Lyon, the company Fernand Martin (Georges Flersheim successor) is registered as an exhibitor.

And now two toys that are under discussion:

There is a toy the “Je sonne la paix” with number 246, this toy was an adapted reissue of the 1885 “Le sonneur endiable” by Fernand Martin, and must have been released at the end of the war in November 1918.
On page 167 in the book of Frédéric Marchand: The History of Martin Mechanical Toys there is showing the label and in the book Fernand Martin Toymaker in Paris 1878-1912 there is a box on page 201
Till now, the only reference to this toy was found in the magazine “Le Petit Journal” dec. 17-1919.

The main difference are:

The Martin version (14)
-“FM Systeme Bte S.G.D.G. Paris” is stamped on top/side of the base.
-On the bottom, you see, under the male figure, an elongated piece of iron mounted as a weight
-A rubber band drive.
-The label in the original catalog marked with the FM logo and the triangle

The Flersheim version (246)
-The base plate has no name or logo, there is a piece of fabric on the side with the name “Je Sonne La Paix” printed on it.
-On the bottom a solid plate is soldered and stamped with the round FM logo on it.
-I have seen two different version, with a long spiral spring in the pole and there are versions with the rubber band drive.
-At the top there is a French flag a hollow pipe has been placed in the roof for the iron flagpole with a fabric French flag.
-The roof has been given a slightly different relief.
-The bell has also been given a slightly slender shape.

Base plate with FM logo

During the war and afterwards, the toy manufacturers had hard times.
Was the George Flersheim factory able to continue producing? Shortages of supplies and personnel in a shrinking toy market?
The costs for the release of a “new or adapted” toy were also very high, molds had to be made or adapted, a new label must be designed and printed, boxes were made.

Discussion: Is this a officially produced / sold toy by the Flersheim factory?
The pro arguments:
-it looks that it is made with the old Martin molds.
-it is marked with FM. Paris (another manufacturer would never use the FM brand!)
-there is a label, marked with the FM logo and the triangle
-there is a box, marked with the FM logo and the triangle
-there is 1 reference to this toy as found in the magazine “Le Petit Journal” dec. 17-1919.

The counter arguments are:
-who made/designed it. (Georges Flersheim died three years earlier.)
-why has the number 246 been used twice. (Victor Bonnet used it in 1919 for his first toy)
-this toy is not shown anywhere in an original catalog,
advertising or the like.

And then there is another debatable toy with the name “French Machine Gun”.

Courtesy Toy Museum Soltau (“Spielmuseum Soltau”) in Germany,

Is it made by George Flersheim ?? many think so, but is that so ??
As can be read on the box, it was brought to the Lépine exhibition and competitions in 1916, so 1 year after the death of George Flersheim, where it won a gold medal.
This toy is not modeled like a Flersheim or Martin toy.
The last complete metal cast toys is the spinning top “Les Valseurs” (the dancing couple) made in 1885.
On the box you see the text: Bréveté & Déposé meens that this product was Patented & Registerd, but till now I can’t find this patent.
It is marked on the box with “Modele F. M. Paris” but this F.M. can also mean something else and like: Fusil Mitrailleur (another name for Mitrailleuse Francaise) and also on the toy or the box are no “Martin/Flersheim” features like the Martin logo that Flersheim still used: the circle with FM, or another logo: the triangle with number 138 in it, and at last the box it is unnumbered and differs a lot from the designs used on the boxes at the time.

I have found no hard evidence so far that this toy belongs to the production of the Flersheim factory.

Courtesy Toy Museum Soltau (“Spielmuseum Soltau”) in Germany,

The story about Flersheim is not over because many discussions and questions remain. As in the current numbering, there will definitely be changes in the future.

We need some help !

Picture from the site www.rubylane.com

During our search for soldiers who are made by Flersheim or Martin, we found this soldier on the site of www.Rubylane.com it was probably sold in January 2015, (the picture is meanwhile removed from the site)
QUESTION: Who sold it or who bought it?
We would like additional information about this toy.
If you can help, Please contact us via the email address below.
Or do you have unknown “Martin, Flersheim or Victor Bonnet” toys, let us hear from you, maybe these are the puzzle pieces we are looking for.

Many thanks with the help and texts I received from Francois Mesqui.

All toys without reference are from my collection

cor@vanschaijk.com

blog: www.fernandmartintoys.nl

To be continued

See what you can read in the new December 2020 issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine:

Don’t miss the December 2020 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine.
Especially for the Fernand Martin enthusiasts on pages 66 till 68, part four of four articles about the history of the Martin Toys.

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine December 2020:

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.

To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
Email: ads@antiquetoyworld.com

Fernand Martin number 197 : Le Bonhomme a L’Echelle

One of the rarer Martin toys and made from 1904.
The height of the male is about 20 cm (7.9 inch)
It got Martin number 197
A patent of this toy was issued on September 01- 1903 in France with number 334981.
This patent is also been used for the firefighters with the same number 197

Courtesy Pook & Pook Auctions

It is strange that number 197 contains three different figures.
Even the text and pictures of the figures and house pictured the box are different.
The first box is the light blue civilian figure on a ladder named: Le Bonhomme a L’Echelle from Martin.
The second box is the Fireman on the ladder from Martin and Flersheim named Le Pompier a L’Echelle.
The third box is from Victor Bonnet named Le Pompier a L’Echelle.
All boxes have the same number 197 and all toys have the same climbing movement.

The difference between the heads and the color is very clear but the difference in the bodies is a little less clear, therefore these images, you can clearly see that the civilian has very different body characteristics.

Courtesy Bertoia Auction
Left: Martin civilian figure—Middle: Flersheim model and released by Victor Bonnet from about 1919 —Right: the early Martin 1904 model and released from about 1912 by Flersheim.
The inside with the movement

In this pictures you see in the middle a dubbel “Z” form axel ( code i) so when the left foot goes down the right foot goes up and when the left foot goes up the right foot goes down and so on.

The operation is as follows: First wind up and hold, in his handpalm are “U” shaped bracket, you place the figure with these “U” brackets over both outsides of the ladder and slide it all the way down with 1 foot on the lowest tree, let go and he slowly move his legs up alternately to suggest realistic stair climbing.

You want to know more about the Firefighters? See my blog : https://fernandmartintoys.nl/firefighter-le-pompier-a-lechelle/

Antíco Mondo toy auction Dec. 2020

The brandnew catalog of the 87th Toy Auction is online!

As usual, a good amount of very rare and wanted collectibles will be auctioned: More then 2300 lots of Tin Toys, Trains, Figures, Model Cars and Antique Advertising are waiting for you!

Because of the current circumentances the 87th Toy Auction will be a Live-Auction without floor bidders.

You can take part in the online bidding via Liveauctioneers, lot-tissimo or the-saleroom, live via telephone or register your written predids

https://auktionen.anticomondo.de/en/objekte?aid=36&Lstatus=0

Website : https://www.anticomondo.de/

We hope you enjoy reading and browsing through the new catalog!

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for these Martins.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Result of the Martin’s in this “JOUETS DE COLLECTION” Galerie de Chartres auction on November 14, 2020

The French auction house: Galerie de Chartres had this time a few Fernand Martin/Victor Bonnet toys.
Furthermore, there where many more other beautiful toys in this auction.

See this link for the entire collection that was auctioned: https://www.interencheres.com/meubles-objets-art/jouets-de-collection-277723/

For more auction house information see this link: https://www.ivoire-france.com/chartres/fr/a_propos/54-ivoire_chartres/

For more information see the auction catalog: https://www.ivoire-france.com/chartres/fr/auction-3577-jouets_collection?p=58
Catalog 8 € or subscription for 2 years 30 €.

All prices are in Euro € and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Results of the Bertoia Annual Fall Auction November 2020

~ admin ~ “Bertoia Annual Fall Auction | November 2020” bewerken

Annual Fall Auction Highlights

This “ANNUAL FALL SALE” was on November 12-13, 2020

In this auction were Marklin & American trains, Pressed Steel from Jay Schoedinger, Halloween and Christmas collections, outstanding European and Japanese tin toys, horse-drawn examples presented from a long time collection in addition to Banks and Doorstops, and 8 Martin/Flersheim/Victor Bonnet toys

Here the results:

The Bertoia team is dedicated for every auction to offering their quality customer service, experience and support.
Do not hesitate to contact us for assistance with registration, bidding or any other questions.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: http://www.bertoiaauctions.com/

All prices are in US $ and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Results Martin Toys in the RSL Auction November 7th 2020

In this auction of RSL Auction Company there where 5 Fernand Martin/Victor Bonnet toys and a lot of other beautiful pieces in this auction.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site:
https://www.rslauctionco.com

You want to see more toys then look at this link: Catalog Link

All prices are in US $ and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about authenticity, condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Discovered another original bill from 1933 by Victor Bonnet.

During his period as the owner of the former Fernand Martin factory, Victor Bonnet brought many beautiful new toys to the market.
The pistols/guns are very noticeable here because they don’t really look like the other toys.
But it was then and is still a hugely popular toy with mainly boys.
Till today, 7 different pistols/guns are known.
To my surprise, I found an second original bill from Victor Bonnet from 1933 with the order of various pistols and other toys on it.

This bill is dated March 31. 1933
The address of Victor Bonnet & Cie factory is still the old address where once Fernand Martin produced his great successes at 88 Boulevard de Menilmontant Paris.

At the back of this bill the 6 well-known pistols are also shown.
This order included two well-known pistols, one pistol we discover earlier this year and two names that we didn’t know yet.
Of course we recognize the well known PanPan and the Bombarde on this bill.
The most toy collectors had never heard of these two names on this bill, the Auto-Fusée and the Corsaire.
In the previous discovered bill, see: https://fernandmartintoys.nl/discovered-an-original-bill-from-1933-by-victor-bonnet/ we already found two new names of which we could attribute one to the pistol with number 266 de Le Costaud, and another one is the L’Epervier from which we now know what it is but I can’t yet give a number.

So we have till now 3 piece that are for the most collectors new, ( Auto-Fusée, Le Corsaire, L’Epervier)
What represented they ???
They are :
Le L’Epervier (Flying disc launcher)
Le Corsaire (a pistol) so now we have 8 different pistols
Auto-fusée (a race car)
I don’t know for sure if there are more new names but I am continue to search.

Probably is that the Victor BONNET & Cie-in-liquidation, sold the patents and trademarks of guns/pistols to JEP, as they were show in a JEP’s product portfolio from 1934.

And do you know off there other missing pieces ? send me a message and make me happy.

“JOUETS DE COLLECTION” Galerie de Chartres auction on November 14, 2020

The French auction house: Galerie de Chartres has this time a few Fernand Martin/Victor Bonnet toys.
Furthermore, there are many more other beautiful toys in this auction that we can look for.

See this link for the entire collection to be auctioned: https://www.interencheres.com/meubles-objets-art/jouets-de-collection-277723/

For more auction house information see this link: https://www.ivoire-france.com/chartres/fr/a_propos/54-ivoire_chartres/

For more information see the auction catalog: https://www.ivoire-france.com/chartres/fr/auction-3577-jouets_collection?p=58
Catalog 8 € or subscription for 2 years 30 €.

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for this Martin

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Fernand Martin- Part two

The history of Fernand Martin toy manufacturer in Paris.
Part two: The second Period.

In the most relevant books about Martin are the toys that are made by Martin and his successors divided into four periods.

According to the latest state of insight, these periods might be classified as follows
Period 1 from 1878 – 1894
Period 2 from 1895 – 1912
Period 3 from 1912 – 1919
Period 4 from 1919 – 1933

The second period from 1895 – 1912:

Fernand Martin started the second period in 1895 with his: Ma Portiére, Martin number 147.
This toy was executed with his old invention the “Rubber band” drive.
It turned out that the “rubber band” system for this larger toy didn’t work, it was too weak.
Therefore he also performed this Ma Portiére with a clockwork drive, the difference is clearly visible, the first version has a little handle on top of the head, in the second version it has disappeared.

This new toys are mostly figures with a height of about 18 to 20 cm (7 – 8 inch).
Most are made of a wire frame with lead feet, a head of copper foil, fitted out with a clockwork mechanism and dressed in clothes made of fabric.

In 1901 Martin came to the first exhibition: Concours de Lépine, ( The Lépine competition) of his very good friend Mister Louis Lépine, with 17 new figures, he called them the “Bonshommes de Paris”.
This competition was held for the small inventors to present and promote their inventions and creations.
On that event they get in touch with possible manufactures.
Mister Louis Lépine was Préfet (head) of the Paris police.
Later on Martin participated several times as a member of the jury of the toy section of this event.

Fernand Martin and his son Maurice created most of their production themselves, but occasionally they also bought up inventions / patents.
Most of these patents were bought from the inventors at the aforementioned Lépine Competition.
A few examples are the “La Boule Mysterieuse”, the “L’autopatte”, the “Le Marchand de Marrons”, (produced by George Flersheim)
Some unknown names are the “L’homme aux echasses”, (man on stilts) and the “L’attraper de Mouches” (fly catcher), so far we know are these toys never went into production, perhaps produced in small numbers ??

Fernand Martin was very often on “business trips” around the world.
He visited many exhibitions with his toys, but was also often a guest as a member of the jury.
The toy boxes from that time include the following cities: London, Anvers, Paris, Moscow, Barcelona, Brussels, Prague, Chicago, Antwerp, Omaha, St Louis, Liège, Milan and St Petersburg.
Was Martin at every exhibition in person? I don’t know but we know for sure is that he had his own stand in the French pavilion at the world fair of St Louis USA in 1904 and he was a member of the jury by at least 6 exhibitions.

Fernand Martin toys on the St. Louis World Trade Fair 1904
Picture from the Magazine Playthings page 178 June 1909 and with permission of The Strong Archive USA

But Fernand Martin also suffered setbacks.
Just as at the end of May 1904, a major fire broke out and many workers were temporarily unemployed.
A proposal has been submitted to the city council to compensate these employees with compensation.
A proposal from Mr. Landrin, member of the Bureau of the City Council:
Allocation of assistance to workers who have fallen victim to the factory incident on 88 Boulevard de Ménilmontant.
As a result of a fire at the end of May 1904, 70 or 72 workers in the toy factory boulevard de Ménilmontant 88 were reduced to unemployment.
At my request, the Office of the City Council voted in favor of provisional aid of 1000 francs.
This amount is absolutely inadequate and I recommend the advice to kindly bring it to 3000 francs.
Therefore, I submit the following proposal, for which I request the benefit of the emergency:

The Council:
For the time being, an amount of 3,000 francs is being made available to the mayor of the 20th district to help the workers.
Victims of incidental unemployment due to the factory fire bd. 88, Ménilmontant.
The amount of 1,000 francs already voted as a provision by the Office is deducted from this amount.
Signed: M. Landrin.
The emergency has been declared.
Proposal put to the vote.

The Bonhommes were expanded very quickly with several figures.
The most famous and sold figures are the Le Gay Violoniste and the Le Pochard.
Almost every new collector starts with one of these two figures.

As already mentioned, this second period started with number 147 and ended with number 226 the “Les Cochins de Père François”.
There are 82 numbers between the first and last toy of this period, but that does not mean that 82 toys have also been produced, no there are definitely more.

In 1907 his son Maurice became seriously ill probably struck by tuberculosis.
In 1908 Martin bought a villa in the hills of southern France in a small village Villefranche-sur-Mer nearby Nice on the Mediterranean.
The villa had the name “Villa Margot”.
Later the village named a street after their famous fellow citizen Fernand Martin, this street is named: “Avenue Fernand Martin”.

In 1911 Fernand Martin decided to retire and sell to George Flersheim the 22-year-old son of a large banker family.
The sale was concluded on January 1, 1912 and here ended this second period of the Martin toys

Maurice Martin died of his illness on August 15, 1919 and Fernand Martin died almost 3 weeks later on September 4, 1919, aged 70 years.

Both were buried in a family grave on the world-famous “Père-Lachaise” cemetery in Paris very close to their old factory.

cor@vanschaijk.com

Blog: www.fernandmartintoys.nl

To be continued

Victor Bonnet the L’entraineur Skiff

This very nice and almost lifelike toy is made in the fourth “Martin” period by Victor Bonnet & Cie
It has been given the “Martin” number 259
This toy was produced from around 1928.

From my own collection: Model with the handle on the frontwheel

This toy was made after an example of a kind of children’s tricycle that was moved by means of arm strength and changed direction by steering the front wheel with your feet.
There were models with one or two front wheels.

Various other manufacturers also made lithographed toy models of these arm-powered tricycles in the 1950s and 1960s.

Courtesy Antico mondo Auktionen Bornheim Germany

There are two different Victor Bonnet models on the market.
At first glance you hardly see the difference, they are both blue and have the same boy figure.
The difference is, however, at the bottom in the steering of the front wheel.
The front wheel serves as a control for this tricycle.

Left model with the handle on the frontwheel – Right model with control from the mechanism

In one model, the front wheel is controlled by the drive clockwork mechanism itself.
With the other model you have to do this yourself by means of a little handle which is directly on the front / nose, by adjusting the little handle the “skiff” goes straight or makes a turn to the right or left.
So if you look at the bottom you can clearly see the difference.

picture from the catalog

I suspect that the model with the adjustment of the front wheel by the mechanism is the first version.
My suspicion is that, on the original image on the box and in the catalog you can clearly see the adjustment rod (axel), just below his feet, from the engine to the front wheel.

See what you can read in the new November issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine:

Don’t miss the November 2020 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine.
Especially for the Fernand Martin enthusiasts on pages 8 till 11, part three of four articles about the history of the Martin Toys.

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine November 2020

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.

To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
Email: ads@antiquetoyworld.com

RESULTS MARTIN TOYS IN THE MILESTONE AUCTION OCTOBER 2020

MILESTONE AUCTIONS PROUDLY PRESENTS VINTAGE TOYS & TRAINS SPECTACULAR AUCTION “FEATURING THE BUDDY L BEARD COLLECTION”
In this auction there are two Martins and a lot more beautiful other toys.

FERNAND MARTIN TIN WINDUP ORANGE VENDOR, lot number 0244 Result: $ 425
FERNAND MARTIN LITTLE COOK lot number 0270 Result $ 700

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: https://milestoneauctions.hibid.com/

All prices are in US $ and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

MARTIN TOYS IN THE MILESTONE VINTAGE TOYS & TRAINS AUCTION OCTOBER 17TH 10AM

MILESTONE AUCTIONS PROUDLY PRESENTS VINTAGE TOYS & TRAINS SPECTACULAR AUCTION “FEATURING THE BUDDY L BEARD COLLECTION”
In this auction there are two Martins and a lot more beautiful other toys.

FERNAND MARTIN TIN WINDUP ORANGE VENDOR, lot number 0244
FERNAND MARTIN LITTLE COOK lot number 0270

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: https://milestoneauctions.hibid.com/

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for these Martins.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

RSL Auction November 7th 2020

In the next auction of RSL Auction Company there are Fernand Martin/Victor Bonnet toys and there are many more other beautiful pieces in this auction.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site:
https://www.rslauctionco.com

You want to see more toys then look at this link: Catalog Link

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for these Martins.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about authenticity, condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Bertoia Annual Fall Auction | November 2020

Annual Fall Auction Highlights

ANNUAL FALL SALE on November 12-13, 2020

Marklin & American trains, Pressed Steel from Jay Schoedinger, Halloween and Christmas collections, outstanding European and Japanese tin toys, horse-drawn examples presented from a long time collection in addition to Banks and Doorstops, and in this auction there are 8 Martin/Flersheim/Victor Bonnet toys

The Bertoia team is dedicated to offering our quality customer service, experience and support.
Do not hesitate to contact us for assistance with registration, bidding or any other questions.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: http://www.bertoiaauctions.com/

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for these Martins.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Fernand Martin number 188. What’s the name?

In the book: “Fernand Martin Toymaker in Paris 1878-1912” this figure is depicted on page 127 with number 188 in two versions called: “Le Charbonnier” and “Le Fort De La Halle”
In the book “The History of Martin Mechanical Toys” from Frédéric Marchande on page 109 he writes that there must also be two versions.

photo courtesy of Michael Bertoia Auctions

And here is example of another name that is depicted in the magazine Soleil Du Dimanche 03-12-1905.
This time, in a article written by Léo Claretie (a good friend of Fernand Martin ) and now he is named: Le porteur de farine. So we have now three different names.

From the magazine: Soleil Du Dimanche December 03-1905

I personally think that there is originally only 1 version because:
-The figures In the book: “Fernand Martin Toymaker in Paris 1878-1912” they are exactly the same figures.
-In the book “The History of Martin Mechanical Toys” they are exactly the same to.
-In both books are the same figures only they carries the bag in a different way, but that is possible by just bending the arm slightly.
The bag is attached to the carrier by a string that runs through the hand.
There is a hole straight through the hand. (See the left hands on both photos from the Bertoia auctions), there is also a hole in his right hand, but there is a cane in it.

Postcard Le Fort de la Halle

On the most pictures that I have seen, this toy carries the bag on his back for exemple:
-You can see that on the toy what is in the collection of the French museum Musée des arts and Métiers – Le cnam, (this toy was in a gift from Fernand Martin to the museum).
-A part of a picture from the magazine La Nature from 1902 pag. 13. (see picture below)
-In the magazine: Soleil Du Dimanche December 03-1905 ( see picture above)
-In the Englisch Illustrated Magazin number 34 Dec. 1905 (see picture below)
-The poster from 1902 (see below)

La Nature from 1902 pag. 13. Source: (Cnum – Digital Conservatory of Arts and Crafts – http://cnum.cnam.fr)
English Illustrated Magazin number 34 Dec. 1905

On an original box, the only I have seen at a toy market, the name was “Le Fort De La Halle”.
Until now I have never seen a “Le Charbonnier” or a coalman, it should be exactly the same as the “Le Fort De La Halle” but covered with black coal dust.
Presumably all the other names then “Le Fort De La Halle” were given in magazines, publications etc. by the writers themselves.

There may be a “but” and that is if Martin maybe made a one-off or a very little series of a black model especially for an exhibition, perhaps to see if the public reacts positively to it.

POSTER FROM 1902

Another proof that the name: “Le Fort De La Halle” the original name is, you can see it on an original Fernand Martin advertising poster from 1902 (on this poster you can see him standing at the bottom right, left of the pianist) showing with the bag on his back, and no “Le Charbonnier” is pictured on this, in 1902, hot poster.

If someone has a picture/photo or box label with a another name than the “Le Fort De La Halle”, and or of the black model, please send me an email with, if possible, a photo.

Fernand Martin- Part one

The history of Fernand Martin toy manufacturer in Paris.
Part one: The first Period.

This article is published in the September 2020 issue of the ATW Antique Toy World magazine. https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/

In the most relevant books about Fernand Martin are the toys that are made by Martin and his successors divided into four periods.

According to the latest state of insight, these periods might be classified as follows
Period 1 from 1878 – 1894
Period 2 from 1895 – 1912
Period 3 from 1912 – 1919
Period 4 from 1919 – 1933

The first period from 1878 – 1894 :

His full name was Séraphin Fernand Martin and born in the French village Amiens.
Fernand Martin lived from 1849 to 1919.
Martin was an inventor, mechanical engineer and manufacturer of mechanical toys in Paris.
He started as a small manufacturer and street vendor of artificial flowers, he made and sold these cloth flowers for many years but he certainly did not earn a good income with it.
He married with Marie Bickel and in 1872 they have a son Maurice.
But the brains of Fernand Martin were working hard and in 1878 he created his first toy, “Poisson Nageur” the swimming fish with a, for that time, very cheap and ingenious drive consisting of a “rubber band” mechanism.

demo model of the “rubber band” mechansime with the swimming fish

As clever as he was, he patented this invention and quickly sold this patent to Cremer toys 210 Regent Street London England.

With the proceeds he was able to start up his first factory in 1880 and from that moment on he could start producing more and in larger numbers.

He started in 1880 with 12 employees and in 1888 there were about 300 employees.
Martin spent his life with his thoughts on toys, when he saw a special scene ore person along the way, he started to think whether it could be converted into a piece of children’s toys.
You can clearly see that in all his work, they reflected the daily life and in particular scenes of children and working people in mainly France and in particular Paris.


If you now look in history books at pictures from that period, you will also see in many objects the unity with his toys from that period.
During this first period Martin made at least about 47 (presumably many more) different toys, the exact number is still not known exactly because not every toy is numbered yet and he also often made toys on behalf of customer request, so toys that are not in his regular production was produced.
Here we are still looking for more clarity, fortunately after deep research new facts regularly pop up.
His earlier mentioned invention of the “rubber band” mechanism was used in most of his toys from this first period, he also used the “flywheel” mechanism and at the end of this first period, the “clockwork” mechanism .
After 1897 he no longer used the “rubber band” mechanism.

He started in 1880 his first factory at 90 Boulevard de Menilmontant Paris in the 20th arrondissement, nearby the world’s most famous cemetery “Père-Lachaise”.
Due the commercial succes of the “Petit Garçon Livreur” (the delivery boy) in 1888, Martin has now the money to buy a new building to expand his factory.
We know this toy as the “Le Livreur”
In 1892 he bought the adjacent building number 88 and after a complete renovation / rebuilding, the factory was expanded considerably as a result, and was, for that time, a revolutionary conception.
This location is where the first period started and in 1934 the last period of its history ended here with the relocation of the Victor Bonnet production facility.

Martin became a respected citizen and has done a lot for the toy industry.
He joined the “Chambre Syndicale des Fabricants de Jouets & Jeux” in Paris in 1886.
In 1892-1893 he became Vice President and in 1893-1894 he was President.


Martin places his logo on most of his toys, first a circle with the letters FM and later with the addition the text Brevete S.G.D.G. (Sans guarantee du gouvernement).
Around the circle was usually but not always the text Marque Deposee.


From 1897 he also placed the famous triangle with the text “Article Francais” and around it the text “Marque Deposee” and under the triangle a number, this triangle sign was granted from the “Chambre Syndicale des Fabricants de Jouets & jeux” to French toymakers.
This number was different per manufacturer.
Martin was given the number 138, so if you see the triangle with a different number underneath, then it is also a different manufacturer and for 100% no Martin.


In 1895 he started making toys in a larger size, this was the beginning of his second period with his “Bonshommes de Paris”.

cor@vanschaijk.com

Blog: www.fernandmartintoys.nl

To be continued

Result Martin in the Ladenburger Spielzeugauktion Sept. 25-26

In this Ladenburger Toyauction there was one Fernand Martin toy but there were many more other beautiful pieces in this auction
Thes catalog in German and English language.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: https://www.spielzeugauktion.de

Sept. 25-26, 2020 auction lot number 028

Result: Martin number 224 – Le Petit Livreur made by George Flersheim. € 550,00

man, France, Je pais le tour du monde, No. 135, I go

The price is in € and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about authenticity, condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Results of the Martins in the Anticomondo Toy Auction on September 18 and 19, 2020

https://i0.wp.com/auktionen.anticomondo.de/AuctionData/1/86/logo.png?w=656&ssl=1

The brandnew catalog of the 86th Toy Auction is online!

As usual, a good amount of very rare and wanted collectibles have been auctioned.
Almost 1900 lots of Tin Toys, Trains, Figures, Model Cars and Antique Advertising.
In this auction there were only two Martin / Victor Bonnet toys.

Martin, Violinist
Victor Bonnet, Automobil mit Anhänger

Auction number 6160 Le Gay Violoniste : Lot Passed
Auction number 6725 Victor Bonnet le Train Tortillard : Lot Passed


Always check the auction site for the results.

Auction catalog: Auction 86

Website : https://www.anticomondo.de/

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

See what you can read in the new October issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine:

Don’t miss the October 2020 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine.
Especially for the Fernand Martin enthusiasts on pages 58 till 61 part two of four articles about the history of the Martin Toys.

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine October 2020

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.
To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
Email: ads@antiquetoyworld.com

Results Martins in the RSL Auction September 12th and 13th 2020

In the next auction of RSL Auction Company there are Fernand Martin toys and there are many more other beautiful pieces in this auction.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site:
https://www.rslauctionco.com

All prices are in US $ and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

You want to see more toys then look at this link: Catalog link

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about authenticity, condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Ladenburger Spielzeugauktion Sept. 25-26

In the next Ladenburger Toyauction there is one Fernand Martin toy but there are many more other beautiful pieces in this auction
We are pleased to present you this catalog in German and English language.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: https://www.spielzeugauktion.de

Sept. 25-26, 2020 auction lot number 028

Martin number 224 – Le Petit Livreur made by George Flersheim.

man, France, Je pais le tour du monde, No. 135, I go

After the auction, I will publish the realized price for this Martin.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about authenticity, condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Visit Spielmuseum Soltau in Germany

The toy museum with probably the largest museum collection of ” Fernand Martin-George Flersheim and Victor Bonnet ” toys in the world.

The following text is written by Mathias Ernst from the toy museum in Soltau and has been translated from German in Englisch.

Toys by the famous French tin toy inventor and manufacturer Fernand Martin are the focus of our “Petit Paris” exhibition department. We owe this wonderful collection to Arthur Verdoorn and his friend Lourens Bas. Their families have just visited the toy museum – and report here on their impressions:
https://www.fernandmartintoys.com/klein-paris-in-soltau/

By the way: The richly illustrated standard work on Fernand Martin including video DVD (the result of years of research by Lourens Bas and Arthur Verdoorn) is currently available at a special price – on the Martin website ( see above) or buy it in our museum shop. www.spielmuseum-soltau.de

Postcards with Martin toys

In a previous blog: https://fernandmartintoys.nl/fernand-martin-and-postcards/ I showed postcards depicting Martin toys.
I have now been able to add a new postcard to my collection depicting three Martins,
-the Le Fauteuil Roulant from 1889 (next to his right foot)
-the Pousse pousse from 1889 (in his left hand)
-the Le Livreur from 1888 (in his right hand and on the ground)
This postcard is from France from the late 1800’s
It shows a typical street vendor trying to promote his toys.

Anticomondo Toy Auction on September 18 and 19, 2020

https://i0.wp.com/auktionen.anticomondo.de/AuctionData/1/86/logo.png?w=656&ssl=1

The brandnew catalog of the 86th Toy Auction is online!

As usual, a good amount of very rare and wanted collectibles will be auctioned: Almost 1900 lots of Tin Toys, Trains, Figures, Model Cars and Antique Advertising are waiting for you!

In this auction there are 2 Fernand Martin/Victor bonnet toys

Martin, Violinist
Victor Bonnet, Automobil mit Anhänger


Auction number 6160 Le Gay Violoniste
and auction number 6725 the Victor Bonnet le Train Tortillard

This 86th Toy Auction will be a Live-Auction with floor bidders.

You can take part in the online bidding via Liveauctioneers, lot-tissimo or the-saleroom, live via telephone or register your written predids.

Auction 86

Website : https://www.anticomondo.de/

We hope you enjoy reading and browsing through the new catalog!

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for these Martins.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

S.I.J.I.M. toys that look like “Martin” toys

This article is published in the August 2020 issue of the ATW Antique Toy World magazine. https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/ Now with new facts.

S.I.J.I.M.
This toy maker from Paris made very nice toys.
This manufacturer is named S.I.J.I.M. and the director was Prosper Lévi.
He started his factory in 1909 but the firm ceased to exist in 1913 or 1914.
S.I.J.I.M. means: Société Industrielle de jouets and d’inventions mécaniques.
We know very little about this company, maybe we will find out more in the future and maybe we will find unknown catalogs.
He has not made many different pieces but what he made was beautiful.

Courtesy Toy Museum Soltau (“Spielmuseum Soltau”) in Germany,

Between the S.I.J.I.M. factory and the Fernand Martin factory was in 1912 a lawsuit, this lawsuit was about the Le Rapide Livreur from S.I.J.I.M. and the Petit Livreur from Fernand Martin.
Prosper Lévy from (S.I.J.I.M.) accused Fernand Martin having committed plagiarism.

Le Rapide Livreur. courtesy Bertoia auctions
The Martin Le Petit Livreur
A part of page 1 of the patent of Prosper Lévi that the lawsuit was about
A part of page 3 of the patent of Prosper Lévi that the lawsuit was about

If you look closely at Lévi’s patent you will see in the header a text in squared brackets.
translation: [ Guarantee certificate delivered to M. Jules Boucheron (of whom Mr. Lévi is assignee) on the occasion of the 10th Lépine Contest of toys and articles de Paris opend in Paris the August 12, 1910]

It just means that Jules Boucheron assigned his invention to Mr. Lévi at the occasion of the 10th Lépine Contest.
This means that Mr Lévi was not the inventor of this toy but that was Jules Boucheron.
Jules Boucheron was a small inventor probably without production opportunities and infrastructure.
Many toy manufacturers including Martin bought the rights from small inventors at the “Concours Lépine”.

In July 1914 Fernand Martin give a statement on the alleged allegations of plagiarism and the resulting lawsuit as mentioned above:
COMMUNICATES
We receive from our colleague, Mr. Fernand Martin, the following note with a request to insert: We are pleased to take that the infringement action brought by Mr. Levi against Mr. F. Martin, for a toy called “The Delivery Person” will not be followed up, Mr. Levi having recognized that it is wrongly and without right gull has assigned Mr. Martin in infringement. For his part, Mr. Martin, in the presence of this declaration, waived his claim for damages. The case is therefore closed.

July 1914, From the French magazine “Le Jouet Francias” the official organ of the Chambre Syndicale des Franbicants de Jouets, jeux & engins sportifes.

Martin kept his “Petit Livreur” in production and it was equally produced till in the 1930’s by Victor Bonnet and probably even into the 1950s bye his sons.

Pictures from the magazine of Choumara Paris in 1912
On the right, S.I.J.I.M. toys togehter with Martin toys and other toys.

The best selling and known toy was the organ grinder: le joueur d’orgue, even till nowadays this is often referred to as a Martin. But you can see on the box and on the catalog page that it is clearly a S.I.J.I.M. toy.

But S.I.J.I.M. has also made less well-known pieces.
See these two pages of a catalog of S.I.J.I.M.

These two pages contain the following toys.
Number 32 La Poussette. (The Stroller)
Number 33 Le Joueur d’orgue. (The Organ Player)
Number 34 Les Chevaux Hygieniques (Hygienic Horses)
Number 35 L’apprenti Cavalier. (The Rider Apprentice)
Number 36 Le Rapide Livreur (The Fast Delivery Man)
I don’t know if more toys are made because it is weird to start with number 32.
There is 1 piece which is probably also made by S.I.J.I.M., it is the Le Saute Mouton. (The leap frog)
This, Le Saute Mouton. (The leap frog), toy was depicted in a magazine from the Choumara Paris store in 1912 together with other S.I.J.I.M. , Martin and other toys.

courtesy Bertoia auctions : Le Saute Mouton

From 1897 many toy manufacturers place the famous triangle with the text “Article Francais” and around it the text “Marque Deposee” , under the triangle a number, this sign was exclusively granted by the Chambre Syndicale des Fabricants de Jouets to French toymakers who requested it. The number just reflects the order of the request in the sequence of the requests.
So this number was different per manufacturer.
Take a good look at the catalog page, you will also see this triangle by S.I.J.I.M. has been given number 248.
Martin had the number 138, here you can see how important this number could be to find out which manufacturer has produced a toy.

Mr Lévi made his own toys and many toys are in the “style” of the Fernand Martin and Flersheim toys.
And not without success because his models are very beautiful.
Like many toy manufacturers, a lot of ideas was copied from competitors.
As an example, compare the boy in the chair of Martin ( Le jeune ecuyer ) and the one of Lévi (L’apprenti Cavalier) same “idea” but with a different chair position and a different moving action. Who borrowed from whom ??

Lévi (L’apprenti Cavalier)
Courtesy Toy Museum Soltau (“Spielmuseum Soltau”) in Germany,
Martin ( Le jeune ecuyer )

The mechanisms of these S.I.J.I.M. toys are different from those of Martin, often more sophisticated and of a better quality and therefore more expensive to produce.
However, this did not result in a higher selling price than Fernand Martin/ Flersheim’s toys, but lack of profitability seems to be the reason for the cessation of activity in 1913 or 1914 just before the start of the First World War.
Now most of these S.I.J.I.M. toys are rarer than Martin, Flersheim and Victor Bonnet toys and are traded at very good prices.

A thank you to Frederic Marchand for the permission to use the two catalog pages and the additional information.

All toys with without reference are from my collection

cor@vanschaijk.com

Blog: www.fernandmartintoys.nl

Fernand Martin: Conquete du Pole Nord

This sled was made in 1909 by Fernand Martin and get the name “Conquete du pole Nord” (Discovery of the North Pole).
Martin number 217

box label

This toy was made by Martin in honor of the conquest of the North Pole by US Navy engineer Robert Peary.
The sled is connected to the pole by means of a string, after winding the toy, the sled with the dogs rides around the Norh Pole.

At the end of the 19th century, the North Pole was seen as the last undiscovered place in the Northern Hemisphere, so many sought out adventure, often heading to the North Pole without proper preparation.
The tours were extremely arduous and often underestimated, it is estimated that about 760 people died on these tours.
The search for the pool became an international competition for the honor of being the first with teams from the United States, the United Kingdom and Norway.
Robert Peary claimed to have reached the Pole on April 6, 1909, which today is seen by many as unlikely.

picture from the original catalog

The sled with the dogs is about 21 cm ( 8,30 inch) long, the pole has a diameter of about 14 cm ( 5,50 inch)

Drawing from the magazine “La Nature 1910” Source: (Cnum – Digital Conservatory of Arts and Crafts – http://cnum.cnam.fr)

See what you can read in the new September issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine:

Don’t miss the September 2020 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine.
Especially for the Fernand Martin enthusiasts on pages 70 till 73 part one of four articles about the history of the Martin Toys.

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine September 2020

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.
To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
Email: ads@antiquetoyworld.com

RSL Auction September 12th and 13th 2020

In the next auction of RSL Auction Company there are Fernand Martin toys and there are many more other beautiful pieces in this auction.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site:
https://www.rslauctionco.com

You want to see more toys then look at this link: Catalog link

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for these Martins.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about authenticity, condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Results Martins in the BERTOIA Summer BASICS Auction August 13th

Comic Character to Lehmanns and European Wind-ups, Airplanes & Boats, Steam Engines, Penny toys and Motorcycles, European figures and soldiers, Still Banks from Douglas Jackman, as well as a few additional surprises.

All prices price is US $ and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: http://www.bertoiaauctions.com/

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

How to make a: Le Petit Livreur

I found this French book from 1922 with a very heavy title. “Manuel du Fabricant de Jouets” (“Manual of the Toy Manufacturer”) The description is very general and not deeply technical. If you read it, you will have a very quick general idea of how toys are put together in parts. So it is a guideline to produce various kinds of toys. In particular I found the directions for making tinplate toys and special to make a “Le Petit Livreur”, whether it is de description for the model of Martin, Flersheim, Victor Bonnet or another manufacturer, I don’t know, but as the first lines already say it is a general description and therefore also for other tin toys.

Translation from the book: “Manuel du Fabricant de Jouets” the writer is A. Broquelet in 1922

The little delivery boy.

As for any of the other articles, it is first necessary to establish a general drawing of the object and then an analytical drawing of each of the individual parts that make up it, paying attention to the location of the tabs and indicate holes needed to connect all the parts, this drawing is essential to identify the templates that will be used to make the dies for cutting.

This cutting is done by means of balancing presses; it is enough to put on the matrix, which is placed under the handle, a strip of tinplate suitable for the size of the model, then with the right hand with the crank move it forward to obtain the desired part .

This first operation produces flat parts, to give them the desired relief, proceed to their stamping which is carried out, as we have already indicated using a mold either in cast iron or in steel, and a counterpart.

That happens with all the parts that will constitute the automaton.

The worker assembles them and then takes them to a machine that compresses them and, as the case may be, using a small pair of pliers to flatten the wire, folds or bends the tabs so that they cannot be detached from the holes on which it is locked.

The various movements of the automaton are then obtained by means of cams, connecting rods and eccentrics; this is how the leg is controlled by connecting rods and eccentrics mounted on the wheels, which in turn are controlled by gears which constitute real clockwork movements, while a connecting rod controls a leg, a another connecting rod makes the knee joint maneuver, and the front wheel gives direction.

The cutting of the gears which enter the mechanism is done in the same way as that of the other parts.

When the toy is assembled, it only remains to paint it and to adjust it to ensure its proper functioning.

Fernand Martin toy on a newspaper of 1889

Toy week, The aspect of grand boulevards of Paris
( Newspaper from my own collection )

On the front of a very old French newspaper I found an image of a street vendor, selling the Pousse Pousse Annamite by Fernand Martin.

This original old newspaper is dated from December 22, 1889
The World Exhibition of 1889 took place in Paris from May 6 to October 31, 1889.

Courtesy Bertoia Auctions

Fernand Martin released this Pousse Pousse Annamite during the world exhibition and this toy was sold by street vendors on the corner of the streets or in one of the many sales stalls on the grand boulevards of Paris.
On the front page of this newspaper you can see the typical busy Parisian street life where various street vendors and also sales stalls try to sell their wares/toys to tourists and parents just before Christmas.

See what you can read in the new August issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine:

Don’t miss the August 2020 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine.
Especially for the Fernand Martin enthusiasts: This month, on pages 60 till 63 an article about S.I.J.I.M. toys that look like “Martin” toys.

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine August 2020

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.
To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
Email: ads@antiquetoyworld.com

le Motocycliste Enragé

A circus act as a toy.

Georges Flersheim purchased the Fernand Martin factory in 1912 and he acquired with the company all Martin’s patents.
George Flersheim patented this toy in 1912.

photo with permission from Galerie De Chartres

This performance of a circus act was produced in 1912 and it get the product number 228.
The original patent with number 444652 was applied on 05 June 1912, granted on 13 August 1912 and published on 23 October 1912 under the name “Nouveau jouet monocycle” , it became the trade name: Le Motocycliste Enragé

photos with permission from Galerie De Chartres

This very rare toy auctioned on November 12, 2016 at the French auction house Galerie De Chartres together with the super rare box.

Part of the original patent

The motorcycle starts to move after winding and therefore he wants to drive up in the ring but due to the weight of the motor the ring moves forward.
The movement is clearly visible on the patent drawing number: Fig.5.
The motorcycle itself was also used by George Flersheim not much later in 1912 with the name “Le Motocycliste” and thisone gets the number 231.
Victor Bonnet produced the same “Le Motocycliste” from 1919 with the same number 231.
The Victor Bonnet version has a few differences; closed wheels, a closed back and a mechanism with the well-known Victor Bonnet key.

Model: George Flersheim
Courtesy Toy Museum Soltau (“Spielmuseum Soltau”) in Germany,
Model: Victor Bonnet
Courtesy Bertoia Auctions

Missing Pictures Part 1

For the collectors who own the book “Fernand Martin toymaker in Paris 1878-1912” I have a number of additions here.
These are the photos that were not known at the time of writing the book.

Page 45: Martin number 16
Le Jeu de Massacre from 1885

Cortesy Renaud Fournier

Page 121: Martin number 183
La Sentinelle Royal Guard from 1901

Photo with thanks to the Toy Museum Soltau (“Spielmuseum Soltau”) in Germany

On page 151: Martin number 206
Jeu de Pêche a la Grenouille Sauteuse from 1906

Auction House: Osenat Fontainebleau

See my preview blog : https://fernandmartintoys.nl/is-this-a-new-fernand-martin-toy/

After page 221: Martin number 266
Le Costaud from 1932

And I know there are more unknown MARTINS.
Now we just have to wait for photos and data.

Continued in Part 2

BERTOIA Summer BASICS Auction August 13th

Comic Character to Lehmanns and European Wind-ups, Airplanes & Boats, Steam Engines, Penny toys and Motorcycles, European figures and soldiers, Still Banks from Douglas Jackman, as well as a few additional surprises.

The Bertoia team is dedicated to offering our quality customer service, experience and support.
Do not hesitate to contact us for assistance with registration, bidding or any other questions.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: http://www.bertoiaauctions.com/

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Newly discovered original catalog by Fernand Martin

This article is published in the June 2020 issue of the ATW Antique Toy World magazine. https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/

We know from the famous Fernand Martin book by Lourens Bas and Arthur Verdoorn: Fernand Martin Toymaker in Paris 1878-1912. that two rare original catalogs are known.

Released in 2014

Many images of these two catalogs have been incorporated into this book.
These two catalogs were discovered in 2012 and date from 1898. and 1911.

Left the 1898 catalog and on the Right the 1911 catalog

Furthermore, an old poster from 1902 ( I suspect that this poster is from 1902 because the last picture on this poster is the Pianist and he was produced from 1902) also surfaced a few years ago.
See the blog of Lourens Bas:
https://lourensbas.wordpress.com/2018/03/04/an-unknown-folder-of-fernand-martin-from-1905/
As far as I know this poster is currently in a collection in France.

Now a third newly discovered catalog is added.

Front
Back

This rare new catalog is from 1908.
It consists of 82 pages with 42 images of the pictures of Fernand Martin toys from to 1895 with de Ma Portiere number 147 till 1908 with the Petit Colbuteur number 213 .
All images used are very similar to the labels used at the time, but often differ slightly in details.
On the last 4 “empty” pages, 3 extra full size original labels have been pasted manually, on a sheet, the label of the Le Boucher number 210 has disappeared.

The last page from the 1908 catalog with two extra original labels

I think these “empty” pages were added during printing so that the new Martins toys that were designed and released during printing could be added manually so that the catalog was a good “Up To Date” for a long time.
The format is almost the same as the two well-known catalogs.
The dimensions are approximate 18 x 12,5 cm ( 7,5″x 5″) .
These catalogs are all natural in black and white.
This catalog is, for his age, in exceptionally good condition.

Maybe there are more catalogs among collectors, but I only know these three and the poster so far.

Another catalog is also known from the Victor Bonnet period.
A reprint of this catalog was made in 1973 for the spring meeting of the : Antique Toy Collecters of America.
I think the original catalog dates from the late 20s.

Folders, poster, publications, advertisements, labels and catalogs are very important to properly identify the toy and also to complete the large Fernand Martin “puzzle”.
Do you have something? Please share it with me and fellow collectors.

All images used are from my own collection.

Cor van Schaijk. cor@vanschaijk.com

Blog adress: Www.fernandmartintoys.nl

See what you can read in the new July issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine:

Don’t miss the July 2020 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine.

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine July 2020.

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.


To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
Email: ads@antiquetoyworld.com

Result Martin toy in the Anticomondo Toy Auction on June 19 and 20, 2020

85th Toy Auction

The brandnew catalog of the 85th Toy Auction is online!

As usual, a good amount of very rare and wanted collectibles will be auctioned: More than 1900 lots of Tin Toys, Trains, Figures, Model Cars and Antique Advertising are waiting for you!

In this auction is 1 Fernand Martin toy


Auction number 6234 Le Gay Violoniste
IS NOT SOLD

auction catalog 85

Website : Anticomondo

We hope you enjoy reading and browsing through the new catalog!


Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

La course en sac ( the potato bag runner ) A Fernand Martin toy from 1906

A child’s play from years past with a lot of fun.
A competition to reach the finish line, while jumping in a potato bag as quickly as possible.

This toy was made in 1906 by Fernand Martin and currently very rare and therefore a very popular piece.
A toy from the second “Martin” period and it was given the Martin number 205.
At the top the potato bag is kept closed by a red thread
Height 19 cm ( 7,5 inch)

The Martin logos are depicted on both sides of the bag.

At the bottom there are two slots, after turning up two bars per slot come forward to simulate the jump, it makes a very nice almost natural movement.

Picture from the original 1908 catalog

The drawing below shows the inside.
This drawing is from the old French magazine La Nature from 1908

Source: (Cnum – Digital Conservatory of Arts and Crafts – http://cnum.cnam.fr)

THE TOY AND THE CATALOG ARE FROM MY OWN COLLECTION.

Auction result Fernand Martin toys in the Galerie De Chartres auction on June 13, 2020

Price in Euro’s and without Buyer’s Premium of 20% VAT
(23,60% VAT for the buyers on interencheres-live.com)

Live sale on: www.interencheres-live.com

More informations at: https://www.ivoire-france.com/chartres/fr/auction-3393-jouets_collection_vente_initialement_prevue_25_avril?p=58

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Found a Victor Bonnet account overview/Payment reminder from 1933

After 15 years, in 1933, the lease of the factory at the location 88 boulevard Ménilmontant expired and Bonnet moved the production to another Bonnet factory in the Rue des Tourelles Paris 20 number 8. (This Victor BONNET’s privately held company was, producing household items from the early 1920’s.)
Until the end of the production at the location 88 boulevard Ménilmontant, Victor Bonnet still used the old Fernand Martin logo and on one of his Account overview / Payment reminder’s shows that he also advertised that he had over 200 Patents, additions and deposits in France and abroad, but that includes the patents from Fernand Martin and George Flersheim

This payment reminder is dated December 1, 1933

Payment reminder
Detail of this account overview
This check is dated December 10, 1933, belonging to the above account overview, see the detail on the right with the original signature of Victor Bonnet in blue.

Fernand Martin: The sweeping lady- “Ma Portière”

The first Martin of the “bonhommes” series from the second Fernand Martin period (1895 -1912) with number 147 and produced from 1895

From my own collection

The very first examples were produced with the famous “rubber band” mechanism.
Later they were executed with a “clockwork mechanism” they are easy to keep apart.
The model with the rubber band has the handle on top of the head to turn on, the model with the clockwork mechanism has the well-known Martin key on the back.
The difference can of course also be seen at the bottom when you look for the kind of mechanism.

Toys from the collection of the Toy Museum Soltau (“Spielmuseum Soltau”) in Germany

The rubber band model has two different places where it can be marked, one is a tin / lead seal against the metal skirt with the FM symbol on it.
The other is marked with an embossed FM logo against a bracket underneath the skirt.
The clockwork mechanism model is not marked she only has a Fernand Martin key.

Top left with lead seal–below left embrossed–right two differend Martin keys

The rubber band mechanism basically consists of three separate parts, the handle, the elastic and the movement part.
If the rubber band breaks, the mechanism will fall out at the bottom and the wind-up liver at the top so they may have been lost over the years.

Model with the rubber band mechanism Source: La Nature (Cnum – Digital Conservatory of Arts and Crafts – http://cnum.cnam.fr)

Two different boxes are known, with and without numbering, but on both boxes the “Ma Portiere” is equipped with a winding handle visible on the head, so the “first” version.
It is therefore not entirely clear when the boxes with or without a number were issued exactly.
Also striking is that in the catalog from 1898 the drawing was numberd left above. (see the first image at the top of this blog)

The first version is therefore with a “rubber band” drive, with this version you can clearly see the winding handle on top of the head.
The versions thereafter received the winding mechanism, but in the first copies the hole on the top of the head was sealed with a round plate.
Later versions have been given a head without a hole or plate.

Another separate component is the weight mounted on the left shoulder, meant as a counterweight for the movement of the mechanism.
The other counterweight is under the skirt at the end of the mechanism.

The mechanism moves her upper body from right to left.
If the movement to the right or left is at its end, the mechanism will be forced again by the two counterweights to move to the other side, so it looks like she is sweeping the floor. 

Very nice and realistic.

See also my previous blog: The Ma Portiere as a piece of art? https://fernandmartintoys.nl/the-ma-portiere-as-a-piece-of-art/

Anticomondo Toy Auction on June 19 and 20, 2020.

85th Toy Auction

The brandnew catalog of the 85th Toy Auction is online!

As usual, a good amount of very rare and wanted collectibles will be auctioned: More than 1900 lots of Tin Toys, Trains, Figures, Model Cars and Antique Advertising are waiting for you!

In this auction is 1 Fernand Martin toy


Auction number 6234 Le Gay Violoniste

Because of the current circumentances the 85th Toy Auction will be a Live-Auction without floor bidders.

You can take part in the online bidding via Liveauctioneers, lot-tissimo or the-saleroom, live via telephone or register your written predids.

auction catalog 85

Website : Anticomondo

We hope you enjoy reading and browsing through the new catalog!


Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

The manufacture of Fernand Martin mechanical toys in 1902

This article is published in the May 2020 issue of the ATW Antique Toy World magazine. https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/

The translation of a French article about the manufacture of mechanical tin toys from Fernand Martin in the late 1800s and early 1900s, written by Paul Peltier and published in 1902 in the magazine “La Vie Illustree”

Magazin from my own collection

ABOUT THE 1902 TOY COMPETITION OF M LÉPINE

There are many toys about the upcoming October 10th (1902) Exhibition, organized by the small manufacturers of these tiny and delicious things, whose appearance on the family table will provoke the joyful laugh of enthusiastic toddlers.
This exhibition, moreover, is the reedition or, if we wind, the extension of the competition organized by M. Lepine, prefect of police, last year.
The moment, therefore, seems to have come to introduce our readers to the mysteries of the manufacture of the mechanical toy, and to reveal to them the secrets of those curious arcana from which articulate blacksmiths and little merchants pushing their cars on the sidewalks conscientiously.
The mechanical toy, as a very popular toy, very wide spread, very loved, is a very modern invention.
The difficulty & indeed, It’s much less a matter of moving a character than of being able to make this articulate and animated personage very cheaply.

It is certain that, in a pinch, the automaton of Vaucanson can be considered like a toy, but certainly the hawkers of the time could not have sold it for some grounds at the time of the New Year’s Day.
Thanks to the kindness of Mr. Fernand Martin, who has attached his name to the cheap mechanical toy industry in France.
We will introduce the reader in this world of the toddlers where articulated “Eves” and automatic “Adams” wait for the moment to leave their paradise quickly.
Like medicine and literature, the toy industry has its specialists.

The main specialties are:
1 Mechanical toys, in a general way.
2 The dolls, these cute little creatures with eternally pink cheeks, eternally constant heart, which not only delight the girls, but still know how to inspire, if need be, the novelists- Cosette’s dolls: Miserables, doll dresses from Dickens- like the musicians – the Nuremberg Doll, • the Infant’s Dolls, and, a few years ago, the Doll.
3 The lead soldiers; here we fall in the operetta, with the lead soldier of Mire Nitouche
4 Railways, racing games, etc., etc.

But it is the mechanical toys that are most interesting.
The first toys of this kind were created around 1879.
Their little “soul”, which no Paul Bourget will ever try to analyze, was essentially composed of an inert motor pelit composed of twisted rubber wire with escape wheel.
One of the worst “hurts”, none of which will ever be analyzed, was essentially a small engine, composed of a twisted rubber wire with an escape wheel.
It was obviously not very complicated, but as for the egg of Christopher Columbus, it was all about thinking about it !!
It was first the le Poisson Nageur, then the Les Forgerins Infatigables, Les Scieurs, Le Suiveur Endiablé, who delighted the Boulevards. Another invention, very curious and amusing, made its appearance around 1883.
It was – said without wanting to do the least course of mechanics! – a steering wheel whose shaft operated on two wheels.
This engine, very simple as we see, was first applied to the loco-motive road that – I call the fathers! – made a sensation.
There was much talk about it at the Tuileries ( formal gardens next to the Louvre in Paris, the gardens are all that remain of the Tuileries Palace, a royal residence begun in 1564 and burned down in 1871 during the Commune of Paris.) the old five-year-olds discussed it with interest in Luxembourg, and the little world of Parc Monceau was very satisfied.

Then came the Les Valseurs, Les Pompiers, Les Duellistes. In 1888, the Deliveryman and the Pousse-Pousse had a big success, which reached its peak during the Exhibition of 1889.
Then we see the L’Autruche, Le Cab, Le Perroquet, Le Pêcheur á la Linge, etc., etc.
Around 1894, a new series of little automatons appeared: “Ma Portière”, Le Petit Décrotteur, the Violoniste, La Blanchisseuse.

Finally, in 1900, we have the Le Pochard and the Le Bamboula.
The mechanical toy industry is also inspired by the news, as an in-depth review of the end of the year, so that among the recent creations we have seen: the L’Agent with the white baton, the Le Vieux Marcheur, a delicate allusiun to the success of the Varieties, Le Chinois, finally the Le Boer and the L’Anglais.

We will consider, in the photographs attached, (photo above) a bloody meeting between the L’Anglais and the Le Boer, and (photo below) a suggestive group of agents, policemen and gendarmes: a true International Police Congress!

Finally, as the latest creations, the Le Clown Marchant, walking on the hands, and the Le Petit Pianiste whose fingers agile and tiny.
He performs fantastic scales on a diminutive piano, and one can judge the marvels of skill and ingenuity which must be displayed in order to obtain a similar toy for a few pence, all the more so, oh joy! really what’s going to be saying Reyer? …
Needless to say, the division of work reigns supreme in mechanical toy factories.
First of all, it is the forge, where workers do all that one could call the “big work”, because everything is relative.

Then comes the welding, where the little automaton will begin to feel the clever stroking of feminine fingers.
From there, we move to the manufacture of “skeletons”.
This macabre expression refers to the assembly of all the parts of wire and metal that make up the body of the character.
Then it’s dressing up, and really this part of Mr. Martin’s factory is quite reminiscent of the workshop of a great couturier, whatever Doucet for dolls! consists, for the fingers, always feminins, to illuminate quickly and well the hands of the Le Bamboula or the trowel of the Vieux Marcheur.
Finally, the filling: this is where we put the last hand to the little toy, where, for example, we stick the piece of music in front of the eyes and the pianist is incredibly enthusiastic.

And when our babies, already ferocious, tear the tunic or the bodice to see “what’s inside”, they will certainly suspect the amount of work and pain that will have cost their toy a few French cents !
In fact, it is thought that to make toys like the ones we are talking about and sell them cheaply, we need personnel and tools of extraordinary complexity, and our readers have realized this.
The equipment is so multiple, and the meeting of raw materials relatively so long, that the French manufacturer has time to cast a good part of his invention, before the German manufacturer finds the opportunity to counterfeit and sell himself.
It is, indeed, in Germany, the classic country of the Nuremberg doll, that the French mechanical toy is pillaged with the greatest cynicism.
There are, it seems, in Germany only two manufacturers of mechanical toys who do not copy our objects ! …

We were talking about the tools and personnel of a big toy factory mechanical. Some typical details will serve to fix the ideas.
Do we know how much the house we have visited employs dressers, who, as their name implies, are exclusively employed in re-covering the skeletons of iron wire, hidden in the small chest of tin plate? It are thirty dressers!
These thirty dressers, some of whom work in the workshop, the others at home, can dress up to three thousand figs a day.
In addition to the dressers, the toy houses still use machine-made stitches.
To dress ten thousand little “ bonhommes”, it takes six hundred meters of a cloth having 80 cm wide.

Another detail borrowed, no longer from the mechanical toy industry, but from that of small rifles.
The tiny arms, which sell for about fifteen cent, are provided with a shoulder strap, attached to a small staple nailed to the edge of the butt.
To obtain these staples, we use a machine that can drill in a minute a zinc plate a meter long: well! the cuts, the small trimmings that fall by the thousands, are precisely the staples.
This detail shows how frighteningly rapid it is to satisfy consumption.

In Paris there are in 1902, about 25,000 toy workers employed by 500 employers.
Not included in this number, of course, watchmakers, molders, seamstresses, etc., who are used, but who are not dedicated to the toy.
Men can earn 5 francs the piece, about 50 francs per day; women 3 francs.
The work is done either by the pieces, or by the day.
We see that the toy – at least the mechanical toy – is not what a vain people thinks.
It’s not just “the joy of children and the tranquility of parents”.
It is also one of the objects on which our national industry has made its mark, and from this point of view the public can not be too interested in it.

All workshop images are insights from the Fernand Martin factory in 1902

Fernand Martin toys in the next Galerie de Chartres auction on June 13, 2020

The French auction house: Galerie de Chartres has a very nice and extremely rare Fernand Martin toy with his original box in this coming auction.
Furthermore, there are many more Martin toys and other beautiful toys in this auction that we can look for.

See this link for the entire collection to be auctioned: https://www.interencheres.com/meubles-objets-art/jouets-de-collection-267107/

For more auction house information see this link:
https://www.interencheres.com/commissaire-priseur/maitres-jean-pierre-lelievre-pascal-maiche-alain-paris-et-galerie-de-chartres-111/

Note: The machine gun (left above), “La Mitrailleuse Francaise” is presumably made by George Flersheim, successor of Fernand Martin.
Deze afbeelding heeft een leeg alt-attribuut; de bestandsnaam is afbeelding.png
Courtesy Galerie de Chartres

Live sale on: www.interencheres-live.com

For more information see the auction catalog: https://www.ivoire-france.com/chartres/fr/auction-3393-jouets_collection_vente_initialement_prevue_25_avril?p=58
Catalog 8 € or subscription for 2 years 30 €.

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for this Martin

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

See what you can read in the new June issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine:

Don’t miss the June 2020 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine.
And especially for the Fernand Martin enthusiasts:
This month, on pages 54 till 58 an article about a newly discovered original 1908 catalog from Martin.

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine June 2020.

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.
To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
Email: ads@antiquetoyworld.com

The Ma Portiere as a piece of art ?

At the end of 1800 and early 1900, Fernand Martin was a highly regarded businessman in Paris.
His toy factory flourished and his toys were hugely popular and well-known
This of course also attracted people who wanted to get a piece of his popularity and now I mean it in the good sense of the word.
One of those people was an artist who made bronze sculptures.
At that time, bronze statues were enormously popular and in many living rooms these statues were to be admired.
The name of this artist was Jose (Josep) Cardona Furro, he was born in Barcelona Spain and lived from 1878-1922.
He left for Paris at a young age.
Martin often made his toys about what he saw in daily street life and that was the same thing Jose Cardona did.
His bronze statues were mostly statues of people and often of children he saw busy in the street.


One of his images is of a street vendor with clearly recognizable Fernand Martin’s the Ma Portiere. on his back a sack full of boxes of toys, in his hand he is busy turning up a Ma Portiere and there is also a clearly recognizable Ma Portiere at his feet.
The Ma Portiere was made by Martin from 1895, so this image will also be designed and made by Jose Cardona in 1895 or a little later, so at the age of 17.
The sculpture is very detailed and approximately 36 cm high and weighs more than 5 kg. ( 11 pound )
There are versions known with a marble base and versions without this base.

In one of the following blogs I will cover this “Ma Portiere” extensively,

A small celebration

Exactly 1 year ago I started this blog.
In the course of this year I have written about 80 articles.
The number of readers watched has also increased considerably, from about 30 a month to currently an average of over 120 a month.
The number of hits on articles has also increased, there are days with only 3 hits but also days with more than 40 hits, the total number of hits is currently more than 2200 and that is an average of 29,5 hits per article.
Also, from the number of positive responses, many readers are satisfied with this blog.
So for me again the challenge to work hard on new articles.

I thank everyone for the good words and especially the auctioneers, traders, museums, private collectors, etc. who have given permission to use images in this blog.

And if you have any questions or material that I can process please send it to me and I will make sure that I find it right and if it is interesting for the readers, I will put it in a blog.
Thanks again everyone.

(All photos in this article are of my dear and early deceased friend Arthur Verdoorn.)

Results of the Bertoia Annual Spring Auction May 7-8 2020

Now we serve you the auction results of the Martins and Martin related toys in the Bertoia Annual Spring Auction May 7-8 2020

All prices price is US $ and without Buyer’s Premium and subject to errors.
Always check the auction site for the results.

For the complete overview, results, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: http://www.bertoiaauctions.com/

Regarding the objects and prices described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

PREVIOUS: Extremely rare Martin in the Galerie de Chartres auction on June 13, 2020

This Martin is in the provisional auction list. The complete list will be published 15 days before June 13, if there are other interesting Martins among them, I will edit this blog.

The French auction house: Galerie de Chartres has a very nice and extremely rare Fernand Martin toy with his original box in this coming auction
Furthermore, there are many more other beautiful toys in this auction that we can look for, after the complete list is published.

See this link for the entire Previous collection to be auctioned: https://www.interencheres.com/meubles-objets-art/jouets-de-collection-267107/

For more auction house information see this link:
https://www.interencheres.com/commissaire-priseur/maitres-jean-pierre-lelievre-pascal-maiche-alain-paris-et-galerie-de-chartres-111/

Courtesy Galerie de Chartres

Live sale on: www.interencheres-live.com

For more information see the auction catalog: https://www.ivoire-france.com/chartres/fr/auction-3393-jouets_collection_vente_initialement_prevue_25_avril?p=58
Catalog 8 € or subscription for 2 years 30 €.

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for this Martin

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

See what you can read in the new May issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine:

Don’t miss the May 2020 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine.
And especially for the Fernand Martin enthusiasts:
This month, on pages 60 – 63, an article about the manufacture of Martin toys in 1902.

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.
To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
Email: ads@antiquetoyworld.com

Boxes from the Fernand Martin Le Pochard with a additional sticker ?

In the year 1900 the 13th universal World Exhibition was in Paris.
Fernand Martin participated in this exhibition and was also a jury member of the “Hors Concours Médaille D’or ” as can be read on the box and on the catalog picture of the Bamboula no 179.

This World exhibition lasted from April 15 to November 12, 1900.

During this exhibition many products were sold to the public by business exhibitors, but street vendors in the streets of Paris also sold more than normal during that period.

I have found three boxes of the Le Pochard number 172 produced from the year 1899 with a additional reference to this exhibition.

This “Le Pochard” is familiar to all Martin collectors and it has also been produced for a long time and is one of the most renowned Martin’s .

This additional reference is a loose sticker that is stuck on the boxes
The sticker on the first box is difficult to read but the other two boxes are much clearer to read.
The sticker on box three is not on the front but on the top of the box

Exposition Universelle 1900 F.M.

We can assume that these pieces were sold during this world exhibition in 1900, but it is also possible that the stickers were placed as advertisements well before the world exhibition to draw attention to this exhibition.
These boxes with toys are therefore very easy to date.
You also see that both drunks are dressed the same.

I do not know if boxes of other Martin toys were also provided with this sticker, but perhaps one of the readers of this blog has an answer, please let me know.

Louis Poyet and Fernand Martin

In a previous blog from 13 April, I show you a drawing of the Rabbit from Martin, this drawing was made by Louis Poyet.

Louis Poyet (born in Saint-Etienne, 1846 – died in Paris, 1913) was a draftsman, etcher and French illustrator known for his work that he made together with scientists, industrialists and engineers.

Louis Poyet moved to Paris and in 1877 he opened his own print studio.

His workshop had around 40 craftsmen
He started working for Gaston Tissandier as an Illustrator / writer for the La Nature magazine, for which he continued to work until his death.
He signed with “Poyet” and sometimes “L. Poyet”.

He has made many beautiful etchings for Martin that have been published in, among others, the magazine: La Nature

Here some examples. Source: (Cnum – Digital Conservatory of Arts and Crafts – http://cnum.cnam.fr)

He also worked on several books and magazines so as:

-The book of Charles Masson, published in 1884 entitled: The scientific recreation for education and play.

-Poyet was also one of the industrial illustrators of images for the book series Les Grandes Usines published by Michel Levy from 1876 till 1881.

-In 1889 he worked for Tom Tit (pseudonym of Arthur Good engineer) with which he worked on:
The Recreational Science section in the L’Illustration magazine
The Fun Science a booklet with 100 Experiments, with 115 Drawings in 1890.
This first booklet was again published in 1893 and then followed by two completely new editions.

The success factor of this series was enormous
Translations were sold in 1891 in Spain, England, the United States, Scandinavia, Russia.
There are around 130 different editions of these three volumes, released until the 1920s.

To complete the circle, one of Martin’s toys, the Le “Tom Tit” Martin number 157 (See in the 2014 book: Fernand Martin toymaker in Paris on page 95 ) was based on one of the experiments from Tom Tit; La rotation de la Terre

Below you see on the left the drawing from the book “La Science Amusant” van Tom Tit, this drawing was made by Louis Poyet, on the right an image from a page of a catalog by Fernand Martin

After the death of Louis Poyet in 1913 his studio was taken over by his sons Roger in Raphael, under the name “Poyet Brothers”.

Fernand Martin the Rabbit “Le Lapin Vivant”

This rabbit is produced from 1890 and quite rare
In the 2014 book: Fernand Martin Toymaker in Paris, the Le Lapin Vivant is listed on page 59 with the number 32
I know some color varieties such as white, light brown and dark brown.

It is a fairly small bunny with a height of 13 cm.
After winding up, he moves forward and his ears and arms move.
Immediately below the winding roll it is marked with the old known logo of Martin, the circle with the letters “F.M.” and “depose”

So far I have only seen versions with a flywheel drive.
Recognizable on the side where the wheel is to wrap the rope.

With the rubber band version I have never seen myself
I recently bought a series of 4 little etchings from 1892 with images of toys.
On one of the etchings this Le Lapin Vivant with the version with a rubber belt drive is shown.
The original etching is very small; approximately 8×10 cm
In the French technical year magazine: La Nature from 1892 on page 45 this drawing / etching is depicted on which a beautifully open worked Le Pantin Vivant can be seen.

Source: (Cnum – Digital Conservatory of Arts and Crafts – http://cnum.cnam.fr)

This etching is made by mr. Louis Poyet
Mr Poyet made many etchings of toys for the technical magazin “La Nature”, he therefore regularly visited toy factories, including of course the Fernand Martin factory to make a lot of etchings of the latest new toys.

Despite the current terrible pandemic, I still want to wish everyone a ………

Easter bunny from Gunthermann of the 1920s, hand-painted and a basket with eggs on its back, from my own collection.

Zalig Pasen
Geseënde Paasfees
Gëzuar Pashkët
Frohe Ostern
Happy Easter
Häid lihavõttepühi
Hyvää pääsiäistä
Joyeux Pâques
Kellemes Húsvéti Ünnepeket
Buona Pasqua
Felis Pasku
Wesołych Świąt Wielkanocnych
Boa Páscoa
Veselú Veľkú Noc
Feliz Pascua
Pasg Hapus
Glad Påsk

Auction results of the Martins in the RSL auction of April 4th and 5th, 2020

Below is an overview of the Martin toy sales,  prices achieved in USD and without the buyer’s premium

All mentioned prices are hammer prices

For more information see the auction catalog https://www.rslauctionco.com

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition, authenticity or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

blog: www.fernandmartintoys.nl

Bertoia Annual Spring Auction May 7-8 2020 with a lot of Martins in this auction.

Top quality auction is already well underway.
A fine European tin toy collection will be spearheading the second day, as collectors of all categories; from rare Banks to magnificent Christmas rarities will find the sale both impressive and exciting.
Still Banks, Automatons, Comic toys, and Pressed Steel trucks will be highlighted.

The Bertoia team is dedicated to offering our quality customer service, experience and support.
Do not hesitate to contact us for assistance with registration, bidding or any other questions.

We serve you in this auction:

The late Norman Schaut Toy and Train Collection (promoter of the Atlantique City Antique Show)
The Cast Iron Automotive Toy Collection of Dmitri Ilyinsky, with additions from Bob Brady
Part I of the Bob Weiss Mechanical Bank Collection, with selections from Bill & Wendy Jones
The Christmas and Holiday Collection of Karyl Newman
The impressive Charles Foster Schoenhut Collection and Pressed Steel from the Butch Buss collection.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: http://www.bertoiaauctions.com/

NOTE:
In an effort to keep everyone safe while continuing to provide the auction excitement of collecting, at this time, the sale is planned to be a virtual auction with telephone, absentee, and multiple online bidding options.
We invite all collectors to join us and experience a live Bertoia event online as we video stream the entire sale simulcast over a webcam.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

See what you can read in the new April issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine:

Don’t miss the April 2020 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine.
And especially for the Fernand Martin enthusiasts:
This month, on pages 60 – 61, an article about a newly discovered MARTIN toy.

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine April 2020.

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.
To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
Email: ads@antiquetoyworld.com

A tin-toy clown as a spinning Top!

A very special toy with an ingenious mechanism
L’homme toupie made by Victor Bonnet from Paris, the last owner of the Fernand Martin toy factory in Paris.
This clown has the product number 252
It has been produced from around 1921/1922
This toy can be winded by means of a separate key.
The height is 19 cm = 7,5 inch.

two different color varieties

After winding, place him on top of his head / hat on a flat table and let go. (in his hat is a clearly visible screw on which the whole turns)
He then starts to turn around his axis and at some point his hands slowly move towards the table, then stops turning and then pushes his head / hat away from the table.
His legs then separate and back together.
Then his head / hat returns to the table and everything starts all over again.
The manufacturer calls it a spinning top but therefore a very special ingenious spinning top.
He is now collected by collectors of tin toys and then mainly collectors of Fernand Martin toys.
He is therefore also collected by spinning tops collectors and collectors of circus acts.
It has a tin body, head, feet and hands.
The arms and legs are made of metal wire.
The feet, hands and the head with the hat are hand painted.
Furthermore, the whole is provided with colorful fabric clothing.