Ladenburger Spielzeugauktion only 1 Martin in the auction from March 27-28, 2020

In the next Ladenburger Toyauction there is one Fernand Martin toy but there are many more other beautiful pieces in this auction
We are pleased to present you this catalog of our spring auction 2020 in German and English language.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site: https://www.spielzeugauktion.de/

March 27-28, 2020 auction lot number 112

Martin number 260 – Madelon casseuse d’assiettes 1928 made by Victor Bonnet.

After the auction, I will publish the realized price for this Martin.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about authenticity, condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Auction results of the Martins in the Anticomondo Toy Auction on March 13 and 14, 2020

Below is an overview of the Martin toy sales,  prices achieved in Euro and without the buyer’s premium.

Anticomondo Auction number–Martin name–Result Hammerprice in Euro’s

Auction number 6301 –Le Boule Mysterieuse — € 1100,00
Auction number 6424 –Le Gay Violoniste — € lot passed
Auction number 6541 –Le Petite Pianiste — € 700,00

For more information see the auction catalog : Online Catalog 84th Auction

https://www.anticomondo.de/

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Auction result of the La Boule Mysterieuse with lot number 2062 in the Dan Morphy auction of March 10 – 11, 2020

Photo courtesy of Dan Morphy auctions

Result of lot number 2062: “La Boule Mysterieuse” $ 475

Price is US $ and without Buyer’s Premium

For more information see the auction catalog https://www.morphyauctions.com/auctions/

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

MARTIN TOYS IN THE NEXT RSL AUCTION: April 4th and 5th, 2020

In the next auction of RSL Auction Company there are many Fernand Martin toys and there are many more other beautiful pieces in this auction.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site:
https://www.rslauctionco.com

DAY 1

Day 2

April 4th and 5th, 2020

Fantastic European Toys
Marklin, Georges Carette, Bing, Citroen, Ingap, Martin, Lehman
From the Collection of a Distinguished Gentleman.

All told, approximately 750 European Toys will be sold over two days!
The sale will also include hand selected additions of Mechanical Banks, Still Banks, Cast Iron Toys and Folk Art.

Plan on attending this important event.

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for these Martins.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about authenticity, condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Victor Bonnet: AUTO TRANSPORTS

This truck is the first toy produced by Victor Bonnet in 1921.
He got production number 246.

Courtesy of Bertoina Auctions.

The Victor Bonnet Factory started the actual production in 1921
The French patent application (patent number 576.723) for the first Victor Bonnet toy produced (Auto Transports number 246) mentions a date of 12 April 1921.
The patent application in Germany was on April 21, 1921 under patent number 363805.

Part of page 1 from the patent 576.723
Part of page 6 from the patent 576.723


This truck with tilting mechanism,( the body tipping to the side), has been in production for a very long time from 1921 to in the 30s and over the years it has undergone a number of minor changes.
In his production time he was released in various colors, such as at least in the colors Yellow-Brown-Gray-Green-Blue-Dark Gray/Black.
The logo stand on the hood and the logo has also been in various variants

you can see that “Les Auto Transports” was always mentioned


This truck usually also had text in French but also in English
The various texts are:

top left and below courtesy of Bertoina Auctions, top right courtesy of Antico Mondo Auctions.
left and right below Courtesy of Bertoina Auctions. on the top right private collection
In the loading area, he had no texts on the side or back, so only in the loading area

There are also copies without text
The body has also been available in two variants, with an angular body and with a rounder body, the truck with the ruonder body was usually gray in color and had no texts on the body.

left Courtesy of Bertoina Auctions. on the right private collection

So you can see that over the years this truck has had many different varieties.
Many Fernand Martin, George Flersheim and Victor Bonnet toys have sometimes been produced for many many years and have received many small adjustments or other colors over the years.

“Fernand Martin toys” in the Leski Toy Auction on March 22, 2020

A TREASURE CHEST OF TOYS, TRAINS AND MODELS

This newest catalogue might be a surprise for some of you.
A pleasant one, we hope because although it’s very different from our usual catalogues.
We think you’ll have a lot of fun leafing through the pages of one of the best collections of toys, model trains and other childhood delights ever offered in Australia.

For the complete overview, Auction terms & Info, Shipping & Payment look at this site:
www.leski.com.au

In this Leski auctions there are 4 “Fernand Martin and Fernand Martin related” toys and there are many more other beautiful toys in this auction.

Courtesy Leski Auctions

Auction number 216 -Victor Bonnet -Auto Transport
Auction number 223 -SIJIM -le Joueur D’orgue
Auction number 228 -Fernand Martin -Le Petite Pianiste
Auction number 291 -Victor -Bonnet L’autopatte

After the auction, I will publish the realized prices for these Martins.

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

See what you can read in the new March issue of the Antique Toy World Magazine:

Don’t miss the March 2020 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine.
And especially for the Fernand Martin enthusiasts:
This month, on pages 38 and 39, an article about a newly discovered MARTIN toy.

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine March 2020.

Morphy Auctions — TOYS, DOLLS & FIGURAL CAST IRON MARCH 10 & 11, 2020
In Memory of Lori Sage

Table of Contents :
A New Discovery of “Martin” Toy Made by Victor Bonnet
By Cor van Schaijk
New England Air Museum
Pook & Pook, Inc. and Noel Barrett —Post Auction Press: Antique Toys and Other Amusements at Auction
By Noel Barrett .
The Favorite
By Steve Butler .
Photos from the Chicago Toy Show hold on October 27, 2019
The Cor-Cor Grahams
By Michael E. Keller .
Focal Point #167 Navy Plane Hubley- 1953
By Steve Butler .
Doc’s Dioramas
By Darwin “Doc” Hunkler.
Classified Ads
Show Calender

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970.
Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.
To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/
E-mail: ads@antiquetoyworld.com

A Dream of Toyland 1908

Watch and enjoy more then 7 min. of this nice original film from 1908 with toys from Lehmann, Fernand Martin, Carette, Günthermann, Humpty Dumpty and so on.

Arthur Melbourne Cooper’s animation showing a boy’s dream of his toys coming to life uses a live action framing device for the dream sequence which uses stop motion techniques to animate a child’s toys.

Film from Britishsilents

and if you use a IOS device then go to this link:

A Dream of toyland 1908

Discovered an original bill from 1933 by Victor Bonnet.

During his period as the owner of the old Fernand Martin factory, Victor Bonnet brought many beautiful new toys to the market.
The pistols/guns are very noticeable here because they don’t really look like the other toys.
But it was then and is still a hugely popular toy with mainly boys, who as a boy did not in the past, as a soldier, cowboy or police, walked around with toy guns and called “pang-pang”
Till today, 6 different guns are known.
To my surprise, I found an original bill from Victor Bonnet from 1933 with the order of various pistols on it.

Front

This bill is dated June 16, 1933
The address of Victor Bonnet & Cie factory is still the old address where once Fernand Martin produced his great successes at 88 Boulevard de Menilmontant Paris.
The Martin period is closed on the date of the move from the Victor Bonnet factory to another building in 1934.

Back

At the back of this bill the 6 well-known pistols are also shown.
The order included three well-known pistols and two names that we did not know yet.
Of course we recognize the PanPan, the Tape Fort and the Flac on this bill
For me there are two unknown names on this bill, the Costaud and the Epervier.
From one of these unknown pieces I have discovered what it is, this will be discussed extensively in one of my next blogs in the next month.
So we still miss 1 piece, what is it ??? I don’t know yet, but we continue to search.

And do you know what the missing piece is, send me a message and make me happy.

The displayed bill comes from my own collection

Anticomondo Toy Auction on March 13 and 14, 2020

The brandnew catalog of the 84th Toy Auction on March 13 and 14, 2020 is online!

As usual, a good amount of very rare and wanted collectibles will be auctioned: More than 2100 lots of Tin Toys, Trains, Figures, Model Cars and Antique Advertising are waiting for you!

In this auction are 3 Fernand Martin toys

Auction number 6301 Le Boule Mysterieuse
Auction number 6424 Le Gay Violoniste
Auction number 6541 Le Petite Pianiste

Rummaging, browsing and bidding directly – all this is possible on our website:

Online Catalog 84th Auction

Website : Anticomondo

We hope you enjoy reading and browsing through the new catalog!


Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Fernand Martin and postcards

Many of us still know the time when there was no internet with e-mail and the telephone was still very rare, the postcard was then still a popular and cheap means of transferring short messages, congratulations or greetings.
Nowadays, postcards are almost no longer used due to the availability of faster, cheap media.
The postcard was introduced in the second half of the 19th century.
On a postcard there was room for writing a message and usually there was an image on the other side.
Fernand Martin’s toy has also been used a number of times as an image on a postcard.
I have examples from France, Germany but also one from the U.S.A.
The most of the postcards shown here are from my own collection.

detail with the Martin toys

A street vendor from Paris with a stamp from 1905

French postcard with images of Martins, date unknown

Another French street vendor from the late 1800s, this image was also used on a chromo collector plate.
This card can be found in the hand-colored version or in black and white

A French postcard with the “Le Charcutier” date unknown

A German postcard of the circus Barnum & Bailey who toured in Europe around 1900.
The “La Boule Mystérieuse” is shown on this postcard

Another postcard now of the circus Strassburger from around 1914
The “La Boule Mystérieuse” is shown on this postcard

A street vendor from New York with a stamp from 1906

A postcard from 1994 with the Number 233 La casseuse d’assiettes from 1912

It is nice to collect this postcards next to the Martin toys.

And I have another very special postcard in my collection, a handwritten card by Fernand Martin personally. See my blog: https://fernandmartintoys.nl/personal-postcard-from-martin/

Fernand Martin, the four different versions of the “Le petit Livreur”

Besides the violinist and the drunkard, the le Petit Livreur is one of the most produced and well-known Martin toy.
Of all the different “models” mentioned here, there are many different color versions.

Model 1:
Fernand Martin made the first model with the spoke wheels and a head with “look a like” real hair in 1911

Model 2:
The second known model is from George Flersheim and features the Flersheim key, another label, painted hair and the closed wheels.
This model was made from 1912

Model 3:
The third model was made by Victor Bonnet, this model was similar to the Flersheim model but has a different “Bonnet” key.
What was also changed was the operation of the small “steering wheel” under the cart.
With the Martin and the Flersheim the handle is on the left or right side and with the Bonnet usually on the front but there are still some Le Petit Livreurs with a Bonnet key and the handle also on the side.
The Bonnet version also has a brass nameplate on the cart
This model was produced by Bonnet from 1919
After the relocation of the factory in 1933, the brass nameplate and the paper on the case disappeared, replacing it with the new VEBE logo on the case

MODEL FROM 1919 TILL 1933

Model 4:
The fourth and rarest model.
In 1911/12 a separate “MARTIN” model appeared on the market, this model had a higher suitcase/trunk with advertising on it instead of the low suitcase.
This case was also lithographed and could be opened
Whether the labels on the suitcase can be recognized as the round logo of the “Grand Hotel” in Paris.
The boy of this Petit Livreur also got a bunch of hair and a flat cap.
It was suspected that this Petit Livreur was made on special order for the Gand Hotel and was sold as a tourist item to guests / visitors to the hotel.
There would have been sweets in the suitcase, so it was a kind of candy container.
There is still another Martin toy with such a trunk, it is the L’autopatte from 1910.
These two toys are also depicted in the book: Fernand Martin Toymaker in Paris 1878-1912 from Arthur Verdoorn and Lourens Bas. on p. 223.

A collector of hotel logo’s from Portugal, told me that this “Grand Hotel Paris” logo was used at that time in 2 versions, a round and a right-angled one, by the Grand Hotel.
It was used as a seal on letters and was also stuck on tourist gift items in the “Grand Hotel” gift shop.
These logos waren used from the end of 1800 to the beginning of the 1st World War (WW1) in 1914.
With its 700+ rooms, the hotel was the largest in Paris and was used as a military hospital in the 1st World War
This hotel still exists today.

It is not exactly clear whether Fernand Martin or George Flersheim put it on the market, but I suspect Martin because it still has a typical “Martin” key, but that actually means little because Flersheim has also released toys with a Martin key, presumably using up old supplies.
All in all an exceptional piece and very sought after because it is not sold in large numbers.

There is a known photo of the stall with the “normal” and the “special” Le Petit Livreur, this photo was once sold on Ebay.
A question for those who have this photo: send me an image then I can add it to this article.

The Fernand Martin “Les Pompiers” from 1887

A very early toy that Martin made were two firefighters with a fire sprayer, which reflects the state of the art of firefighting at the time.

courtesy Michael Bartoia auctions

History:
A fire sprayer had already been granted a patent in 1614, but the first well-functioning model comes from the Dutchman Jan van der Heiden in 1672 with a hose fire sprayer.
This type of fire sprayers was sometimes used until the Second World War (WWII)
Large heavy pumps used to be pulled by horses and the smaller models were pulled by firefighters themselves.

Foto with permission of BHIC ( Brabants Historisch Informatie Centrum ) s’Hertogenbosch the Netherlands, fotonumber BCV2538

The fire sprayer can be compared to a wooden, red-copper or metal tub / container in which a hand pump with a nozzle is attached.
Although this type of fire sprayer delivered a constant flow of water, it had the disadvantage that it had to be filled with buckets.
There is also a type that could itself suck water from a canal or ditch.
Because the hose could not be too long, it had to be placed close to the fire, which of course was dangerous for firefighters and equipment.

Foto with permission of Vincent Martin www.112heemstede.nl

Now about the toy model.
Dimensions: Height 16 cm (6-1/4 inch) Length 14 cm (5-1/2 inch).
At the bottom of the storage tank, you can connect a hose.
If you look at the drawing you will see an “A” at the bottom, that’s the wind-up key.
After being wind up, you place this toy on the table.
I don’t know if you have to fill it with water or put it in a little tub with water.
Filling seems unlikely to me because the container due to the mounting tabs it would leak everywhere.
Sucking up seems more likely to me, the water can then be sucked up through the pipe at the bottom.

With permission of GAGoes, municipal archive Wolphaartsdijk.

On the drawings in the catalog and the drawing on the box you see an extra pipe drawn, the water could be sucked through this pipe, on the actual toy you can no longer see this pipe but it can be integrated into the thick pipe where the wind-up mechanism is located.
Both figures then move up and down and thus pump the water away through the hose.

In this small old drawing it seems that the toy is probably partially in the water up to about the plateau on which the two firefighters stand.

Here above an image from the original Fernand Martin catalog 1898
Compare this image with the image on the lid of the original box and you will see some differences.

If you look very closely you will see the next differences:
  1- The two corners of the catalog image are not richly decorated.
  2- On the box label there is no “triangle with number 138”
  3- On the box label there are no dates of various gold medals that Martin has won
4- On the catalog image the net and gross weights are stated below the image.
  5- On the left of the catalog image is the text “Made In France”.
  6- The catalog image is numberd with number 105, (but more about this number in one of the following blogs).

A very rare and hard-to-find toy, the box is even rarer to find.
The piece with the box on the first photo was sold at the Bertoia auction on May 9, 2019 for $ 8000 without the auction surcharge.

Note: With my approval, a part of this blog has been adapted and published by the BHIC. See the link: https://www.bhic.nl/ontdekken/verhalen/blikken-speelgoed-uit-1887-voor-8000-dollar

This month in the Antique Toy World Magazine

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine February 2020.

Don’t miss the February 2020 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine.

Here’s what’s inside this month:

-In Memory of Frank Mohr
-Table of Contents
-2020 Smoky Mountain Antique Toy & Pedal Car Show
-Nostalgia 1875/1880 Rock & Graner Catalogue Germany By Pasky -Retraction By Steve Butler
-Bertoia Auctions Annual Fall Sale Featuring Sam Downey Collection II Marklin Brand was King at Bertoia’s $2.28M Auction of American and European Toys and Trains Featuring Downey Collection Part II
Fleet of European Boats was Led by Marklin La Plata Battleship Made for Argentine Market, Ex Sam Downey Jr. & Bill Bertoia Collections
-Focal Point Turnpike Service Truck Line Mar 1955 By Steve Butler
-Classified Ads
-Show Calendar

Antique Toy World is the leading publication for toy collectors worldwide.

Published since 1970, Antique Toy World is a monthly magazine published in the USA by Dale Kelley, the magazine’s founder, editor and publisher.
To subscribe go to https://antiquetoyworld.com/about-atw/

One Martin toy in the next Dan Morphy Auction: Toys, Dolls, & Figural Cast Iron

In the next auction of Dan Morphy there is one Fernand Martin toy and there are many more other beautiful pieces in this auction.

Photo courtesy of Dan Morphy auctions

The Martin in this auction is the very nice “La Boule Mysterieuse from 1906
with lot number 2062
Date: March 10 – 11, 2020 • 10:00 AM EDT

Photo courtesy of Dan Morphy auctions

After the auction, I will publish the realized price for this Martin.

If you want to know more about this type of toy, see my blog of December 13, 2019: https://fernandmartintoys.nl/fernand-martin-1906-la-boule-mysterieuse/

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Le Cab (The Hansom Cab)

Three “different” versions of the “Le Cab” were made in the period between 1889 and 1919.

These vehicles were the means of transport in the city in the late 1800s and early 1900s, they were actually the first taxis

Fernand Martin launched the first version of the Le Cab in 1889.
The carriage had no passenger section and no side windows.
This first edition has 35 metal separate parts, (that is what you can count on the drawing), to build and complete the hole toy.
That did not include the rein so actually 36 parts in total.

The Le Cab from 1889 in parts.

Below you see an original box label and an image from the original catalog.
If you look very closely you will see differences.
1- The four corners of the box label are not richly decorated.
2- Below the triangle with number 138 are on the box label data of various gold medals that Martin has won.
3- the “instructions” are different in width and the number of lines is different, on the box label the lines are wider then on the catalog image.
4- Below the legs of the horse the text “Made In France” appears on the catalog image and not on the box label.
5- On the right and left of the FM logo are small decorations on the box label.

Photo courtesy of l’Orangerie – François Binetruy
Page from the 1908 catalog from my own collection

This first version was driven by a flywheel mechanism.
There is one known copy complete with box, so very rare.
What is striking is that this box is also numbered with number 110 (but more about this number in one of the following blogs)

Photo courtesy of l’Orangerie – François Binetruy

In 1903 Martin released this same toy again in a slightly modified version, now with a passenger section and also open side windows and a complete new box label.
It got number 192.

Photo courtesy of Bertoia auctions
from my own collection; left the 1912 version, right the 1903 version

The coach of this version came in the black / red color combination.
The drive was now a wind-up mechanism and with the recognizable Martin key.
This toy was marked on the inside of the passenger section and on the backsite above the key .

In the Flersheim period from 1912, the Le Cab was re-released, the version was almost the same as the Martin version from 1903 and the Martin number remained the same with 192.
This version is only marked on the roof with the well nown triangel marker. This version also had a wind-up mechanism but now with a Martin or Flersheim key.
It was sold in multiple colors.
I have come across this Flersheim version with the coach, so far, in the following colors
Lower part of the sides – Upper part of the sides – the back and roof.
-Blue – black – black
-Blau – blue – black
-Green – green – green
-Light brown – light brown – light brown.

2 images from my own collection (brown en bleu one), 1 from a private collection (green one and 1 image ( black/bleu one) with courtesy of Bertoia auctions

What is also striking in this version and recognizable as Flersheim is that the fixing tabs for fixing from the back to the sides are bent backwards / outwards.
With the Martin version, these tabs are always facing inwards.

Left the Martin version ——————–Right the Flersheim version

Yet another deviation is that for the toys of which the carriage is completely colored, (the green and light brown version) the colors appear to be “sprayed”, but that they were only sprayed after the carriage was already partially assembled.
If you look closely at the carriage, you will find color residues on the drive section, the rods to the horse, but only on the inside at the location of the wind-up mechanism, the key and also on the inside of the rear lower protruding ornament parts.

The horse was used many years by Martin, Flersheim and Victor Bonnet for divers toys:
number 25 Le Cab version with fly wheel from 1889.
number 42 de Le Courrier Parisien in 1892.
number 192 Le Cab version with a wind-up mechanism from 1903 and 1912
number 194 de La Voiture A Bitume in 1906.
number 203 de Le Laboureur in 1906.
number 255 La Charrette Paysanne used by Victor Bonnet in 1927.

Fernand Martin “Le Livreur” From 1888

A very early Martin with the name: Le Livreur (the delivery guy)
Made from 1888 with number 22.
This was probably the most successful Martin ever.

Photo courtesy of RSL auctions

The history that preceded this:
Due to an article in the American “The Official Gazette of the United States Patent Office” of October 20, 1885 on page 352, I came across the patent number 6470 of a “mechanical toy animal figure” .
I started searching further and it turned out to be an English patent.
In 1884 there was the Englishman Mr. William Hamilton Hall, 72 Denmark Villas, West Brighton, he was an inventor / toy manufacturer.
He filed a patent in England in 1884 under number GB 6470
The patent was filed under the name: “Improvements in Mechanical Toy Animal Figures”.
An extensive correction followed on January 26, 1885.
The Complete Specification was dated January 16, 1885, and it contains 7 pages of text and 3 pages of drawings.
The patent was directly applied for in several countries.
Here is an overview of the countries now known:
United States October 20, 1885 patent number 328912
France July 4, 1884, patent number 163149
Belgium March 28, 1885 patent number 68347
Austria December 4, 1884, patent number 34162
Hungary December 4, 1884, patent number 56714
Germany July 1, 1884, patent number 29806
England April 17, 1884, patent number 6470

Part of page 1 of the William Hamilton Hall patent
Part of the discription from William Hamilton Hall with the US patent 328.912 from the “ The Official Gazette of the United States Patent Office “

William Hamilton Hall then also produced and sold this toy with the name : automatic postman.
I have this toy in my collection myself, but until now I did not know who the manufacturer was.
But after help from The British Library Business & IP Center 96 Euston Road London to make the patents available with explanation and images, everything became clearer.

Hall’s “automatic postman” toy from my collection

I also found in David Pressland’s beautiful book “Pressland’s Blechspielzeug Der Welt” from 1995 and published by “AS Verlag Zürich” on page 241 a photo of a toy with his original box, the box appears, after further investigation, to have patent number 6470 and this is exactly right, so my toy appears to be the “automatic postman“ toy of William Hamilton Hall and produced from 1884.

Thanks to David Pressland’s that i may use this picture from his beautiful book “Pressland’s Blechspielzeug Der Welt” from 1995 , published by AS Verlag Zürich

There are several conceivable options for how Fernand Martin learned about this toy.
— Martin saw this toy from Hall during his many travels.
— He received the patent (Martin was subscribed to a special company in Paris who collected clippings worldwide for him about everything related to toys, see my blog of May 21, 2019: Personal Postcard from Fernand Martin)
— He was tipped by his many relationships.
— …… fill in yourself.
But at least he thought this was a wonderful toy and immediately saw the business benefits.
To be able to produce this toy, Martin has bought the rights of use of this patent.
But he was not completely satisfied because he himself has applied for an “improved” patent for this type of toy.

In the book Fernand Martin Toymaker in Paris 1878-1912 it is stated on page 33 that the story of the Le Livreur started with patent 75632 (printing error they meant 15632) on November 15, 1887 (this date will be reflected in the further story) but the story started with the William Hamilton Hill patent 6470 from April 17, 1884
The story started in England in 1884 so 3 years earlier.

Martin made improvements and on November 15, 1887 applied for a patent in England under the name “Improvements in Device or Mechanism for Communicating to Toys Movements Analogous to those of Human Beings and Animals when Walking.” and it get patent number 15632
The patent was reprinted as it was amended and quotes the following dates:
Date of Application: November 15, 1887,
Complete Specification Left (at the Patent Office,) May 09, 1888
Complete Specification Accepted July 27, 1888.
The patent contains 6 pages and includes 1 page with 4 drawings.

First page of the Fernand Martin patent GB 15632
Page 6 with the 4 drawings patent 15632

Regarding the Hall and Martin patent, Martin explains a few things on page 5 of his English patent.

Martin wrote the following text:

Having now specifically described and ascertained the nature of my said invention and in what manner the same is to be performed I declare that I am aware of Hall’s Specification No. 6470 AD 1684 and I make no claim to anything described and claimed therein, but what I claim is: —
A kind of toy with a miniature figure (preferably of a man) the legs od whitch imitate the natural movements of walking by the combined action of a motor vehicle having a continuous translation motion and abutting point forces lpacing itself alternately on any suitable surface, in such manner that retaining one leg an instant on the ground and the movement of translation that continues this adjacent point forces the leg into contact with the ground incline itself thus giving a movement similar but in the reverse sense to the second leg which it is connected by a bent or cranked axle.

About the same time, Martin also applied on November 12, 1887 for this patent in France, where it was given the number 186948.
See more in my other blog from August 15 2019 : Fernand Martin – Le Livreur – Description of the patent number 186948
But so far, all Martin copies and boxes found have the patent number 15632, so the English patent number.
I have not yet found any copies or a box with the French patent number.
On the top of the cart and on the box is written: “F.M. S.G.D.G. France & Etranger Paris Patent 15632
France & Etranger meens French and foreign.
I think Martin used the English patent number because it had already been approved and the application for the French patent was still being processed in France.

Top of the Martin cart

But it goes even further:
Fernand Martin and E.P. Lehmann turned out to be good friends and Lehmann also saw something in this toy.
Lehmann was allowed to use this patent against payment of 5 francs per 144 (12 dozen) pieces sold.
The success was enormous and within 8 months Lehmann came to Martin with a payment of 5000 francs, so 144.000 of the Lehmann “Express” EPL number 140, had already been sold up to that point.

Back of the Lehmann cart

On the back of the Lehmann Express (the copy of the Martin Le Livreur) , the text is Engl.Patent without a patent number.

A toy and his box :

Thanks for being allowed to use the photo’s: Left “Le Livreur” Photo courtesy of Pook&Pook auctioneers, above right the “Lehmann Express” Photo courtesy of Morphy Auctions, www.morphyauctions.com, right under the Hall toy Photo courtesy of David Pressland

Take a good look at the boxes from Martin Lehmann and Hall, they are very similar.

The success of the collaboration between F. Martin and E.P. Lehmann was expanded with several Martins, of which Lehmann was allowed to use the patents and were also allowed to be manufactured.
But more about this in one of the following blogs

With special thanks to:
The British Library. Business & IP Center. 96 Euston Road. London
To make the patents available with explanation and images.

Le pantin (The Harlequin) in two versions

Fernand Martin has made two versions of these Harlequin figures
These figures were very popular with the children at the end of the 1800s
You could buy these figures from department stores, smaller toy stores, market halls and from street vendors.

picture of a collector plate

These Harlekijn dolls were for sale in various materials such as fabrics, wood and by Martin in the tin plate version

The first one he made was quite early in his career.
In 1882 he made an approximately 22.5 cm (8 ¾ ”) figure, and is called “Le Pantin Mecanique”
It is found in two color varieties in blue and in red
The special thing about this figure is that it has two faces, one at the front and one at the back
The mechanic was by a rubber band drive
In the museum in Paris Musée des arts and Métiers – Le cnam, the red one can be found, it was in the gift from Fernand Martin to the Museum
As the photos of the museum contain a copyright, I cannot show it here, but a digital visit to the site is worth looking at, see this link:
https://phototheque.arts-et-metiers.net/?idPageWeb=95
enter the keyword “Fernand Martin” at “rechercher”.
The photo you can find at number 0001664-143

Here the blue one, the photos are from the : front – side – back
You can see that the front and back are both with a face
Photos with thanks to the Toy Museum Soltau (“Spielmuseum Soltau”) in Germany

The second version was made from 1896, so in the second period of Fernand Martin.
The product number is 152 and the name is “L’assiette Au Beurre Et Le Pantin”
This is also known so far in two color varieties in Blue / red and in Red / blue
It is quite small and only around 10 cm (4”) in size, the drive is here through a pull rope
If you pull this, the arms and legs start to move, Lehmann also had a similar effect with his well-known Climbing monkey.
This figure does have a clear front and back

Left the Le Pantin with box from the Toy Museum Soltau (“Spielmuseum Soltau”) in Germany collection, the other two photos courtesy of Michael Bertoia Auctions

Both figures are extremely rare to find.

Toy Museum Soltau Germany

Soltau, a small town located in the north of Germany, just an hour’s drive from Hamburg.
In the center of Soltau, spread out across two buildings (Poststrasse 7 and 15), is one of the most exiting toy museums I know.

Welcome to the Toy Museum Soltau (“Spielmuseum Soltau”), a house full of treasures, dreams and ideas!
The museum houses one of the best and most varied toy collections in the world: from a huge all-original Victorian dolls house with fifteen fully furnished rooms to a great Humpty-Dumpty circus set, from William & Mary wooden dolls to mechanical tin toys and from Erzgebirge scenes to paper toys.

The hairdresser is already talking a lot about this great museum.

And it will get even better: at the end of March 2020 a special department dedicated to a large collection of Fernand Martin toys will open at the Poststrasse 15 branch of the museum.
This department will be named “Klein-Paris!” (Little Paris!): a new exhibition unit with fantastic French toys from the turn of the (1900) century is currently under construction.
The focus is on mechanical sheet metal figures by the famous Paris toy maker Fernand Martin.

Even on the street this is the talk of the day.

All objects come from the great collection of Arthur Verdoorn and were donated to the “Stiftung Spiel” (Foundation for Play) that runs the museum.
Arthur Verdoorn was a Dutch collector and a personal friend of mine, he was one of the two authors of the fantastic book: “Fernand Martin Toy Maker In Paris 1878-1912”.

I know his collection very well and I often played together with him, in his own home museum, with these toys.

Arthur Verdoorn with his beloved toys

A very large collection that fortunately can be admired by everyone soon.

The Spielmuseum Soltau is not just a museum to look at: visitors of all generations are invited to explore, enjoy, try out, play and learn. So, step into history, reminisce and get inspired!
The museum is open 365 days a year from 10 am to 6 pm and the exhibitions cover a total of 900 square meters.

Now we just have to wait for the train to Soltau

And have you decided to take a look and travel to Soltau?
Then don’t miss the nearby felt museum “felto – Filzwelt Soltau” and be surprised there, too – for example by more than 120 historic Steiff character dolls all made of felt.

https://www.spielmuseum-soltau.de

https://www.filzwelt-soltau.de/

This month in the Antique Toy World Magazine

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine January 2020.

Don’t miss the January 2020 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine

Here’s what’s inside this month:

The First Annual Central Florida Antique Toy and Advertising Show will be Held February 7 and 8, 2020, at the Lake County Fairgrounds Expo Mall in Eustis, Florida
Bertoia’s Oct. 11 Auction of Tony Annese Toy, Train and Christmas Collection, Draws SRO Crowd, Hammers $1.8 Million
Tin Toy Corner – Is This the Earliest Toy Paddle-Wheel Ship Known to Exist? By Renaud Fournier
Imagine This By Steve Butler
Focal Point – Bluebird Land Speed Racer Lincoln White Metal C. 1932 By Steve Butler
A Collector’s Story Australian Toys – A Collection By Luke Jones
Classified Ads
Show Calendar

Subscribe to the print edition, or purchase a digital copy now for only $ 7 and download it immediately to your computer or mobile device.
Go to: www.antiquetoyworld.com

Fernand Martin and Bears, always nice.

In principle there are four different Martin bears, three are produced under the same number 193 in a period of more than 25 years.
They are very similar in appearance, there are two colors, white and brown.
The fourth is a completely different bear with number 216

Three bears, who carry the same number:
What do you need to know if you have one or want to purchase one or even find one.
What should you pay attention to!

The first one is the brown bear with a “hairy” head, so it looks like a head with fur.
This was given number 193 and was made by Fernand Martin in the second Martin period in 1904.
Marked under one leg with “FM” and under the other leg with the famous “triangle” and equipped with a “Martin” key

The second one is the same bear but in a white version, the head is now painted white.
He received the same production number and was made by Fernand Martin in the second period from 1909
But also produced by Victor Bonnet in the fourth period with the same number
If it is produced by Fernand Martin then one leg is marked with FM and under the other leg with the famous triangle.

If it was produced by Victor Bonnet from 1921 until the 30s, it is marked under one leg with “VB & Cie Paris” and under the other leg with “Made in France” and equipped with a “Victor Bonnet” key

The third version is a brown bear but now with a dark brown painted head, this bear was produced by George Flersheim in the third period from 1912, this bear also received production number 193.
Marked under one leg with “FM” and under the other leg with the famous “triangle” and equipped with a “Flersheim” key

And then there is a fourth bear
It is the climbing bear and was produced by Fernand Marin in 1909
The production number is 216
This is a very special bear that, after winding, climbs independently into a pole.

All toys shown in the photos are or were from my own collection

www.fernandmartintoys.nl WISHES EVERYONE :

Vrolijk Kerstfeest en een Gelukkig Nieuwjaar
Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year
Fröhliche Weihnachten und ein glückliches Neues Jahr
Joyeux Noël et Bonne Année
Feliz Navidad y Próspero Año Nuevo
Buon Natale e Felice Anno Nuovo
Boas Festas e um feliz Ano Novo
Kala Christougenna Ki’eftihismenos O Kenourios Chronos
God Jul och Gott Nytt År
Glædelig Jul og godt nytår
Geseende Kerfees en ’n gelukkige nuwe jaar
Hyvää joulua ja onnellista uutta vuotta

A piece of a French Christmas wish advertisement from a Paris toy department store in the early 1900s

Fernand Martin 1906 “La Boule Mystérieuse”

This very ingenious toy is a reproduction of reality, it was a circus act from the late 1800s and early 1900s

A piece of history :

This act was performed by an Austrian artist Leon Rauche with his artist name La Roche or LaRoche
LaRoche started at Barnum & Bailey in 1895
The world famous circus Barnum & Bailey had this act in its program from 1895 to 1903.
In 1897, James A. Bailey, as Director of the Barnum and Bailey show, decided to organize a multi-year tour in Europe.
In October of that year, he arrived in England with his complete circus company and began his performance at the Olympia Hall in London.
He traveled throughout England to cross the mainland of Europe.
After visit many cities in Central Europe, the circus returned to America in 1903.

Original circus poster “LaRoche and His Mysterious Ball”
Picture with approval of: Poster Auctions International Inc. NYC

This poster is dated 1897 and that is because almost all images for this European tour were pre-produced in 1897 in America at: “THE STROBRIDGE LITHO CO. “In Cincinnati; Ohio.
In countries where the circus stayed for a long time, the text was adapted to the national language.
The amount of posters taken for this tour was more than 100,000 sheets.
Should a certain stock run out, then according to the American design, sheets were printed in Europe.
In exceptional cases, local designers and printers were sometimes called upon.

The show was in Paris in the period of November 1901 – March 1902
Housed in the Salle des Fêtes of the Galerie des Machines at the foot of the Eifel tower, a remnant of the 1900 exhibition in the Champ-de-Mars.
Barnum & Bailey presented its show consisting of a large number of first-class attractions.
The first show took place on November 30, 1901.
Barnum & Bailey was sold out until March 23, 1902.
The shows took place every day at 8:15 pm, with matinee at 2:00 pm, Sunday, Wednesday, Thursday and public holidays.

I think Fernand Martin also visited this show in Paris, but he didn’t come up with the La Boule Mystérieuse at that time, why?? read more…..

German postcard from the European tour 1897 – 1903

The invention of the act :

Leon Rauche (Laroche) has designed this act himself.
Legend has it that circus contortionist Leon LeRoche got his inspiration for ‘La Boule Mysterieuse’ from a popular gambling game that took place outside the tent of a show in Romania.
After bettors bet on one of multiple numbers, the showman rolled a ball from the top of a 1 foot high spiral, screaming as the ball rolled its way to the winning number.
LaRoche’s had a 12-foot spiral built for his own act.
While he was locked up in a metal ball of 2 ½ feet in diameter, he slowly and mysteriously rolled up and down on a spiral track without railing, and without the help anything visible or a motor.
The mystery of its progress is supposed to be explained when the man comes out, but it is more mysterious than ever, for the man has to tie himself in a knot to get into the sphere and certainly does not appear to have room to budge an inch , and the reason why the ball goes up and down slowly is just as inexplicable as ever! “.

The trick was considered “an inscrutable mystery,” a sudden genius.
Everywhere the show agents arranged performances of this wonderful man and his company.
LaRoche doubled the height of the spiral to 24 feet and by the time he started touring with Barnum and Bailey in 1896, the course was already 30 feet high.
After the circus went back to America in 1903, La Roche left Barnum & Bailey and presumably continued with his act to the “Strassburger” circus.
This circus existed from 1892 to 1963

Postcard from 1914

The toy :

Fernand Martin came on the market in 1906 with his “La Boule Mystérieuse” and it was a great success.

But Fernand Martin was not the original designer/inventor of this toy.
On 6 December 1905, a French inventor Mr M Celestin Gasselin applied for a patent under patent number 360440.
It was granted on February 23, 1906, and on April 21, 1906, this patent was published.

This is a part of the original published patent

Fernand Martin purchased this patent directly from Mr. Gasselin and put it on the market in 1906.
This toy was registered in Germany under a patent number D.R.G.M. 269277
The “Martin” number of this toy is 204

Original “Martin” box label


Fernand Martin The Bell Ringer

In 1885, Fernand Martin made a bell ringer, Martin number 14, and calling him “Le Sonneur Endiable”,

It is a very early and fun toy.

But maby the George Flersheim factory took it more then 30 years later and re-released it with a few changes.

They renamed him “Je Sonne La Paix” and it got number 246
The “Je Sonne La Paix” is in English: the sound of peace, naturally referring to the then-lasting WW1, in which Flersheim himself fought.

If you look quickly, you see almost no differences but they are indeed there.

Here the differences in detail:

-the Martin version (14) has the FM name stamped on top of the base plate in the Flersheim version (246) no text is stamped on top of this base, but there is a piece of fabric on the side with the name “Je Sonne La Paix” printed on it.

-If you look at both toys at the bottom, you see, under the male figure at the Martin (14) , an elongated piece of iron mounted as a weight and at the Flersheim (246) a solid plate is soldered and stamped the round FM logo on it.

-The Martin version (14) has a rubber band drive, that of Flersheim (246) a long spiral spring in the pole.

-At the top there is a French flag at Flersheim (246), for this a hollow pipe has been placed in the roof for the iron flagpole with a fabric French flag.

-The roof has also been given a slightly different relief.

-The bell has also been given a slightly slender shape by George Flersheim

Has it been proven to be produced by Flersheim?
We are not sure but the future will tell.
But since there are too many modifications to this toy from the original from 1885, I still think it was made professionally and not by diligent home craftsmen.

It is currently the last piece that is still numbered.
It is certain that after the death of George Flersheim some unnumbered toy pieces were produced, time will tell which and how much.
And it is strange that this number 246 has been used twice.
Under this number by Victor Bonnet in 1919, his first produced toy is also numbered 246, it is the “Le Auto Transport”.

The images / pictures used are with courtesy of Michael Bertoia and from the own collection

This month in the Antique Toy World Magazine

An overview of the contents of the new Antique Toy World Magazine December 2019.

Don’t miss the December 2019 issue of Antique Toy World Magazine.

Here’s what’s inside this month.

Fine Penny Toys from the Thierry Dungler Collection By Pasky
Pook & Pook, Inc. with Noel Barrett Antiques & Auctions LTD: Antique Toys and Other Amusements at Auction Saturday, December 7th at 9am (Live Salesroom Auction)
#444 Locomotive Hubley C. 1950 By Steve Butler
Photos from the September 21–22, 2019 Indy Advertising Show Next Show May 2–3, 2020
A Novice Venture By Steve Butler
Potter & Potter Auctions’ September, 2019 Sales Event Scores Nearly $390,000!
Classified Ads
Show Calendar

Important:
Subscribe to the print edition.
Or purchase a digital copy now for only $ 7 and download it immediately to your computer or mobile device.
Then go to: www.antiquetoyworld.com

Fernand Martin number 188

In the book: Fernand Martin Toymaker in Paris 1878-1912 this figure is depicted on page 127 with number 188 in two versions called: “Le Charbonnier” and “Le Fort De La Halle”

photo courtesy of Michael Bertoia Auctions

I think that there is originally only 1 version because the figures in the version are exactly the same, only the bag carries them in a different way, that is just bending the arm slightly.
The bag is attached to the carrier by a string that runs through the hand.
There is a hole straight through the hand. (See his left hand on both photos), there is also a hole in his right hand, but there is a cane in it.

photo courtesy of Michael Bertoia Auctions

The names given may have been used in magazines and publications, but on the official box I only know the version with the name “Le Fort De La Halle”.

POSTER FROM 1902

This name is also used on an original advertising poster from 1902 (on the poster you can see him standing at the bottom right, left of the pianist)

Presumably other names were given in magazines etc. by the writers themselves.

I have another example, this is depicted in the magazine Soleil Du Dimanche 03-12-1905 with yet another name.
This time, in a piece written by Leo Claretie (a good friend of Fernand Martin ) and now called: Le porteur de farine

From the magazine: Soleil Du Dimanche December 03-1905

If someone has a photo or box with a name other than the official name “Le Fort De La Halle”, please send me an email with, if possible, a photo.

Auction results of the Martins in the Bertoia auction of November 14-15-16 2019

Photo’s with permission from Bertoia auctions

Lot 1291. VICTOR BONNET LA MOTOCYLETTE $ 950,00
Lot 1292. MARTIN RAILWAY PORTER $ 500,00
Lot 1293. FERNAND MARTIN DON QUIXOTE $ 8000,00
Lot 1296. FERNAND MARTIN PERFORMING MONKEY $ 1400,00
Lot 1297. FERNAND MARTIN THE DRUNKARD $ 350,00
Lot 1298. MARTIN CHINESE WARRIOR $ 1200,00
Lot 1299. MARTIN CLIMBING FIREMAN $ 375,00
Lot 1300. FERNAND MARTIN FLEMISH DOG CART $ 6000,00
Lot 1301. FERNAND MARTIN PIANIST $ 700,00
Lot 1302. FERNAND MARTIN WOMAN CART VENDOR $ 600,00
Lot 1303. BOXED VICTOR BONNET PIGEON not sold
Lot 2039. LA CONQUESTE DU POLE NORD $ 2500,00

Prices is US $ and without 25% Buyer’s Premium

For more information see the auction catalog http://www.bertoiaauctions.com

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Auction results of the Martins in the RSL auction of November 8-9 2019

Below is an overview of the Martin toy sales,  prices achieved in USD and without the buyer’s premium of 28.5%

Original name in French – Martin Number – Hammer price

L’autopatte – 218 – $ 850

La Course en Sac – 205 – $ 4250

Le Pompier a L’echelle – 197 – $ 375

For more information see the auction catalog https://www.rslauctionco.com

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Auction results Fernand Martin toys in the GALERIE DE CHARTRES auction on November 09, 2019

There were 16 Martins / Bonnets in this auction.
The results are:
Martin number 23 : Les Joyeux Danseurs € 3000
Martin number 28 : Pousse-Pousse Annamite € 1600
Martin number 147 : Ma Portiere € 2400
Martin number 149 : Le Treuil no.0 € 1800
Martin number 160 : Le Gai Violiste € 400
Martin number 167 : Le Petit Decrotteur € 5300
Martin number 171 : La Blanchisseuse € 2100
Martin number 184 : La Petit Marchande € 980
Martin number 184 : model Bonnet La Petit Marchande € 850
Martin number 203 : La Boule Mysteriuse € 1700
Martin number 218 : L’autopatte € 700
Martin number 218 : L’autopatte € no sale
Martin number 224 : model Bonnet Petit Livreur € no sale
Bonnet number 251 : La Ramier € 70
Bonnet number 251 : La Ramier € 80
Bonnet number 251 : La Ramier € 50
Bonnet number 254 : Le Train Tortillard € 380

Prices in Euro’s and without Buyer’s Premium of 20% VAT
(23,60% VAT for the buyers on interencheres-live.com)

Live sale on: www.interencheres-live.com

For more information see the auction catalog:
https://www.ivoire-france.com/chartres/fr/auction-3294-jouets_collection?p=58

Regarding the objects described in this article, I do not make a statement about condition or value.
I advise interested collectors always do to research yourself, to view the object or to contact the seller / auction

Fernand Martin: Le facteur de Chemin de fer

This toy is a platform employee of a train station and dated from 1894.
He was responsible for transporting passengers suitcases, luggage and packages to and from the trains.

It appears that this toy exists in two versions, one with a flywheel drive and another with a mechanical winding drive.
These two different versions can be clearly distinguished.
The version with a flywheel has one tin case for the cart, in this case is hidden the flywheel.


These two different versions can be clearly distinguished.
The version with a flywheel has one tin case for the cart, in this case is hidden the flywheel.

Photo with permission from Bertoia auctions

The version with the winding mechanism is provided with two paper-wrapped packages.
The version with the mechanical drive is relatively unknown, I only discovered one copy in the collection of the French museum Musée des arts and Métiers – Le cnam

As the photos of the museum contain a copyright, I cannot show it here, but a digital visit to the site is worth looking at, see this link:
https://phototheque.arts-et-metiers.net/?idPageWeb=95
enter the keyword “Fernand Martin” at “rechercher“.
The photos you can find at the numbers 0000558_052 up to and including 0000558_056 and at the numbers 0001664-045 and 0000558-174

I have found two signed images, one is a drawing from the magazine La Nature 1894 page 87, and in a old Martin catalog of 1898 it is an image of a label.
On this label the drawing of the version with mechanism and if you look closely at the label you can see at the bottom left of the drawing:
Number 123 avec volant . (Translated: with flywheel)
Number 124 — mechanique. (Translated: with Mechanism)

A super rare toy.